• Defying the gaze of others in Abu Bakr Shawky’s Yomeddine |
    Adham Youssef
    June 1, 2018


    After finishing my interview with director Abu Bakr Shawky and producer Dina Emam at this year’s Cannes Film Festival, I move to my next scheduled meeting — a group discussion with a Kenyan director about her film, which is screening in the Un Certain Regard competition. Shawky is conducting an interview with a foreign journalist nearby, and I can’t help but overhear their conversation. The reporter asks him about the “political and religious messages” behind his debut feature and Palme d’Or contender, Yomeddine (2018).

    Later, when I meet with Shawky again, I ask him to comment on that question. “Wherever there is a good story I will go,” he says. “There is an expectation from Middle Eastern films that they have to be about politics and religion, but I don’t want to do that anymore. Not because they are irrelevant, but I watch films from the United States, Europe and Asia that are not political, and I like them. So why can’t a Middle Eastern film not be political in the traditional sense and still be considered enjoyable and significant?”

    There were three other Arabic-language films in Cannes this year; Nadine Labaki’s Cafarnaüm (2018), a Lebanese drama about poor children and migrants in the informal housing areas of Beirut; Gaya Jiji’s My Favourite Fabric (2018), a film that tackles female sexuality and the Syrian revolution (guaranteed to be a hit with Western audiences); and Sofia, Meryem BenMbarek’s story about premarital pregnancy in Morocco. Yomeddine stood out among them as a different narrative that is placed within a specific context, yet is universally appealing and relatable nonetheless.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/698963 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • A l’Elysée, une cellule chargée de tracer les contours de l’Islam de France

    Dans son numéro consacré au financement de l’Islam, L’Obs dévoile l’existence d’une « cellule » animée par le secrétaire général de l’Elysée Alexis Kohler. Toutes les six semaines, précise l’hebdomadaire, cette cellule se réunit. Parmi ses membres, « une vingtaine de personnes », indique encore L’Obs, qui cite notamment le nom de Hakim El Karoui, qui a publié un rapport intitulé « Un Islam français est possible » avec l’Institut Montaigne et qui se rêve en Monsieur Islam de France. L’ancienne sénatrice Bariza Khiari, qui traite des questions d’Islam au sein d’En Marche !, est également de la partie. Au sein de la cellule, on trouve aussi des juristes, des conseillers d’Etats, des conseillers de l’Elysée et du ministère de l’Intérieur.

    Que peuvent bien se dire ces vingt personnes lors des réunions ? Peu d’informations ont filtré, si ce n’est que, selon L’Obs, elles ont déjà parlé devant le président de la République lui-même à deux reprises. « Lui se contente d’écouter, mais ne commente pas », assure le journaliste. Et parmi les sujets évoqués, les propositions avancées par l’institut Montaigne lors de la campagne d’Emmanuel Macron, comme l’idée d’un concordat étendu à toute la France ou celle d’un grand imamat. Mais comme le soulignait déjà à l’époque l’islamologue Rachid Benzine, la plupart des pistes évoquées par l’institut sont contraires à la loi de 1905.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/698934 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Rassemblement contre la venue de Netanyahou en France le mardi 5 juin

    La « saison croisée France-Israël » doit être inaugurée à Paris le 5 juin par le Premier ministre israélien Benyamin Netanyahou, conjointement avec le président de la République Emmanuel Macron. Rendez-vous à Lyon le mardi 5 juin à 18h sur les quais du Rhône.


    / #Résistances_et_solidarités_internationales, Une

    https://seenthis.net/messages/698854 via Rebellyon

  • On the psychology of Arab crowds and the ethics of boycott | MadaMasr


    Now that this is established, let us move to the essential question of whether boycotting Israel is actually an effective tool to end, or at least restrain, Israeli aggression. It should be understood that it is in the nature of humans that they rarely tend to make compromises unless it is in their own interests, and that it is in the nature of states that they almost never make compromises without being forced. In 2005, following the Second Intifada, polls indicated that almost 60 percent of Israeli Jews were willing to support withdrawal from the West Bank as part of a peace agreement, while in 2017, only 36 percent were willing to do so. This is highly indicative of the fact that, with the end of large scale armed resistance, the Israeli public has lost its incentive to offer any land compromises and that the aggressive, uncompromising policies adopted by the current Israeli Cabinet are a representation of widespread public opinion in Israel. It is accordingly logical to assume that, without anything compelling Israelis to reconsider the situation, they will continue electing and supporting the right-wing governments that have improved their security, even at the cost of inhumanly treating Palestinians.

