• Les étranges fréquentations antisémites de la droite israélienne

    19 FÉVRIER 2018 PAR THOMAS CANTALOUBE
    Depuis plusieurs années, Benjamin Netanyahou et le Likoud n’hésitent plus à franchir ce qui était autrefois une ligne rouge évidente : la proximité avec des dirigeants et des partis politiques européens et américains flirtant avec la xénophobie et le rejet des juifs.

    C’était sans doute le symbole de trop. Le symbole trop évident d’une collusion qui aurait été jugée encore impensable il y a une quinzaine d’années en Israël : celle de la droite nationaliste israélienne avec la mouvance antisémite. Début septembre 2017, Yair Netanyahou, le fils du premier ministre, désireux de défendre son père contre diverses accusations, postait sur Facebook une caricature qui montrait le milliardaire George Soros en train de manipuler une créature reptilienne dirigeant une figure au nez crochu qui, elle-même, tire les ficelles de l’ancien chef de gouvernement travailliste Ehud Barak et de deux autres citoyens israéliens.

    Si Yair Netanyahou, du haut de ses 26 ans et de ses études en histoire, philosophie et relations internationales à l’université hébraïque de Jérusalem, n’avait pas décodé le caractère profondément antisémite du dessin qu’il promouvait, les experts en la matière ne s’y sont pas trompés. Ainsi l’ancien grand sorcier américain du Ku Klux Klan et négationniste notoire David Duke tweetait : « Bienvenue au club, Yair, c’est extraordinaire, waouh ! » Quant au fondateur du site néonazi Daily Stormer, Andrew Anglin, il écrivait : « Yair Netanyahou est un vrai frangin. Bientôt, il va appeler au gazage. »

    Mais ce faux pas de Yair Netanyahou qui, face au tollé provoqué en Israël et dans la communauté juive à travers le monde, avait retiré sa caricature au bout de quelques heures, ne surgit pas de nulle part. George Soros, d’origine juive hongroise, est un philanthrope qui finance nombre de mouvements et d’associations « libérales » (au sens économique et politique du terme). Il est par ailleurs opposé aux politiques d’annexion des territoires palestiniens par les Israéliens. Mais il est surtout devenu, depuis trois décennies, un des épouvantails favoris des sphères d’extrême droite sur la planète : la figure emblématique du riche juif qui cherche à influencer la marche du monde.

    Attention : dessin antisémite ! Yair Netanyahou ne l’avait visiblement pas décodé, et il s’est attiré les félicitations de néonazis notoires
    Cette caricature antisémite de Soros est un “mème” dans les différentes fachosphères, mais également au-delà, comme on a pu le constater début février 2018 quand le quotidien conservateur britannique le Daily Telegraph a fait sa une sur « L’homme qui a dévalisé la Banque d’Angleterre appuie un plan secret visant à faire dérailler le Brexit ». Ou comment chausser ses gros sabots bourrés de sous-entendus. C’est ce qu’a fait remarquer sur Twitter le rédacteur en chef du Jewish Chronicle et partisan du Brexit Stephen Pollard : « L’article du Telegraph est dégueulasse en raison de l’idée qu’il y a un “plan secret”. Soros est incroyablement transparent dans ce qu’il fait. On peut dire qu’on n’est pas d’accord avec lui, très bien. Mais l’idée d’un plan secret est exactement le thème utilisé en Hongrie et ailleurs précisément parce qu’il est juif. »

    Pollard fait référence à des affiches déployées en juillet 2017 en Hongrie dans laquelle le Fidesz, le parti du premier ministre Viktor Orban, utilisait Soros somme repoussoir avec des slogans du type : « 99 % des gens rejettent l’immigration illégale. Ne laissons pas Soros avoir le dernier mot. » La communauté juive de Hongrie avait immédiatement réagi en dénonçant l’antisémitisme latent d’une telle campagne ; l’ambassadeur d’Israël à Budapest avait exigé le retrait de cet affichage, avant d’être contredit par… son premier ministre, Benjamin Netanyahou qui avait rappelé qu’il était parfaitement légitime de critiquer Soros. Autrement dit, le chef du gouvernement israélien soutenait la liberté d’expression des amis politiques d’Orban (eux-mêmes peu portés sur cette notion) contre le sentiment éprouvé par de nombreux juifs européens.

    Que les idées professées et financées par George Soros déplaisent à Netanyahou est une chose, mais que celui-ci en fasse à son tour un épouvantail et qu’il accoure à la rescousse de ceux qui manient avec plus ou moins de subtilité les antiques métaphores antisémites est significatif. Le premier ministre israélien a d’ailleurs remis le couvert en accusant début février 2018 Soros de se trouver derrière les manifestations lui demandant de renoncer à l’expulsion de migrants et demandeurs d’asile africains. Il n’a apporté aucune preuve de cette affirmation et Soros l’a démenti. Ce qui a conduit le journaliste israélien de Haaretz Chemi Shalev à dénoncer la rhétorique du patron du Likoud : « En se focalisant sur le Soros juif, Netanyahou se positionne avec son parti épaule contre épaule avec les ordures antisémites. Pire, il salit Israël. »

    « Peut-être que les efforts persistants de son gouvernement pour assimiler l’opposition à ses politiques vis-à-vis des Palestiniens à un nouvel antisémitisme a fait oublier à Netanyahou que la figure historique de la détestation des juifs n’est pas le soldat israélien ou le colon juif, mais les juifs riches et cosmopolites comme Soros, qui étaient accusés de fomenter la souillure de la race aryenne ou la contamination du sang chrétien par le biais de l’invasion du pays par des réfugiés inférieurs et malveillants. L’État juif ne peut techniquement pas être accusé d’antisémitisme, mais quand Netanyahou accuse sans cesse Soros, il fait partie de ceux qui applaudissent cet antisémitisme. »

    https://seenthis.net/messages/670571 via Nouvelles d’Orient

    • Ce qui me fait rire -à moitié- c’est que RUSSIA TODAY TV France est parfaitement limpide aussi, quant à ses intentions de faire valoir le point de vue russe en France.. mais concernant RT, c’est une quasi guerre totale que lui livre notre « président » et sa cour, y compris les réseaux aux aguets de toute trace d’antisémitisme (jusqu’à la victimisation, si contre-productive) en France.


  • Vous connaissez cette chanson ?

    Rajiou Al-Talamza (Les étudiants sont de retour)
    Cheikh Imam avec Ahmad Fouad Najm - Egypte (1972)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4L7r23A4sKM

    A un moment il dit :

    Les étudiants sont de retour, les roses des jardins
    Écoute Milos et regarde
    Maudit sois-tu, chien de traître
    Toi la voix de l’Amérique
    Toi l’Américain

    La question à l’intelligence collective de SeenThis étant bien sûr : qui est ce Mils, Milos ou Miles ???

    Une idée ? @gonzo m’en a soufflé une, mais j’attends les votres...

    #Musique #Musique_et_politique #Cheikh_Imam #Ahmad_Fouad_Najm #Egypte #USA #étudiants

    https://seenthis.net/messages/670511 via Dror@sinehebdo


  • Forget Islamist terrorism, ’Homeland’ homes in on a new threat - Television - Haaretz.com

    https://www.haaretz.com/life/television/.premium-forget-islamist-terrorism-homeland-homes-in-on-a-new-threat-1.5827

    A few days after the first episode of “Homeland” aired in America in October 2011, the U.S. State Department placed a $10 million bounty on the head of Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.
    A few days after season seven of “Homeland” premiered in February 2018, the U.S. Justice Department indicted 13 Russians for trying to subvert the 2016 presidential election.
    This tells you everything you need to know about why the latest season of “Homeland” is, to borrow a phrase from a certain political leader, “America first.”
    skip - Homeland Season 7
    Homeland Season 7 - דלג

    https://seenthis.net/messages/670577 via Nouvelles d’Orient

    • Cela nous rappelle « Plomb durci » (1200 morts), pile entre la Noël 2008 et l’investiture d’Obama le 20 janvier 2009. Nous ne savions pas qu’en fait, c’était en plus le « pilote » de la future série Homeland, diffusé en direct dans le monde entier. "Cela nous dit tout ce que nous avons besoin de savoir sur les raisons pour lesquelles la dernière saison de Haaretz (Homeland en hébreu, le pays) s’intitule, pour emprunter une phrase d’un homme politique bien connu "Israël d’abord" .


