• Israël : La Fifa priée de prendre des mesures contre les clubs israéliens évoluant en Cisjordanie -
    Yahoo Sport - 29 décembre 2016
    https://fr.news.yahoo.com/isra%C3%ABl-fifa-pri%C3%A9e-prendre-mesures-165717885.html

    FOOTBALL - La résolution de l’ONU contre les colonies israéliennes a renforcé les pressions sur la Fifa...

    La Fifa doit trancher. C’est en tout cas ce qui est demandé à la plus grande instance du football mondial après la résolution portée

    par le Conseil de sécurité de l’ONU vendredi et qui condamne la colonisation israélienne dans les territoires palestiniens occupés par l’Etat hébreu.

    La Fifa se prononcera les 9 et 10 janvier

    Selon l’ONG Human Rights Watch (HRW) cette résolution accroît les pressions sur la Fédération internationale de football (Fifa) qui doit se prononcer les 9 et 10 janvier sur le sort de six clubs de colonies israéliennes.

    Ces six formations de colonies israéliennes en Cisjordanie occupée évoluent dans plusieurs ligues israéliennes. Selon les groupes de défense de droits de l’Homme, la participation de ces clubs de colons à ces compétitions constitue une violation du droit international.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/556221 via Loutre


  • Les #Kurdes syriens font les frais de la nouvelle entente russo-turque
    http://www.lemonde.fr/syrie/article/2016/12/30/les-kurdes-syriens-font-les-frais-de-la-nouvelle-entente-russo-turque_505559

    Pendant que Moscou et Ankara finalisaient l’accord de cessez-le-feu pour la Syrie, l’agence turque Dogan annonçait le bombardement par l’aviation russe, dans la nuit de mercredi 28 à jeudi 29 décembre, de cibles de l’organisation #État_islamique (EI) à Al-Bab, dans le nord de la #Syrie, où l’armée turque est en opérations. C’est la première fois que la #Turquie, membre de l’OTAN, reçoit l’appui aérien de la #Russie.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/556151 via AF_Sobocinski


  • Syria and the UN settlements vote: Netanyahu’s diplomatic hypocrisy - Does the man who constantly warns of a second Holocaust simply not care about the Syrians’ horrific suffering? | Editorial

    Haaretz Editorial Dec 28, 2016
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/editorial/1.761749

    The UN General Assembly decided last week to set up an international mechanism for gathering evidence and preparing legal cases against those responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Syria since the start of that country’s civil war six years ago. The decision, which passed by a wide margin, won’t save the hundreds of thousands of victims of the Assad regime, nor will it return the millions of refugees to their homes. But it makes clear that the international community intends to demand an accounting of those responsible for the mass murders and expulsions.
    Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who is also the foreign minister, decided that Israel wouldn’t participate in the vote. The same Netanyahu who is attacking the international community and UN institutions for “doing nothing” to stop the slaughter in Syria, while focusing exclusively on Israel instead, instructed the Israeli embassy not to take any position on the responsibility borne by the murderers right across the border.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/555545 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Egypt While a bad year for civil society, all vow to find ways to continue | MadaMasr
    http://www.madamasr.com/en/2016/12/26/feature/politics/while-a-bad-year-for-civil-society-all-vow-to-find-ways-to-continue

    Between bills, court cases and security measures, civil society groups have been bearing the brunt of state repression. Yet, for many of them, the question is not whether to continue but how

    2016 was the first time that Karim-Yassin Goessinger felt paranoid and threatened.

    Goessinger set up the Cairo Institute for Liberal Arts and Sciences in 2013 with a small personal investment. Three years on, CILAS has grown to become a key learning space that provides a yearlong theoretical, discussion-based and practical educational program in the humanities, arts and culture and natural sciences.

    In the past year, CILAS offered courses on elitism, oppression and resistance. But despite the growth, 2016 has seen several hiccups, including authorities refusing to allow a development grant through and limiting the institute’s ability to continue to use the space from which they have operated since being established. The programming was disrupted; some team members left.

    Ominously, the year opened with the murder of Italian researcher Giulio Regeni, a commonly seen figure at CILAS. Regeni was found dead on a highway outside of Cairo in February, his body bearing signs of torture. In the course of the investigation, which is still ongoing, it emerged that the PhD student had been under surveillance by Egyptian security services.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/555553 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Tunisie. Hamza Meddeb : « La montée de la radicalisation n’est pas liée à la démocratisation » | Le courrier de l\’Atlas
    http://www.lecourrierdelatlas.com/tunisie-hamza-meddeb-%C2%AB-la-montee-de-la-radicalisation-n-est