    To consider the above within the context of examining the argument for popular boycott in the Arab world, it is important to note that recent polls in Israel indicate that normalization with the Arab world is the single incentive Israelis view as being most conducive to peace. As for the claims that it is almost hypocritical for Arab individuals to boycott Israel while their states are increasing normalization, it should be noted that Netanyahu recently stated that the greatest obstacle to “peace” with Palestinians today is not the leaders of Arab states, but “public opinion on the Arab street.” This proves that, even if Arab states are collaborating, popular boycott and public opinion in the Arab world matter, and, while they will not perhaps deter Israel from its crimes, they are at least acting as a restraining force against Israel’s final “peace,” which, according to various indicators, consists of leaving Palestinians with nothing.

    Finally, while it is unrealistic to think that Arab popular boycott alone might end Israeli occupation, it is reasonable to hope that an international boycott could. In recent years, global public opinion has swayed in favor of Palestinians, leading to nearly three quarters of Israeli Jews feeling that the “whole world is against them.” The increasing successes of the international boycott movements, if coupled with a solid Arab popular boycott in the future, should definitely create more incentives for Israelis to pursue peace, and could compel them to elect a less extremist cabinet. It is therefore my belief that Arab individuals who choose to normalize with Israel are not only removing the last “most conducive” incentive for Israelis to seriously pursue peace, but should consider themselves as directly liable for the continued suffering of Palestinians.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/698614 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Bahrain revokes the nationality of a further 115 this month

    We are less than half way through 2018, but this year has already witnessed the highest number of individuals who have had their nationality withdrawn from them in Bahrain. It is difficult to track the exact numbers since, unfortunately, new cases are emerging all the time. However, towards the end of May, 226 people had been a victim of this measure, bringing the average to 45 nationality deprivations a month during 2018 - or more than one person a day. These latest cases have brought the total number of people affected to 732 since 2012. This echoes a growing trend in Bahrain, the Gulf, and more globally, of states withdrawing the nationality of individuals they perceive - or accuse of - being a threat to national security.

    Bahraini authorities have accused these individuals of militancy, in a series of mass trials, whilst rights activists say the majority are peaceful opposition members. Alongside having their nationality revoked, they also face other criminal punishments, 53 for were convicted of terrorism and faced life sentences. The vast majority of those stripped of citizenship do not possess any other nationality and have been left stateless.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/698576 via Zara

  • Why is Saudi Arabia Restricting German Business in the Kingdom? | Al Bawaba


    By Eleanor Beevor

    Over the past week, business analysts have balked at the news that Saudi Arabia appears to have imposed a boycott on German businesses wishing to strike deals with the Saudi state. Though the “boycott” is not enshrined in policy yet, multiple reports have quoted both German and Saudi sources confirming an impasse.

    And until there is confirmation otherwise, rumours of the boycott should be taken seriously. It appears that attempts to divest state projects away from German companies have been in the making for a while – infrastructure projects that seemed likely to go to German firms have changed hands in the last few weeks. Dr. Courtney Freer, a Research Officer at the Middle East Centre at the London School of Economics told Al Bawaba:

    Boycott mulled for months

    “I do think that Riyadh will follow through on blocking German businesses, at least from government tenders. This decision has likely been mulled over for months, as diplomatic ties between the two have gotten worse. I imagine this measure will primarily hurt large German companies active in the kingdom like Siemens, Bayer, and potentially Daimler; these companies’ employees will also of course be affected as well inside the kingdom.”

    What is striking is how narrow the grievances are that reportedly sparked the boycott. Der Spiegel quoted German business owner Detlef Daues, 65% of whose business revenues come from Saudi Arabia, as saying that Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman has been “deeply offended” by German government statements and policy of late. Specifically, Prince Mohammed is still apparently upset by a remark six months ago by the then-German Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel.


    File photo taken April 10, 2018, shows Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman posing upon his arrival at the 
    Elysee Presidential palace for a meeting with French President in Paris. (AFP File Photo/Ludovic Marin)

    https://seenthis.net/messages/698561 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • The Gulf Impasse’s One Year Anniversary & the Changing Regional Dynamics – Gulf International Forum

    Kristian Coates Ulrichsen, Ph.D., Fellow for the Middle East, Rice University’s Baker Institute for Public Policy.


