• #Gaza braces itself for ’collapse’ after Israel approves reduction of electricity supply
    June 12, 2017 1:33 P.M. (Updated: June 12, 2017 5:48 P.M.)
    http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?ID=777599
    http://www.maannews.com/Photos/412528C.jpg

    BETHLEHEM (Ma’an) — The Israeli security cabinet has approved a 40 percent reduction in Israel’s electricity supply to the besieged Gaza Strip, where Palestinians are already coping with a crippling power crisis and daily, hours-long blackouts, according Israeli media reports.

    While Gaza’s electricity company said it had not received an official order regarding the impending power cut, it called upon Palestinians in Gaza to prepare for the worst, while human rights groups urged Israel to reconsider the move — expected to have immediate and disastrous effects on the medical sector in particular.

    The approval came after Israeli authorities announced plans to make the cuts last month, upon request of the Palestinian Authority (PA) in occupied West Bank, which foots Gaza’s monthly electricity bill from Israel, by subtracting from taxes collected by Israel on behalf of the PA.

    Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas had reportedly informed Israel that the PA only intended to pay 60 percent of the 40 million shekel ($11.19 million) monthly bill, as Hamas, the de facto ruling party in Gaza, and the Fatah-led PA continued to blame each other for a deepening crisis in Gaza.

    Meanwhile, the Gaza electricity company said on Monday that it had been informed by Egypt’s power company that it could cut off power lines feeding Gaza at any time, without providing further details.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/606355 via Loutre


  • Thom Yorke, this is why you should boycott Israel

    Hasn’t the time come to do away with this artificial distinction between ’nice’ Israelis and the brutal occupation they are responsible for?

    Gideon Levy Jun 11, 2017
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-1.794946

    Anyone questioning whether a boycott is a just and effective means of fighting the Israeli occupation should listen to the counterarguments of Thom Yorke from British rock band Radiohead and Yesh Atid Chairman Yair Lapid. The front men of Radiohead and Yesh Atid present: cheap propaganda. Their counterarguments could convince any person of conscience around the world – to support the boycott. Yorke, who ignores the boycott movement, and Lapid, who is an ardent opponent of the Boycott, Sanctions and Divestment movement, have enlisted to oppose the movement. Their reasoning says a lot more about them than the BDS movement.
    Boycotting is a legitimate means. Israel as a state makes use of it, and even preaches that other countries should follow suit. Some Israeli citizens also make use of it. There is a boycott of Hamas in Gaza, sanctions on Iran. There are boycotts of nonkosher stores, boycotts against eating meat, and of Turkish beach resorts. And the world also uses it, imposing sanctions on Russia right after its annexation of Crimea.
    The only question is whether Israel deserves such a punishment, like the one imposed on apartheid South Africa in an earlier era, and whether such steps are effective. And one more question: What other means have not been tried against the occupation and haven’t failed?
    Yorke directs his ire against fellow rock star Roger Waters, perhaps the most exalted of protest artists at the moment, who called on Yorke to reconsider his band’s concert appearance in Tel Aviv on July 19.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/606119 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Raqa campaign cements rising profile of Syria’s Kurds

    Syria’s Kurds were once a marginalised minority, but now they are leading the charge for the Islamic State group’s Raqa bastion and hoping to cement their gains in the war.

    The surprise turnaround in their fortunes is the result of several factors, including the Syrian regime’s decision to focus attention elsewhere and a key alliance with Washington against IS.

    They are now receiving direct US military support, and hold large swathes of the Kurdish-majority parts of Syria they call “#Rojava”.

    http://i.dailymail.co.uk/1/2017/06/07/03/wire-721101-1496802825-231_634x422.jpg
    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/afp/article-4579318/Raqa-campaign-cements-rising-profile-Syrias-Kurds.html
    #Kurdistan #Kurdes #Kurdistan_syrien #Syrie #conflit #guerre

    https://seenthis.net/messages/606096 via CDB_77


  • The immigrants fueling the population growth of West Bank settlements

    ’We’ve already stopped counting the numbers, but in some, they are almost half the population,’ Knesset speaker tells settler activists

    Judy Maltz Jun 07, 2017
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/1.794073

    Immigrants to Israel account for as much as half the population at some West Bank settlements, Knesset Speaker Yuli Edelstein told settler activists attending a parliamentary committee meeting on Tuesday.
    “Tens of thousands of immigrants have been warmly welcomed – not forcibly moved – to the settlements of Judea and Samaria,” he said, referring to the West Bank. “We’ve already stopped counting the numbers, but in some, they are almost half the population ... their contribution has been considerable.”
    Edelstein was addressing a special session of the Knesset Committee for Immigration, Absorption and Diaspora Affairs on the role of immigrants in the settlement movement to mark the 50th anniversary of the Six Day War. The settlements began after Israel captured the West Bank from Jordan in that war.
    Edelstein, a former Soviet refusenik and member of the ruling Likud party, is an outspoken advocate of the settlement movement. A former minister of immigrant absorption, he lived until recently in the West Bank settlement of Alon Shvut.
    The Knesset committee meeting was attended by several mayors of West Bank settlements as well as a delegation of immigrants that live across the West Bank. Most of the members of this delegation were converts from what are known as “emerging Jewish communities” – in particular the Bnei Menashe from northeast India and the Bnei Moshe, also known as the Inca Jews, from Peru. These are communities whose members, after having undergone Orthodox conversions in the early 2000s, were brought to Israel by private organizations affiliated with the religious right and moved to West Bank settlements to boost the population there.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/604813 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • The $110 billion arms deal to Saudi Arabia is fake news
    https://www.brookings.edu/blog/markaz/2017/06/05/the-110-billion-arms-deal-to-saudi-arabia-is-fake-news

    Last month, President Trump visited Saudi Arabia and his administration announced that he had concluded a $110 billion arms deal with the kingdom. Only problem is that there is no deal. It’s fake news.

    I’ve spoken to contacts in the defense business and on the Hill, and all of them say the same thing: There is no $110 billion deal. Instead, there are a bunch of letters of interest or intent, but not contracts. Many are offers that the defense industry thinks the Saudis will be interested in someday. So far nothing has been notified to the Senate for review. The Defense Security Cooperation Agency, the arms sales wing of the Pentagon, calls them “intended sales.” None of the deals identified so far are new, all began in the Obama administration.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/604691 via Nidal


  • Reprise de la guerre froide du Golfe Orient XXI - Nabil Ennasri - 31 mai 2017

    Le Qatar entre les Émirats arabes unis et l’Arabie saoudite
    http://orientxxi.info/magazine/reprise-de-la-guerre-froide-du-golfe,1883
    Le Qatar a annoncé dans la nuit du mardi 23 mai que son agence de presse QNA avait été piratée par une entité inconnue et qu’un faux communiqué attribué à l’émir avait été diffusé. Ce dernier affirmait que Tamim Ben Hamad Al-Thani s’était prononcé sur divers sujets sensibles mettant en cause ses voisins du Golfe. Ces déclarations, immédiatement relayées par des médias saoudiens et émiratis, ont provoqué un tollé dans la région, où une guerre médiatique bat son plein.