    Pour comprendre ce « paradoxe » il faut revenir à la décennie 2000-2010 qui a été marquée par une mobilisation importante de la jeunesse tunisienne dans une logique d’affrontement sévère avec le régime de Ben Ali. Rappelons les gros moments de politisation de la jeunesse tunisienne en cette décennie : intifada palestinienne en 2002, invasion de l’Irak en 2003, Confrontation entre Israël et Hezbollah en 2006 et l’affrontement entre Israël et le Hamas en 2008. Ces gros moments se sont joués sur fond de crise sociale aigue : hausse du chômage frappant de plein fouet les diplômés de l’université entrainant les premières actions du mouvement des diplômés chômeurs en 2005, révolte du bassin minier en 2008, Ben Guerdane en 2010 et raidissement du régime de Ben Ali qui a élargi la répression au delà des cercles opposants pour réprimer toutes voix contestataire ou critique. Le djihadisme a profité de la crise aigue pour s’étendre au sein de ces enfants de la dictature, de la massification scolaire, des diplômes au rabais, du tout répressif dans une société gangrenée par la corruption. Dès 2004, les départs pour rejoindre le jihad irakien se sont succédés. La répression n’a fait que garnir les rangs des radicalisés et transformer les prisons en véritables incubateurs pour djihadistes. Il est d’ailleurs intéressant de noter que les détenus condamnés en vertu de la loi de décembre 2003 libéré après la révolution de 2011 ont rejoint pour la plupart le jihad syrien, libyen ou malien.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/555320 via assalam12


  • « La politique turque n’est ni ottomane ni islamiste », par Olivier Roy Le chercheur décrypte la... - justpaste.it
    https://justpaste.it/11sbw

    Même si la tension avec Moscou a culminé en novembre 2015 avec la destruction d’un avion militaire russe par l’aviation turque – attaque attribuée aujourd’hui à des… pilotes gülenistes ! –, les conditions du retournement d’Ankara étaient en place.

    Le coup d’Etat de juillet 2016 a joué un rôle d’accélérateur, même s’il reste bien des zones d’ombre. D’un seul point de vue technique, la formidable épuration de l’armée (surtout les armes « techniques » comme l’aviation) et de l’appareil sécuritaire rend l’armée turque incapable de jouer un rôle décisif dans la Syrie du nord, et surtout pas face à la coalition russo-iranienne (qu’on pense à la faiblesse de l’Armée rouge décapitée par les purges de 1937 face à la petite Finlande en 1939).

    On peut aussi évoquer une paranoïa anti-américaine où Barack Obama se voit accuser de soutenir Fethullah Gülen, l’inspirateur du mouvement Gülen – exilé aux Etats-Unis depuis 1999 – et les Kurdes, c’est-à-dire les deux ennemis mortels aux yeux d’Erdogan. On peut enfin tout simplement attribuer le revirement brutal à un cynisme stratégique, où l’on revient à une bonne vieille realpolitik.

    Mais dans tous les cas, d’un seul coup, la Turquie abandonne à leur sort les révoltés arabes sunnites syriens qu’on avait pourtant utilisés pour empêcher les Kurdes syriens d’occuper le terrain, et surtout on laisse Alep, ville ottomane s’il en fût, se faire détruire par l’aviation russe et les troupes chiites. C’est bien et le rêve néo-ottoman et la solidarité sunnite qui sont morts à Alep.

    C’est cela que l’assassin de l’ambassadeur russe est venu rappeler, même s’il s’est bien gardé de mettre en cause Erdogan. Et cet abandon de ce qui constituait largement l’imaginaire du régime doit résonner aussi parmi les militants du parti ou même, et surtout, parmi l’électeur moyen de l’AKP. Certes, beaucoup renâclaient devant l’accueil des réfugiés syriens (qui portent sur des millions de personnes en Turquie), et beaucoup auraient hésité à mourir pour Alep.

    On savait aussi qu’il n’y a pas de diplomatie « islamiste » et que la référence aux intérêts nationaux pour rejeter l’aventure extérieure aurait certainement été comprise. Mais écarter d’un revers de main la solidarité islamique et l’héritage ottoman porte un coup à l’image du sultan et laisse ouverte la question de la redéfinition du rôle de la Turquie dans la région.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/555347 via assalam12


  • Understanding the UN resolution on Israeli settlements: What are the immediate ramifications? - Israel News - Haaretz.com

    http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-1.761049

    In the long-term, what are the possible ramifications?

