• Libya’s Coming Forever War:Why Backing One Militia Against Another Is Not the Solution


    Haftar’s Militias: Neither National nor an Army

    Trump’s call appears to rest on a mistaken but well-trodden narrative, advanced by Haftar’s forces, his Arab backers, and his western sympathizers, that the general’s “army” could deal a decisive military blow to Tripoli’s “Islamist and jihadist militias.” But this dichotomy is not anchored to current realities.

    After the 2011 revolution, as Benghazi fell into chaos and neglect, there was indeed a very real radical Islamist militia presence, which Haftar’s so-called Operation Dignity coalition started fighting in 2014. And some of these Islamists were later backed by hardline revolutionary factions in the western Libyan cities of Tripoli and Misrata. But since Haftar’s military victory in Benghazi and his consolidation of control over eastern Libya, the threat of Islamist militias has diminished significantly. So has Qatari and Turkish interference in Libya, especially compared to the still-robust role of the United Arab Emirates and Egypt. In tandem, moderate and pragmatic Libyan factions sidelined the radical presence in Tripoli and Misrata, with many militant figures exiled, imprisoned, or killed. Thus, it is a mistake to portray Tripoli as awash with radical Islam and Haftar as a savior figure coming to eradicate it.

    Aside from this inflated “radical” narrative, Haftar’s forces are hardly the professional army they appear to be. They contain a significant irregular, localized militia component, which includes foreign fighters from Chad and Sudan. Our interviews with Libyan National Army personnel, U.N. officials, and observers indicate this militia component to be somewhere between 40 to 60 percent of the army’s total. To be sure, there is a nucleus of regular infantry, armor, air force, and military police units — and it is this professional face that accounts for the public support, based on a recent poll, that Libyans accord the Libyan National Army as a welcome alternative to the country’s unruly and rapacious militias. But even this narrative is shaky. One of Haftar premier regular units, the Sa’iqa (or Thunderbolt Battalion), often described in the press as an “elite” organization, has been implicated in a string of abuses, and one of its senior officers has been indicted for war crimes by the International Criminal Court.

    Moreover, ever since Haftar started his military campaign in Benghazi in 2014, he has relied heavily on locally constituted militias. Denoted by the euphemism “support forces” or “neighborhood youths,” these militias were tied to specific Benghazi suburbs, and many hailed from an influential local tribe, the Awaqir. These support forces acted, in effect, as rear area guards, but also assisted regular units in frontline assaults. As the conflict dragged on, they also engaged in violent vigilantism, attacking the homes and businesses of Benghazi families suspected to be loyal to Haftar’s Islamist opponents.

    The presence of conservative Salafists in the Libyan National Army also belies the notion that Haftar’s forces are an institutionalized, professional force. Backed by Muammar Qadhafi in the waning years of his rule, these Salafists had a presence in the former regime’s security forces and are doctrinally hostile to the political Islamists Haftar was fighting. Salafist fighters have been crucial frontline combatants for the Libyan National Army. In areas of the east that Haftar has taken over, they’ve enjoyed some latitude to try and enforce their version of Islamic social mores. All of this suggests that any Trump administration support for Haftar on ideological grounds is misplaced. He is certainly a foe of the Muslim Brotherhood, which the White House is unwisely trying to designate as a foreign terrorist organization. But he is no secularist.

    More recently, Salafists have joined Libyan National Army military units commanded by Haftar’s sons. This familial dimension of Haftar’s forces is yet more evidence that the Libyan National Army is not all that it seems. Our interviews with members of the group and its supporters suggest that with minimal military training, Haftar’s sons Khalid and Saddam were elevated to command positions, part of a broader trend of Haftar ruling through a tight clique of family members and confidantes from his tribe, the Firjan. In particular, Khaled’s unit, the 106th Brigade, has received high-end foreign equipment and weapons, leading to frequent comparisons to Libya’s most elite formation during the Qadhafi era, the 32d Reinforced Brigade, commanded by Qadhafi’s youngest son Khamis.

    Finally, the acquiescence and, in some cases, active support that Haftar’s Libyan National Army enjoyed from foreign powers have also been crucial to the army’s expansion. The United Arab Emirates, Egypt, France, and Russia each backed the Libyan National Army for their own reasons (whether anti-Islamism, border control, or counter-terrorism). Haftar, like many Middle Eastern proxies, has proved adroit at exploiting this patronage . And the United States also shoulders some blame: Though Washington reportedly halted military engagement with Haftar’s side in 2015, American diplomats, based on our interviews, evinced an increasingly accommodative stance toward the general, hoping to bring him into the political process and taking at face value his professed support for elections. They also adopted a muted position toward his military move across Libya’s vast southern region earlier this year, which Haftar’s camp likely perceived as a tacit green light.

    During this southern advance, a security and governance vacuum allowed the Libyan National Army to effectively flip locally constituted militias — including those guarding oil installations — with offers of cash and equipment. In turning to attack Tripoli, Haftar adopted a similar strategy, hoping local militias in Tripoli and its environs would come to his side, persuaded by a mix of cash, force, and self-interested political calculations. But that plan has backfired spectacularly. Disparate militias in Tripoli that had long been at loggerheads have unified against him. Even ordinary citizens who might have welcomed Haftar into the capital as relief from the militias are turning against him.

