Egypt : Supreme Constitutional Court validates Tiran and Sanafir treaty, overturns previous rulings | MadaMasr
The current legal contest over the maritime border demarcation agreement transferring sovereignty of the Tiran and Sanafir islands to Saudi Arabia was brought to a close on Saturday, when the Supreme Constitutional Court (SCC) issued two verdicts that effectively overturned previous rulings, favoring cession of the islands.
This decision has ended the protracted judicial dispute over the deal that kicked off in 2016 and opened onto several fronts, according to lawyer Tarek Negeida. He adds that the next stage in legally contesting the agreement is likely to begin and could take years to resolve.
The first of the SCC’s Saturday verdicts rejected two lawsuits filed by the Egyptian State Lawsuits Authority (SLA), the body which represents the government in judicial proceedings. The suits contested the State Council’s jurisdiction over the case, pertaining to two previous rulings issued by administrative courts, on the basis that the deal can be categorized as a “sovereign action.”
The first State Council ruling was issued by the Court of Administrative Justice (CAJ) in June 2016, invalidating the prime ministers’ signature on the agreement. The second came in January 2017 when the appellate circuit of the Supreme Administrative Court (SAC) upheld the June decision and ruled that the executive branch of the government does not have the administrative authority to cede territory to Saudi Arabia.