    In the medium-to-long-term the resolution may have serious ramifications for Israel in general and specifically for the settlement enterprise. The reason for this stems from the two main clauses of the resolution. The first clause states that the settlements have “no legal validity and constitutes a flagrant violation under international law.” The International Criminal Court in The Hague is currently conducting a preliminary investigation concerning a suit filed against Israel by the Palestinians. One of the issues raised in the suit is the construction of settlements. International law takes form through different measures including Security Council resolutions. Thus, this decision, at this time, could influence the preliminary investigation and could provide cause for the ICC prosecutor to order a full investigation of Israel settlement construction.
    Another clause in the resolution calls on the nations of the world “to distinguish, in their relevant dealings, between the territory of the State of Israel and the territories occupied since 1967.” This is a precedent in UNSC resolutions concerning the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and actually calls on countries to cut ties direct and indirect with the settlements. This clause may create a path for countries, international organizations such as the EU, and corporations to impose sanctions on the settlements. The Foreign Ministry’s assessment is that the EU would have to pass a similar resolution in its institutions and base practical steps and legislation from it.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/554614 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • A Tweet from Trump and pressure on Egyptians : How Israel blocked UN vote on settlements

    - Israel News - Haaretz.com
    http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-1.760827

    After a 15-hour political drama Thursday, Israel succeeded in deflecting, if only temporarily, a United Nations Security Council vote on a draft resolution against the settlements.
    Pressure from the Prime Minister’s Bureau on Cairo, which proposed the resolution, requests for assistance and coordination from President-elect Donald Trump and contacts at the UN and in several world capitals caused Egypt to retract its request for a snap vote.
    Nevertheless it was made clear to the participants in a meeting of the security-diplomatic cabinet last night that the crisis is ongoing and the possibility remains that a vote will still be held in the next few days.
    The saga began on Wednesday night, when the Egyptian delegation to the UN distributed copies of its draft resolution against the settlements to the members of the Security Council and requested that it be brought to the vote on Thursday at 10 P.M. Israel time.
    Israel had operated over the past few months on the assumption that a resolution on Israel-Palestine would be brought to the council before the end of President Barack Obama’s term on January 20 next year.
    Israel’s focus was on an Israel-Palestinian resolution and a resolution from New Zealand, but it was not expected to happen this week.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/554304 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Adjectives fail me. Best to let David Friedman speak for himself - Opinion - Israel News | Haaretz.com
    Qui est le nouvel ambassadeur américain en Israël?

    http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.760246

    I’ve spent the better part of two days trying to craft a column about David M. Friedman, the man Donald Trump has just nominated to be America’s Ambassador to Israel. I can’t do it. Adjectives fail me. Better to let him speak for himself. What follows are selections from Friedman’s writings, with brief responses in italics. 
    August 20, 2015: “The Jew is convicted and sentenced in a show trial, although subsequent evidence emerges which results is his complete exoneration and pardon. That was the affair of Captain Alfred Dreyfus that captivated France from 1894 to 1906. But it sure sounds like Chuck Schumer in 2015… the blatant anti-Semitism emanating from our President and his sycophantic minions is palpable.”
    Dreyfus, a French Jewish officer wrongly convicted of treason by an anti-Semitic French military establishment, spent five years in prison on a remote island in French Guiana. Schumer, a Jewish Democratic Senator from New York, opposed President Obama’s nuclear deal with Iran, and will soon become, with Obama’s support, the Democratic Minority Leader in the Senate. The parallel escapes me.
    Oct 20, 2015: Palestinians in the West Bank “have freedom of speech, the right to free enterprise, the right to worship freely, the right to elect their leaders.”
    Palestinians in the West Bank live inside the state of Israel. The Israeli army—and the army of no other country—can enter any square inch of the West Bank any time it chooses and arrest anyone it wants, including officials of the Palestinian Authority. Thus, the real “leaders” of West Bank Palestinians are the leaders of Israel. But West Bank Palestinians cannot elect them because they cannot vote in Israeli elections. As non-citizens, West Bank Palestinians live under military law. This dramatically restricts their freedom of speech, worship and their right to pursue free enterprise. Under Military Order 101, for instance, West Bank Palestinians need Israeli military permission to hold a political gathering of more than ten people, even if it is occurring in a private home. West Bank Palestinians also require Israeli military permission to visit Jerusalem, the West Bank’s religious and commercial hub. How easy is it to obtain that permission? According to Daniel Seidemann, a lawyer specializing in Jerusalem residency issues, “Due to Israeli restrictions, today it is easier for a Palestinian Christian living just south of Jerusalem in Bethlehem to worship in Washington’s National Cathedral than to pray in Jerusalem’s Church of the Holy Sepulcher. Today a Muslim living in Turkey has a better chance of getting to Jerusalem to pray at the Old City’s al-Aqsa mosque than a Muslim living a few miles away in Ramallah.” (Although Seidemann wrote these words in 2010, he confirmed to me that they remain true today). 
    November 28, 2015: “When Russia defeats ISIS, it will have accomplished something that the United States hasn’t done since 1945 nor Israel since 1973: win a war.”