    Understanding the fractured political and security backdrop against which the Libyan National Army has encountered these obstacles is important for understanding why Trump’s faith in Haftar is misplaced.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/781231 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Nasrallah reveals new details about ambush, killing of 12 Israeli commandos
    Lebanon in 1997 and offers hints about a mysterious murder of a militant leader in Syria
    Amos Harel
    May 13, 2019 5:32 PM


    Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah revealed new details earlier this month about the disaster in September 1997, when 12 members of Israel’s elite naval commando unit were killed in southern Lebanon.

    Nasrallah claims that Hezbollah had been tracking Israel’s preparations for the mission and ambushed the commandos from the Shayetet 13 unit of the Israel Defense Forces – a scenario that some Israeli sources have also suggested over the years.

    Nasrallah spoke on May 2 at a memorial ceremony for Mustafa Badreddine, a senior Hezbollah figure who died under mysterious circumstances three years ago in Syria, and had been involved in the 1997 incident.

    Nasrallah’s remarks have been translated and analyzed in an article by Dr. Shimon Shapira, a brigadier general in the IDF reserves and an expert on Iran and Hezbollah. The article was published on the website of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, a research institute.

    On the night of September 4, 1997, 16 Shayetet fighters, under the command of Lt.-Col. Yossi Korakin, were tasked with laying bombs along the coastal road in Lebanon between Tyre and Sidon. After landing on the beach, an explosive device was detonated that caused serious casualties and severed the force into two. Korakin and 10 commandos were killed. Those who survived reported they were fired upon after the blast.
    Lebanon’s Hezbollah leader Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah addresses his supporters during a public appearance October 24, 2015
    Lebanon’s Hezbollah leader Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah addresses his supporters during a public appearance October 24, 2015\ REUTERS

    The survivors and the bodies of their comrades-in-arms were evacuated by helicopter, with great effort, during which an IDF doctor was killed by Lebanese gunfire. The body of one of those killed, Sgt. Itamar Ilya, remained behind and was returned to Israel in a swap with Hezbollah nine months later.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/780779 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Les ouvrières agricoles, ces sacrifiées du modèle agricole tunisien | Thierry Brésillon

    Les ouvrières sont recrutées au jour le jour selon le bon vouloir d’un samsar, un intermédiaire représentant l’employeur. Elles sont ensuite parquées par dizaines dans une benne au fond de laquelle, détail sordide, on a versé de l’eau pour les empêcher de s’asseoir afin de gagner de la place. Source : Middle East Eye

    https://seenthis.net/messages/780594 via Rezo

  • Caricature du « juif », obsession des « musulmans », tout ce que la critique cinématographique n’a pas vu dans le film « la lutte des classes »

    La Lutte des classes, ou l’obsession de la race - ♀ le genre & l’écran ♂

    La Lutte des classes est une comédie sociale à la légèreté trompeuse et au message politique fort, qui a l’ambition de donner à lire et à comprendre les urgences sociales que vit la banlieue aujourd’hui, telles que les voit le réalisateur Michel Leclerc.

    On y traite des menaces que font peser les musulmans et les Juifs sur le vivre-ensemble, de la violence inouïe dont sont capables les Noirs et les Arabes même quand ils sont en maternelle (armés de leur méchant doudou), et surtout du mal-être des Blancs de classe moyenne et supérieure qui essaient de survivre dans une ville populaire de Seine-Saint-Denis, où ils viennent de débarquer.

    Ces Blancs, de gauche aiment-ils à préciser, sont confrontés à un terrible dilemme :

    Doit-on se résigner à devenir raciste, et risquer de perdre son humanisme de renommée plus que mondiale ?

    Ou alors doit-on bêtement rester attaché à des idéaux égalitaires, et risquer d’être attaqué par les hordes de sauvageons en culotte courte du 93 ?

    Que faire ? Ô dilemme insoluble !

    Ce casse-tête est celui que connait dans le film un couple de parents, Sofia (Leïla Bekhti) et Paul (Edouard Baer), lorsqu’ils décident de vendre leur appartement parisien pour venir vivre dans une maison à Bagnolet.

    Casse-tête car ces parents ont un petit garçon de huit ans, Corentin (Tom Levy), menacé par la violence extrême des enfants noirs et arabes de son âge, scolarisés dans la même école que lui. Les parents ne savent plus quoi faire face à cette violence, tous les jours ils pleurent. Faut-il inscrire Corentin dans une école privée ? Faut-il contourner la carte scolaire pour l’inscrire dans une école publique parisienne ? Ou alors faut-il abandonner sa chère petite tête blonde à la violence communautariste des sauvageons ?

    https://seenthis.net/messages/780750 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Du Yemen à Gaza : la responsabilité sociale des entreprises qui exportent des armes -
    Citoyen NADOT, Député.
    Ajoutée le 13 mai 2019

    Le 17 juillet 2014 à Gaza, en Palestine : une petite fille de 8 ans, et deux garçons de 9 et 10 ans, sont tués. Deux autres garçons de 9 et 15 ans, sont également estropiés à vie, suite à un tir de missile. Il s’agit d’un crime de guerre documenté depuis par un groupe d’expert des nations unis. Au milieu de la mare de sang dans lequel baignait encore une poupée, un photographe a identifié du matériel de guerre signé d’Eurofarad, une société du groupe français Exxelia Technologie. Au total, 3 potentiomètres de fabrication française ont été retrouvés ce jour sinistre, dont un encore rattaché aux ailettes du missile. Les parents de ces enfants arrachés à la vie sont partis civiles aujourd’hui dans un procès contre Exxelia pour complicité de crime de guerre. Le procès vient de démarrer au Tribunal de Grande Instance de Paris.