    Après une longue crise — plusieurs États du Golfe avaient même retiré leur ambassadeur à Doha —, les relations entre le Qatar et certains de ses voisins s’étaient améliorées à la fin de l’année 2014. Mais un obscur épisode de piratage de l’agence de presse officielle du Qatar (Qatar News Agency, QNA) vient menacer ce fragile rapprochement. Loin d’être anodine, cette affaire démontre combien les relations à l’intérieur du Conseil de coopération du Golfe (CCG) demeurent, malgré les formules de fraternité d’usage, fortement clivées.
    http://orientxxi.info/IMG/arton1883.jpg?1496138626
    Dans la nuit de mardi 23 à mercredi 24 mai, QNA publiait sur son site Internet un communiqué faisant état du discours que l’émir aurait tenu lors d’une cérémonie de remise de diplômes organisée plus tôt dans la journée. Il aurait porté des jugement de valeur dépréciatifs sur divers acteurs, en particulier sur l’administration Trump, égratignée pour « ses problèmes d’ordre juridique » . De même, les relations avec les pays du Golfe : l’émir aurait affirmé que la base militaire américaine d’Al-Udeid que son pays abrite le protégeait « des ambitions négatives de certains voisins ». Enfin, le Hamas aurait été qualifié de « représentant légitime du peuple palestinien », tandis que les relations avec Israël étaient jugées « excellentes ».

    Comme pour renforcer la véracité de ces déclarations, le compte Twitter de QNA postait quelques minutes plus tard trois messages dont la tonalité était bien éloignée de la modération propre au langage diplomatique. Le premier rapportait une information du ministère des affaires étrangères selon laquelle l’émir allait convoquer une conférence de presse pour faire état d’un complot visant le peuple qatari. Le deuxième confirmait l’existence de ce complot et en imputait la responsabilité directe à l’Arabie saoudite, au Koweït, aux Émirats arabes unis, à Bahreïn et à l’Égypte. Le dernier message annonçait le rappel des diplomates qataris dans ces cinq pays et le renvoi dans les vingt-quatre heures des ambassadeurs de ces États en poste à Doha.

    Immédiatement après, plusieurs grands médias saoudiens et émiratis commençaient à reprendre en boucle ces informations. De façon quasi concomitante, les chaînes Al-Arabiya (Dubai) et Sky News Arabia (Abou Dhabi) se mobilisaient activement et coordonnaient leur grille de programme pour maximiser l’effet de polémique sur les réseaux sociaux. Sur Twitter, des milliers de messages inondaient les fils de discussion, comme pour marteler la duplicité du Qatar dont la vision politique et le positionnement idéologique portaient un grave préjudice aux intérêts des pays du Golfe et du monde arabe en général. Enfin, signe de la dégradation des relations bilatérales, les EAU décidaient mercredi 24 au matin d’interdire la diffusion de la chaîne Al-Jazira sur leur sol et bloquaient l’accès à son site et à son application mobile.

    Côté qatari, la réponse ne s’est pas fait attendre. Le bureau de communication du gouvernement s’est empressé de publier un message pour éteindre l’incendie : « l’agence de presse du Qatar a été piratée par une entité inconnue » et « un faux communiqué attribué à Son Altesse a été diffusé ». Le ministère des affaires étrangères a posté lui aussi un démenti qui se terminait par la promesse de « prendre toutes les mesures judiciaires nécessaires pour poursuivre et juger les hackers qui ont piraté le site de l’agence de presse ».

    Les techniciens ont mis près de neuf heures à reprendre le contrôle du site ; puis le ministre des affaires étrangères, Cheikh Mohammed Ben Abderahmane Al-Thani a qualifié l’attaque de « crime électronique » et promis de trainer les auteurs du forfait devant les juridictions adéquates. Dans une allusion à peine voilée aux médias de la région qui avaient donné de l’écho à ce qu’il dénonçait comme une mystification, le ministre (à l’unisson des responsables de la presse locale qatarie interviewés par Al-Jazira) ne s’est pas privé de relever leur manquement à l’éthique journalistique.

    Un timing surprenant
    La diffusion de cette fake story censée compromettre Doha survient quelques jours après la visite de Donald Trump à Riyad, et c’est peut-être là qu’on peut trouver l’origine et l’explication de cet épisode. Le voyage du président américain avait en effet été précédé d’une nouvelle salve de messages outre-Atlantique présentant le Qatar comme un État qui finance le terrorisme. Ces accusations, régulières chez certains médias américains, sont pour une bonne part orchestrées par des réseaux travaillant pour le compte du gouvernement des EAU (et d’Israël) dont l’aversion pour Doha semble tourner à l’obsession. Dans l’optique de diaboliser son voisin, Abou Dhabi a dernièrement débloqué des millions de dollars pour rémunérer des agences de presse ou financer certains leaders d’opinion, jusqu’à apparaître comme le pays étranger le plus dépensier en matière de lobbying à Washington.

    Or, le timing et l’enchaînement des faits laissent peu de doute quant à l’origine et l’objectif de la manœuvre. Le jour même de l’attaque informatique, une réunion entre lobbyistes et intellectuels auteurs de plus d’une douzaine d’articles fustigeant le double jeu du Qatar se tenait aux États-Unis. Dans les minutes qui ont suivi la diffusion des faux, Al-Arabiya et Sky News bousculaient leurs programmes pour mettre l’affaire en une de leur édition. Dès minuit, les correspondants étaient prêts, les invités prenaient place sur les plateaux ou en duplex (certains auraient même été prévenus deux heures avant les faits) et aucun crédit n’était accordé aux démentis provenant des officiels qataris. Les commentaires étaient tous similaires : l’hypocrisie du Qatar s’étalait au grand jour, sa proximité avec Israël trahissait la nation arabe et son rapprochement avec l’Iran ne pouvait qu’indigner et mettre en garde ses voisins du Golfe, notamment l’Arabie saoudite. Ce dernier point était particulièrement souligné, du fait de l’hypersensibilité saoudienne sur le dossier. Et comme pour mieux signifier la défaillance de Doha, la chaîne saoudienne Al-Ikhbariya passait un extrait du discours de Tamim ben Hamad Al-Thani à l’Assemblée générale des Nations unies où il déclarait que « l’Iran est un pays important et nos relations bilatérales se développent et évoluent constamment ».

    Sans mentionner la date du propos (septembre 2015), cette séquence opportunément redécouverte était destinée à montrer qu’à rebours de l’obsession anti-iranienne en vogue à Riyad et du discours offensif de Donald Trump quelques jours plus tôt où il assurait que Téhéran « finançait et entraînait les terroristes », le Qatar ne pouvait être considéré comme un allié fiable dans la confrontation vitale que mène le « front sunnite ». Dans l’esprit de ses initiateurs, l’objectif de l’opération était double. Il fallait d’abord rompre le lien fort que le roi Salman avait noué avec Doha en démontrant que le Qatar était inconstant dans son opposition avec l’Iran. Et dans la foulée, faire avorter la stratégie de normalisation des relations entre Doha et Washington, surtout après la réhabilitation que l’administration Trump avait notifiée à l’émirat quelques jours auparavant en l’encourageant à poursuivre sa lutte contre le financement du terrorisme.

    Rapprochement avec la Turquie
    Cette affaire ne va certainement pas arranger les relations à l’intérieur du CCG, mais il n’est pas sûr que les Émirats aient amélioré leur réputation auprès de la cour saoudienne. Le caractère planifié de l’opération est évident pour nombre d’observateurs, et l’utilisation de tels procédés pour nuire à l’intégrité morale d’un chef d’État avec qui le roi Salman est en bons termes ne peut que susciter méfiance. Plus largement, c’est la ligne politique des Émirats qui semble entrer en collision avec la nouvelle stratégie de défense de Riyad, et cette affaire pourrait être interprétée comme la manifestation d’un jusqu’au-boutisme émirati. Car si Salman a tourné le dos à l’intransigeance anti-Frères musulmans de son prédécesseur en consolidant son partenariat avec les forces issues de la confrérie (du Hamas à Recep Tayyip Erdogan) dans une optique de profondeur stratégique face à l’Iran, ce n’est pas le cas des dirigeants d’Abou Dhabi, et notamment de Mohamed Ben Zayed Al-Nahyane, considéré comme l’homme fort du pays. Ces derniers demeurent en effet réfractaires à toute forme de normalisation avec la galaxie des Frères musulmans et ses parrains régionaux et, soutenus par l’appareil d’État égyptien, s’activent tant au plan financier que médiatique pour déboulonner tout acteur influent se réclamant de l’islam politique au Proche-Orient.

