• Rohingya children in Malaysia, an undocumented life | | Al Jazeera

    La contribution date de juin 2016. Les photos sont magnifiques.


    Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - Many of the approximately 150,000 (PDF) Rohingya who live in Malaysia came here hoping to be relocated to other countries through UNHCR programmes, but some of them have made Malaysia their home, despite the fact that they have no legal status and face many hardships as a result.

    Many Rohingya refugee children are born in Malaysia, and remain stateless owing to the undocumented status of their parents.

    According to Chia Wei, founder of The Berani Project, the main consequences of this undefined status and lack of identification documents is that the children are “cut off [from] the basic child’s rights to education [and] healthcare.”

    The Berani Project is a social enterprise advocating and creating opportunities for the Rohingya communities and other marginalised people in Kuala Lumpur. Wei explains that “many [children] are forced to work from a young age to help their families”.

    #rohingyas #malaisie

    https://seenthis.net/messages/632058 via Reka

  • Au Kurdistan irakien, un référendum à haut risque pour la région


    Le 7 juin dernier, Massoud Barzani, président de facto du gouvernement régional du Kurdistan annonçait unilatéralement la tenue d’un référendum, prévu le 25 septembre, pour décider de l’indépendance et se séparer de la fédération irakienne. Contre toute attente, il semble déterminé à aller au bout de son ambition, malgré l’opposition unanime des acteurs régionaux et internationaux à cette initiative. Si la question de l’autodétermination est pour les Kurdes une vieille aspiration, savoir comment et quand y parvenir ne fait pas l’objet d’un consensus.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/631841 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Le syndicat des avocats de France condamne l’incarcération de Salah Hamouri en Israël
    Le courrier de l\’Atlas | Par Nadir Dendoune | le vendredi 22 septembre 2017


    Il y a quelques jours, ici même dans nos colonnes (voir notre article), Alexandre Braud, avocat au barreau de Béthune, se plaignait de l’absence de positionnement de son syndicat, le SAF (Syndicat des Avocats de France) à propos du sort de l’avocat franco-palestinien Salah Hamouri, emprisonné arbitrairement en Israël depuis le 23 août 2017.

    « Pour justifier leur silence, les responsables du syndicat m’avaient répondu qu’au moment de son arrestation, Salah Hamouri n’était avocat que depuis trois jours et que le syndicat ne défend que les confrères qui sont arrêtés dans l’exercice de leurs fonctions », se souvient Alexandre Braud. Quelques jours après, le discours du SAF a radicalement changé.

    Ce vendredi 22 septembre, par la main de son président Bernard Couderc, le syndicat des avocats de France a envoyé une lettre à Emmanuel Macron, lui demandant « d’œuvrer pour que la France fasse libérer l’un des siens, avocat injustement soumis à l’arbitraire d’un pouvoir aveugle et sourd ».

    « J’ai l’honneur de vous saisir du cas de monsieur Salah Hamouri, dont vous connaissez sans doute la situation. Je rappelle que Salah Hamouri est un français de 32 ans, marié à une française, il est père de famille. Il est chercheur terrain pour Addameer Prisoner Support and Human Rights Association (Addameer). Il est aussi est avocat », commence le président du SAF dans sa lettre.


    https://seenthis.net/messages/631822 via Loutre

  • The Palestinians who didn’t flee during the #Nakba
    Historian #Adel_Manna tells the story of the 120,000 Palestinians who remained in Israel in 1948 while 750,000 were driven out

    Did Prime Minister David #Ben-Gurion pursue a policy or issue an order aimed at getting rid of the Muslims?

    “I am not looking for a directive or a document bearing Ben-Gurion’s signature. He addressed the subject often, and I quote his statements in the book. For example, on September 26, 1948, he declared, ‘Only one task remains for the Arabs in the Land of Israel: to flee.’ The Israeli leadership understood and also concurred that, for the Jewish state, the fewer Arabs the better. The subject was mooted already in the late 1930s. Yosef Weitz, a senior official of the Jewish National Fund, supported extensive expulsion of Arabs and advocated a population transfer. The IDF commanders at different levels knew what the leadership wanted and acted accordingly. Massacres were not perpetrated everywhere. When you shell a village or a city neighborhood, the residents flee. In the first half of 1948, at least, they believed they would be able to return. When the fighting in Haifa ended, many residents tried to return from Acre in boats, but the Haganah blocked them.”

    Does your study confirm, or prove, that ethnic cleansing took place?

    “The book’s goal is not to prove whether ethnic cleansing occurred. My disagreement with [the review of my book in Haaretz by] #Benny_Morris did not revolve around the question of ‘whether ethnic cleansing took place or not,’ but deals with the question of whether the leadership did or did not make a decision in a particular meeting to implement a policy of ethnic cleansing.” In this connection, Manna quotes Daniel Blatman’s response (Haaretz, Aug. 4) to a review of his book by Morris (Haaretz, July 29). One might think from Morris’ book, Blatman noted, that “when Ratko Mladic decided to slaughter over 7,000 Bosnian Muslim men and boys in Srebrenica in 1995, he made his orders public.”