  • Putin’s Syrian dilemma: Back Israel or Iran?

    All of the Russian president’s achievements in Syria could come crashing down unless he answers this one fundamental question

    Anshel Pfeffer Feb 19, 2018

    Russian President Vladimir Putin thought he could succeed where the U.S.’s then-President Barack Obama failed. Pacify Syria, rescue the regime of his client, President Bashar Assad, and balance the conflicting interests of Iran and Israel in the war-torn country. All this he did with a relatively small investment: the deployment of a couple of dozen aircraft and 2,000 men. As foreign campaigns go, it was power projection on the cheap. The United States on a similar mission would have used a force 10 times the size – aircraft carrier groups and hundreds of fighter jets, aerial tankers and electronic warfare planes. Not to mention boots on the ground.
    To really understand Israel and the Middle East - subscribe to Haaretz
    But Russia could pull it off thanks to the cannon fodder supplied by Iran. Tens of thousands of Shi’ite mercenaries, mainly refugees from Afghanistan, propped up Assad’s failing battalions. Hezbollah fighters came from Lebanon to carry out the more difficult operations. Russia made do with small teams of special-force troops and, where more muscle was needed, its own mercenaries.
    It was a relatively small investment with few casualties and not, as some predicted two years ago, a rerun of the Soviet Union’s disastrous occupation of Afghanistan in the 1980s.

    President Vladimir Putin addressing Russian troops at Hemeimeem air base during a surprise visit to Damascus, December 12, 2017.Mikhail Klimentyev/AP
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    >> Iran and the Assad regime are drawing a line in Syria’s skies | Analysis <<

    With perfect timing, and taking advantage of the vacuum left by Obama’s decision not to get involved in Syria, Putin had put Russia back on the geopolitical map. He made a surprise visit to Damascus in December to declare: Mission accomplished. He should have learned from former U.S. President George W. Bush never to say that – because now everything is starting to fall apart for the Russians.

    A serviceman holds a portrait of Russian air force pilot Roman Fillipov, who was killed after his aircraft was shot down over rebel-held territory in Syria, February 8, 2018.\ HANDOUT/ REUTERS
    There was last month’s Sochi conference, where attempts to agree a political process for Syria’s future under Assad, with the usual farce of elections, failed even before the delegates arrived. Turkey has launched a large-scale incursion into northwestern Syria, in an attempt to prevent Kurdish YPG (People’s Protection Units) forces from establishing a military presence on its border. Meanwhile, the Turks are clashing with the Iranians as well, and as of Monday with regime forces too.
    Much more worrying for Russia is that in the east of the country, another Kurdish force – the Syrian Democratic Forces, which also includes Arab, Turkmen, Assyrian and Armenian forces – is widening its control of areas once held by the Islamic State. The SDF is now the only player in Syria with U.S. military support: During a clash 10 days ago between the SDF and regime forces working together with Russian mercenaries, the United States launched a devastating airstrike. The Kremlin still won’t acknowledge any casualties, but unofficial reports from Russia claim that as many as 200 Russian mercenaries died.
    And then last week there was the first direct confrontation between Israel and Iran.
    The Turkish front is less concerning for Putin, since it doesn’t directly threaten Russia’s main interests. The clashes in the northeast are a much larger problem as they are sending coffins back home to Russia – the last thing Putin needs before the presidential election in mid-March.
    For now at least, the Israeli-Iranian front may not directly put Russian personnel in the line of fire. But it is a much greater threat to the Assad regime itself. Damascus is close to the Israeli border and Assad, with Iranian encouragement, is trying to assert himself by firing anti-aircraft missiles at Israel Air Force planes.
    >> Delve deeper into the week’s news: Sign up to Chemi Shalev’s weekly roundup
    For the past two and a half years, the deal between Jerusalem and Moscow was simple: Israel allowed Russia to resupply Assad’s army and help the regime – through aerial bombardments of rebel-held areas, indiscriminately killing thousands of civilians – to retake large swaths of territory. Russia, meanwhile, turned a blind eye as Israel continued its periodic attacks on convoys and depots of Iranian-supplied weapons destined for Hezbollah. Russia collaborated with Iran in reviving the regime, while not intervening when Israel struck at Iran’s proxies.
    When Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu demanded that Russia prevent Iran’s forces from building permanent bases on Syrian soil, Putin tried to strike a compromise. Iran continued entrenching its Shi’ite militias, but at the same time didn’t come too close to the Israeli border or begin building large bases.

    Israeli soldiers in the northern Golan Heights after an Iranian drone penetrated Israeli airspace and was shot done, February 10, 2018.Gil Eliahu
    That balance can no longer hold. The decision by Iran’s Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) to send a drone into Israeli airspace in the early hours of Saturday February 10, followed by Israel’s retaliation against the Iranian command unit that launched the drone and the ensuing air battle between Israeli fighter jets and Syrian air defense batteries, was proof that Russia can no longer contain the interests of all the different sides within Syria.
    Putin has utilized “hybrid warfare” – a combination of military power, deniable proxies and cyberattacks – to destabilize neighboring countries like Georgia and Ukraine, which tried to get too close to the West. Relatively small investments for major gain.
    But just like Russian interference with the U.S. presidential election, where the Kremlin wanted only to undermine America’s democratic process but never actually believed it could help get Donald Trump elected, he may have gone too deep. What was supposed to be an exercise in troublemaking is, despite Trump’s reluctance, now a full-blown confrontation with the U.S. intelligence services.
    Managing a multitrack Middle East policy and engaging simultaneously with all of the regional players takes time, resources and, especially, experience. Until recently, the United States had the combination of seasoned diplomats, military and intelligence officers – with extensive contacts and time spent in the region – to maintain such a complex operation.
    Under President Trump, many of these professionals have left the administration, and there is no clear sense of direction from the White House for those remaining. But the lack of any real U.S. presence or policy doesn’t mean someone else can just come along and take over its traditional role.
    It’s not just that the Kremlin doesn’t have anything resembling this kind of network. Putin’s centralized way of doing business means that every decision goes through him in Moscow. This isn’t helping Russia keep a handle on evolving events on the ground, but it is an advantage for Netanyahu – who is currently the regional player with the best personal relationship with Putin.
    There are currently two schools of thought within the Israeli intelligence community. The skeptics believe Putin will not give up on his Shi’ite boots on the ground and will ultimately limit Israel’s freedom to operate in the skies above Syria – pushing Israel to make a difficult choice between sitting on the sidelines while Iran and Hezbollah build up their outposts or confronting Russia as well. The optimists believe Putin knows Israel has the power to jeopardize its achievements and threaten the Assad regime, and will therefore rein in the Iranians.
    Netanyahu’s team has been working closely with the Russian president for years, and the two leaders speak regularly on the phone and meet every few months. When they’re on their own, with just fellow Likud lawmaker Zeev Elkin to interpret, does Netanyahu openly threaten to destabilize the Assad regime? Probably not. The implied threat is enough.
    Putin will have to make the call on Israel or Iran soon – or risk losing all he has invested in Syria.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/670463 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Zeev Sternhell : « En Israël pousse un racisme proche du nazisme à ses débuts »

    Dans une tribune au « Monde », l’historien spécialiste du fascisme, face à la dérive du nationalisme israélien, se lance dans une comparaison entre le sort des juifs sous les nazis avant la seconde guerre mondiale et celui des Palestiniens en Israël aujourd’hui.