    L’obstination à maintenir une sorte de désinformation autour du Qatar rappelle la stratégie déployée l’été dernier lorsque les médias émiratis avaient fait circuler de fausses allégations sur le coup d’État avorté en Turquie. Proches des milieux gullenistes, certains cercles et médias d’Abou Dhabi avaient relayé la rumeur selon laquelle Erdogan avait demandé l’asile en Allemagne dans le but de démobiliser ses partisans et de fournir à l’armée toutes les chances de réussir son coup de force.

    Éviter une nouvelle tempête ?
    Il faut en dernier ressort considérer l’évolution de la conjoncture dans les autres pays arabes pour saisir la motivation de Mohamed Ben Zayed Al-Nahyane dans sa détermination face au Qatar. Qu’il s’agisse du Yémen, de la Syrie, de la Libye ou de l’Égypte, les deux émirats se livrent une guerre par procuration depuis l’éclatement des « printemps arabes ». Si Abou Dhabi a rapidement émergé comme chef de file de la « contre-révolution » qui a vu d’un mauvais œil toute mobilisation populaire contestant l’ordre établi, le Qatar (surtout dans la période de l’émir Hamad Ben Khalifa Al-Thani) a basculé dans une diplomatie d’engagement dans l’optique d’accompagner un tournant historique favorable à ses intérêts. La guerre des ondes à laquelle on assiste n’est donc qu’une nouvelle illustration de ce profond clivage — d’autant qu’il y a quelques jours, les manœuvres d’Abou Dhabi pour renforcer sa zone d’influence au Sud-Yémen (dont les forces constituent le second contingent de la coalition arabe derrière l’armée saoudienne) étaient vertement critiquées par Al-Jazira et des responsables qataris qui les qualifiaient de tentative de coup d’État.

    Du côté de Doha enfin, cette affaire risque de donner des arguments à la frange qui souhaite désormais répondre de manière plus énergique au Qatar bashing. Depuis l’accession au pouvoir de Tamim Ben Hamad Al-Thani, la tendance était plutôt à ne plus faire de vagues et à prendre le contre-pied de l’hyperactivisme qui était la marque de l’émir père. Mais face à la radicalisation des acteurs régionaux qui souhaitent nuire aux intérêts du pays, les autorités ne vont peut-être pas cantonner leur réponse au seul renforcement de la sécurité informatique des sites sensibles. À moins que le ministre des affaires étrangères du Koweït — très vite reçu par l’émir — parvienne à éviter au CCG une nouvelle tempête. En effet, si la famille royale Al-Sabah garde un lien fort avec Riyad, elle a toujours refusé de souscrire à l’isolement du Qatar, même au plus fort de la « crise des ambassadeurs » en 2014. Il y a fort à parier qu’elle s’active pour éviter que les lourds défis de la scène régionale — du marasme irakien au chaos syrien en passant par la chute du prix du pétrole — ne soient parasités par des considérations secondaires.

    #fake_story #donald_trump #Riyad #médias #Yémen #Syrie #Libye #Égypte #Printemps_Arabes #Abou_Dhabi #Koweït #Quatar #Qatar_News_Agency #QNA #Al-Jazira #Arabie_saoudite #Turquie

    https://seenthis.net/messages/604742 via BCE 106,6 Mhz


  • Ambassador Slammed Donald Trump Amid UAE Campaign To Isolate Qatar | HuffPost

    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/yousef-al-otaiba-emails-trump_us_59358e71e4b013c48169d5dc?section=us

    WASHINGTON ― Yousef Al Otaiba, the United Arab Emirates’ ambassador to the U.S. and a confidant of White House senior adviser Jared Kushner, repeatedly criticized President Donald Trump in private correspondence last year ― including with officials loyal to President Barack Obama ― emails obtained by HuffPost show.

    Otaiba, one of the most powerful diplomats in Washington, figures in an unfolding regional crisis centered on U.S. partner nation Qatar, which hosts America’s largest military base in the region. The UAE and three other U.S.-aligned Middle East governments ratcheted up a simmering dispute with Qatar on Sunday night when they cut diplomatic and transportation ties to the Gulf nation over its support of the transnational Muslim Brotherhood and alleged assistance to Iran-backed militants around the region.

    The Trump administration has not taken a formal position on the issue. Many in Trump’s orbit agree with the UAE on the need to combat forces that Qatar supports in the region, particularly the Muslim Brotherhood movement. The UAE has designated the group a terrorist organization and pushed for the U.S. to do the same, a step counterterrorism researchers say would be controversial and risky.

    The leaked emails, which show Otaiba’s comments during a yearlong campaign to discredit Qatar in the U.S., threaten the UAE’s hope to win official American blessing for its pressure campaign against the Qataris. Trump is notoriously thin-skinned: He has banned people who publicly criticized him from his team (including GOP consigliere Elliott Abrams, a fellow Qatar skeptic who is friends with Otaiba) and seems unable to get over slights even years after they occur. And his administration already seems disinclined to pick a side. Top officials like Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and Defense Secretary James Mattis have emphasized the importance of resolving the dispute.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/604555 via Nouvelles d’Orient



  • Friday 15 February 2008 12.08 GMT

    BAE: secret papers reveal threats from Saudi prince | World news | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/feb/15/bae.armstrade
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/static/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2008/02/14/bandar460x276.jpg?w=1200&h=630&q=55&auto=format&usm=12&fit=crop&crop=faces%2Centropy&bm=normal&ba=bottom%2Cleft&blend64=aHR0cHM6Ly91cGxvYWRzLmd1aW0uY28udWsvMjAxNi8wNS8yNS9vdmVybGF5LWxvZ28tMTIwMC05MF9vcHQucG5n&s=cee518b0483d0958fc22d96bf4f0c760

    Saudi Arabia’s rulers threatened to make it easier for terrorists to attack London unless corruption investigations into their arms deals were halted, according to court documents revealed yesterday.

    Previously secret files describe how investigators were told they faced “another 7/7” and the loss of “British lives on British streets” if they pressed on with their inquiries and the Saudis carried out their threat to cut off intelligence.

    Prince Bandar, the head of the Saudi national security council, and son of the crown prince, was alleged in court to be the man behind the threats to hold back information about suicide bombers and terrorists. He faces accusations that he himself took more than £1bn in secret payments from the arms company BAE.

    He was accused in yesterday’s high court hearings of flying to London in December 2006 and uttering threats which made the prime minister, Tony Blair, force an end to the Serious Fraud Office investigation into bribery allegations involving Bandar and his family.

    The threats halted the fraud inquiry, but triggered an international outcry, with allegations that Britain had broken international anti-bribery treaties.

    Lord Justice Moses, hearing the civil case with Mr Justice Sullivan, said the government appeared to have “rolled over” after the threats. He said one possible view was that it was “just as if a gun had been held to the head” of the government.

    The SFO investigation began in 2004, when Robert Wardle, its director, studied evidence unearthed by the Guardian. This revealed that massive secret payments were going from BAE to Saudi Arabian princes, to promote arms deals.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/604179 via unagi



  • Hacked Emails Show Top UAE Diplomat Coordinating With Pro-Israel Think Tank Against Iran
    https://theintercept.com/2017/06/03/hacked-emails-show-top-uae-diplomat-coordinating-with-pro-israel-neoco

    THE EMAILS PROVIDED so far to the The Intercept show a growing relationship between the United Arab Emirates and the pro-Israel, neoconservative think tank called the Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD).