    Indeed, Manna points out, “The first historian who uncovered the fact that ethnic cleansing occurred and that there were also cases of massacre, rape and expulsion was Benny Morris. He reached the conclusion that there was no [official] policy, in light of the fact that no authoritative archival documentation exists. In one village, they decided a certain way and in another, differently. Still, there is a pattern: The soldiers perpetrated another massacre and carried out another expulsion, and another #massacre and another expulsion, and no one was brought to trial. If there was no policy, why weren’t these war criminals tried?”

    https://seenthis.net/messages/631787 via Kassem

  • Copts in Egyptian history textbooks since 1890 (Part 1): Are we asking the right questions? | MadaMasr


    Over the past few years, we’ve been hearing recurring demands for the inclusion of Coptic history in textbooks, echoed in Pope Tawadros’s call to “teach Coptic history in schools.”

    Sometimes it is implied, and sometimes explicitly argued, that there was a drastic curricular change that took place at a particular point in time — such as the Nasser era or the 1970s, when the Islamization of society was on the rise — before which Coptic history was more thoroughly covered. Such arguments have been put forward by some prominent scholars — such as Anwar Abdel Malek (1968) who locates these changes in the Nasser period — and continue to be propagated by several journalists and public intellectuals.

    Such assertions naturally lead to simplistic demands to “include” Coptic history or increase the space allocated for it in textbooks. However, before simply demanding the inclusion of more Coptic history, we need to ask what content is to be included, and how we want that content to be presented. To be able to address these questions, I dedicate this first article to engaging with the general religious and thus exclusionary tone of these history textbooks, before turning in a second article to focus more specifically on how Copts and Coptic history are presented and ways to move forward.

    The two articles are based on an analysis of all history textbooks available at the Egyptian Ministry of Education’s archives in Cairo, which go back to 1890. For ease of reference and verification by other researchers, for each textbook that I refer to, I include the Serial Number (SN), which refers to the unique number assigned to every textbook as listed in the archive’s catalogue. For instance, a history textbook with a serial number 25 is cited as SN25, etc. As for more recent textbooks that I mention, as these are not part of the archive, I refer to their grade levels and term number in brackets (1 or 2).

    There is a widely circulated misconception that the content of textbooks — like other spheres of public life in Egypt — was mainly Islamized in the 1970s. A few scholars, such as Sana S. Hasan, have challenged this by arguing that such a shift took place even earlier during Nasser’s era in the 1950s, a period that witnessed an insertion of Islamic texts and Quranic verses in several subjects, such as Arabic. In fact, such a trend is discernible in the earliest textbooks available in the Ministry of Education archives, dating back to the late 1800s.

    Based on an analysis of Egyptian history textbooks from 1890 until the academic year 2016/2017, it is clear that Egyptian history is narrated from a perspective that values an Arab Muslim identity over other perspectives and voices. While the tone generally revers and paints Christianity in a positive light, the narrative as a whole is exclusionary in both explicit and subtle ways.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/631848 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • A Genève, le Maroc s’oppose à la dépénalisation de l’homosexualité et à l’égalité dans l’héritage | Telquel.ma


    On est pas encore vraiment arrivé, et c’est au Maroc. Imaginez ailleurs... Y a encore un peu de boulot à faire. Mais vive les #droits_humains


    Le royaume a rejeté les recommandations relatives à la décriminalisation de l’homosexualité. Pour justifier ce rejet, le département interministériel des droits de l’Homme a expliqué que ces recommandations sont en contradiction avec l’Article premier de la Constitution faisant de l’islam modéré une « constante » de la nation marocaine. Le rejet des recommandations relatives à l’égalité dans l’héritage sont justifiée par le même texte.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/631684 via Reka

  • US-made bomb killed civilians in Yemen residential building, says Amnesty | World news | The Guardian



    A bomb that destroyed a residential building in Yemen’s capital last month, killing 16 civilians and injuring 17 more – including a five-year-old girl called Buthaina whose photograph went viral after the strike – was made in the US, Amnesty International has said.

    The assessment was based on an examination of the remnants of the weapon used in the 25 August airstrike.

    #yémen #états-unis #arabie_saoudite

    https://seenthis.net/messages/631579 via Reka

  • Egypt The Children of the Arab Spring Are Being Jailed and Tortured | The Nation


    Yassin Mohamed will turn 23 in a few days. He will spend his birthday as he has spent much of the last seven years of his life in Egypt: in prison.

    If you had seen Yassin as I have seen him, you probably wouldn’t guess that he’s been jailed, beaten, tortured, electroshocked. From the almost four years I lived in Cairo—both before and after the 2013 military coup—my memories of him revolve around the cheap and seedy cafes of downtown: cracked and canting chairs, antediluvian waiters in soiled slippers, the slack hoses of water pipes trailing around tables like very sickly cobras. Here, on any given night, real veterans of the revolution gathered and smoked and talked, along with graffiti artists, would-be actors, musicians, middle-class students slumming from the suburbs, and a few clumsy, walrus-like police informers.