    https://seenthis.net/messages/554307 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Egypt: Informants at American University of Cairo? | MadaMasr

    http://www.madamasr.com/en/2016/12/21/feature/politics/informants-at-auc

    As an institution championing the American model of liberal arts education, the American University in Cairo (AUC) is known for allowing a margin of academic freedom which is largely absent in other Egyptian universities. This leniency appears particularly evident in regards to security intervention in student activities and academic freedom.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/554064 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Myriam Benraad : « La chute d’Alep, un revers immense pour les Occidentaux »
    http://www.regards.fr/web/article/myriam-benraad-la-chute-d-alep-un-revers-immense-pour-les-occidentaux

    Myriam Benraad revient avec nuance sur le conflit syrien qui a abouti à la chute d’Alep. Elle conclut à une fin du printemps arabe dans cette région, à un retour des grandes puissances et de la Realpolitik et à l’impuissance de la diplomatie française.

    #Combats_et_massacres_à_Alep


  • Mort du philosophe syrien Sadik Jalal Al-Azm
    Obituaire rédigé par Franck Mermier
    http://www.lemonde.fr/disparitions/article/2016/12/18/mort-du-philosophe-syrien-sadik-jalal-al-azm_5050908_3382.html

    Sadik Jalal Al-Azm, né en 1934 à Damas, est mort le 11 décembre, à l’âge de 82 ans, dans un hôpital de Berlin. Ce spécialiste de Kant, titulaire d’un doctorat de l’université de Yale aux Etats-Unis, fut le principal chef de file du courant rationaliste, matérialiste et laïc dans le monde arabe.

    Sadik Jalal Al-Azm appartenait à une grande famille de notables musulmans de Damas qui contrôla le pouvoir politique de la ville durant une longue période. Un de ses grands-pères paternels, Sadik Pacha Al-Mu’ayyad Al-Azm, était ambassadeur plénipotentiaire et l’aide de camp du Sultan Abdülhamid II (qui régna de 1876 à 1909). Son père, admirateur d’Atatürk, prit part à la bataille de Gallipoli (Dardanelles, avril 1915 à janvier 1916) avant de devenir chef du corps des sapeurs-pompiers à Damas après un intermède de quelques années passées à Paris.

    Le nom de Sadik Jalal Al-Azm a périodiquement défrayé la chronique de la censure dès ses deux premiers ouvrages qui l’ont rendu célèbre dans tout le monde arabe. Le premier, Autocritique de la défaite (1968), traite de la défaite de 1967 lors de la guerre des Six Jours opposant Israël à l’Egypte, la Jordanie et la Syrie dont il situe les causes dans l’état de sous-développement social, culturel, politique et économique des sociétés arabes.

    La parution, en 1969, du livre de Sadik Jalal Al-Azm, Critique de la pensée religieuse, résonna comme un autre coup de tonnerre dans le marécage du consensus social et politique en déplaçant le débat sur le terrain même de l’idéologie religieuse islamique. Il sera emprisonné dix jours à Beyrouth à la suite de la plainte d’associations islamiques libanaises, mais sera relâché après l’intervention de Kamal Joumblatt, ministre de l’intérieur, et à la mobilisation des forces de gauche.
    Des mesures vexatoires à son encontre

    En 1968, il fut licencié de son poste de professeur à l’Université américaine de Beyrouth pour avoir signé une pétition demandant le retrait des troupes américaines du Vietnam, mais aussi à la suite d’une controverse sur la religion qui l’avait opposé à l’intellectuel et diplomate libanais Charles Malek. La même année, fut publié son ouvrage sur l’amour platonique dans la poésie arabe (1968) qui attend toujours une traduction.

    Un temps membre du Front démocratique pour la révolution de la Palestine, il rejoignit, en 1970, le Centre de recherches palestiniennes de Beyrouth. Son ouvrage Etudes critiques de la pensée de la Résistance palestinienne, publié en 1973, sur le Septembre noir de 1970, qui vit la victoire de l’armée jordanienne sur l’Organisation de libération de la Palestine (OLP) suscita l’ire des dirigeants palestiniens. Après son retour en Syrie suite à l’invasion israélienne du Liban en 1982, il retourna à l’Université de Damas et fut nommé doyen du département de philosophie. Sa réserve vis-à-vis du Parti Baath et ses positions de gauche entraînèrent l’adoption de mesures vexatoires à son encontre et il fut relégué, un temps, à l’enseignement de l’anglais.

    Au cours du « Printemps de Damas » après le décès de Hafez al-Assad, il signa le « Manifeste des 99 » en septembre 2000 qui réclamait un changement démocratique, la suppression de l’état d’urgence, la libération des prisonniers politiques et la restauration de toutes les libertés publiques, puis la « Déclaration des 1 000 » (février 2001), plus radicale que le texte précédent, et qui appelait à la création de comités de la société civile. En 2006, il signa la pétition « Beyrouth-Damas/Damas-Beyrouth » qui réclamait la reconnaissance pleine et entière par le régime syrien de la souveraineté libanaise.