    On the surface, the alliance should be surprising, as the UAE does not even recognize Israel. But the two countries have worked together in the past against their common adversary, Iran.

    On March 10 of this year, FDD CEO Mark Dubowitz authored an email to both the UAE’s ambassador to the United States, Yousef Al-Otaiba, and FDD Senior Counselor John Hannah — a former deputy national security adviser to Vice President Dick Cheney — with the subject line “Target list of companies investing in Iran, UAE and Saudi Arabia.”

    “Dear, Mr. Ambassador,” Dubowitz wrote. “The attached memorandum details companies listed by country which are doing business with Iran and also have business with the UAE and Saudi Arabia. This is a target list for putting these companies to a choice, as we have discussed.”

    https://seenthis.net/messages/603918 via Nidal


  • Gidéon Lévy : Cinquante ans, cinquante mensonges | Agence Media Palestine
    par Gideon Levy | Traduction J. Ch. pour l’Agence Média Palestine
    http://www.agencemediapalestine.fr/blog/2017/06/03/gideon-levy-cinquante-ans-cinquante-mensonges
    http://www.haaretz.com/polopoly_fs/1.527846.1495738285!/image/289926045.jpg_gen/derivatives/headline_1200x630/289926045.jpg

    (...) Cela a commencé avec la question de savoir comment nommer les territoires. Sur la radio israélienne, on a décidé d’utiliser le terme « territoires temporairement détenus ». C’était le mensonge N° 1, impliquant que l’occupation était temporaire et qu’Israël avait l’intention d’évacuer ces territoires, qu’il ne s’agissait que d’un élément de marchandage dans la recherche de la paix. C’est probablement le plus gros mensonge et certainement le plus décisif. C’est celui qui a permis de célébrer son jubilé.

    La vérité, c’est qu’Israël n’a jamais eu l’intention de mettre fin à l’occupation. Sa prétendue limitation dans le temps n’a servi qu’à endormir le monde dans sa duperie.

    Le deuxième mensonge majeur a été l’argument comme quoi l’occupation sert les intérêts sécuritaires d’Israël, qu’il s’agit d’une mesure d’autodéfense utilisée par une pauvre nation cernée par des ennemis. Le troisième mensonge fut le « processus de paix », qui n’a jamais vraiment eu lieu et qui, de toutes façons, n’a été prévu que pour donner encore plus de temps à l’occupation. Ce mensonge avait plusieurs jambes. Le monde en a été complice, se mentant continuellement à lui-même. Il y a eu des discussions, la présentation de cartes (toutes semblables), on a tenu des conférences de paix avec de nombreux cycles de négociations et des sommets, avec des envoyés qui se précipitaient dans des allers-retours, et surtout des boniments vides.

    Tout ceci se fondait sur un mensonge, qui était la présomption qu’Israël n’ait jamais eu l’intention de mettre fin à l’occupation.(...)

    https://seenthis.net/messages/603902 via Loutre


  • C’est donc la guerre. Les médias saoudien évoquent un coup d’Etat imminent au Qatar et commencent la promotion de la partie "légitime" de la famille au pouvoir (au Qatar) comme alternative. Porquoi cette tension qui ne respecte aucune ligne rouge ? La visite actuelle de cheikh Zayed (des EAU) à Riyadh annonce-t-elle un nouveau développement ? Quelle sera la réponse qatarie ?

    انها الحرب اذا.. الاعلام السعودي يتحدث عن انقلاب وشيك في قطر.. ويبدأ الترويج للجناح “الشرعي” في الاسرة الحاكمة كمرشح بديل للحكم.. ما أسباب هذا التصعيد الذي يتجاوز كل المحرمات؟ وهل ستضع زيارة الشيخ محمد بن زايد الحالية للرياض خطة التحرك المقبل؟ وكيف سيكون الرد القطري؟ | رأي اليوم
    http://www.raialyoum.com/?p=685597

    #nuit_torride

    La réponse qatarie ? Peut-être, en partie du moins, dans ces appels à manifester qui semblent plus virulents que d’habitude en Arabie saoudite. Un prince saoudien se serait joint à l’appel, ainsi que les membres du "mouvement du 21 avril".

    http://www.raialyoum.com/?p=685539

    http://www.raialyoum.com/?p=685539

    https://seenthis.net/messages/603689 via gonzo


  • Maroc : Mohammed VI annule sa participation au 51e sommet de la Cedeao, auquel est invité Benyamin Netanyahou - JeuneAfrique.com
    http://www.jeuneafrique.com/444457/politique/maroc-mohammed-vi-annule-participation-51e-sommet-de-cedeao-auquel-inv

    L’organisation devait se prononcer sur la demande d’adhésion du Maroc à l’occasion de son 51e sommet, qui a lieu à Monrovia. Mais plusieurs pays participants ont été étonnés de l’invitation adressée à Benyamin Netanyahou. Jeudi, le roi du Maroc a annulé sa participation, ne souhaitant pas que sa première présence à ce sommet intervienne dans "un contexte de tension".

    Le roi Mohammed VI a annulé sa visite à Monrovia, au Liberia, où il devait assister le 4 juin au 51e sommet de la Cedeao. Un rendez-vous important pour le royaume, puisque l’organisation devait statuer sur sa demande d’adhésion, formulée en février. Or, comme l’explique un communiqué du ministère marocain des Affaires étrangères, jeudi 1 juin, « au cours des derniers jours, des pays importants de la Cedeao ont décidé de réduire au minimum leur niveau de représentation à ce sommet, en raison de l’invitation adressée au Premier ministre israélien, Benyamin Netanyahou ».

    Depuis quelques années, Israël cherche à renforcer ses relations économiques avec l’Afrique. En juillet 2016, Netanyahou s’est rendu en Ouganda, au Kenya, au Rwanda et en Éthiopie, alors qu’aucun Premier ministre israélien ne s’était rendu sur le continent depuis des décennies.

    ““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““
    $1 billion Israeli solar commitment to ECOWAS
    https://www.africa-newsroom.com/press/1-billion-israeli-solar-commitment-to-ecowas?lang=en
    $20 million agreement for Liberia’s first solar field inked as Prime Minister Netanyahu arrives ; “Power to the African people,” says Israeli MP Neguise

    MONROVIA, Liberia, June 2, 2017/APO/ —

    Under the MOU signed today between the State of Israel and ECOWAS, Israel’s leading solar developer will invest $1 billion over the next four years to advance green energy power projects across the 15 member states of the West African economic community.