    “Downtown” in Cairo, shabbily resistant to successive regimes’ attempts to gentrify, was less a matter of real estate than a faintly unreal exception to whoever ruled. In its crumbling spaces, rigid mores relaxed a bit, as did the cops’ nightsticks that usually enforced them. Social classes could mingle, young men unspool their long hair, and single women drink stale beer. The point of being there was mostly the pointlessness itself, the sense that, late at night, you could imagine a different tomorrow, free from the pressures and repressions: a day, even, when the police would go away.


    Yassin was almost always there, in this decrepit atmosphere. He didn’t go home much, partly because there was often a standing warrant for his arrest. He looked incongruously childish, small, with bright eyes and a constant smile, and he liked to laugh while others glowered. He had a quality of innocence that led even older revolutionaries to regard him as a kind of totem, a figure of hope, a good-luck charm when you were facing the security forces with their savagery.

    Some nights, Ahmed Harara, a blind activist, made the circuit of the cafes, led slowly on a friend’s arm. Harara had lost one eye to police birdshot on the fourth day of the revolution, January 28, 2011 (the “Friday of Rage”); security forces’ rubber bullets shot the other eye out that November, during protests against the military junta on Mohamed Mahmoud Street. (The police aimed deliberately for demonstrators’ eyes; they prefer their citizenry unseeing.) Harara was 15 years older than Yassin. Yet the two greeted each other with great dignity, like hardened veterans, not all their wounds visible on their bodies.

    There are some 60,000 political prisoners now under the Egyptian dictatorship. Yassin became one of them again almost a year ago, in October 2016, serving a sentence at Wadi Natroun prison in the Western Desert. His story is much of Egypt’s story in the last seven years.

    To be honest, I don’t know a great deal about Yassin’s pre-revolutionary background or family history. He was a middle-class kid, in a country where being middle-class—coming from educated, professional parents—increasingly means “poor.” In the intervals between prison terms, he worked odd jobs, in a furniture store for instance; he talked often about wanting to travel, but he never had much chance.


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    I do know that the first time Yassin was arrested, he had just turned 16. It was 2010, a few months before the revolution started. As he described it, sitting in a café years later, he saw a policeman beating a 10-year-old child (the police also pay great attention to the moral education of the very young) and intervened to stop him. Two policemen then tortured Yassin severely, and he spent about a month in jail. “After that humiliation,” he told a journalist a couple of years ago, “I learned a certain coldness about being beaten.”

    https://seenthis.net/messages/631122 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Egypt Men of Faith | MadaMasr

    sur l’Egypte, les Frères musulmans, et les communistes

    “Let the angels mark your ballot papers, they said!” Sobhy Saleh shouted to the crowd below him, which was motionless, like leaves before a hurricane. “And the angels did!”

    The crowd roared. There were hundreds in the square of the busy Alexandrian neighborhood, most of whom were from low-income areas where faith was as prevalent as high cholesterol. They believed that angels really had cooperated with the Muslim Brotherhood in the winter days of 2011, putting Saleh in the new Parliament. “In the 2005 elections, the policemen laughed saying the Brothers would need divine intervention to win. If only they knew back then what they do today,” said Saleh.

    He had been arrested before, but, during the 2011 revolution, he did not bother to pack. He knew it would be different this time. He was released, and former President Hosni Mubarak was sent to jail.

    “We told them not to play with fire! He who plays with fire burns! So the earth shattered beneath them and now they are in jail!” Saleh was dauntless on the stage under florescent lights and camera flashes.

    Holy wars throughout history were founded on moments like this, and, after 80 years underground, the Brotherhood had won theirs. In the winter of 2011, their Freedom and Justice Party emerged as the most organized grassroots group in the political playground, outside of the formerly ruling National Democratic Party, swiping 42 percent of seats in the lower house of Parliament.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/630383 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Quatre heures à Chatila
    Chronique de Palestine | dimanche 17 septembre 2017

    Jean Genet – Note de la rédaction – Il y a 35 ans, , du 16 au 18 septembre 1982, l’horreur s’est abattue dans les camps palestiniens de Sabra et Chatila à Beyrouth. Durant plus de 40 heures, près de 3000 Palestiniens ont été décimés par des miliciens phalangistes libanais armés et protégés par les forces d’occupation israéliennes. Un massacre planifié et orchestré par l’armée israélienne.
    En septembre 1982, Jean Genet accompagne à Beyrouth Layla Shahid, devenue présidente de l’Union des étudiants Palestiniens. Le 16 septembre ont lieu les massacres de Sabra et Chatila par les milices libanaises, avec l’active complicité de l’armée israélienne qui vient d’envahir et d’occuper le Liban.
    Le 19 septembre, Genet est un des premiers Européens à pouvoir pénétrer dans le camp de Chatila. Dans les mois qui suivent, il écrit « Quatre heures à Chatila », publié en janvier 1983 dans La Revue d’études palestiniennes.