    Sadik Jalal Al-Azm, qui prônait une libéralisation progressive du régime, prit fait et cause pour le soulèvement pacifique de mars 2011 en Syrie. De ce fait, lui et son épouse Eman Chaker durent quitter Beyrouth, où ils ne se trouvaient plus en sécurité, pour se réfugier en Allemagne. En exil, Sadik Jalal Al-Azm devint le premier président de la Ligue des écrivains syriens créée en 2012 pour faire pièce à l’Union des écrivains arabes de Syrie inféodée au régime d’Al-Assad.
    Deux ouvrages sur l’affaire Rushdie

    Sadik Jalal Al-Azm tenait ses positions de manière vigoureuse que ce soit pour défendre le point de vue matérialiste devant le prédicateur islamique égyptien Al-Qaradawi, mufti de Qatar, ou le dirigeant islamiste soudanais Tourabi sur la chaine Al-Jazira, ou pour critiquer les positions de l’intellectuel palestino-américain Edward Saïd sur l’orientalisme ou celles des tenants du « retour à l’authenticité », tel Adonis, au moment de la révolution iranienne. Sadik Jalal Al-Azm publia aussi deux ouvrages sur l’affaire Rushdie en défense des droits de la fiction, discutant de la validité religieuse de la fatwa de l’imam Khomeyni et proposant une analyse littéraire approfondie des Versets sataniques.

    Membre de l’Académie européenne des sciences et des arts, Sadik Jalal Al-Azm avait reçu de nombreuses distinctions, dont, en 2004, le prix Erasmus décerné par le Praemium Erasmianum sous le patronage du prince Bernhard des Pays-Bas et le prix Leopold-Lucas décerné par l’Université de Tübingen (Allemagne). En août 2015, il s’était rendu à Weimar pour recevoir la médaille Goethe qui est décernée chaque année à trois personnalités ayant rendu des « services exceptionnels aux relations culturelles internationales ».

    Si une partie de son œuvre a été traduite en anglais, on ne trouve en français qu’un seul recueil de ses principaux textes avec, outre un long entretien biographique, ses études majeures sur l’islamisme, l’orientalisme et Salman Rushdie : Ces interdits qui nous hantent. Islam, censure, orientalisme (Parenthèses Editions/MMSH/IFPO, 2008). Sadik Jalal Al-Azm laissera le souvenir d’une personne généreuse à l’intelligence pétillante et à l’humour éclatant, ainsi que l’image exemplaire d’un intellectuel engagé pour une Syrie libre et démocratique.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/553055 via rumor


  • The U.S. is finally out of the closet -
    Following the appointment of a settlement-loving envoy, the pretense is over: the United States will no longer be able to claim that it is an honest broker in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict | Opinion

    Gideon Levy 18.12.2016
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.759618

    President-elect Donald Trump has decided to appoint an anti-Israeli and racist lawyer as ambassador to Israel. That is, of course, his prerogative. With David Friedman’s appointment last Thursday, the United States has finally come out of the closet. From now on, it officially supports the establishment of an Israeli apartheid state between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River.
    Friedman is not the first Jewish ambassador to Israel – a matter that has always sparked questions of dual loyalty – but he is the first declared friend of the settlements in this position. His predecessor, Dan Shapiro, was also a friend of the settlements, like all the ambassadors before him – representatives of governments that could have stopped the settlement project but did not raise a finger to do so, and even financed it.
    But now we have an ambassador who has also contributed to the dispossession from his own pocket.
    This innovation means an end to ridiculous statements of denunciation by the U.S. Department of State, at which Israel thumbed its nose. No more black diplomatic cars following the construction of every new balcony in the occupied territories. From now on, we have an ambassador who will feel the pain of the Amona outpost’s evacuation and take part in cornerstone-laying ceremonies in every new settlement.
    skip - Email Alerts
    Sign up below and receive every new Gideon Levy column directly in your inbox
    This means the United States will no longer be able to claim that it is an honest broker. It never was one, but now the mask is off. In those terms, Friedman’s appointment is right and good. The Palestinians, Europeans and the rest of the world should know: America is for the occupation. No more pretense.
    Friedman is anti-Israeli, like anyone else who urges Israel to deepen the occupation. Friedman is a racist, like anyone else who pushes for an apartheid state. He is also antidemocratic and McCarthyist (saying supporters of J Street are “far worse than kapos”) – and we have enough of those of our own. Friedman will spur them on, and in that, too, he is patently anti-Israeli.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/552751 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Khomeiny et les Frères musulmans, les élucubrations de François Fillon