    #Israfrique #CEDEAO = Communauté économique des États de l’Afrique de l’Ouest

    https://seenthis.net/messages/603800 via Loutre


  • U.S. mulls formulating a principles paper on core issues of Israeli-Palestinian conflict - Israel News - Haaretz.com
    http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-1.793023

    The Trump administration is considering drawing up a set of principles for resolving the core issues, which would be the basis for Israeli-Palestinian negotiations on ending the conflict, Israeli, Palestinian and American officials say.
    The White House has not yet decided on the outline of principles with which the administration will attempt to advance the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. The possibility of drafting a “Principles Paper” is the subject of internal debates among various administration officials dealing with the Israeli-Palestinian issue.
    Last Thursday, two days after the end of U.S. President Donald Trump’s visit to the region, his envoy Jason Greenblatt came to Jerusalem and Ramallah, meeting Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. An Israeli source familiar with these talks said the envoy and the two leaders discussed some ideas the administration is considering with regard to the plan to resume negotiations. The source stated that Greenblatt wanted to hear from them what plan they would like to see for resuming negotiations and how they wish to see the process conducted, as well as what they would like to see as its outcome.
    A few days after this meeting, Netanyahu, in a meeting with Knesset members, provided a peek at some options being considered by the White House, hinting that one possibility is the outline of principles. “The current administration fervently wishes to put something on the table,” said Netanyahu in a closed meeting with Likud MKs last Monday. “We have positions that are important for us, but that doesn’t mean that these are acceptable to them,” he said.
    Netanyahu and his senior advisers are preparing for the possibility that the Trump administration would want to draw up a Principles Paper as a first step in restarting negotiations, or will present the two sides with such a document as an American proposal that would serve as the basis for resuming talks on a final settlement. “We estimate that they will bring a plan but we don’t know what it will be,” said an Israeli official.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/603143 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington | Why the Trump Administration Should Reconsider Oman

    http://www.agsiw.org/why-the-trump-administration-should-reconsider-oman

    by Sigurd Neubauer and Yoel Guzansky
    Following his historic address to the U.S.-Arab-Islamic Summit in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, U.S. President Donald J. Trump held bilateral talks with every Gulf Cooperation Council leader except for Oman’s deputy prime minister, Sayyid Fahd al-Said, who had his meeting cancelled at the last minute with no public explanation. Oman’s unique foreign policy record – which ranges from facilitating the early U.S.-Iranian contact that eventually led to the nuclear agreement, to its active contribution to the Middle East peace process, to more recently supporting the United Nations-sponsored Yemen peace negotiations – was also ignored altogether during the president’s speech, even though he thanked each of the other GCC countries for their respective commitments to fighting extremism and regional terrorist groups.

    In fact, it may be that the very nature of Oman’s engagement in efforts to defuse regional conflicts has prompted the Trump administration to view it warily, given Washington’s efforts to restore close relations with Saudi Arabia. In this context, Oman’s established links to both Tehran and the political leadership of Yemen’s Houthi insurgents – clearly valued by the administration of former President Barack Obama – may be seen now as reasons to keep Oman at arm’s length. Further evidence that the U.S.-Omani relationship may be heading toward uncertainty came as Secretary of State Rex Tillerson cancelled his meeting in Riyadh with his Omani counterpart, Yusuf bin Alawi. This, coupled with the Trump administration’s Budget Blueprint for fiscal year 2018 – which suggests a 35 percent cut in annual military/security assistance to Oman, down from $5.4 million to $3.5 million – further suggests that Washington is revising its approach toward Muscat.

    The Sultanate of Oman has been a U.S. strategic ally for nearly two centuries, and was the second Arab country, after Morocco, to establish diplomatic relations with Washington, in 1841. Moreover, Oman is only one of two GCC countries to enjoy a free trade agreement with the United States.

    Building on these historic ties, Sultan Qaboos bin Said of Oman, the Arab world’s longest-serving monarch, has skillfully managed throughout his 44-year tenure to serve as a regional intermediary to help defuse tensions between Washington and Tehran, and has at the same time actively contributed to Israeli-Arab dialogue by hosting the Middle East Desalination Research Center (MEDRC), a Muscat-based organization dedicated to sharing Israeli expertise on desalination technologies and clean fresh water supply.

    Given that Trump has pledged to reset U.S.-GCC relations and accelerate the Israeli-Palestinian peace process as part of an apparent strategic effort to counter Tehran’s “malign” regional influence, it is also surprising that Qaboos is the only GCC leader that Trump has yet to call, especially considering Oman is the only GCC country to enjoy pragmatic relationships with Iran and Israel.

    In recent years, Oman used its channels to Tehran – and to the Houthis in Yemen – to gain the release of a half dozen U.S. citizens who had been detained, efforts that earned Oman public expressions of thanks from Obama.

    In addition, “Oman recognizes that the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is an irritant between the U.S. and the Arab world, but – consistent with Qaboos’ philosophy of peaceful coexistence and conflict resolution – he wanted to play a constructive role,” said Richard Schmierer, former U.S. ambassador to Oman, adding that the Israeli-Palestinian conflict was not a top issue on the U.S.-Omani bilateral agenda during his tenure in Muscat.

    Nonetheless, in 2010 U.S. Secretary of State Hilary Clinton hailed MEDRC as “a model for Middle East peace making.” A year later, it was revealed that Obama personally called Qaboos to ask him to lead Arab goodwill gestures toward Israel in exchange for a settlement freeze moratorium.

    A Long History of Support for Mideast Peace

    Following the 1979 Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty, Oman was the only GCC member to consistently engage with Israel through a number of informal diplomatic initiatives. Oman was also one of only three Arab League members not to boycott Egypt after its peace treaty with Israel while actively supporting Jordanian-Israeli peace talks in the ensuing years.

    Qaboos demonstrated his commitment to reaching a comprehensive Arab-Israeli peace treaty by inviting Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin to visit him in Muscat in 1994. Rabin’s visit came only months after Israel and Jordan signed a comprehensive peace treaty. Although Rabin’s landmark visit was initially conducted in secrecy, it was announced publicly upon his return to Israel.

    Though falling short of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat’s historic Knesset address in 1977 and the Israeli-Jordanian peace treaty of 1994, Qaboos granted Rabin and the Israeli leadership what it had strived for since the inception of the Jewish state in 1948: recognition and legitimacy. Moreover, Qaboos’ invitation arguably signaled publicly to Rabin, the Israeli public, and the Arab world at large a willingness to distance Oman from the Saudi position by granting Israel de facto recognition.

    Following the assassination of Rabin, Qaboos once again displayed his commitment to the peace process by dispatching Oman’s foreign minister to attend Rabin’s funeral. In a subsequent interview with Israeli media, Alawi said, while being hosted by acting Prime Minister Shimon Peres, “Oman will soon have diplomatic relations with Israel, Oman was never in a state of war with Israel so there is no need for a peace agreement.”

    The brief relationship between Qaboos, Rabin, and Peres has had concrete and positive outcomes: Oman has maintained a diplomatic channel with Israel since 1996 by hosting MEDRC. MEDRC is the only surviving organization of five regional initiatives included in the Oslo Accords as part of an effort to accelerate the peace process. Through it, participants from Gaza, Jordan, and the West Bank have attended, with Israeli counterparts, a number of courses on desalination and wastewater management in Tel Aviv.

    On the surface, Oman’s quiet diplomatic style of doing business appears to be by design: By maintaining a policy of neutrality and noninterference, Oman seeks to preserve its independence and stability by closely aligning with Britain and the United States while balancing relations with its powerful neighbors, Iran and Saudi Arabia. The Israeli-Palestinian angle, however, does not fit into Oman’s immediate strategic concerns; unlike Iran, with whom it shares the Strait of Hormuz, Israel is a distant power.

    Given Trump’s quest to forge a comprehensive Arab-Israeli peace agreement, Oman could potentially again play a pivotal role through its MEDRC networks. A White House invitation to Oman’s newly-appointed deputy prime minister for international cooperation, Sayyid Assad bin Tariq al-Said, might provide an opportunity to explore this potential with the man who appears to be in line to become Qaboos’ eventual successor. And, unlikely as it would seem at the moment given Trump’s strident anti-Iran rhetoric, Oman could also reprise its role as a conduit for quiet messaging between Tehran and Washington on regional security issues as part of an effort to mitigate the risk of conflict.

    While the last U.S. president to visit Oman was Bill Clinton in 2000, the administration of George W. Bush dispatched vice president Dick Cheney to Muscat in 2002, 2005, and 2006 to discuss Iran and other regional issues. More recently, the Obama administration and its secretary of state, John Kerry, in particular, came to rely on Muscat on a host of regional initiatives ranging from Iran, Syria, and Yemen. In fact, Kerry grew so appreciative of Oman’s effective diplomacy that he attended Oman’s national day celebration in 2016, a most unusual public gesture for a secretary of state. Whether Oman regains this coveted position in the eyes of the current administration remains to be seen, although its unique contributions in support of efforts to resolve some of the Middle East’s most intractable problems would at the very least argue for open channels of communication.