    A year has passed since the Qatar News Agency was hacked and implanted with ‘fake news’. Ten days later this hacking was followed by the diplomatic and economic embargo of Qatar by four regional states – Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Egypt. The element of surprise strategy applied by the Quartet was intended to shock the Qatari government into acceding to their demands. Now, one year later this approach is misplaced as Qatar proved more resilient than anticipated. Rather than isolating Qatar regionally and internationally, the crisis has widened the cracks in the Gulf into a chasm and has generated unintended consequences that risk inflicting generational damage on its political and social fabric. As with the Iraqi invasion and occupation of Kuwait in 1990, the blockade of Qatar is an era-rupturing event that will reverberate through the regional politics and international relations of the Gulf for years to come.

    Evolving Threat Perceptions
    The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) was formed in 1981 largely in response to regional security threats triggered by the Iranian Revolution in 1979 and the outbreak of the Iran-Iraq War in 1980. The six states that came together in Abu Dhabi to form the GCC often differed in their foreign policy outlook. The five smallest Gulf States shared varying degrees of wariness toward Saudi Arabia, reflecting in part a history of border disputes. For example, Kuwait was put under Saudi blockade in the 1920s and 1930s, Oman and Abu Dhabi had territorial disputes with Saudi Arabia from the 1950s to the 1970s, and as recently as 1992 and 1993 skirmishes occurred on the Saudi-Qatari border. Simmering unease in smaller Gulf capitals at the prospect of Saudi domination of GCC structures hampered attempts to construct collective military and security policies such as the Peninsula Shield Force or a common internal security agreement.

    And yet, throughout the three major wars in the Gulf – the Iran-Iraq War (1980-88), the Gulf War (1991), and the war and subsequent US-led occupation of Iraq (2003-11), the GCC remained a bastion of relative stability in a region gripped by conflict and insecurity. During this tumultuous period, all six GCC states retained a common threat perception enabling them to overcome instances of intra-GCC friction, such as Saudi and Emirati attempts to reverse the 1995 succession of Qatar’s Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani or the Emirati walkout from the planned GCC monetary union in 2010 after Riyadh was chosen over Abu Dhabi as the site of the prospective GCC central bank. Indeed, GCC states have always worked best together in the face of external threats that draw together the six ruling families’ common interest in political survival – evidenced by the decision in 2011 to revive and dispatch the Peninsula Shield Force to Bahrain to assist in the restoration of order and the creation of a $10 billion GCC fund to assist Bahrain and Oman in the wake of Arab Spring unrest.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/698446 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Without France, Lebanon would probably be at war, Macron says | Reuters


    “If France wasn’t listened to then there probably would be a war in Lebanon at this moment as we speak. It’s French diplomacy, it’s our action,” Macron said in an interview with broadcaster BFM TV, visibly irritated after being asked if his foreign policy over the last year had achieved anything.

    Macron said an unscheduled stopover in Riyadh to convince Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, followed by an invitation to Hariri to come to France, had been the catalyst to ending the crisis.

    “I remind you that a prime minister was held in Saudi Arabia for several weeks,” he said, a comment that could irk Riyadh which, like Hariri, denied he was ever held against his will.

    Macron dined with Hariri and Prince Mohammed in Paris in April after a conference to rally international support for an investment program to boost the Lebanese economy.

    France offers citizenship to ’Spider-Man’ migrant
    Hariri, who visited Riyadh in February for the first time since the November crisis, is working to form a new coalition after a May 6 parliamentary election that strengthened his rival Hezbollah and its political allies.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/697881 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Russia says only Syrian army should be on country’s southern border with Israel

    Israel believes Russia may agree to withdrawing Iranian forces and allied Shi’ite militias from Israel-Syria border