    LE MONDE | 18.02.2018 à 06h35 |

    En savoir plus sur http://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2018/02/18/zeev-sternhell-en-israel-pousse-un-racisme-proche-du-nazisme-a-ses-debuts_52

    Tribune. Je tente parfois d’imaginer comment essaiera d’expliquer notre époque l’historien qui vivra dans cinquante ou cent ans. A quel moment a-t-on commencé, se demandera-t-il sans doute, à comprendre en Israël que ce pays, devenu Etat constitué lors de la guerre d’indépendance de 1948, fondé sur les ruines du judaïsme européen et au prix du sang de 1 % de sa population, dont des milliers de combattants survivants de la Shoah, était devenu pour les non-juifs, sous sa domination, un monstre ? Quand, exactement, les Israéliens, au moins en partie, ont-ils compris que leur cruauté envers les non-juifs sous leur emprise en territoires occupés, leur détermination à briser les espoirs de liberté et d’indépendance des Palestiniens ou leur refus d’accorder l’asile aux réfugiés africains commençaient à saper la légitimité morale de leur existence nationale ?

    La réponse, dira peut-être l’historien, se trouve en microcosme dans les idées et les activités de deux importants députés de la majorité, Miki Zohar (Likoud) et Bezalel Smotrich (Le Foyer juif), fidèles représentants de la politique gouvernementale, récemment propulsés sur le devant de la scène. Mais ce qui est plus important encore, c’est le fait que cette même idéologie se trouve à la base des propositions de loi dites « fondamentales », c’est-à-dire constitutionnelles, que la ministre de la justice, Ayelet Shaked, avec l’assentiment empressé du premier ministre, Benyamin Nétanyahou, se propose de faire adopter rapidement par la Knesset.

    Shaked, numéro deux du parti de la droite religieuse nationaliste, en plus de son nationalisme extrême, représente à la perfection une idéologie politique selon laquelle une victoire électorale justifie la mainmise sur tous les organes de l’Etat et de la vie sociale, depuis l’administration jusqu’à la justice, en passant par la culture. Dans l’esprit de cette droite, la démocratie libérale n’est rien qu’un infantilisme. On conçoit facilement la signification d’une telle démarche pour un pays de tradition britannique qui ne possède pas de Constitution écrite, seulement des règles de comportement et une armature législative qu’une majorité simple suffit pour changer.

    « IL S’AGIT D’UN ACTE CONSTITUTIONNEL NATIONALISTE DUR, QUE MME LE PEN N’OSERAIT PAS PROPOSER »
    L’élément le plus important de cette nouvelle jurisprudence est une législation dite « loi sur l’Etat-nation » : il s’agit d’un acte constitutionnel nationaliste dur, que le nationalisme intégral maurrassien d’antan n’aurait pas renié, que Mme Le Pen, aujourd’hui, n’oserait pas proposer, et que le nationalisme autoritaire et xénophobe polonais et hongrois accueillera avec satisfaction. Voilà donc les juifs qui oublient que leur sort, depuis la Révolution française, est lié à celui du libéralisme et des droits de l’homme, et qui produisent à leur tour un nationalisme où se reconnaissent facilement les plus durs des chauvinistes en Europe.

    L’impuissance de la gauche

    En effet, cette loi a pour objectif ouvertement déclaré de soumettre les valeurs universelles des Lumières, du libéralisme et des droits de l’homme aux valeurs particularistes du nationalisme juif. Elle obligera la Cour suprême, dont Shaked, de toute façon, s’emploie à réduire les prérogatives et à casser le caractère libéral traditionnel (en remplaçant autant que possible tous les juges qui partent à la retraite par des juristes proches d’elle), à rendre des verdicts toujours conformes à la lettre et à l’esprit de la nouvelle législation. Mais la ministre va plus loin encore : elle vient juste de déclarer que les droits de l’homme devront s’incliner devant la nécessité d’assurer une majorité juive. Mais puisque aucun danger ne guette cette majorité en Israël, où 80 % de la population est juive, il s’agit de préparer l’opinion publique à la situation nouvelle, qui se produira en cas de l’annexion des territoires palestiniens occupés souhaitée par le parti de la ministre : la population non-juive restera dépourvue du droit de vote.

    Grâce à l’impuissance de la gauche, cette législation servira de premier clou dans le cercueil de l’ancien Israël, celui dont il ne restera que la déclaration d’indépendance, comme une pièce de musée qui rappellera aux générations futures ce que notre pays aurait pu être si notre société ne s’était moralement décomposée en un demi-siècle d’occupation, de colonisation et d’apartheid dans les territoires conquis en 1967, et désormais occupés par quelque 300 000 colons. Aujourd’hui, la gauche n’est plus capable de faire front face à un nationalisme qui, dans sa version européenne, bien plus extrême que la nôtre, avait presque réussi à anéantir les juifs d’Europe. C’est pourquoi il convient de faire lire partout en Israël et dans le monde juif les deux entretiens faits par Ravit Hecht pour Haaretz (3 décembre 2016 et 28 octobre 2017) avec Smotrich et Zohar. On y voit comment pousse sous nos yeux, non pas un simple fascisme local, mais un racisme proche du nazisme à ses débuts.

    Comme toute idéologie, le racisme allemand, lui aussi, avait évolué, et, à l’origine, il ne s’en était pris qu’aux droits de l’homme et du citoyen des juifs. Il est possible que sans la seconde guerre mondiale, le « problème juif » se serait soldé par une émigration « volontaire » des juifs des territoires sous contrôle allemand. Après tout, pratiquement tous les juifs d’Allemagne et d’Autriche ont pu sortir à temps. Il n’est pas exclu que pour certains à droite, le même sort puisse être réservé aux Palestiniens. Il faudrait seulement qu’une occasion se présente, une bonne guerre par exemple, accompagnée d’une révolution en Jordanie, qui permettrait de refouler vers l’Est une majeure partie des habitants de la Cisjordanie occupée.

    Le spectre de l’apartheid

    Les Smotrich et les Zohar, disons-le bien, n’entendent pas s’attaquer physiquement aux Palestiniens, à condition, bien entendu, que ces derniers acceptent sans résistance l’hégémonie juive. Ils refusent simplement de reconnaître leurs droits de l’homme, leur droit à la liberté et à l’indépendance. Dans le même ordre d’idées, d’ores et déjà, en cas d’annexion officielle des territoires occupés, eux et leurs partis politiques annoncent sans complexe qu’ils refuseront aux Palestiniens la nationalité israélienne, y compris, évidemment, le droit de vote. En ce qui concerne la majorité au pouvoir, les Palestiniens sont condamnés pour l’éternité au statut de population occupée.

    POUR MIKI ZOHAR, LES PALESTINIENS “SOUFFRENT D’UNE LACUNE MAJEURE : ILS NE SONT PAS NÉS JUIFS”
    La raison en est simple et clairement énoncée : les Arabes ne sont pas juifs, c’est pourquoi ils n’ont pas le droit de prétendre à la propriété d’une partie quelconque de la terre promise au peuple juif. Pour Smotrich, Shaked et Zohar, un juif de Brooklyn, qui n’a peut-être jamais mis les pieds sur cette terre, en est le propriétaire légitime, mais l’Arabe, qui y est né, comme ses ancêtres avant lui, est un étranger dont la présence est acceptée uniquement par la bonne volonté des juifs et leur humanité. Le Palestinien, nous dit Zohar, « n’a pas le droit à l’autodétermination car il n’est pas le propriétaire du sol. Je le veux comme résident et ceci du fait de mon honnêteté, il est né ici, il vit ici, je ne lui dirai pas de s’en aller. Je regrette de le dire mais [les Palestiniens] souffrent d’une lacune majeure : ils ne sont pas nés juifs ».