    Sigurd Neubauer is a non-resident fellow at the Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington. Yoel Guzansky is a research fellow at the Institute for National Security Studies at Tel Aviv University, a National Fellow at Stanford University’s Hoover Institution, and a 2016–17 Israel Institute postdoctoral fellow.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/603024 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Israel averts one crisis with end of Palestinian prisoners’ hunger strike. Now Gaza looms large

    Strike leader Marwan Barghouti can chalk up achievement of putting prisoners’ plight back in Palestinian public consciousness

    Amos Harel May 28, 2017
    read more: http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-1.792263

    The announcement heralding the end of the Palestinian prisoners’ hunger strike on Friday night was met with a sigh of relief by Israel’s defense establishment.
    >> Get all updates on Israel and the Palestinians: Download our free App, and Subscribe >>
    The strike’s end, on the eve of Ramadan, removed a huge risk that had been lingering for the past six weeks: the potential for deterioration following the death of one of the prisoners, or an Israeli attempt to force-feed the strikers, both of which would have agitated Palestinians across the territories.
    The gap in the conflicting commentaries from both sides regarding the details of the agreement and the question of who won are inevitable, given the circumstances. Israel doesn’t want to admit it negotiated with the strike leaders – and certainly not that it made any concessions while members of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s cabinet were competing with each other in their forceful declarations against the prisoners.
    The Palestinians, meanwhile, have to present any Israeli concessions, no matter how trivial, as an achievement – otherwise questions will be raised about why the lives of prisoners were put at risk and whether the demands met actually justified everything the prisoners sacrificed.

    Despite Israel’s denials, it’s clear that talks were held with the strike leaders, at least indirectly. Two weeks ago, Palestinian sources reported meetings between senior officials in the Palestinian Authority’s security apparatus and Israel’s Shin Bet security service, with the aim of ending the strike.

    The details of any arrangement that would induce the prisoners to call off their strike were crystal clear: The key issue for them was the restoration of family visits to the previous number – twice a month. The Red Cross had halved this a year ago. An agreement on this matter was reached on Friday.
    The other demands were extras. The strike leaders knew that given the current public mood in Israel, the cabinet or prison authorities would not allow the resumption of academic studies – certainly not as long as the bodies of two Israeli soldiers are being held in Gaza and two Israeli citizens are missing there.
    An improvement in specific prison conditions – an issue that isn’t a focus of media attention – can be agreed upon later. Israel ensured this would happen at a later date and wouldn’t be seen as a direct achievement of the hunger strike.
    The strike’s leaders were already handicapped by the limited response of Fatah members to join the strike. Jailed Hamas leaders didn’t take a stand, either, failing to instruct most Hamas members to join in. Outside the prison walls, senior PA officials tried to undermine the strike, fearing it would strengthen the status of senior Fatah prisoner (and strike leader) Marwan Barghouti.
    The latter can chalk up an achievement from the strike, though: it brought the prisoners’ plight to the forefront of the Palestinian agenda, and he is once more being seriously mentioned as a possible successor to President Mahmoud Abbas.
    In Israel, the sting operation in which the Israel Prison Service planted snacks in Barghouti’s cell, and recorded him eating them, served as a rich source of satire. On the Palestinian side, though, it only strengthened his image as a leader who is feared by Israel – which resorts to ugly tricks in order to trip him up. However, Barghouti still faces an internal challenge from fellow Fatah leaders, who were likely unimpressed by the fact he fell into this trap twice.
    The strike’s end resolves one Israeli headache, but two others remain in the Palestinian arena: that the religious fervor associated with Ramadan will find an outlet in the form of “lone-wolf” stabbing or car-ramming attacks, as it did last year; and the deteriorating conditions in the Gaza Strip.
    In the monthly report submitted to the UN Security Council on Friday by Nickolay Mladenov, the UN secretary-general’s special envoy to the Middle East wrote: “In Gaza we are walking into another crisis with our eyes wide open.”
    Mladenov warned the Security Council that if urgent steps are not taken to de-escalate matters, “the crisis risks spiraling out of control with devastating consequences for Palestinians and Israelis alike.”
    Mladenov reminded the Security Council that the source of the deterioration, with a reduced power supply and cuts to PA employees’ salaries in the Strip, is the political conflict between the Fatah-run PA and Hamas. Most residents in Gaza now receive electricity for only four hours a day, and this might be reduced to two hours, with the humanitarian crisis worsening. No one is interested in a military confrontation, Mladenov told Security Council members, adding that the PA, Hamas and Israel all share responsibility to prevent one.

    #Gaza #Palestine #Israël

    https://seenthis.net/messages/601963 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Washington Post didn’t disclose that writer who penned positive piece about Trump’s Saudi trip is paid by Saudi government - Salon.com
    http://www.salon.com/2017/05/27/wash-post-didnt-disclose-that-writer-who-penned-positive-piece-about-trumps-s

    The Washington Post allowed contributor Ed Rogers to praise Donald Trump’s trip to Saudi Arabia without disclosing that he’s a lobbyist for the Saudi Royal Court. The Post has repeatedly allowed Rogers to promote his lobbying clients’ interests without disclosure.

    Rogers is the chairman of the BGR Group, a leading Washington, D.C., lobbying group. BGR is part of a vast network of American lobbying and public relations firms that work for the Saudi government. The Post itself has reported on Rogers’ role in promoting Saudi interests. An April 2016 article stated that Rogers “did not immediately return a request for comment” about his lobbying work for the Saudi government and that “Rogers is a contributor to the Washington Post’s PostPartisan blog.”

    Rogers and BGR signed an agreement letter with the Saudi Royal Court on August 24, 2015, to “provide public relations and media management services for The Center [for Studies and Media Affairs at The Saudi Royal Court], which includes both traditional and social media forums.” The contract is worth $500,000 per year.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/601951 via Nidal


  • Why Do Coptic Christians Keep Getting Attacked in Egypt ? - The Atlantic
    H.A. HELLYER

    https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/1857/11/the-latest-attack-on-coptic-christians-in-light-of-egypt/528330/?preview=qiyvhH6Zxjj1CBpx_5a8zaxtlIg

    Sectarian incitement and anti-Christian populism are not limited to the ISIS cohorts and cells in Egypt. ISIS may take the sectarianism to an ultimate conclusion, but before ISIS ever existed in Egypt, a vile sectarianism had already infected far too much of the pro-Islamist universe. It has spread by playing to the baser, more populist sentiments among the pro-Islamist camp.

    As Taylor Luck noted earlier this month in the Christian Science Monitor, Muslim antipathy toward Christians has been simmering for a long time, and has occasionally erupted into mob violence:

    One of the largest waves of anti-Christian violence was after the 2013 military ouster of Islamist President Mohammad Morsi … and the army’s bloody crackdown against a sit-in by Muslim Brotherhood supporters in which nearly 1,000 Islamists were killed. Brotherhood officials singled out Copts, and particularly Coptic Pope Tawadros, for being complicit in the General Sisi-led military coup, and Christians were the target of angry supporters.

    In August 2013, Human Rights Watch reported that mob violence led by Brotherhood supporters damaged 42 churches and dozens of schools and businesses owned by Copts across Egypt, killing several and trapping Christians in their homes.