    Ce texte magnifique, réquisitoire implacable contre les responsables de cet acte de barbarie, ne commence pas par évoquer l’horreur du charnier. Il commence par le souvenir des six mois passés dans les camps palestiniens avec les feddayin, dix ans avant le massacre de Sabra et Chatila.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/630349 via Loutre

  • « Le Redoutable » | Geneviève Sellier

    Le Redoutable, bien que souvent drôle, m’a laissé un sentiment de malaise. Adapté du récit d’Anne Wiazemsky, Un an après, publié en 2015, qui raconte sa vie avec Godard pendant l’année 1968, le film propose un sosie parfait du Godard de l’époque grâce à la composition impressionnante de Louis Garrel, Source : Le genre et l’écran

    https://seenthis.net/messages/630287 via Rezo

  • The United States Was Responsible for the 1982 Massacre of Palestinians in Beirut | The Nation


    On the night of September 16, 1982, my younger brother and I were baffled as we watched dozens of Israeli flares floating down in complete silence over the southern reaches of Beirut, for what seemed like an eternity. We knew that the Israeli army had rapidly occupied the western part of the city two days earlier. But flares are used by armies to illuminate a battlefield, and with all the PLO fighters who had resisted the Israeli army during the months-long siege of the city already evacuated from Beirut, we went to bed perplexed, wondering what enemy was left for the occupying army to hunt.

    This was a little more than a month after the August 12 cease-fire that had supposedly ended the war, and was followed by the departure of the PLO’s military forces, cadres, and leadership from the city. The trigger for Israel’s occupation of West Beirut was the assassination on September 14 of Israel’s close ally and Lebanese President-elect Bashir Gemayel, head of the Lebanese Front militia and a top leader of the fascist-modeled Phalangist party.

    What we had seen the night before became clear when we met two American journalists on September 17. They had just visited the scene of ongoing massacres in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps, home to tens of thousands of displaced Palestinians as well as many Lebanese. They had taken with them into the camps a young American diplomat, Ryan Crocker, who was the first US government official to file a report on what they had seen. We found out from them that the Israeli army had used flares the previous night in order to light the way for the right-wing Lebanese militias whom the Israelis sent into Sabra and Shatila. From September 16 to 18, according to historian Bayan al-Hout’s authoritative account of this event, these militiamen slaughtered over 1,300 Palestinian and Lebanese civilians (for more on these and related events, see the revised 2014 edition of my book Under Siege: PLO Decisionmaking During the 1982 War).

    #Palestine #Liban #Sabra #Chatila

    https://seenthis.net/messages/630353 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • In first, Israel will penalize Amnesty International for anti-settlements campaign - Israel News - Haaretz.com


    Israel plans to punish Amnesty International for its recent campaign, which encourages people to lobby companies and governments to boycott settlement products, by denying tax benefits to Israelis who donate to the human rights organization.
    It is the first time the government will apply the so-called anti-boycott law, which penalizes organizations and individuals calling for a boycott of Israel or the settlements. The controversial law was passed in 2011.
    Free daily newspaper Israel Hayom, which is widely seen as a mouthpiece of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, reported in its main story Tuesday that Finance Minister Moshe Kahlon has resolved to take action against Amnesty International for its summer campaign “Israel’s Occupation: 50 Years of Dispossession," marking the 50th anniversary of the occupation of the West Bank and East Jerusalem. The campaign urges people to call on foreign companies and governments to end their trade ties with the settlements.
    Haaretz has confirmed that representatives of the organization will be summoned to a hearing at the Finance Ministry. At press time, a spokesman for Kahlon did not respond to a request by Haaretz for comment.
    The campaign’s website states: “We want governments to stop enabling the economy that keeps these illegal settlements growing and fuels the suffering of Palestinians: and you can help.

    #Israel #Amnesty #settlements #colonies

    https://seenthis.net/messages/629250 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Le sommet Israël-Afrique repoussé face au boycott | Agence Media Palestine
    Par Ali Abunimah, le 11 septembre 2017, Traduction : J. Ch. pour l’Agence Média Palestine , Source : The Electronic Intifada
    http://www.agencemediapalestine.fr/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/faure-netanyahu-300x214.jpg Le président du Togo Fauré Gnassingbé, photographié avec Sara et Benjamin Netanyanahu, devait accueillir un sommet Israël-Afrique le mois prochain. Celui-ci a été repoussé dans le cadre d’un boycott grandissant (via Facebook)

    Il semble qu’un sommet Israël-Afrique de haute notoriété prévu pour le mois prochain se soit effondré devant l’opposition croissante des gouvernements africains.

    The Jerusalem Post racontait lundi que le sommet, qui devait se tenir dans la capitale togolaise Lomé, « a été annulé à la suite de menaces de boycott de la part d’un bon nombre de pays, et de pressions contre l’événement venues des Palestiniens et des pays arabes ».

    Le ministère israélien des Affaires étrangères a annoncé que le sommet avait été « remis » mais, comme le faisait remarquer le journal, aucune date alternative n’a été annoncée.