    #Gaza #armementfrançais

    https://seenthis.net/messages/780665 via Loutre

  • Saudis’ troubled ties in region threaten Trump’s anti-Iran agenda


    As the United States ups the pressure on Iran, the Donald Trump administration is relying on Tehran’s archenemy and longtime US ally Saudi Arabia to shore up regional support for its policies. Yet, strains in Riyadh’s relations in the Arab world could complicate matters.

    Saudi Arabia’s relations with its Arab neighbors are more troubled than usual, largely due to the impetuousness of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. While ties to a few neighbors are close, relations with many others are tense behind the scenes, with significant implications for the Trump administration’s policy in the region.

    The kingdom’s closest allies are Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates, its partners in the blockade of Qatar. Saudi Arabia has long regarded Bahrain as a de facto protectorate. The Saudis reinforced their dominance over their small island neighbor in 2011 when it deployment troops across the King Fahd Causeway to repress protests by the Shiite majority. The troops are still there. The UAE and the kingdom pursue many identical policies but often with different strategies, most notably in regard to the war in Yemen.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/780113 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Macron « assume » la livraison d’armes à l’Arabie saoudite, malgré la guerre au Yémen

    « L’Etat français ne peut ignorer que ces armes peuvent servir à commettre des crimes de guerre au Yémen, où plus de 400 000 civils sont potentiellement sous le feu », a déclaré à l’Agence France-Presse (AFP) l’avocat de l’ACAT, Joseph Breham. Plusieurs autres organisations — comme Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International ou l’Observatoire des armements — sont également vent debout contre ces ventes. Jeudi, une centaine de personnes étaient rassemblées au port du Havre, à l’appel de la Ligue des droits de l’homme et du Mouvement de la paix, pour dénoncer ces livraisons qui contribuent, selon eux, au « carnage en cours au Yémen ». « Interdire les ventes d’armes aux pays en guerre » ou « Au Yémen, un enfant est tué toutes les 5 minutes », pouvait-on lire sur leurs pancartes.

    Si le président français n’a pas précisé les armes qui devaient être chargées au Havre, le site d’investigation Disclose a avancé que le navire devait prendre livraison de « huit canons de type Caesar » que l’Arabie saoudite pourrait utiliser dans la guerre qu’elle livre au Yémen aux rebelles houthistes, minorité chiite soutenue par l’Iran, grand rival de Riyad. Paris a invariablement affirmé que ces armements ne sont utilisés que de manière défensive et pas sur la ligne de front.

    Mais, selon une note de la direction du renseignement militaire (DRM), révélée par Disclose mi-avril, 48 canons Caesar produits par l’industriel français Nexter « appuient les troupes loyalistes, épaulées par les forces armées saoudiennes, dans leur progression en territoire yéménite ». Une carte de la DRM estime que « 436 370 personnes » sont « potentiellement concernées par de possibles frappes d’artillerie », dont celles des canons français. « Il ne suffit pas de dire “j’ai des garanties”, il faut nous les montrer. De même, nous aimerions qu’on nous explique clairement, nettement, comment l’Arabie saoudite lutte contre le terrorisme au Yémen », a réagi Aymeric Elluin, d’Amnesty International France.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/779916 via odilon

  • Rashida Tlaib a fixé les dates pour sa visite en Cisjordanie
    Par JTA 9 mai 2019, 13:50

    WASHINGTON — L’élue démocrate Rashida Tlaib, Michigan, a fixé les dates pour sa visite en Cisjordanie.

    Tlaib, membre du Congrès américano-palestinienne, a proposé le voyage après qu’elle a été élue au Congrès pour la première fois, comme un contre-poids aux voyages organisés par l’American Israel Education Foundation(AEIF), un groupe affilié à l’AIPAC.

    Mercredi, le journal Jewish Insider a publié le prospectus que Tlaib distribuait pour promouvoir le voyage du 17 au 22 août.

    L’Institut Humpty Dumpty, une organisation à but non lucratif, semblait sponsoriser l’initiative.(...)

    https://seenthis.net/messages/780048 via Loutre

  • Ofra Yeshua-Lyth : « La seule solution au Proche-Orient est un État démocratique et laïc »
    Par Hassina Mechaï —Date de publication : Mardi 7 mai 2019

    Pourquoi un État juif n’est pas une bonne idée. La thèse qui sous-tend le livre d’Ofra Yeshua-Lyth, journaliste et écrivaine israélienne, est simple : la situation actuelle en Israël – occupation, militarisation de la société, mélange de nationalisme et de religion – n’est en rien une rupture avec le sionisme ou un dévoiement de sa dynamique.