    Ce qui signifie que même si les Palestiniens décidaient de se convertir, commençaient à se faire pousser des papillotes et à étudier la Torah et le Talmud, cela ne leur servirait à rien. Pas plus qu’aux Soudanais et Erythréens et leurs enfants, qui sont israéliens à tous égards – langue, culture, socialisation. Il en était de même chez les nazis. Ensuite vient l’apartheid, qui, selon la plupart des « penseurs » de la droite, pourrait, sous certaines conditions, s’appliquer également aux Arabes citoyens israéliens depuis la fondation de l’Etat. Pour notre malheur, beaucoup d’Israéliens, qui ont honte de tant de leurs élus et honnissent leurs idées, pour toutes sortes de raisons, continuent à voter pour la droite.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/670131 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • La Mecque compte malheureusement aussi un certain nombre de porcs

    Al-Kanz

    https://www.al-kanz.org/2018/02/10/mecque-agression-sexuelle

    Se rendre à La Mecque pour le hajj (grand pèlerinage) ou la ‘omra (petit pèlerinage) est le rêve de toute musulmane et de tout musulman.

    Pourtant ce rêve se transforme en cauchemar pour un certain nombre de femmes qui ont le malheur de n’avoir pas été prévenues de certains risques qu’elles encourent et qui subissent la perversité de prédateurs, en pleine adoration.

    Agressions sexuelles autour de la Kaaba

    Aussi ignoble et invraisemblable que cela puisse paraître, des prédateurs agressent sexuellement des croyantes, lors du tawaf (circumambulation, acte d’adoration qui consiste à tourner autour de la Kaaba) en particulier, et plus généralement lorsqu’il y a foule.

    Le sacrilège est incommensurable, l’agression sexuelle extrêmement violente, traumatisante comme l’a confié le 2 février dernier sur Facebook Sabica Khan dans un témoignage qui depuis près de dix jours secoue les réseaux sociaux.

    En plein tawaf, la jeune Pakistanaise sent une main sur sa taille. Elle croit d’abord qu’il s’agit “juste d’une innocente erreur” (“an innocent mistake”). Elle poursuit son acte d’adoration quand une main la touche de nouveau. Très mal à l’aise, explique-t-elle, elle sent alors “soudainement” lors de son sixième tawaf “quelque chose d’agressif” contre le bas du dos. L’agresseur est un frotteur !

    La foule est immense, Sabica Khan ne peut se retourner, elle continue d’avancer lentement. Arrivée à l’un des coins de la Kaaba, le coin yéménite, elle est de nouveau agressée sexuellement : quelqu’un a essayé de lui pincer les fesses.

    “J’étais littéralement pétrifiée”, témoigne-t-elle. Coincée dans la foule, elle reste sur place et regarde autour d’elle pour comprendre ce qui s’est passé, pour savoir qui a osé porter la main sur elle, qui l’a agressée sexuellement, qui plus est en un lieu aussi saint, à seulement quelques mètres de la Kaaba.

    Sabica Khan dit, à juste titre, “s’être sentie violée”. Elle ne pouvait plus parler. Persuadée que personne ne la croirait, elle n’a rien dit jusqu’à rejoindre sa chambre d’hôtel où elle a tout raconté à sa mère.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/669069 via Nouvelles d’Orient

    • Boycott de la Mecque et pas seulement pour ces raisons. Il faut un boycott du monde arabo-msulman (intègre) vis-à-vis d’un Etat voyou : l’Arabie Saoudite


  • Behind the extravagant hype of an Israeli-Saudi ’courtship’, Israel is setting the price for Riyadh to go nuclear

    The exaggerated reports and rumours about ever-closer ties are trial balloons: Jerusalem is signalling its reluctant assent to Riyadh obtaining a nuclear deterrent – but at a high price

    Victor Kattan Feb 13, 2018

    The real stumbling block between the two countries isn’t just the Palestinian issue. The elephant in the relationship, which is far less often mentioned, is Saudi Arabia’s pursuit of nuclear power.
    Israel is currently fighting a political battle in Washington to stop the U.S. from letting Riyadh develop its own nuclear energy program that would allow it to enrich uranium that could be used to develop a bomb.
    Israel has good reason to be concerned. According to reports, the Trump administration might be willing to lower certain safeguards that prevent U.S. companies from sharing sensitive nuclear technology with Saudi Arabia for fear that it might be used to develop weapons. This administration might not insist on the same precautions that Obama did in its nuclear cooperation agreement with Abu Dhabi, for example, which forfeited its right to enrich uranium or reprocess plutonium.

    Hassan Rouhani, Iran’s president, at a news conference to mark the 39th anniversary of the Islamic Revolution in Tehran, Iran. Feb. 6, 2018ATTA KENARE/AFP
    In its negotiations with the U.S., Saudi Arabia is not backing down from its demand to enrich uranium under its planned civilian nuclear program – using, ironically, as its rationale, the conditions of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, in which Iran has been allowed to enrich uranium. Prince Turki has made it clear, more than once, that should Iran acquire nuclear weapons, Saudi Arabia and other GCC countries would look at all available options to meet the potential threat, including the acquisition of nuclear weapons. 
    The only snag for Saudi Arabia is the U.S. Congress, because this is where Israel has influential friends. Even if a deal is reached between Saudi Arabia and the Trump administration, Congress could either block the deal or add clauses preventing the U.S. from selling Saudi Arabia technology needed to enrich uranium or reprocess plutonium. 
    It is more than possible that through its media campaign, Israel is sending a signal to Riyadh that it understands very well Saudi Arabia’s desire for a nuclear deterrent regarding Iran - but there’s a price to be paid for Israel reducing the level of its direct and indirect opposition in Congress to an independent Saudi nuclear capability.
    What Israel appears to be saying to Saudi Arabia, via a variety of trial balloons, is that if Riyadh wants Israel’s help with obtaining support from Congress, then Israel wants something in return: Jerusalem, overflight rights for Israeli aircraft, direct military cooperation and intelligence exchanges, lucrative business deals for Israeli companies in Saudi Arabia, and so on.
    The publication of stories about Israel’s ever-closer relationship with Saudi Arabia, which are then magnified by media conglomerates in Qatar and Iran, is certainly one way of ensuring that the messages are received loud and clear.
    Saudi Arabia would likely have anticipated that Congress could give them trouble as it has done before. 
    But this time things might be different - and these changes might scupper Israel’s strategy.

    President Donald Trump meets with Saudi Defense Minister and Deputy Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington D.C. March 14, 2017Evan Vucci/AP
    A deal between the U.S. and Saudi Arabia could aid the ailing U.S. nuclear industry and have wider benefits for corporate America. Moreover, the U.S. does not have a monopoly on nuclear technology.
    Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman has already visited Moscow and signed agreements with Russia to build 16 nuclear reactors by 2030. Saudi Arabia already has nuclear related understandings with China, France, Pakistan, South Korea, and Argentina. One expert has even suggested that Pakistan could assist Saudi Arabia by supplying Riyadh with sensitive equipment, materials, and the expertise that would aid Riyadh with enrichment or processing.
    Riyadh is also expanding research at the King Abdullah City for Atomic and Renewable Energy and developing a cadre of nuclear scientists. Saudi Arabia is home to large uranium deposits that could be extracted with the appropriate technology.
    Obviously, Riyadh would prefer Washington’s blessing and support in developing its nuclear energy program within the rules of the global nonproliferation treaty rather than having to develop the program clandestinely with the aid of other states. Israel senses this, and would be willing to help Riyadh, but has set the price high.
    Israel would far prefer a covert alliance with Saudi Arabia to contain Iran over the U.S. allowing Riyadh to develop an independent nuclear deterrent. But Jerusalem is working to prepare for both eventualities. Whether that strategy will work remains to be seen.
    But should the Iran deal blow up on Trump’s watch, and Tehran acquires the capability to develop a weapon, no one should underestimate Riyadh’s resolve for self-preservation.
    Victor Kattan is Senior Research Fellow at the Middle East Institute of the National University of Singapore and an Associate Fellow at the Faculty of Law. Twitter: @VictorKattan

    https://seenthis.net/messages/668822 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Oman: UN experts denounce detention of journalist Yousuf Al Haj and warn against restrictions on freedom of the press in the country | Alkarama Foundation

    http://www.alkarama.org/en/articles/oman-un-experts-denounce-detention-journalist-yousuf-al-haj-and-warn-again

    Geneva (February 12, 2018) – The United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention (WGAD ) has today published an Opinion on the high-profile case of Omani journalist Yousuf Al Haj, stating that his almost 15 month-long arbitrary detention was “clearly connected to his activity as a journalist”.
     