    Islamist circles and some Muslims across Egypt, meanwhile, use rhetoric deriding Christians as a “favored class” that is “hoarding wealth” and benefits from the regime, fault-lines that ISIS is looking to exploit.
    We shouldn’t group all of the Islamist camp, whether in Egypt or otherwise, together with ISIS; that would be inaccurate. But at the same time, we have to acknowledge that ISIS thrives on sectarian background music that has long been provided by other parts of the Islamist universe, and not only by ISIS’s own media apparatus.

    One of many ironies is that if nothing else, Friday’s appalling attack shows, yet again, how unorthodox groups like ISIS really are when it comes to Islam. In one of the many condemnations issued by Muslim religious figures and released today, one particular saying of the Prophet Muhammad’s, recorded in the hadith literature, stood out to me: “Whoever harms a person of the covenant [a non-Muslim in a Muslim territory], I am his adversary; and I will be his adversary on the Day of Judgement.” How much clearer can that be? And yet, those who seek violence will find hermeneutic ways to ignore this direct warning.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/601817 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Palestinian prisoners’ hunger strike in Israeli jails ends - Palestinians - Haaretz
    http://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/palestinians/.premium-1.792174

    The hunger strike of Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails ended after 40 days on Friday night, according to the Israel Prison Service and Palestinian officials.
    The hunger strike ended after Israel reached an agreement with the Palestinian Authority and the Red Cross over prisoners’ visitation rights, according to the prison service. The sides agreed that the prisoners would be eligible for two visits a month, as was in the past before being reduced to one visit a month.
    The strike ended in time for the month-long Muslim fast of Ramadan, which begins on Saturday.
    Despite Public Security Minister Gilad Erdan’s remarks according to which there will be no negotiations and that the prisoners’ demands won’t be met, the strike ended following days of talks that peaked on Friday night. This, while the prison service attempted to reach some understandings over the strike prior to U.S. President Donald Trump’s arrival in Israel earlier this week. The prison service stressed that there were no negotiations with the prisoners, but rather that “understandings” had been reached.

    #Palestine #grèvedelafaim #Israël

    https://seenthis.net/messages/601804 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Egypt 24 hours later: What we know about the blocking of Mada Masr’s website | MadaMasr

    Menaces contre un des meilleurs sites d’information égyptien

    http://www.madamasr.com/en/2017/05/26/feature/u/24-hours-later-what-we-know-about-the-blocking-of-mada-masrs-website

    Access to Mada Masr’s website via most of Egypt’s internet service providers (ISPs) has been blocked since Wednesday evening.

    The country’s official state news agency, MENA, quoted a high-level security source on Wednesday night as saying that access to 21 websites, which had disseminated “content that supports terrorism and extremism and deliberately spreads lies,” had been blocked in Egypt in accord with “relevant legal proceedings.”

    Mada Masr has not been officially informed that any party has taken official or legal measures against it.

    Several other websites have also been blocked, including two Egyptian publications: Masr al-Arabiya and the website of the print weekly Al-Mesryoon. The list also includes some Qatari or Qatar-funded news outlets that support or are managed by the Muslim Brotherhood, principal among them Al Jazeera and Huffington Post Arabic, in addition to the official website for Palestinian political movement Hamas.

    #Egypte #presse #médias

    https://seenthis.net/messages/601551 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Réflexions sur le #Nationalisme arabe, la gauche et l’islam
    http://orientxxi.info/magazine/reflexions-sur-le-nationalisme-arabe-la-gauche-et-l-islam,1226

    Dans le #Liban des années 1990 et 2000, Joseph Samaha était une figure intellectuelle influente. À l’occasion du neuvième anniversaire de son décès, As-Safir vient de publier un entretien avec Nicolas Dot-Pouillard, effectué en 2006, dont voici la traduction. Si le contexte politique a changé depuis cette époque, il n’est pas inutile de relire les propos d’un intellectuel de gauche libanais préoccupé par la « question nationale » et attentif au devenir de l’islam politique. Joseph Samaha est décédé d’une (...)

    #Magazine

    / Liban, #Hezbollah, #Hamas, Organisation de libération de la Palestine (OLP), #Vie_politique, #Islam_politique, Nationalisme, #Marxisme, #Monde_arabe, #Nassérisme, Organisation d’action communiste au Liban (...)

    #Organisation_de_libération_de_la_Palestine_OLP_ #Organisation_d'action_communiste_au_Liban_OACL_
    « http://assafir.com/Article/1/473859 »
    « http://assafir.com/Article/1/47385 »


  • Aleppo After the Fall - The New York Times
    https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/24/magazine/aleppo-after-the-fall.html
    https://static01.nyt.com/images/2017/05/28/magazine/28syria12/28syria12-facebookJumbo.jpg

    One tragedy of Aleppo is that this rift between rich and poor was slowly mending in the years just before the 2011 uprisings. An economic renaissance was underway, fueled by thousands of small factories on the city’s outskirts. The workers were mostly from eastern Aleppo, and the owners from the west. A trade deal with Turkey, whose border is just 30 miles to the north, brought new business and tourists and optimism. I remember sitting at cafe table with two Turkish traders just outside the citadel in late 2009. Tourists thronged all around us, and the two men talked excitedly about how new joint ventures were melting the animosity between their country and Syria. “Erdogan and Assad, they are like real friends,” one of them said, referring to President Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey.

    This kind of optimism was one reason the revolution took so long to reach Aleppo. All through 2011, as the rest of Syria erupted in protest, its largest city was quiet. But by 2012, in the villages just beyond the city’s edges, weaponry was flowing in from across the Turkish border and battalions were being formed. “The countryside was boiling,” I was told by Adnan Hadad, an opposition activist who was there at the time and belonged to the Revolutionary Military Council in Aleppo, a group led by Syrian military officers who defected. The council was eager for more European and American recognition and sensitive to Western calls for the preservation of most of Syria’s state institutions. But local rural people tended to side with a more Islamist and less patient group called Liwa al-Tawheed. Tawheed’s members “considered themselves more authentic” and had begun getting their own funding from Persian Gulf donors, Hadad told me. In the spring of 2012, Tawheed’s members began pushing for a military takeover of Aleppo, accusing the council of excessive caution and even secret deals with the regime. The council resisted, saying they should move only when it was clear that the city’s people wanted them to. In July, Tawheed took matters into its own hands. Armed insurgents flooded eastern and southwestern parts of the city, taking over civilian houses as well as police stations in the name of the revolution. Hadad considered the move a “fatal mistake,” he told me, and resigned from the military council.

    By then, eastern Aleppo had become a rebel stronghold. In early 2013, elections for provincial councils took place, giving the rebels a civilian veneer. But the councils, initially funded by the Syrian branch of the Muslim Brotherhood, were soon under pressure from the Nusra Front, the Syrian Qaeda affiliate, and other hard-line groups. Later, ISIS forces captured parts of the city and forced residents to live by their rigid code. In theory, Aleppo was an embattled showplace for the Syrian revolution’s aspirations. In fact, most civilians were dependent on a patchwork of armed rebel factions for food and protection. The constant pressure of war left almost no room for a real economy, and many of the city’s factories had been repurposed by the rebels as military bases.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/601291 via Nidal


  • Pétition : rendons visibles les prisonniers palestiniens en grève de la faim
    Médiapart, le 24 mai 2017
    https://blogs.mediapart.fr/dominique-vidal/blog/240517/petition-rendons-visibles-les-prisonniers-palestiniens-en-greve-de-l