    Dans ce livre préfacé par l’historien israélien Ilan Pappé, l’auteure, qui a été la correspondante du Maariv, l’un des principaux quotidiens israéliens, à Washington, D.C. et en Allemagne, déduit que la seule solution à ce qui est appelé (de façon erronée selon elle) le « conflit israélo-palestinien » est un État unique laïc et démocratique. Rencontre.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/779839 via Loutre

  • In the U.S., more Jews than Christians see Trump’s policies as too pro-Israel, poll finds

    42 percent of Jews said that Trump’s policies were too favorable to Israel while 26 percent of Christian thought so and 15 percent of Evangelicals held this view
    Amir Tibon
    May 06, 2019 8:09 PM


    American Jews are more likely than American Christians to think that President Donald Trump’s policies are too favorable to Israel, according to a recent poll by the Pew Research Center. As part of a national poll on American attitudes toward Israel, the respondents were asked whether they thought Trump’s policies in the Middle East were too favorable to Israel, too favorable to the Palestinians, or had the right balance.

    Among Jewish respondents, 42 percent said that Trump’s policies were too favorable to Israel. Only 6 percent said that his policies were too favorable to the Palestinians, while a plurality of 47 percent said the policy struck the right balance. Among Christian respondents, meanwhile, only 26 percent said Trump’s policies were too favorable to Israel, while 59 percent said the 45th president has the ‘right balance.’

    Within the different Christian denominations, there are different views on the subject. Among Evangelical Christians, 72 percent think Trump’s policy strikes the “right balance,” and only 15 percent think he is too favorable to Israel. Among Catholics, 34 percent think he is too favorable to Israel, and 51 percent think he has the “right balance.” In addition, 33 percent of the respondents who belong to the “historically black” church said that Trump’s policies are too favorable to Israel, and 40 percent of them said it has the right balance.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/779442 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Gaza a fait son choix : toujours elle résistera !
    Et aucune accumulation de propagande israélienne ni réhabilitation par l’Eurovision ne peuvent effacer la légitimité de son droit à le faire.

    Haidar Eid - 6 mai 2019 – Al Jazeera – traduction : JPP pour l’Agence Média Palestine
    https://www.aljazeera.com/mritems/imagecache/mbdxxlarge/mritems/Images/2019/5/6/84d7f392880d434ea1fa0f0968065f75_18.jpg Un garçon palestinien blessé évacué lors d’une manifestation à la barrière Israël-Gaza, dans le sud de la bande de Gaza, le 3 mai 2019 [Reuters / Ibraheem Abu Mustafa]

    (...) Dans le cas présent, le gouvernement israélien est impatient de calmer Gaza avant la généreuse opportunité que lui ont offert les pays européens de blanchir ses crimes de guerre par l’accueil du concours Eurovision de la chanson à Tel Aviv, à une heure de route de la bande de Gaza.

    Comme par le passé, les Palestiniens sont à présent censés accepter, et avec gratitude, une « période de calme » où les bombes israéliennes ne pleuvront pas sur leurs maisons, et où le blocus continuera d’étrangler Gaza.

    En fait, ce qu’on exige régulièrement des Palestiniens, c’est qu’ils se conduisent comme des « Palestiniens domestiques », et qu’ils soient reconnaissants envers leurs maîtres ashkénazes blancspour les miettes de pain qu’ils leur laissent pour à peine survivre.

    Ils doivent se laisser aller à une mort lente, mourir comme des cafards, ne manifester aucune forme de rébellion, et accepter que s’ils meurent en résistant, eh bien que ce soit de leur propre faute.

    Mais trop c’est trop ! (...)


    https://seenthis.net/messages/779393 via Loutre

  • Why I don’t give lectures in Israel about the occupation -
    Gideon Levy
    Opinion -
    Israel News | Haaretz.com

    What will the tiny handful of Israelis for whom fighting the occupation is paramount do now? What will they do, the people who will not consent to living in an apartheid state? The election results left no room for doubt: Israel lacks a critical mass of opponents to the occupation. The pro-annexation camp beat the camp that’s in favor of perpetuating the occupation. That’s the story, in a nutshell.

    Some of the people who voted for Kahol Lavan or other parties would like to be rid of the albatross around their necks, but it’s not their No. 1 priority. Loathing for Benjamin Netanyahu, the corruption in government and the Eurovision Song Contest are much higher up on their agenda. And what do these people think could possibly end the occupation anyway? Nothing. It’s no biggie.

    The minority that refuses to give up on opposing the occupation can throw in the towel now when it comes to trying to win over Israelis. There’s no one to talk to, and nothing to talk about. There is no partner in Israel, no buyers. Only a handful of warriors remain, the few and the brave.

    One can wait for a miracle — or a disaster — or one can shift to the only arena where hope is still possible: overseas.

    That’s where the fate of the regime in South Africa was decided, at the end of the day, and that’s where the fate of the regime in Israel-Palestine might possibly be decided one day. For now, it’s the only option.

    The argument that this is an undemocratic action aimed at bypassing the will of the people obviously sets a new standard of chutzpah. It’s akin to the claim that the international sanctions against South Africa constituted interference in the country’s domestic affairs.