    Dans son livre « Vaincre le totalitarisme islamique » il écrit, répondant à ceux qui opposeraient l’Iran chiite aux mouvements sunnites : « Je rappellerai juste que l’ayatollah Khomeini fut l’un des dirigeants de la section iranienne des Frères musulmans avec lequel il s’attaqua, dès 1963, au régime du Shah »

    Sans commentaires (ou plutôt on aimerait quelques commentaires de la presse et des médias)

    https://seenthis.net/messages/552618 via Nouvelles d’Orient



  • Christians and churches in Egypt : Aggression from all sides | MadaMasr
    http://www.madamasr.com/en/2016/12/14/feature/politics/christians-and-churches-in-egypt-aggression-from-all-sides

    The past five decades have seen churches continually targeted by sectarian violence. Across the country, attacks on churches and churchgoers have manifested in numerous ways, carried out by different actors for different causes, with varying levels of violence. Yet the targets remain the same.

    We tracked four different sources of sectarian aggression against churches and Christians: communal violence, attacks by militant groups, the targeting of Christians as part of the military-Islamist conflict and state violence. All point to a sectarianism that is both socially and politically pronounced.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/552463 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Rouhani to Sunnis: Iran not seeking ’Shiite crescent’
    http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2016/12/iran-islamic-unity-conference-rouhani-shiite-crescent.html

    Mentioning the Islamic State and the massacres the group has committed, the Iranian president stated, “We are proud of the holy war [jihad], which is in accordance with the Quran, and we don’t recognize any holy war except [that which is] resisting oppression and defending the honor of Islam and Muslims. Since when has holy war become equivalent to murder and Muslim confrontation with [other] Muslims by the order of the major powers?”

    Indirectly referring to some regional states, Rouhani said, “Is there any catastrophe bigger than that some Muslims are holding a grudge against each other instead of the colonizers, looters of Islamic countries’ resources and also the [Israeli] regime, which is the biggest danger of the region and has made Muslims engage in dispute, war, conflict and aggression [with each other] for 70 years?”

    Rouhani then pointed the finger at “some Western powers who taught the terrorists the way of terror” and “bought their smuggled oil,” further charging that “some Islamic countries” have given “money and weapons to the terrorist groups.”

    In response to a question about the invitation of some groups, such as the Taliban, to the 30th International Islamic Unity Conference, Secretary General of the World Forum for Proximity of the Islamic Schools of Thought Ayatollah Mohsen Araki said in a press conference Dec. 13, “The Taliban itself has various currents [within it] that we can have contact with, and this year some of them will take part in the conference. We are attempting to have contact with anyone with whom dialogue is possible.”

    Of note, Iranian Ambassador to Afghanistan Mohammad Reza Bahrami said as recently as Dec. 10, “We have contacts with the Taliban, but we don’t have a relationship. Our contact is aimed at controlling [them] and having intelligence domination.” He added, “We are interested in and are trying to provide the grounds for holding negotiations between the Afghan government and the Taliban.”

    Read more: http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2016/12/iran-islamic-unity-conference-rouhani-shiite-crescent.html#ixzz4T1Us29rN

    https://seenthis.net/messages/552312 via assalam12


  • ’Claiming Israel is a racist endeavor’: Britain adopts new definition of anti-Semitism

    The move is seen by many as specifically highlighting anti-Zionist anti-Semitism. But the government could also be using it as a political tool against the left.

    Daniella Peled Dec 12, 2016
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/world-news/europe/.premium-1.758552

    Britain will adopt a new definition of anti-Semitism in a move widely interpreted as intended to target prejudice on the anti-Zionist far-left.
    The new wording was agreed in May at a Bucharest conference of the 31-member International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance.
    “Antisemitism is a certain perception of Jews, which may be expressed as hatred toward Jews,” the IHRA definition read. “Rhetorical and physical manifestations of antisemitism are directed toward Jewish or non-Jewish individuals and/or their property, toward Jewish community institutions and religious facilities.”
    The Berlin-based body went on to provide further guidance, including “denying the Jewish people their right to self-determination, e.g., by claiming that the existence of a State of Israel is a racist endeavor” and “applying double standards by requiring of it a behavior not expected or demanded of any other democratic nation.”
    Conservative lawmaker Eric Pickles, the U.K.’s envoy to the IHRA, told the BBC that the new definition “catches up with modern anti-Semitism.”
    "I think it’s important not to conflate Jewish people with Israel," he said. “That actually is the point in the definition.”

    https://seenthis.net/messages/550980 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Egypt The elephant in the room (part 1): The state and sectarian violence | MadaMasr

    http://www.madamasr.com/en/2016/09/25/opinion/u/the-elephant-in-the-room-part-1-the-state-and-sectarian-violence

    President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi urged the swift pursuit of justice in holding the perpetrators of sectarian violence to account, regardless of who they are, in the aftermath of a sectarian incident in Karm Village, Minya in May.