    The Opinion – adopted on November 24, 2017, and made public on February 12, 2018 – came after the Alkarama Foundation referred Al Haj’s case to the WGAD in March 2017. Alkarama requested that the UN experts call upon the Omani authorities to release Al Haj and to respect freedom of the press in the country.
     
    The WGAD considered Al Haj’s case after his October 2017 release, and expressed concern that “his conviction may serve as the legal precedent for the arrest, detention and punishment or threat thereof to silence critics in the future.”
     
    Establishing a posteriori the arbitrary nature of Al Haj’s detention, the WGAD found that the Omani authorities committed multiple violations of minimum fail trial guarantees and due process, and that Al Haj’s detention stemmed directly from his legitimate activity as a journalist. In this regard, the WGAD called upon the Omani authorities to provide Al Haj and his colleagues from Al Zaman newspaper with their right to compensation.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/668449 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Egypt’s President Sisi Touts Megaprojects Ahead of March Vote

    – WSJ
    https://www.wsj.com/articles/egypts-president-sisi-touts-megaprojects-ahead-of-march-vote-1518431400

    By Jared Malsin
    Feb. 12, 2018 5:30 a.m. ET

    CAIRO—For decades Egypt’s presidents, like the pharaohs before them, have used vast infrastructure projects to inspire a sense of national achievement and economic might. But no modern leader has claimed to launch so many in so short a time as current President Abdel Fattah Al Sisi, however meager their actual impact.

    Since the former general came to power following a military coup in 2013, he has decreed the expansion of Egypt’s Suez Canal, ordered a second capital city be built next to Cairo, and initiated a scheme to reclaim more than a million acres of empty desert land. In December, he approved a deal with a Russian state-owned firm to build a $21 billion nuclear plant.

    Ahead of an election in March, Mr. Sisi is now again touting his role in launching massive military-led projects. When he launched his re-electioncampaign last month, he claimed the government had completed 11,000 “national projects” in his brief tenure. That number proved hyperbolic, but even the president’s landmark infrastructure initiatives have done little to defuse the economic discontent that was a key source of political upheaval seven years ago during the Arab Spring.

    Mr. Sisi, second from right, looking last month at mockups of natural-gas-extraction facilities in the northern Suez canal city of Port Said. PHOTO: HANDOUT/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE/GETTY IMAGES
    “This is not investment money. This is political money,” said Robert Springborg, an expert on Egypt at King’s College, London. “The long-term consequences of this are very negative for the economy. You think of the waste of resources at a time when the country is in desperate need.”

    Mr. Sisi’s embrace of big but dubious projects won’t cost him the election—Egypt’s security forces have jailed or otherwise sidelined his only credible opponents. But even officials involved in the initiatives say they are designed to create the appearance, rather than the reality, of an economic recovery following the turmoil of Egypt’s 2011 uprising that ended three decades of rule by President Hosni Mubarak.

    Mr. Sisi’s government unveiled the $8 billion “New Suez Canal” in 2015, hailing it as a symbol of national rebirth and Egypt’s “gift to the world.” In a lavish ceremony on the banks of the channel, jet fighters roared past rows of visiting dignitaries alongside the channel now expanded to allow two-way traffic and vastly reduce wait times. The president sailed to the event wearing full military regalia and sunglasses.

    The project’s dividends haven’t matched the hype. In 2015, the chairman of the Suez Canal Authority, Adm. Mohab Mamish, said the expansion would more than double revenue from the channel, from about $5 billion a year then to more than $13 billion by 2023.

    Today, income from the canal remains largely unchanged from 2015 levels. Even then, the Canal Authority’s public claims were contradicted by a never-released internal government study that predicted a decidedly modest 4.8% rate of return on investment for individual Egyptians who bought certificates to finance the project, according to Ahmed Darwish, the former head of the Suez Canal Economic Zone.

    “There were many reasons for that project to be done. It’s not only about the revenue. It came at a time when the president needed to bring back confidence to the Egyptian people,” he said. “The idea of ‘yes we can’ was very important.”

    –– ADVERTISEMENT ––

    https://seenthis.net/messages/668444 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Art et Liberté : Egypt’s Surrealists | by Charles Shafaieh | NYR Daily | The New York Review of Books

    http://www.nybooks.com/daily/2018/02/03/art-et-liberte-egypts-surrealists

    In March 1938, the Egyptian poet and critic Georges Henein and a small group of friends disrupted a lecture in Cairo given by the Alexandria-born Italian Futurist F.T. Marinetti, who was an outspoken supporter of Mussolini. Six months later, Henein, along with the Egyptian writer Anwar Kamel, the Italian anarchist painter Angelo de Riz, and thirty-four other artists, writers, journalists, and lawyers, signed the manifesto “Vive l’Art Dégénéré!” (“Long Live Degenerate Art!”) that would inaugurate Art et Liberté, a short-lived but influential artists’ collective based in Egypt that is the focus of an illuminating exhibition currently at the Tate Liverpool, in Britain, covering the years 1938–1948. Printed in Arabic and French, with a facsimile of Guernica on its reverse, the declaration was a direct challenge to the previous year’s Nazi-organized exhibition “Entartete ‘Kunst’” (“Degenerate ‘Art’”), which presented art by Chagall, Kandinsky and other modern artists, largely Jewish, that the Nazi Party deemed decadent, morally reprehensible or otherwise harmful to the German people.

    Internationalist in orientation and opposed as much to fascist-endorsed art as to the Egyptian academy’s own nationalist-minded aesthetics that resurrected ancient symbols in the name of “Egyptianness,” the group declared that it was “mere idiocy and folly to reduce modern art… to a fanaticism for any particular religion, race, or nation.” Surrealism—in its rejection of tyranny in any form and by championing uninhibited freedom of expression—was a fitting counterpoint that the group believed could also be harnessed to bring about social change.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/668430 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Egypt 858 : Archiving as a tool of resistance | MadaMasr
    https://www.madamasr.com/en/2018/02/11/feature/culture/858-archiving-as-a-tool-of-resistance

    Seven years ago, volunteers — some of whom would later make up the Mosireen collective — began collecting footage from the public at a tent in the center of the Tahrir sit-in during the 2011 revolution. On January 16, 2018, Mosireen released 858 hours of this footage, time-stamped and indexed.

    Housed today on Pandora, an open-source tool designed to provide a home for media archives of heavily text-annotated video material, this fresh archive sits there, gazing at us, waiting for us to gaze back and think of what’s next, beyond recalling the moments it froze for us on screen.

    Intrigued, editors Leila Arman, Lina Attalah, Ahmed Mongey, Yasmine Zohdi and interns Nada Nabil and Farida Hussein from Mada sat down with Mosireen members and 858 creators, all of whom have a background in filmmaking and writing. We spoke about the process of curating the 858 archive, the ways in which it could breed more archives (as well as other mediums of documentation) and, ultimately, the relationship between archives, death and redemption.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/668300 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Ankara construit un site industriel dans le nord de la Syrie – Site de la chaîne AlManar-Liban
    http://french.almanar.com.lb/776272
    http://french.almanar.com.lb/framework/includes/uploads/2018/02/manar-02444530015183426784-650x354.jpg

    « La Turquie est la prolongation de l’Empire Ottoman,… c’est la même essence, la même nature », a lancé le président Erdogan. Au lendemain du crash d’un hélicoptère militaire turc près des frontières avec la Syrie, la Turquie franchit un nouveau pas dans le sens de l’occupation du Nord de la Syrie et annonce son intention de « mettre sur pied le premier site industriel dans la ville d’al-Bab » en Syrie.

    Lors d’une cérémonie, samedi 10 février, avec la participation de plusieurs responsables de la province turque de Gaziantep, Ankara a inauguré le projet de construction d’un site industriel dans la ville frontalière d’al-Bab dans le nord syrien.