    There, too, there were democratic elections, for whites only, and a majority of the whites had their say and supported apartheid. So what? Did that have anything to do with democracy? Could the international community sit by idly?

    The occupation is not an internal Israeli matter, and it has nothing to do with democracy. Israeli Jews who control Palestinians using brutal military force are an international matter.

    This is exactly why international institutions were established and why foreign policy exists, and this is exactly why there are judges in The Hague. For 52 years, millions of Palestinians were never asked for their opinion, and for that reason there are few issues that require the intervention of the international community more urgently. It is not only a legitimate sphere of action, it is mandatory — including for Israelis.

    Contradictory messages are emanating from this arena. There are signs of loss of interest and fatigue over a conflict that refuses to be resolved. Ultranationalism, xenophobia and Islamophobia bolster support for Israeli colonialism.

    But at the same time, there are reinforcements in the form of new, almost revolutionary voices, that will not accept this. In Europe and in the United States there arose a generation that did not know the Holocaust and was unwilling to accept the occupation.
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    There is today no greater source of hope than the astonishing changes in the U.S. Democratic Party and the U.K. Labour Party. The rise of these parties to power could herald a new international language toward Israel. There are countries where people are only waiting for the signal to join in.

    The fall of the occupation is likely to be dramatic, not gradual, and the house of cards that seems today to be at the height of its powers, with greater international support than ever before, could collapse in an instant. That’s what happened in South Africa.

    The formula is a simple one: the dissolution of the existing formula, according to which it benefits Israel and the Israelis to continue the occupation. As long as it exists — and it does exist — there is no possibility of change. The moment one of the components is removed, the Israelis will begin asking themselves, for the first time in their history, whether it’s all worth it and whether they are willing to pay the price.

    The answer is clear. There are few Israelis who will be willing to sacrifice their quality of life for the settlement of Ofra, which they have never been to and will never go to.

    It’s necessary to take action in the international arena without any guilt feelings, because it is the only hope. It needs additional Israeli voices. I am occasionally asked, “Snob, have you ever given a lecture in Israel?” but in Israel no one cares about the occupation. Occasionally the word “treason” is mentioned, too. It’s the silent ones who are the real traitors, in Israel and, even more so, abroad.
    Gideon Levy

    Gideon Levy
    Haaretz Correspondent

    https://seenthis.net/messages/777656 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Un tribunal israélien confirme l’expulsion d’un défenseur des droits de l’Homme
    Ali Abunimah, Electronic Intifada, le 18 avril 2019

    Mardi, un tribunal israélien a confirmé une décision du gouvernement d’expulser Omar Shakir, directeur du bureau de Jérusalem de Human Rights Watch. Le tribunal a fondé sa décision sur une loi de 2017 qui interdit l’entrée aux gens qui plaident pour un boycott d’Israël ou de ses colonies en territoire occupé.

    #Omar_Shakir #HRW #BDS #Boycott

    Suite de :

    Sur un sujet proche, une liste d’expulsions aux frontières israéliennes ici :

    #Palestine #Expulsion #Frontière

    https://seenthis.net/messages/777600 via Dror@sinehebdo

  • Lettre de l’AURDIP à l’IRT Antoine de Saint- Exupéry concernant sa collaboration avec l’Université d’Ariel située dans les territoires palestiniens occupés
    AURDIP, le 27 avril 2019

    Pour Mme Geneviève Fioraso
    Présidente de l’Institut de Recherche Technologique Antoine de Saint- Exupéry

    Paris, le 12 avril 2019,

    Madame la Présidente,

    L’Association des Universitaires pour le Respect du Droit International en Palestine (AURDIP) a été informée que l’Institut de Recherche Technologique (IRT) Antoine de Saint-Exupéry entretient des activités avec l’Université d’Ariel, une université située dans une colonie israélienne au sein des territoires palestiniens occupés.

    Des documents disponibles sur les sites internet de l’IRT Antoine de Saint- Exupéry et de l’Université d’Ariel (présentée comme située en Israël) attestent d’une collaboration institutionnelle entre ces deux établissements.

    Une plaquette de l’IRT Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, qui recense les différentes universités étrangères collaborant avec lui, mentionne d’ailleurs l’Université d’Ariel comme partenaire et indique que celle-ci se trouve en Israël.

    La collaboration entre les deux établissements a donné lieu à des conférences , école d’été , travaux et publications , notamment avec le professeur Joseph Bernstein du département d’ingénierie électrique et électronique de l’Université d’Ariel.

    L’AURDIP se permet de vous signaler que l’Université d’Ariel ne se trouve pas en Israël ou sur le territoire israélien, mais bien dans les territoires palestiniens occupés. L’Université d’Ariel est d’ailleurs érigée dans une colonie israélienne au sein de ces territoires.

    Nous vous rappelons à cette occasion que la colonisation israélienne constitue une violation du droit international (et un crime de guerre) et que toutes les colonies israéliennes situées au sein des territoires palestiniens occupés sont illégales.