    De plus, i24 News d’Israël a évoqué comme une inquiétude l’instabilité politique au Togo, où les forces de sécurité ont essayé de violemment réprimer les manifestations contre 50 ans de pouvoir de la famille du président autocrate de l’État ouest-africain Fauré Gnassingbé.

    Ce sommet devait être le couronnement de l’offensive de charme du Premier ministre israélien Benjamin Netanyahu en Afrique.


    https://seenthis.net/messages/629169 via Loutre

  • Après la fermeture de l’accès au compte de Human Rights Watach, l’incroyable hypocrisie du ministère des affaires étrangères français : « Nous traitons ce sujet dans le cadre de la relation de confiance que nous avons avec les autorités égyptiennes. »

    ce qui permet de passer sous silence arrestations arbitraires, disparitions forcées et usage immodéré de la torture

    https://seenthis.net/messages/628898 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Egyptian Chronicles : Rebellion in Egypt’s Clubs : Beyond Classism

    Rebellion in Egypt’s Clubs : Beyond Classism
    On Thursday, Egyptian Olympic Committee “EOC” rejected a request from The Egyptian Shooting Club to hold another General assembly meeting on Friday to have a new vote on the Club’s bylaws and rules once again.

    The Upper Middle class-Giza club held its general assembly meeting early August and out of 94 thousand members, only 573 attended the meeting.

    As a result of failing to meet the minimum number of members eligible to vote on the famous club’s bylaws, the club would be following the guideline bylaws issued by the EOC instead of the Club’s elected board of administration’s bylaws.

    An old 1950s news report in some old
    Egyptian magazine about Cairo clubs 
    What followed then at upscale and Upper/Upper middle classes clubs in Cairo was hysteria and panic reaching to the level of mobilization for a vote to save the “clubs’ independence and class” that some considered unjustified. Before going on with that August hysteria, I must go back a couple of months to explain what is going on.

    In May, the Egyptian Parliament approved the new Sports law prepared by Egypt’s Sports and Youth ministry “Yes, we have a ministry with such name” after two years of debates and amendments.
    In June, President El-Sisi ratified the Sports law aka No.71 for the year 2017.

    Aside from creating a judicial body that has the power to judge sports disputes and to regulate spectators’ attendance and violations “aka a special court, not a civilian court”, the law also regulates the relation between the government or the state and sports clubs as well sports associations.

    Compiled as much as it can be with the provisions of the International Olympic Charter, the law moves power and control over sports clubs and sports associations to the elected boards of those bodies themselves as well to the Olympic Committee in Egypt. The government represented in the Youth and Sports Ministry and its minister will be monitoring only the sports clubs and sports associations.

    Theoretically, this is a huge improvement because now officially and legally the State has got no control on the clubs and sports associations if their General assemblies chose the official guidelines bylaws over their clubs’ bylaws.

    According to the Sports law’s 4th article, the social and sports clubs got 3 months since the start of June till 31 August to adopt the new system and to have general assemblies.

    There are more than 40 sports clubs in the country classified into Sports clubs, clubs owned by companies and syndicates as well clubs owned by the armed forces and police. Each one of those categories got guideline bylaws issued by the EOC.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/628918 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Why read books ? – Synaps open-source

    CLAIMING TO READ BOOKS is on the way to becoming an admission of idleness. Who can make time, with relentless pressure at work combined with a busy personal life? Why bother in the first place, when we can access information instantaneously, and already sift through ample written content in the form of reports, articles, posts, and text messages? The couple of hours we could devote daily to serious reading, we might as well use to get a life. If it’s a matter of entertainment, relaxation, or even general culture, there are fun museums, great websites, excellent documentaries and a host of leisure activities that will do the trick. Put simply, books are generally hard to write, hard to read, and hard to sell—so what the heck?
    The all-encompassing answer is that hard is beautiful. A great book is an author’s lifetime accomplishment, a long but nonetheless distilled and purified version of his or her experience, intellectual depth and creativity. Conferences, interviews, summaries and other derivative products are but a shadow of the full-fledged work. Indeed, publishing forces an author to give his or her thinking the best possible shape and texture—a demanding exercise that brings out the best in them, too. Naturally, not all books are great, calling for ruthless selection. Shunning the better kind, however, amounts to depriving oneself of some the most enriching moments we can hope for in our own lifetimes.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/628903 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Why Syria hasn’t retaliated to the alleged Israeli strike

    Syria and allies practice restraint after alleged Israeli attack on missile plant

    Amos Harel Sep 10, 2017
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/syria/.premium-1.811402

    It appears, however, that the timing isn’t convenient for sabre rattling by the Assad regime and its supporters. The regime scored an important victory last week when the Syrian army and Shi’ite militias took over Deir el-Zour in eastern Syria and drove out Islamic State fighters. Iran is explaining its active military involvement in Syria with the need to help the Assad regime, more than opening a front with Israel, while Hezbollah is playing down the assistance it receives from Iran and Syria.
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    A military retaliation against Israel could create difficulties for the parties bolstering Hezbollah. The response could come at a later stage and indirectly, like the tightening of Russian-Iranian cooperation.
    Recently, reports have said Russia will provide air defense in western Syria, mainly via S-400 missiles, for Iranian arms plants as well. As far as is known, Iran operates such facilities in Syria in coordination with the Assad regime, but so far hasn’t implemented plans to set up similar ones in Lebanon.