    “It is very inappropriate that this happened in Egypt yet again. Anyone who makes a mistake, whoever he is, will be held accountable. The law should take its course and be applied on anyone, including the president himself,” Sisi said.

    But what if it is the law itself that is the problem and not the solution?

    Along the same lines as the President’s remarks were comments by Coptic Pope Tawadros and Bishop Makarios, who was assigned by the Pope to follow up on the incident. They reiterated the necessity of implementing the rule of law, and only resorting to customary reconciliation committees afterwards. Similarly, statements by most representatives of official Islamic institutions and those among the legal and political elite demanded the law be applied without discrimination.

    But what if it is the law itself that is the problem and not the solution? What if the main trigger for incidents of sectarian violence in Egypt, since the beginning of the 1980s until after January 2011, is the legislative framework that governs the relationship between state and society, religion and personal affairs?

    Recent sectarian incidents indicate the state’s function has shifted from one that supports social cohesion to one that threatens it. What is needed then is a move away from calls for implementing the rule of law to the restructuring of the relationship between state and society based on foundations that are different to those of a century and a half ago.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/550576 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Coalition whip prefers Israel’s Arab citizens not vote
    Doubling down on Netanyahu’s Election Day race-baiting, David Bitan says: ’I’d rather the Arabs won’t go to the polls in droves, and won’t come to the polls at all.’ Arab lawmakers respond: ’Bitan says what Netanyahu thinks.’

    Haaretz Dec 10, 2016 6
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/1.758120

    The whip of the ruling coalition said Saturday that he prefers Israel’s Arab citizens not vote in the national election.
    “Ninety-five percent of them vote for the Joint List that doesn’t represent Israeli Arabs, but Palestinian interests,” Knesset member David Bitan told the audience at a public event in Mevaseret Zion, near Jerusalem, referring to Israel’s predominantly Arab party.
    >> Be the first to get updated: Download our App, sign up to Breaking News Alerts, and Subscribe
    Bitan was asked for his opinion on Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s use of social media, including his Election Day video in which he called on his supporters to vote, warning that the “the Arabs are going to the polls in droves.” Bitan, who is considered close to Netanyahu, said: “I’d rather the Arabs won’t go to the polls in droves, and won’t come to the polls at all.” 
    skip - Original bibi droves

    Netanyahu’s Election Day remarks.
    Netanyahu has been under fire for his Election Day comment. Eighteen months later, he posted a new video on Facebook apologizing to Arab citizens for any offensive comments and urges them to join in Israeli society “en masse.”
    The head of the Joint List, MK Ayman Odeh, called Bitan “Netanyahu’s mouthpiece” and said he “continues to prove that all this leadership has to offer is explicit racism and cheap populism.” 

    “His pathetic daily comment expresses the prime minister’s fear of our growing political power,” he added.
    Isaac Herzog, the chairman of the Zionist Union and the head of the opposition, accused Bitan of calling to take away voting rights from minorities, “just like the top anti-Semites in Europe did in the past to the Jewish people.”
    "The disease of racism has metastasized in the heart of Israeli society, and is embarrassing both right and left-wing voters," he added.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/550293 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • American Jewish establishment stifles free speech to silence Zionism’s critics
    According to the Senate’s new Anti-Semitism Awareness Act, Henrietta Szold, Hannah Arendt and Martin Buber could also be defined as Jew-haters.

    Peter Beinart Dec 07, 2016
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.757284

    With every passing year, the American Jewish establishment poses a greater threat to free speech in the United States.
    The reason is simple. With every passing year, Israeli control of the West Bank grows more permanent. And so, with every passing year, more American progressives question Zionism.
    After all, if Jewish statehood permanently condemns millions of West Bank Palestinians to live as non-citizens, under military law, without free movement or the right to vote for the government that controls their lives, it’s hardly surprising that Americans who loathe discrimination and cherish equality would grow uncomfortable with the concept.
    And the more those Americans voice this discomfort, the more establishment American Jewish organizations work to classify anti-Zionism as anti-Semitism, punishable by law.
    The latest example is The Anti-Semitism Awareness Act, which the Senate passed unanimously on December 2. The Act – pushed by AIPAC, the Anti-Defamation League and the Jewish Federations of America – instructs the Department of Education’s Civil Rights office to follow “the definition of anti-Semitism set forth by the Special Envoy to Monitor and Combat anti-Semitism of the Department of State in the Fact Sheet issued on June 8, 2010.”

    https://seenthis.net/messages/549711 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Anti-Semitic? Disqualifying? Keith Ellison’s views on Israel are the same as most U.S. Jews - Opinion

    It would be tragic if a smear campaign espoused by the Jewish community kept Keith Ellison from the leadership position Democrats desperately need him to fill.