    Dans son avis du 9 juillet 2004, la Cour internationale de Justice a dit que, du fait de cette illégalité en droit international, il est de la responsabilité de chaque Etat membre de la communauté internationale de ne pas reconnaître les colonies israéliennes, de n’apporter aucune aide et assistance aux colonies et de faire pression sur l’Etat d’Israël pour qu’il cesse la colonisation.

    C’est d’ailleurs la raison pour laquelle l’Union européenne s’est dotée le 19 juillet 2013 des « lignes directrices relatives à l’éligibilité des entités israéliennes établies dans les territoires occupés par Israël depuis juin 1967 et des activités qu’elles y déploient aux subventions, prix et instruments financiers financés par l’UE à partir de 2014 » ( 2013/C 205/05 ; JOUE du 19.7.2013 C 205/9 à C 205/11), qui interdisent les subventions, bourses et instruments financés par l’UE à toute entité israélienne établie dans les territoires palestiniens occupés par Israël depuis juin 1967, y compris Jérusalem-Est, mais également à toute activité israélienne qui y a lieu.

    Le soutien, direct ou indirect, par un établissement public français comme l’IRT Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, à des activités de recherche ou d’enseignement dans la colonie israélienne d’Ariel, constitue un encouragement à la politique israélienne de colonisation et est donc contraire au droit international.

    Nous souhaitons que vous puissiez nous assurer que cette question de la collaboration avec l’Université d’Ariel, qui fait courir un risque juridique et réputationnel tant à l’IRT Antoine de Saint-Exupéry qu’à son personnel, a été abordée avec votre équipe et traitée, afin d’y mettre un terme définitif.

    Nous attirons votre attention sur le fait que la situation actuelle contredit la position du ministère de l’enseignement supérieur et de la recherche, qui dans un précédent courrier nous a assuré qu’il est opposé à toute collaboration avec une entité de recherche ou d’enseignement située dans une colonie israélienne. Elle contrevient aussi au respect des lignes directrices de la Commission européenne qui ne saurait financer, même indirectement, ce type de collaboration.

    Nous comptons sur votre diligence pour nous rassurer quant à cette mise en conformité avec les législations française, européenne et internationale, et vous prions d’agréer l’expression de nos sentiments les meilleurs.

    Joseph Oesterlé
    Président de l’AURDIP

    #Palestine #BDS #Boycott_universitaire #AURDIP #Colonisation #Territoires_Occupés #Ariel

    https://seenthis.net/messages/777603 via Dror@sinehebdo

  • In a Jewish state, the Zionist left can offer the Arabs nothing but empty words - Opinion - Israel News | Haaretz.com

    It didn’t work once again for the Zionist left. Like the song says: They promised a dove, an olive branch, they promised peace, spring and blossoms … And once again they got Benjamin Netanyahu.

    The Zionist leftists tried everything. They promised peace and security, settlements and two states, Mizrahim and Ashkenazim, and nothing worked. Only one choice remained, the doomsday weapon, the wildest wild card of all: to join with the Arabs. Only thus could they return to power, wrote the pundits. Why didn’t they think of that before? How good and pleasant it is when brothers sit together, center-left with “Israeli Arabs,” as they are popularly called, in denial of them being Palestinians.

    It’s good that this recognition has finally sunk in; it’s too bad that it’s hollow and hypocritical, like most ideas of the center-left. Even when the Zionist left reaches the right understanding, they aren’t ready to pay the price for it. As usual, they want to have their cake and eat it too.

    A Jewish-Arab partnership as well as a Jewish state. It’s doomed to failure. Dear Zionist leftists, don’t count on the Arab vote. You’re not worthy of it.

    First of all – now you come to us? After all the years of military administration and after the riots of October 2000, the discrimination, exclusion and dispossession (just go to Taibeh or Hura), suddenly you remember that we exist? Oh well, better late than never. But what exactly does the center-left have to offer the Arabs in the state of the Jews? Empty words. What equality, without which there can be no genuine partnership, can exist in a Jewish-democratic state? What brotherhood can prevail in a country whose Law of Return fundamentally discriminates against Arabs? What is there waiting for them in a country whose discourse is all Jewish and only Jewish? Where nearly all of the land is designated for Jews and many public workplaces are closed to them? And that’s before we’ve even said a word about the nation-state law.

    There is only one way that Jews and Arabs can really go together: in a democratic, egalitarian state of all its citizens. Is this what anyone on the Zionist left who proposed joining together meant? If so, he cannot be a Zionist. This built-in contradiction must be exposed: Zionism and egalitarianism cannot go hand in hand.

    From the depths of its failures, the center-left suddenly discovered the potential of the Arab vote. It tried the religious and sought out the Mizrahim and ultimately was stuck with the Arabs, the last bastion of non-rightist votes. But the Zionist left has nothing to offer them aside from a few budgetary crumbs. It has no intention of paying the real price that has to be paid for going together, which would spur Israel’s Arabs to vote Kahol Lavan, Labor or Meretz.