    Que cherche la Turquie ?

    À en croire, le président du conseil local de la ville syrienne d’al-Bab Jamal Ahmad Othman, « le complexe industriel qui devrait s’ériger à 5 km du centre de la ville vise à donner un coup de pouce à l’essor économique de la région ». Est-ce la vérité ? Selon les sources proches de l’armée syrienne, la ville d’al-Bab, que la Turquie occupe depuis 2013, abrite désormais des dizaines d’ateliers de contrebandes où la Turquie fabrique des produits à bas coût pour mettre en place un trafic lucratif vers l’Europe, et ce pour échapper aux mesures de taxation européennes.

    #turquie #syrie

    Se souvenir des plaintes, sans suite, des industriels alépins à propos du pillage de leurs usines...

    https://seenthis.net/messages/668287 via gonzo


  • Trump: Palestinians aren’t committed to making peace – but I’m not sure Israel is either

    In interview with Sheldon Adelson-owned Israeli newspaper, U.S. president also says Israeli settlements complicate the task of making peace

    Noa Landau Feb 11, 2018 9:34 AM

    U.S. President Donald Trump said in an interview published Sunday that Israeli settlements in the West Bank complicate the task of making peace with the Palestinians.
    Trump, who spoke in an interview with Israel Hayom newspaper, also said that he is not sure Israel and the Palestinians are committed to reaching a peace agreement.
    According to Trump, “both sides will have to make significant compromises in order to achieve a peace deal.”
    Israel Hayom, which is owned by Republican mega-donor Sheldon Adelson, is considered close to and supportive of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
    Asked when the forestalled U.S. peace plan will be released, Trump answered, “we’ll see what happens. Right now the Palestinians aren’t willing to make peace, they’re not. Regarding Israel, I’m not sure that it’s ready to make peace either, so we’ll need to wait and see what happens.”

    https://seenthis.net/messages/668093 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Why does Virgin find “Palestinian couscous” offensive?
    https://electronicintifada.net/content/why-does-virgin-find-palestinian-couscous-offensive/23276

    Virgin Atlantic has removed the word “Palestinian” from the description of a dish on its in-flight menu, following complaints from Israel-supporting customers.

    The airline acknowledged that the dish was a Palestinian recipe, but simultaneously apologized for “offense caused” by its use of the word.

    The dish was offered on the airline’s menu for economy class passengers in late 2017 and was described as “Palestinian couscous salad.”

    One customer giving the name Dani Williams took to social media to accuse the company of being “terrorist sympathizers” for using the descriptor. In a tweet, Williams posted a photograph of the menu and wrote: “last time you get my money.”

    Other pro-Israel social media users responded to the in-flight meal by claiming couscous was not Palestinian.

    One tweet suggested that the dish should be called “Jewish salad.”
     
    A photograph of the menu was also posted on the Facebook page of a group called the Israel Advocacy Movement. An accompanying comment read: “I thought this was an Israeli salad.”

    David Garnelas, the man who made the comment, also accused Richard Branson, Virgin Atlantic’s founder, of “showing his true colors,” adding that “Israelis must boycott Virgin and Israel must ask for an explanation.”

    Since these complaints were made, Virgin Atlantic has renamed the dish “couscous salad,” with the word “Palestinian” deleted.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/668039 via Nidal


  • Le FMI exhorte les pays arabes à dépenser moins
    http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-eco/2018/02/10/97002-20180210FILWWW00061-les-fmi-exhorte-les-pays-arabes-a-depenser-moins.

    Les dépenses publiques restent élevées notamment chez les membres du Conseil de coopération du Golfe (CCG) où elles dépassent 55% du produit intérieur brut (PIB), a insisté la directrice générale du FMI.

    La réforme devrait se concentrer sur la réduction des dépenses —très élevées— liées aux subventions et aux salaires, et renforcer l’efficacité dans des domaines tels que la santé, l’éducation et les investissements publics, a affirmé la directrice du FMI.

    J’ai eu TRES peur en lisant le titre mais je constate avec soulagement qu’il ne s’agit pas des dépenses militaires pour acheter nos armements ! Il s’agit par conséquent d’excellents conseils.

    #FMI #cuistres

    https://seenthis.net/messages/667969 via gonzo


  • La grosse question que pose la séquence de ce matin (un F-16 israélien descendu par la Syrie), c’est : alors quoi, le régime syrien se mettrait à confronter militairement Israël ? C’est déjà arrivé ? Il me semblait tout de même que, à chaque fois qu’Israël bombardait en Syrie, le régime émettait des menaces de représailles, représailles qui ne venaient jamais (ou alors, suppose-t-on, de manière très indirecte).

    Du coup, les rodomontades, sur le thème « nouvelles lignes rouges », « les règles d’engagement ont changé »…, je suis très dubitatif.

    – Possibilité d’un accident : les missiles anti-aériens partent, et oups, touchent leur cible (ce qui n’était jamais arrivé) ; possibilité la plus amusante : le pilote israélien perd son sang-froid et s’éjecte prématurément (est-ce crédible ? j’aimerais le croire…).

    – Les Russes ont besoin de « faire passer un message » après qu’Al Qaeda a descendu leur propre avion à Idlib la semaine dernière. Après tout, ça fait deux fois que la Russie se fait descendre un avions (épisode de novembre 2015), et qu’ils dénoncent les Occidentaux et leurs alliés comme directement responsables. Et peut-être, plus généralement, les opérations turque et occidentale en Syrie, que les Russes jugent comme une façon pour les Américains de provoquer l’enlisement dans le conflit syrien (voir Joshua Landis sur France 24).

    – L’idée que le régime syrien serait réellement en position de faire monter la tension, histoire de montrer sa « légitimité » à, soudainement, confronter Israël, ou à montrer que son armée est désormais suffisamment « forte » sur le terrain pour affronter encore un ennemi de plus, je n’y crois pas. Prendre un tel risque, de la part d’un régime qui n’a pas confronté Israël directement depuis… (pfiou… quarante ans ?), ça ne me semble possible qu’avec l’assurance d’un soutien russe. (Et l’idée que le régime syrien pourrait tenter une telle opération pour « forcer à la main » à la Russie, ça ne me semble pas plus crédible non plus. Ce régime est violent et criminel, mais extrêmement pragmatique.)

    https://seenthis.net/messages/667972 via Nidal

    • venant d’un pays, la France, qui vient juste avec l’aide de la Grande Bretagne et de bombes US, de massacrer 80 000 libyens en 20 000 sorties aériennes létales pendant 8 semaines de pilonages intensifs de la Libye, dire que le régime syrien est « violent et criminel » ne manque pas de sel !


  • Egypt Analysis : How Sisi has been sidelining his opponents

    | MadaMasr
    https://madamirror.appspot.com/www.madamasr.com/en/2018/02/10/feature/politics/analysis-how-sisi-has-been-sidelining-his-opponents

    “Angry” was the way many described President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s improvised speech during the inauguration ceremony of the Zohr natural gas field on January 31.

    The president declared that the only way Egypt’s national security could be compromised was over his “dead body” and the “dead body of the military.”

    But who exactly the president is angry at is not clear. Sisi did not specify whether he was addressing opposition leaders — many of whom have called for a boycott of the upcoming presidential elections — or individuals within state institutions who have antagonized him as of late.

    The speech follows a series of high-level shuffles within the security apparatus, with Sisi unexpectedly dismissing Armed Forces’ Chief of Staff Mahmoud Hegazy in October of last year. According to a family friend, Hegazy had been under house arrest until December 16, when he appeared at a small event held to honor him — which the president attended — and where the dismissed official was permitted limited movement under strict surveillance.