    Rebecca Zimmerman Hornstein Dec 06, 2016
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.757266

    When my grandmother, a Polish Holocaust survivor, passed away in 1998, my family set up an annual memorial lecture in her honor at her Cincinnati synagogue. When I was twelve years old, my father’s close friend and then-colleague in the Minnesota House of Representatives, Keith Ellison, flew from Minnesota to Ohio to support our family and attend the lecture.
    After listening to the story of my grandmother’s life and hearing from groups fighting hate speech in the United States, my dad, Keith and I took a trip to the newly opened National Underground Railroad Freedom Museum on the other side of town.
    I remember Keith telling me of his ancestors’ history from slavery to the Civil Rights movement. He spoke about how his connection to his family’s history of survival and resistance motivated him to dedicate his life to fighting for justice for all people.
    Our generational histories of trauma are very different, but our trip to Cincinnati has stayed with me as I participate in the fight for social justice, grounded in my own Jewish community and history.
    In the fourteen years since, Congressman Keith Ellison has remained a close friend to my family, and a supportive mentor and role model to me. As a rabbinic student, I have therefore been baffled and deeply disturbed that claims of Congressman Ellison’s anti-Semitism have gained traction within the Jewish community and beyond.
    The Anti-Defamation League’s accusation that Congressman Ellison made anti-Semitic statements (based on out of context quotes), coupled with Haim Saban’s recent claims that he is “clearly an anti-Semite and anti-Israel person” could not be farther from my own experiences with Congressman Ellison over the past decade and half.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/549088 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Un film documentaire de Viviane Candas — L’aube de l’#Algérie indépendante, par Pierre Daum (Les blogs du Diplo, 6 décembre 2016)
    http://blog.mondediplo.net/2016-12-06-L-aube-de-l-Algerie-independante #st
    http://blog.mondediplo.net/local/cache-vignettes/L300xH400/algerie-possible-9355a.jpg

    Au-delà de la vie d’Yves Mathieu, toute passionnante soit-elle, L’Algérie du possible permet d’approcher une des plus belles utopies portées par Ben Bella et ses conseillers : les domaines agricoles autogérés.


  • Le congrès du Fatah : une belle occasion manquée... | Chronique de Palestine
    par Abdel Bari Atwan – 4 décembre 2016 – Raï al-Yaoum – Traduction : Chronique de Palestine – Lotfallah
    http://chroniquepalestine.com/congres-fatah-occasion-manquee

    Le 7ème Congrès du Fatah montre jusqu’à quel point le mouvement a sombré, réduit comme il l’est à choisir entre deux options tout aussi désastreuses l’une que l’autre : Abbas ou Dahlan.

    Le « président » palestinien, Mahmoud Abbas avait une excellente occasion d’impulser quelques changements nécessaires lors du tout récent 7e Congrès du Fatah, le groupe politique palestinien dominant et pilier de l’OLP. Mais – à en juger par les résultats du congrès, la liste des délégués et les critères sur lesquels ils ont été choisis, ainsi que les discussions tenues à ses côtés ou à huis clos – cela a été une occasion manquée.(...)

    https://seenthis.net/messages/548878 via Loutre


  • Unpacking four years of frustration, Kerry leaves door open for Obama UN bid on Israeli-Palestinian conflict

    Nearly all of Obama’s advisers support U.S. action at the Security Council. Whether Obama decides to accept or reject their advice will have a significant impact on his legacy.

    Barak Ravid (Washington) Dec 05, 2016
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-1.756992

    WASHINGTON – U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry sat on the stage at the Saban Forum in Washington on Sunday and painted an exceedingly gloomy picture of the state of the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. Kerry, talking without notes, spoke from the heart like someone who truly fears for Israel’s future, as he expressed frustrations over four years of repeatedly trying to revive the two-state solution, the prospects for which seem to be expiring.
    Kerry’s criticism of the Israeli government’s settlement policy and its prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, was unprecedented in its intensity. Fifty days before he leaves his post, Kerry finally publicly acknowledged the reality, admitting that the Israeli government was not really interested in a two-state solution. He made it clear that anyone who wants to know the Israeli policy should take heed of the words and actions of Habayit Hayehudi chairman Naftali Bennett rather than Netanyahu.
    The U.S. secretary of state described a situation where a small group within the Israeli government is exploiting the disinterest of the majority of the Israeli public to what goes on in the West Bank to work quietly behind the scenes and create facts on the ground that will make it impossible to establish a Palestinian state. The bill to legalize unauthorized outposts in the West Bank, the strengthening of illegal outposts, the massive demolitions of Palestinian homes in Area C and more and more Jews moving into settlements outside the established blocs and east of the separation barrier are just some of the issues Kerry mentioned.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/548392 via Nouvelles d’Orient