    They will only do so en masse in a country that shakes off its Zionist scaffolding, which may have been necessary once, but is no longer so. They will do so in a state in which an Arab prime minister or defense minister or health minister is a matter of routine, as it should be in any multinational democracy. They will do so when the Arabic language will be the language of the country just as Hebrew is, and when they stop being called a “minority.” What minority? An equal number of Jews and Palestinians now live under Israeli control between the Jordan River and the sea. This moment of numerical equality, which many not last very long, ought to have been celebrated with a declaration of intent to establish an egalitarian democracy. Instead, nearly 5 million Palestinians live under occupation and another nearly 2 million live under the nation-state law.

    This is not what the advocates of joining together mean. They just want keffiyehs at party conventions and votes at the ballot box. The right has been winning for 40 years, and the left still doesn’t get that it has nothing more to offer. For 40 years now, it has lost its way.

    The solution is admittedly revolutionary and not an easy one to accept, but it is the only one: Detach the Zionist label from the leftist label and switch to what every liberal left in the world is dedicated to. Offer the obvious: Democracy for all.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/777530 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • On 56th Friday of Great March of Return and Breaking Siege, Israeli Forces Wound 110 Civilians, including 37 Children, 3 Women, 4 Paramedics, and Journalist | Palestinian Center for Human Rights

    On Friday, 26 April 2019, in excessive use of force against peaceful protesters on the 56thFriday of the Great March of Return and Breaking the Siege, Israeli forces wounded 110 civilians, including 37 children, 3 women, 4 paramedics, and a journalist, in the eastern Gaza Strip. Two of those wounded sustained serious wounds. (...)


    https://seenthis.net/messages/777461 via Loutre

  • L’artiste palestinien Ali al-Jabali montre ses peintures lors de l’exposition « rêveurs parmi les gravats » dans la tour d’Italie qui a été détruite par les bombardements récents menés par Israël sur Gaza
    26 avr. 2019
    #Gaza #Soumoud

    https://seenthis.net/messages/777375 via Loutre

  • Calling a coup a coup? Egypt’s African Union bid to make inroads in Sudan | MadaMasr

    While the head of the transitional military council that has ruled Sudan since ousting former President Omar al-Bashir announced a “readiness” to hand over power to a civilian government last night, negotiations to usher in the transition to civilian rule in Sudan are at a “deadlock,” sources in the opposition tell Mada Masr.

    Lieutenant General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, who sits atop the transitional council, took to television late on Sunday night to announce the military’s willingness to hand over the “reins of government” as early as tomorrow, provided that political forces reached a consensus among themselves and put forth a government they could agree upon.

    Burhan’s speech was roundly rejected by leading member of the opposition Freedom and Change Coalition Wagdi Salih, who spoke at a rally in front of the military headquarters shortly after the lieutenant general’s address, announcing that the opposition would suspend talks with the military council.

    “We were supposed to have a meeting with the military council yesterday to inform them of the choices for the civilian sovereign council, but the council, which is a continuation of the ruling regime, revealed its dark side. The council told us they want to discuss our proposal among another 100 proposals from political parties,” Salih told protesters.

    Sunday’s televised exchange played out against the backdrop of a flurry of meetings held on Saturday, when the African Union Commission chairperson Moussa Faki met with the military and opposition in Khartoum.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/776494 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Israel already an apartheid state says outgoing French ambassador, discussing Trump’s peace plan - Israel News - Haaretz.com

    Gérard Araud recalls that ’once Trump told Macron [the French president], ‘I have given everything to the Israelis; the Israelis will have to give me something’’


    Outgoing French Ambassador to the United States, Gérard Araud, gave a bombastic interview to the Atlantic, published Friday, as he ends his five year tenure in Washington, D.C. Araud told Yara Bayoumy that Israel is already an apartheid state and that U.S. President Donald Trump’s Middle East peace plan is 99% doomed to fail.

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    Araud, who Bayoumy notes is known for “his willingness to say (and tweet) things that other ambassadors might not even think,” also offered his opinion on Trump’s foreign policy team. He said that John Bolton is a “real professional,” even though “he hates international organizations” and that Jared Kushner is “extremely smart, but he has no guts.”

    Araud recalled that “once Trump told Macron [the French president], ‘I have given everything to the Israelis; the Israelis will have to give me something.’ He is totally transactional. He is more popular than [Benjamin] Netanyahu in Israel, so the Israelis trust him.” Araud cited that exchange with Macron as evidence that Trump will ask for something tough from the Israelis in his peace proposal.

    Read the full interview in the Atlantic

    He concluded, however, that “disproportion of power is such between the two sides that the strongest may conclude that they have no interest to make concessions.” He continued by discussing Israel’s dilemna in the West Bank, noting that Israel is hesitating to make “the painful decision about the Palestinians” - to leave them “totally stateless or make them citizens of Israel.”

    He concludes, “They [Israel] won’t make them citizens of Israel. So they will have to make it official, which is we know the situation, which is an apartheid. There will be officially an apartheid state. They are in fact already.”

    Trump’s Middle East peace plan will not involve giving land from Egypt’s Sinai peninsula to the Palestinians, an American envoy said on Friday.
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    Jason Greenblatt, Trump’s Middle East envoy, apparently sought to deny reports on social media that the long-awaited plan to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict would involve extending Gaza into the northern Sinai along Egypt’s Mediterranean coast.