    Syrian soccer fans hold a portrait of President Bashar Assad before a match with Iran in a World Cup qualifier, Tehran, September 6, 2017.Vahid Salemi / AP
    On Sunday, Israel’s military will continue the large drill in the north that began last week; numerous infantry units and aircraft will be involved. The exercise, which is taking place in a Lower Galilee area that simulates Lebanon, will move this week from defense to offense. Presumably, Hezbollah and Syria will also have to take the Israeli army’s high alert into account if they’re considering a retaliation to the airstrike.
    Former Defense Minister Moshe Ya’alon said he didn’t know who attacked the plant in Syria, “but whoever it was did Israel an excellent service.”
    As Ya’alon put it, “The Russians, even if they think we did it, aren’t saying a word. There’s a hotline between our defense establishments and understandings that we won’t get in their way and they won’t get in ours. I don’t see a fear of an escalation, but we have to keep evaluating the situation.”

    https://seenthis.net/messages/628537 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Le fils du premier ministre israélien suscite un nouveau scandale après un dessin antisémite

    Le sulfureux Yaïr Nétanyahou a publié vendredi sur Facebook un dessin représentant le philanthrope juif américain George Soros tenant la Terre au bout d’une canne à pêche.

    #sionisme #antisémitisme

    https://seenthis.net/messages/628527 via Loutre

  • – Orient XXI Programme CAPES Agrégation histoire

    Avec « Moyen-Orient : une géographie qui a une histoire (II) » de Vincent Capdepuy, nous reprenons en ce temps de rentrée notre rubrique sur le Moyen-Orient (1876-1980), animée conjointement avec le collectif Aggiornamento. Cette rubrique propose, dans le cadre de la préparation au Capes et à l’agrégation d’histoire, des textes dont les auteurs se donnent la liberté d’interpréter autrement parfois le cadrage de la question au programme et de multiplier les prismes géographiques et les focales chronologiques.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/628310 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Stalingrad diaries: The battlefield transcripts that Stalin deemed too true to publish -

    During the most ferocious battle in human history, in 1943, Soviet historians interviewed over 200 Red Army soldiers about the fighting that helped seal Nazi Germany’s fate. Decades later, Prof. Jochen Hellbeck became the first historian to read their stories
    By Michal Shapira Sep 06, 2017
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/world-news/europe/.premium-1.810966

    The book is based on interviews with Red Army soldiers that you found in the archives. They describe shocking violence. Can you talk about the nature of the violence?
    The interviews were recorded in Stalingrad, during the final stage of the battle and its immediate aftermath. They resonate with the din of the battlefield, and violence is everywhere in the picture. Red Army soldiers describe how they fought their way into the city center, blowing up basements and entire buildings filled with Germans after at least some of them refused to lay down their arms. What becomes very clear is the extent to which the Soviet defenders were driven by hatred toward the Germans. In the interviews I was surprised to discover the source of this hatred.
    Take Vassily Zaitsev, the famed sniper at Stalingrad, who killed 242 enemy soldiers over the course of the battle, until he suffered an eye injury, in January 1943. Asked by the historians about what motivated him to keep fighting to the point of exhaustion and beyond, he talked about scenes he had personally witnessed: of German soldiers dragging a woman out of the rubble, presumably to rape her, while he helplessly listened to her screams for help. [Quoting Zaitsev]: “Or another time you see young girls, children hanging from trees in the park. Does that get to you? That has a tremendous impact.”
    German atrocities, which many Soviet soldiers were familiar with, certainly played an important role in mobilizing them to fight, and fight hard. There was in addition ample violence within the Red Army, perpetrated against soldiers who were unwilling to risk their lives. In his interview, Gen. Vassily Chuikov described how he shot several commanders, as their soldiers watched in line formation, for retreating from the enemy without permission.

    Maj. Gen. Ivan Burmakov and Lt. Col. Leonid Vinokur, two of the Russian officers interviewed after the Battle of Stalingrad. Museum of the Battle of Stalingrad
    Until your book came out in Russian translation, in 2015, these interviews had never been published. Why is that?
    The testimonies were too truthful and multifaceted for their times, and Stalin forbade their publication, not least because he alone claimed full credit for the victory at Stalingrad. Little changed after Stalin’s death. Yes, leading generals of the Stalingrad battle, like Chuikov, were able to publish accounts of their role in the battle, but they carefully omitted any reference to executions within the Red Army. In his memoirs, Chuikov writes that he issued “a sharp rebuke” to his cowardly officers.
    Archival documentation tells me that at least some Soviet historians read the interviews, but it seems that they were at a loss about how to integrate individual, “subjective” voices, as they called them, into a mandated “objective” (communist) history of the war, and so the documents were overlooked and forgotten. I was extraordinarily lucky to have been the first historian to fully explore the 215 interviews conducted with Soviet defenders of Stalingrad, and publish them. I found them in the archive of the Institute for Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
    ‘Edge of Europe’
    Who was conducting the interviews and why? Who were the interviewees of these “Stalingrad transcripts”?