    Ahmed ABBES, Directeur de recherche au CNRS et Secrétaire de l’AURDIP
    Hisham ABU SHAHLA Doctorant en Sciences politiques
    Gilbert ACHCAR, Sociologue (Université de Londres)
    Nadia Leila AISSAOUI, Sociologue
    Amin ALLAL, Chercheur au CERAPS (CNRS)
    Elena AOUN, Professeure et chercheure en relations internationales
    Isabelle AVRAN, Journaliste
    Marie-Noëlle ABIYAGHI, Institut français du Proche-Orient (IFPO)
    René BACKMANN, Journaliste
    Bertrand BADIE, Chercheur en relations internationales
    Pierre BARBANCEY, Journaliste (L’Humanité)
    Akram BELKAID, Journaliste et écrivain
    Mehdi BELMECHERI-ROZENTAL, Chercheur en sciences politiques
    Yazid BEN HOUNET, Anthropologue (CNRS)
    Laurent BONNEFOY, Chercheur au CNRS (Ceri - Sciences Po)
    Véronique BONTEMPS, Chercheure au CNRS
    Bernard BOTIVEAU, Chercheur émérite au CNRS
    Philippe BOURMAUD, Chercheur au CNRS et Maitre de conférences à Lyon 3
    Monique BRIOUDES, Membre de la rédaction d’Orient XXI
    Pascal BURESI, Chercheur (CNRS)
    François BURGAT, Politiste (IREMAM - Aix-en-Provence)
    Chiara CALABRESE, IREMAM- Aix-en-Provence
    Michel CAMAU, Professeur émérite des Universités
    Céline CANTANT, Chercheure (Central European University)
    Rawad CHAKER, Maître de conférence à l’Université Lumière Lyon 2
    Marc CHER-LEPARRAIN, Membre de la rédaction d’Orient XXI
    Pierre COURS-SALIES, Professeur émérite à l’Université Paris 8
    Sylvain CYPEL, Journaliste et Membre de la rédaction d’Orient XXI
    Jean-Paul CHAGNOLLAUD, Professeur émérite des universités
    Christine CHARRETTON, Enseignante-chercheure honoraire à Lyon
    Monique CHEMILIER-GENDREAU, Professeur émérite à l’Université Paris Diderot
    Francesco CORREALE, Ingénieur de recherche en analyse des sources (CNRS)
    Olivia Martina DALLA TORRE, Université Lyon 2
    Sonia DAYAN-HERZBRUN, Sociologue
    Joan DEAS, Doctorante (Sciences-Po Grenoble)
    Ishac DIWAN, Chercheur à la Chaire socio-économique du Monde arabe (Harvard University)
    Nicolas DOT-POUILLARD, Chercheur en Sciences politiques
    Françoise DREYFUS, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
    Hamza ESMILI, Doctorant en sociologie
    Jacopo FALCHETTA, IREMAM, Université Aix-Marseille
    Françoise FEUGAS, Journaliste et Membre de la rédaction d’Orient XXI
    Leo FOURN, Doctorant en sociologie (Université Aix-Marseille)
    Bernard FREDERICK, Journaliste
    Alain GRESH, Journaliste
    Martine HASSOUN, Journaliste
    Bernard HOURCADE, Directeur de recherche émérite au CNRS
    Ferran IZQUIERDO-BRICHS, Professeur de relations internationales à l’Université autonome de Barcelone
    Hana JABER, Chercheure
    Patrick KAMENKA, Journaliste et syndicaliste
    Salam KAWAKIBI, Politologue
    Maria KOKKINOU, Doctorante (EHESS)
    Wendy KRISTIANANSEN, Journaliste
    Stéphanie LATTE-ABDALLAH, Historienne et Politiste, Chercheure au CNRS
    Olivier LE COUR GRANDMAISON, Universitaire
    Ziad MAJED, Politologue et Professeur d’université
    Henri MAMARBACHI, Journaliste et Membre de la rédaction d’Orient XXI
    Sandrine MANSOUR, Historienne
    Farouk MARDAM-BEY, Editeur
    Jonas MATHERON, Chercheur à l’Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
    Lamia MELLAL, Chercheure en histoire contemporaine
    Sarah MEMMI, Socio-démographe
    Eléonore MERZA-BRONSTEIN, Anthropologue
    Alain MILLE, Professeur émérite à l’Université Lyon 1
    Catherine MILLER, Directrice de l’IREMAM / CNRS - Université Aix-Marseille
    Khadija MOHSEN-FINAN, Universitaire Paris I et Membre de la rédaction d’Orient XXI
    Jose-Luis MORAGUES, Maître de conférence à la retraite (Université Paul-Valery, Montpellier)
    Jean Michel MOREL, Membre de la rédaction d’Orient XXI
    Rosa MOUSSAOUI, Grande reporter
    Camille NAJM, Politologue et Journaliste
    Cédric PARIZOT, Anthropologue
    Jean-Marc PILLAS, Journaliste
    Marianne POCHE, Attachée de coopération
    Raphael PORTEILLA, Maître de conférence (Université Bourgogne - Franche Comté)
    Marwan RASHED, Professeur des universités
    Philippe REKACEWICZ, Journaliste et Cartographe
    Clémentine RUBIO, Doctorante à l’université de Tours
    Laura RUIZ DE ELVIRA, Post-doctorante au CNRS (IREMAM - Université Aix-Marseille)
    Sina SAFADI, Doctorante en anthropologie (EHESS)
    Julien SALINGUE, Docteur en science politique
    Catherine SAMARY, Économiste
    Shlomo SAND, Historien, Professeur émérite de l’Université de Tel-Aviv
    Jean-Christophe SERVANT, chef de service à « Géo »
    Hélène SERVEL, Journaliste indépendante
    Maissoun SHARKAWI, Historienne
    Aude SIGNOLES, Maitre de conférences à Sciences-Po Aix-en-Provence et Chercheure (IREMAM)
    François SIINO, CNRS-IREMAM, Aix-en-Provence
    Marion SLITINE, Doctorante en anthropologie à l’EHESS
    Fanny URIEN-LEFRANC, Doctorante en anthropologie sociale et ethnologie
    Thomas VESCOVI, Chercheur en histoire contemporaine
    Dominique VIDAL, Historien et Journaliste.
    Guillaume WEILL-RAYNAL, Journaliste
    Nada YAFI, Membre de la rédaction d’Orient XXI
    Louisa YOUSFI, Journaliste (rédactrice en chef de Paroles d’honneur)

    #Palestine #France #Pétition #Prisonniers #Grève_de_la_faim

    https://seenthis.net/messages/601192 via Dror@sinehebdo


  • Hack, fake story expose real tensions between Qatar, Gulf
    https://apnews.com/f5da3293be18401a954d48249f75394e

    While Qatar quickly denied the comments attributed to ruling emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, Saudi-owned satellite channels repeatedly aired them throughout the day Wednesday. The incident revived suspicions that exploded into the open three years when several Gulf nations pulled their ambassadors from Qatar over similar worries about its politics.

    The alleged hack happened early on Wednesday morning and hours later, the website of the Qatar News Agency still was not accessible.

    The fake article quoted Sheikh Tamim as calling Iran an “Islamic power” and saying Qatar’s relations with Israel were “good” during a military ceremony.

    Online footage of Qatari state television’s nightly newscast from Tuesday showed clips of Sheikh Tamim at the ceremony with the anchor not mentioning the comments, though a scrolling ticker at the bottom of the screen had the alleged fake remarks. They included calling Hamas “the legitimate representative of the Palestinian people,” as well as saying Qatar had “strong relations” with Iran and the United States.

    “Iran represents a regional and Islamic power that cannot be ignored and it is unwise to face up against it,” the ticker read at one point. “It is a big power in the stabilization of the region.”

    The hackers also purportedly took over the news agency’s Twitter feed and posted alleged quotes from Qatar’s foreign minister accusing Arab nations of fomenting a plot against his country. A series of tweets said Qatar had ordered its ambassadors to withdraw from Bahrain, Egypt, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates over the plot. The tweets were later deleted.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/601216 via Nidal