    In January of this year, Sisi also dismissed Khaled Fawzy, the head of Egypt’s General Intelligence Service (GIS). Fawzy’s movement has also been restricted, according to a source close to his family. He was removed from his post after calls were allegedly leaked in which a man who appears to be affiliated with Military Intelligence speaks to media talk show hosts and celebrities and instructs them to appear understanding of US President Donald Trump’s decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. The man is also heard condemning Kuwait and Saudi Arabia for political stances that Cairo is not pleased with, especially with the rapprochement between Kuwait and Qatar and the fear of a rapprochement between Saudi Arabia and the Yemeni Muslim Brotherhood. The leaks have yet to be independently verified.

    According to a Foreign Ministry source and to a European diplomat who has recently visited both Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, the leaked calls have made officials from both countries unhappy, and compelled the Egyptian Foreign Ministry to release a statement of apology to Kuwait and take unannounced measures to placate Saudi Arabia.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/667950 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Mennel quitte “The Voice”, Isabelle Morini-Bosc reste à “Touche pas à mon poste !” | Samuel Gontier
    http://www.telerama.fr/television/mennel-quitte-the-voice,-isabelle-morini-bosc-reste-a-touche-pas-a-mon-post

    Les chroniqueurs de “Touche pas à mon poste !” militaient pour exclure immédiatement la “candidate voilée” de “The Voice”, jugeant impardonnables ses anciens tweets complotistes. Ils ont été exaucés. De son côté, C8 maintient sa confiance à Isabelle Morini-Bosc, qui prétend que chanter en arabe n’est pas opportun “par les temps qui courent”. Source : Ma vie au poste

    https://seenthis.net/messages/667883 via Rezo


  • Crisis Group : Averting Disaster in Syria’s Idlib Province | Crisis Group
    https://www.crisisgroup.org/middle-east-north-africa/eastern-mediterranean/syria/b56-averting-disaster-syrias-idlib-province

    What happened? The de-escalation zone in north-western Syria is on the brink of collapse. Boosted by Russian air support, Syrian regime troops are advancing toward the Idlib region. Amid obstruction by the Syrian regime and Iran-backed militias, Turkish troops took up positions near the front lines in early February.

    Why did it happen? The area is controlled by the jihadist alliance Hei’at Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), which until now has rejected de-escalation. Russia, Iran and Western powers consider HTS an irreconcilable terrorist organisation that must be defeated militarily. Turkey has a more nuanced view, but it has been preoccupied with its fight against Kurdish forces.

    Why does it matter?  A regime offensive into the heart of Idlib may be imminent. It would likely involve aerial bombardment and a battle against thousands of militants in densely populated areas, creating another humanitarian catastrophe and prompting an exodus toward the Turkish border, further straining Turkey’s ability to cope with large numbers of Syria refugees.

    What should be done?  Turkey should deploy along the front line in cooperation with Russia, which should press the Syrian regime to delay, or even desist from, its assault. This would buy time for renewed Turkish efforts to curtail transnational jihadist influence within HTS in favour of militants more open to de-escalation and compromise.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/667891 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • « Jusqu’à la garde » | Geneviève Sellier
    http://www.genre-ecran.net/?Jusqu-a-la-garde

    Saluons d’abord ce film courageux, efficace et d’une brûlante actualité. Pour traiter de la violence conjugale (c’est-à-dire de la violence de certains hommes contre leur conjointe) qui provoque, rappelons-le, la mort de plus d’une femme tous les trois jours en France sans que les pouvoirs publics s’en émeuvent outre mesure (le discours d’Emmanuel Macron sur le sujet ne s’est assorti d’aucun financement supplémentaire pour cette soi-disant « grande cause nationale »), Xavier Legrand (auteur d’un court métrage multi-récompensé sur un sujet voisin) réalise ce premier long métrage après s’être longuement documenté sur le sujet et avec une distribution impeccable, où les quelques acteurs professionnels (Léa Drucker, Denis Ménochet, Jean-Marie Winling) sont entourés de beaucoup d’inconnu·e·s, ce qui (...)

    https://seenthis.net/messages/667882 via Rezo


  • Egypt : Army blocks all access to Sinai, schools close indefinitely and residents brace for military operation | MadaMasr

    https://www.madamasr.com/en/2018/02/09/feature/politics/dispatch-from-arish-army-blocks-all-access-to-sinai-schools-close-indefini

    On the eve of the first day of the Armed Forces’ new major counter-terrorism operation in Sinai, authorities have restricted access to and movement within North Sinai, while residents of the peninsula’s main cities steel themselves for the new military campaign.

    According to residents, authorities prohibited entry to and exit from Sinai starting Thursday night by preventing traffic coming through the Suez Canal and the Ahmed Hamdi tunnel. On Friday morning, authorities also blocked the main road linking North Sinai’s cities to one another, and cut off passage to and from the cities of Arish, Sheikh Zuwayed and Rafah.

    Despite a sense of anxiety following the Armed Forces’ statement on Friday — in which the military announced the launch of a major operation aiming to “end terrorism” in the peninsula — the day progressed quietly in Rafah, Arish and Sheikh Zuwayed, save for sounds of explosions coming from desert areas south of each city and military aircraft flying over them during the early hours of Friday.

    The military spokesperson had stated on Friday that the operation started with the bombing of militant ammunition storehouses in north and central Sinai.

    Residents said that the shelling targeted locations close to Egypt’s border with Palestine. A local on the Palestinian side of the border city of Rafah told Mada Masr that the explosions could be heard clearly in the city and residents saw smoke close to the borders from 7 am to 8 am.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/667853 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Armed Forces orders emergency medical measures in Sinai as military presence intensifies | MadaMasr

    https://www.madamasr.com/en/2018/02/07/feature/politics/armed-forces-orders-emergency-medical-measures-in-sinai-as-military-presen

    The Armed Forces requested the urgent deployment of medical reinforcements to the Sinai Peninsula and Ismailia as hospitals implement emergency measures, following an increase in military presence in the area sources told Mada Masr on Wednesday, speaking on condition of anonymity.

    A high-ranking military official asked that the Health Ministry prioritize surgeons and anesthetists and send them to the region within two days during a recent meeting, according to a source from the ministry.

    A large number of doctors were recently assigned to compulsory postings across Sinai, the source said, adding that the ministry told them: “Something is going to happen in the area in the next few days.” The doctors come from several governorates, including Cairo, Giza and Gharbiya, and were told their postings will last between one and three months.

    The posting of additional medical personnel and requests for further reinforcements come on the heels of emergency measures and the cancellation of staff leave, which were recently announced in Ismailia and Sinai hospitals, another medical source based in North Sinai told Mada Masr. 

    The announcement was concurrent with an “unusual increase” in the number of military vehicles in North Sinai, the same source added.

    The North Sinai Security Directorate has similarly recalled all staff members from vacation, according to a security source who works in the directorate. The directorate employee told Mada Masr late on Wednesday night that this was to ensure that it is operating at its full capacity within the space of several hours.

    In January, sources told Mada Masr that additional Armed Forces equipment and reinforcements had arrived in Hassana, the closest central Sinai city to Arish, in preparation for an “unprecedented” military operation.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/667460 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • The sinister reason behind Qatar’s wooing of the Jews

    Doha wants to influence D.C. elites. But rather than targeting Congress or the media, they’re lavishly, and disproportionately, focusing on right-wing, pro-Israel Jews

    Jonathan S. Tobin Feb 08, 2018 2:20 PM

    A debate over the good name of Qatar has become a burning issue in Washington. The Emirate has been waging an all out charm offensive aimed at convincing Americans not to back Saudi Arabia’s efforts to isolate it. 
    But while efforts seeking to influence D.C. elites are commonplace, the most prominent targets of Qatar’s public relations push aren’t the usual suspects in Congress or the media.
    Instead, Qatar’s PR team has focused on winning the hearts and minds of a very specific niche of opinion leader that is not generally given much attention, let alone love, by Arab states: the pro-Israel community in general and right-wing Jews in particular.