    Josef Stalin in 1950. AP
    The interviews were conducted by historians from Moscow who responded to the German invasion in 1941 with a plan to document the Soviet war effort in its totality, and from the ground up. From 1942 to 1945, they interviewed close to 5,000 people – most of them soldiers, but also partisans, civilians who worked in the war economy or fought in the underground, and Soviet citizens who had survived Nazi occupation. These historians hoped that the published interviews would mobilize readers for the war. They also wanted to create an archival record for posterity. I was struck by how they made this decision as early as fall 1941, when the Soviet Union seemed to be teetering under the German assault. But the historians drew confidence from history, notably the War of 1812, when the Russian people had been able to defeat a technologically superior invader. Hitler, they were certain, would meet Napoleon’s end.
    Why did Stalingrad become important to the Nazis and the Soviets in 1942? In what way was it a battle that changed world history?
    When the Germans resumed their offensive, in spring 1942, their strategic target was the oil fields of the Caucasus. Only as Army Group South advanced toward Maikop and Grozny did Hitler order a separate attack on Stalingrad. He banked on the psychological blow that the fall of “Stalin’s city,” which is what Stalingrad literally means, would deliver to Stalin. It was largely because of its symbolic charge that the battle for Stalingrad turned into a decisive showdown between the two regimes.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/628196 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Trump and Putin are the real targets of Israel’s alleged strike in Syria -

    Exceptional strike, attributed to Israel, signals Netanyahu can disrupt a ceasefire in Syria if Israel’s security interests are ignored ■ Incident comes amid anti-Hezbollah war game

    Amos Harel Sep 08, 2017
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/1.811078

    The weapons manufacturing plant that occurred early Thursday morning in western Syria is a site clearly identified with the regime of Syrian President Bashar Assad. The exceptional attack, which foreign media are attributing to the Israel Air Force, appears to be a message to the world powers that maintain a prominent aerial presence in the area. Over the past two years, Russia has invested huge efforts in saving and rehabilitating the Syrian president.
    The bombing is not routine, either in its target or its timing. In an interview with Haaretz last month, outgoing air force chief Amir Eshel said that over the past five years, the air force had launched attacks on the northern military theater and on other fronts.
    But most of these forays were designed to quell efforts to strengthen Hezbollah and other terrorist and guerrilla groups. This time, according to Syrian reports, the target was a government one – a missile production facility run by the Assad regime – rather than another Hezbollah weapons convoy destined for Lebanon. 
    >> Analysis: Israel Just Shot Itself in the Foot
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    Over the past year, senior Israelis have highlighted their concerns following the wide steps taken by the Iranians to try and enlarge and upgrade the supply of precision missiles in Hezbollah’s possession. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman, Israel Defense Forces Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Gadi Eisenkot and Military Intelligence chief Maj. Gen. Herzl Halevi have all made reference to this in public appearances. 
    For several years now, Hezbollah has maintained a huge weapons arsenal, containing between 100,000 and 130,000 missiles and rockets (according to various estimates). If the proportion of precision missiles is increased and their precision improved, that could enable the organization to inflict more devastating damage to the Israeli home front in a war.
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    In accordance with its declared policy, Israel is acting to prevent Hezbollah improving the quality of its weapons. The chaos the Syrian civil war has caused, during which serious damage has been inflicted on the capabilities of Assad’s army, has seemingly made this easier for Israel. Syria has for years been a no-man’s-land that no one has controlled. That changed with the arrival of the Russians two years ago. 
    According to foreign media, the deployment of Russian squadrons in northwest Syria since September 2015 hasn’t entirely halted the Israeli attacks. But the strategic reality has become more complicated. The prime Russian interest is the survival of the Assad regime. For Moscow, it is important to show that the regime is stable and that Russia is the party dictating what takes place in Syria. The attack on the facility – the Syrian Scientific Researchers Center – undermines that image, and could concern the Russians.
    skip - Shehab News Agency tweet

    The timing of the action attributed to Israel is sensitive. At the end of July, in a Russia-led effort, the Assad regime reached a partial cease-fire with Syrian rebel groups. Although the fighting has continued in various regions, its intensity has declined in many places. The United States, whose interest in Syria has been on the decline, acceded to the Russian initiative. 
    Washington and Moscow also failed to heed Israeli protests that the agreement to reduce friction in southern Syria failed to require Iran and allied militias to steer clear of the Golan Heights.
    Consequently, the attack attributed to Israel – the first to be reported since the agreement was reached – may be interpreted as an Israeli signal of sorts to the world powers: You still need to take our security interests into account; we’re capable of disrupting the process of a future settlement in Syria if you insist on leaving us out of the picture. 
    Since the attacks attributed to Israel began in January 2012, the Assad regime has shown restraint in the vast majority of cases, other than in one incident in March this year when missiles were fired at Israeli planes after an attack near the town of Palmyra in eastern Syria. One missile was intercepted by an Arrow missile over Israel.
    At first, the Syrian regime totally ignored most of the attacks. At later stages, it would accuse Israel and sometimes even threaten a response, but it didn’t follow through. The reason is clear: The damage sustained by the regime from the responses was marginal compared to the harm to civilians in the civil war, and the last thing President Bashar Assad wanted was to drag Israel into the war and tip the balance in the rebels’ favor.
    Israel will have to see how recent developments are received in Moscow, Washington and Tehran. The response won’t necessarily come immediately.