    “Hearing reports our plan includes the concept that we will give a portion of Sinai (which is Egypt’s) to Gaza. False!”, Greenblatt, one of the architects of the proposal, tweeted on Friday.

    The American plan is expected to be unveiled once Israel’s newly re-elected Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu forms a government coalition and after the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, which ends in June.

    Trump’s senior advisor Jared Kushner said on Wednesday the plan would require compromise by all parties, a source familiar with his remarks said.

    It is unclear whether the plan will propose outright the creation of a Palestinian state, the Palestinians’ core demand.

    Reuters contributed to this report

    https://seenthis.net/messages/776185 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • With Bashir ousted, protesters reject Sudanese military’s fractured power grab | MadaMasr


    A transitional military government has assumed control over Sudan after President Omar al-Bashir was ousted from power by the Sudanese Armed Forces early on Thursday and placed under house arrest, according to a statement delivered on Sudanese national television by Defense Minister Awad Ibn Auf.

    In the televised address that ended Bashir’s nearly 30-year rule, Ibn Auf announced a one-month daily curfew, a three-month state of emergency and a two-year-long transitional period of military rule until “free and fair elections” could be held to elect a democratic Sudanese government. This decision sits alongside a long list of measures that the military would put into effect immediately, including the dissolution of Sudan’s Constitution, president’s office, Cabinet, Parliament and a number of other state bodies. The defense minister also called on armed resistance forces to join the government’s transition efforts and asked citizens to maintain peace.

    However, the defense minister did not announce who would sit atop the transitional military government, stating that a second communiqué would be issued to announce the members. The lack of clarity throws into stark relief what an Egyptian government source who has been in touch with officials in Khartoum says is “disagreement among top generals” over who will lead Sudan going forward.

    The suggestion of conflict among the military and political figures negotiating Bashir’s successor is echoed by a junior officer within the Sudanese military, who tells Mada Masr that there had been “multiple coup attempts” occurring in parallel in the hours before Ibn Auf’s announcement.

    This “disagreement” played out amid hours of waiting for an official announcement to come, after a Sudanese military source told Mada Masr early on Thursday morning that Bashir was being removed from power and Sudanese national television suspended broadcasting and informed viewers that the military would make an “important statement” shortly.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/773887 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • « On voit comment est le monde grâce aux #réseaux_sociaux. On voit ce qui se passe en #Algérie. On voit comment vivent les femmes du monde entier, et on n’est pas différentes. »

    Source : Jean-Philippe Rémy, « Au #Soudan, les #femmes à la pointe de la révolte », Le Monde, 10 avril 2019.


    #médias_sociaux #monde #mouvement_de_contestation

    https://seenthis.net/messages/773554 via tbn

  • U.S. denies entry to BDS founder Omar Barghouti
    Noa Landau | Apr 11, 2019 7:22 PM | Haaretz.com

    The U.S. government denied entry to co-founder of the boycott, divestment and sanctions movement Omar Barghouti on Thursday.

    Airline staff at Israel’s Ben Gurion International Airport informed Barghouti that he could not fly to the United States, despite holding valid travel documents. He was told that U.S. immigration officials ordered the American consul in Tel Aviv to deny him permission to board the flight.

    Barghouti was told that it is an “immigration matter,” according to a statement by the Arab American Institute, a Washington-based advocacy group. They added that Barghouti often faces travel restrictions from Israel, but not from the United States.

    Barghouti was set to attend his daughter’s wedding, who lives in the United States. He was also set to speak at Harvard, New York University and a Philidelphia bookstore owned by Marc Lemont Hill, whose contract at CNN was terminated last year over his support for Palestinian rights. (...)

    #expulsions #renvois

    https://seenthis.net/messages/773884 via Loutre

  • Source: Discussions to find successor to Bashir play out as Sudanese president expected to step down ‘soon’ | MadaMasr


    Omar al-Bashir will step down as president of Sudan “soon,” after more than three months of popular demonstrations that came to a head in recent days when protesters in the thousands staged a sit-in outside the national Armed Forces headquarters in Khartoum, according to a Sudanese military source.

    According to the military source, who spoke to Mada Masr on condition of anonymity, the announcement that Bashir will step down is contingent on the military, National Congress Party, security sectors and Arab backers coming to an agreement on a successor. The source adds that this successor may be an interim president who will serve for several months until a president is elected.

    According to the source, this announcement is expected to come within the week.

    Hassan Ismail, the Sudanese minister of information, denied a report published by news outlets that Bashir was close to handing over power to the military.

    Protesters remain stationed outside the military headquarters in Khartoum — which also houses the National Intelligence and Security Service headquarters, Bashir’s official residence and the Defense Ministry — and the situation remains “very tense,” eyewitnesses tell Mada Masr. At dawn on Monday, security forces tried to disperse the sit-in by firing tear gas and live bullets into the air, but the military returned fire, pushing security forces back and allowing protesters to resume their demonstration.

    While the military source says that inner circles of the Sudanese state and international actors are narrowing in on a candidate, the opposition Freedom and Change Coalition announced Monday in a press conference the formation of a committee to engage in dialogue with the military about a transition plan, making it unclear who exactly will fill the vacuum in a post-Bashir landscape.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/773393 via Nouvelles d’Orient