    Women walk past artwork on the corniche waterside looking towards the city skyline in Doha, Qatar. Nov. 22, 2012Bloomberg
    This has not only reaped some benefits for the Qataris but also set off something of a civil war on the right between those who buy the Emirate’s arguments and those who dismiss them as propaganda intended to cover up its support for terrorism.
    But as interesting as this nasty intramural quarrel might be, it’s worth pondering if there’s something more to Qatar’s efforts than a generic Washington influence operation. It is, after all, logical for them to seek out those who may have Trump’s ear.
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    Yet the disproportionate attention given the Jews may have a more sinister origin that should be familiar to students of Jewish and Zionist history.
    The obvious explanation for Qatar’s strategy is the increased importance of pro-Israel opinion in the Trump administration, especially when compared to its predecessor. With supporters of the settlement movement appointed to posts like the U.S. ambassador to Israel and an Orthodox Jews like presidential son-in-law Jared Kushner at Trump’s side, the Jewish right’s stock is at an all-time high.
    That elevates the importance of pro-Israel organizations and lobbyists who might otherwise be assumed to be hostile to any Gulf nation, especially one that is host and sponsor of the rabidly anti-Israel Al Jazeera network and is believed to have played a major role in funding Hamas.

    Alan Dershowitz addresses an audience at Brandeis University, in Waltham, Mass. Jan. 23, 2007ASSOCIATED PRESS
    That has led to a stream of invitations for pro-Israel figures to visit Qatar and to hear its leaders make the case that it has gotten a bum rap from critics. Some, like the Zionist Organization of America’s Mort Klein, insist they were only there to insist that the emirate cease funding terrorism. Others returned from a tour of Qatar singing its praises or at least, willing to give its assertion that it no longer has ties with Hamas the benefit of the doubt.

    One prominent convert to the pro-Qatar side is attorney and author Alan Dershowitz, a longtime liberal Democrat who is also a pillar of the pro-Israel community. Dershowitz was impressed by Qatar’s efforts to put its best face forward to the Jews noting that Israeli athletes were welcomed to compete in Doha while Saudi Arabia - which has established strong under-the-table ties with Israel and is a Trump administration favorite - continued its discriminatory attitude towards Israelis. Dershowitz even went so far as to call Qatar “the Israel of the Gulf States.” 
    That in turn generated some fierce pushback from other pro-Israel figures with scholar Jonathan Schanzer of the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies pointing out there is proof that Qatar’s alibis about Hamas and terror ring false and urging Dershowitz to stick to topics he knows something about. More extreme was the reaction from the always-incendiary Rabbi Shmuley Boteach who branded Dershowitz a sellout.
    Who is right in this dispute?

    Members of Qatar’s armed forces during national day celebrations in Doha. Qatar is using its extraordinary wealth to fund a massive push in defense spending. December 17, 2017 STRINGER/AFP
    Until proven otherwise, the skeptics about Qatar have the better arguments. Qatar’s involvement in Gaza can’t be written off as mere philanthropy.
    But as even Schanzer pointed out, there’s no harm in Jews going there to learn more about the place. Nor, despite the close ties it is establishing with Israel, is there any reason for pro-Israel figures to get involved in the politics of the Arabian Peninsula, let alone take the side of the Saudis in their feud with Qatar. The Gulf emirate has always had an ambivalent relationship with the West, with Doha being a U.S. Navy base while also serving as a beachhead for Iranian influence. Drawing firm conclusions about its behavior is probably unwarranted.
    But there’s another factor here that needs to also be examined.
    While their Washington PR representative — a former aide to Senator Ted Cruz - may have told his client that winning over supporters of Israel is the path to success, the attention given the American Jewish community is still disproportionate. Conservative Jewish groups may have loud voices and some influential backers but their ability to influence events, let alone national opinion is limited. That’s why most lobbyists don’t squander that much attention on them.

    The newsroom at the headquarters of the Qatar-based and funded Al Jazeera English-language channel in Doha. February 7, 2011REUTERS
    Another plausible explanation for all this attention stems from the traditional anti-Semitic belief that Jews and Zionists can exert mysterious control over major powers like the United States. Just like the well-meaning British statesmen who really thought the Balfour Declaration would boost the Allied war effort because of the unique and sinister ability of Jews to influence the United States and Russia, others have similarly bought into unfounded notions about Jewish power.
    The contemporary Arab and Muslim world has become a place where anti-Semitic texts like the Protocols of the Elders of Zion freely circulate. Those who demonize Israel and its supporters are prone to attribute exaggerated powers to Jews in this way. If the Qataris are that focused on American Jews and right-wingers at that, it’s just as likely to be as much the product of this sort of distorted thinking as anything else.
    Seen in that light, the dustup on the Jewish right about Qatar is even sillier that it seems. Reports about Qatar dangling the prospect of spiking an Al Jazeera documentary about pro-Israel lobbyists is particularly absurd because few in the U.S. take the network seriously.
    Rather than argue about the virtues of the Emirate, supporters of Israel need to wonder about the reasons they are being wooed and conclude they’d be better off staying out of this dispute altogether.
    Jonathan S. Tobin is editor in chief of JNS.org and a contributing writer for National Review. Twitter: @jonathans_tobin

    https://seenthis.net/messages/667370 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Liban L’insulte - le genre et l’écran
    http://www.genre-ecran.net/?L-insulte

    L’Insulte raconte le procès qui oppose deux hommes, dans un Liban contemporain qui nous renvoie aux années de guerre civile (1975-1990). Le propos est d’ailleurs bien celui d’une guerre qui n’en finit pas, bien qu’interrompue par les accords de Taëf de 1989 et par l’armistice qu’ils actaient – au Liban, beaucoup parlent plutôt d’amnésie. La paix fut imposée par le pardon général accordé par ces traités, qui coulèrent du même coup une chape de plomb sur les massacres commis durant ces quinze années d’une guerre civile qui opposait, disait-on schématiquement dans les mass-médias internationaux, une gauche prétendument « musulmane » alliée aux Palestiniens à une droite chrétienne.

    Le réalisateur libanais Ziad Doueiri ne tente pas de nuancer le tableau, puisqu’il oppose dans son film un Libanais de Damour, un village chrétien au sud de Beyrouth ravagé en 1976 par des milices notamment palestiniennes, à un Palestinien vivant dans un camp de réfugiés aux abords de Beyrouth – peut-être est-ce Sabra ou Chatila, théâtres connus du terrible massacre perpétré par des milices chrétiennes contre les civils palestiniens en 1982 ? Dans les deux cas, le passé est lourd à porter. L’astuce manque de délicatesse, mais elle a le mérite d’offrir à nos deux personnages toutes les justifications nécessaires à leur haine mutuelle et à leur colère, que les clichés de la virilité se doivent de transformer en accès de violence incontrôlables.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/667334 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Asset Bayat : ‘Revolution without Revolutionaries:’ Making sense of the Arab Spring | MadaMasr

    https://www.madamasr.com/en/2018/02/03/feature/politics/revolution-without-revolutionaries-making-sense-of-the-arab-spring

    In this conversation, sociologist Heba Khalil engages Asef Bayat on several of his main points. We publish their conversation as we remember the January 25, 2011 revolution.

    Heba Khalil: The Arab Spring continues to be a complex set of events: unpredicted, unplanned and with unforeseeable, unintended consequences. Your new book, Revolution without Revolutionaries, is about making sense of the Arab Spring. What, in particular, are you trying to make sense of?

    Asef Bayat: I want to understand the Arab Spring in the sense of how the revolutions proceeded, why they happened in the way they did, what the various forms of mobilization were, who were among the protagonists and critical mass, and what the immediate outcome was. But, above all, I am very interested in exploring the meaning of the Arab Spring historically, as I sense these revolutions were different from those I had studied and experienced before, I mean those of the 1970s.

    HK: The Iranian Revolution of 1979 has often been referenced in relation to the Arab Spring as an Islamic revolution that produced an Islamic state. This oversimplification misses the nuanced dynamics of the Iranian Revolution, and its ideological innovations. How is the Iranian Revolution a relevant lens for understanding the Arab Spring?

    https://seenthis.net/messages/666907 via Nouvelles d’Orient