    Syrian President Bashar Assad and Russian President Vladimir Putin meeting in Moscow, October 2015.AP
    Russia is not hostile to Israel but, above all, it looks after itself and Assad. The Russians will also take the consequences on countries in other areas into account, as well as its tangled relations with the United States – which has been acting as a present-absent party in the Middle East for a long time now.
    This comes against the backdrop, beginning Tuesday this week, of a large Israeli military exercise based on a war scenario with Hezbollah. In fact, Israel is taking pains to declare that the exercise was planned nearly a year in advance and that it has no warlike intentions. But the fact that the exercise was carried out has raised the anxiety threshold among Hezbollah’s leaders.
    Al-Manar, the Hezbollah television station, declared Wednesday that Hezbollah isn’t worried about a war. That’s very inaccurate. To a great extent, Hezbollah, like Israel, is worried about a war and would prefer to avoid one – but in the Middle East things sometimes happen when you don’t exactly intend them.
    The early morning attack came exactly 10 years and a day after the bombing of the North Korean nuclear facility in eastern Syria, which U.S. President George W. Bush and others attributed to Israel. Last time (and then too, by the way, an attack came during a major exercise by the air force) a war was averted. That’s the hope this time too.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/628197 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • « Condamner l’occupation israélienne ne suffit pas »
    Amira Hass | Publié le 6/9/2017 sur Haaretz | Traduction : Jean-Marie Flémal

    Européens, vos dénonciations sont perçues par Israël comme dénuées de caractère urgent. Ce que vous devez faire, c’est appliquer des sanctions douloureuses.

    Aux Pays-Bas, à la Belgique et à la France : Il ne suffit pas de condamner uniquement par des mots la politique de destruction menée par Israël, qui détruit des infrastructures et des habitations financées avec l’argent de vos contribuables. C’est une bonne chose que vous soyez en colère, mais le tempo de l’accumulation de votre colère est de loin inférieur au rythme effréné et dangereux des bulldozers de l’Administration civile et des Forces de défense des colonies en Cisjordanie.

    Vos condamnations sont perçues comme dénuées de caractère urgent. Vous devez entreprendre des actions réelles. Oui, des sanctions ouvertes et déclarées, qui emprunteront la voie d’une sévérité accrue. Des sanctions douloureuses. Ce peut être la dernière chance de faire bouger l’Israélien moyen, y compris les hommes d’affaires, les touristes, les juges, les universitaires, les fermiers et les consommateurs de football étranger de leur indifférence et de leur complaisance criminelle.


    https://seenthis.net/messages/628151 via Loutre

  • Un été chaud à Alger - Jean-Pierre Séréni

    Nommé le 24 mai, remercié le 12 août, Abdelmadjid Tebboune a été le premier ministre le plus éphémère de l’Algérie indépendante. En moins de 90 jours, il a coalisé contre lui une formidable opposition intérieure et extérieure. Son tort ? Avoir prétendu séparer la politique et l’argent. À la veille du mois de ramadan 2017, le régime a dû faire face à un double échec, électoral et financier. Aux législatives du 4 mai, contestées par l’opposition, à peine un électeur sur trois s’est déplacé. Il y a eu deux millions de (...)

    https://seenthis.net/messages/626837 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • « Au balcon de Titi » : film sur Albert Arié, Egyptien, juif et communiste le 8 septembre à Paris

    Titi, communiste égyptien d’origine juive, est né au Caire il ya 87 ans. Depuis son enfance il vit dans le même appartement, parcouru d’un long balcon débouchant sur la place Tahrir. Cet espace suspendu est le témoin de son histoire familiale et de celle de son pays.

    au Ciné 104 - 104 avenue Jean Lolive, 93500 Pantin / M°5 Eglise de Pantin

    Entrée libre / Séances en présence des réalisateurs

    vendredi 8 septembre 2017 à 20h15

    Au balcon de Titi de Yasmina Benari (2016 / 79’ / ELANs)

    Puis projections à Marseille

    Détails : http://www.peripherie.asso.fr/cineastes-en-residence/la-rentree-de-cineastes-en-residence-au-cine-104

    Sur @OrientXXI « Au nom des juifs d’Egypte » http://orientxxi.info/lu-vu-entendu/au-nom-des-juifs-d-egypte,0446,0446

    https://seenthis.net/messages/625665 via Warda Mohamed