    Noa Landau and Reuters May 28, 2018


    Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said on Monday that only Syrian government troops should have a presence on the country’s southern border which is close to Jordan and Israel, the RIA news agency reported.
    Lavrov was cited as making the comments at a joint news conference in Moscow with Jose Condungua Pacheco, his counterpart from Mozambique.
    Meanwhile, Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman will leave on Wednesday for a short visit to Russia. He is scheduled to meet with his counterpart, Russia’s Defense Minister Sergei Shvigo, the ministry said in a statement on Monday. Lieberman is expected to discuss with his hosts the recent events in the Middle East, primarily the tension between Israel and Iran over the Iranian military presence in Syria.
    Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu spoke at the Knesset Monday, saying that “there is no room for any Iranian military presence in any part of Syria.”
    Lieberman said that “these things, of course, reflect not only our position, I can safely say that they reflect the positions of others in the Middle East and beyond the Middle East.”
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    On Sunday, Haaretz reported that Israeli political and military officials believe Russia is willing to discuss a significant distancing of Iranian forces and allied Shi’ite militias from the Israel-Syria border, according to Israeli officials.
    The change in Russia’s position has become clearer since Israel’s May 10 military clash with Iran in Syria and amid Moscow’s concerns that further Israeli moves would threaten the stability of Syrian President Bashar Assad’s regime.
    Russia recently renewed efforts to try to get the United States involved in agreements that would stabilize Syria. The Russians might be willing to remove the Iranians from the Israeli border, though not necessarily remove the forces linked to them from the whole country.
    Last November, Russia and the United States, in coordination with Jordan, forged an agreement to decrease the possibility of friction in southern Syria, after the Assad regime defeated rebel groups in the center of the country. Israel sought to keep the Iranians and Shi’ite militias at least 60 kilometers (37 miles) from the Israeli border in the Golan Heights, east of the Damascus-Daraa road (or, according to another version, east of the Damascus-Suwayda road, about 70 kilometers from the border).

    FILE – Iran’s Army Chief of Staff Maj. Gen. Mohammad Bagheri, left, in Aleppo, Syria, in photo provided October 20, 2017/AP
    According to Israeli intelligence, in Syria there are now around 2,000 Iranian officers and advisers, members of the Revolutionary Guards, around 9,000 Shi’ite militiamen from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq, and around 7,000 Hezbollah fighters. Israel believes that the Americans are now in a good position to reach a more effective arrangement in Syria in coordination with the Russians under the slogan “Without Iran and without ISIS.”
    The United States warned Syria on Friday it would take “firm and appropriate measures” in response to ceasefire violations, saying it was concerned about reports of an impending military operation in a de-escalation zone in the country’s southwest.
    Washington also cautioned Assad against broadening the conflict.
    “As a guarantor of this de-escalation area with Russia and Jordan, the United States will take firm and appropriate measures in response to Assad regime violations,” State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert said in a statement late on Friday.
    A war monitor, the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, reported on Wednesday that Syrian government forces fresh from their victory this week against an Islamic State pocket in south Damascus were moving into the southern province of Deraa.
    Syrian state-run media have reported that government aircraft have dropped leaflets on rebel-held areas in Deraa urging fighters to disarm.
    The U.S. warning comes weeks after a similar attack on a de-escalation zone in northeastern Syria held by U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces. U.S. ground and air forces repelled the more than four-hour attack, killing perhaps as many as 300 pro-Assad militia members, many of them Russian mercenaries.
    Backed by Russian warplanes, ground forces from Iran and allied militia, including Lebanon’s Hezbollah, have helped Assad drive rebels from Syria’s biggest cities, putting him in an unassailable military position.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/697904 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Donnez un nouveau souffle à Orient XXI !


    Les récentes décisions de Donald Trump concernant Israël et l’Iran prouvent à nouveau, de manière dramatique, la nécessité de développer un dialogue intelligent et une meilleure compréhension entre Orient et Occident. C’est l’objectif d’Orient XXI : un site qui permet de mieux se comprendre.

    Orient XXI connaît depuis son lancement en octobre 2013 une croissance très soutenue. Nos articles sont lus par des centaines de milliers de lecteurs, en France, mais aussi au Maghreb, en Europe et dans le monde. Pour un site d’information exigeant, expert et indépendant, le résultat dépasse largement nos prévisions. Il exprime avant tout un besoin : celui d’être informé, sans simplisme, sans suivisme et sans fake news.


    C’est pourquoi, comme nous vous l’avions annoncé, nous travaillons depuis plusieurs mois à une nouvelle version du site. Elle sera mise en ligne à l’occasion du cinquième anniversaire d’Orient XXI le 1er octobre prochain. Notre objectif est de créer une offre plus riche, plus conviviale, plus proche de vos attentes. Nous lancerons également une enquête de lectorat afin d’enrichir notre réflexion.


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    https://seenthis.net/messages/697559 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Un bateau partira de Gaza mardi pour « briser le blocus » israélien |AFP.com | 27 Mai 2018

    Un bateau partira mardi de la bande de Gaza afin de « briser le blocus » israélien imposé à l’enclave palestinienne depuis plus de dix ans, a annoncé dimanche le comité d’un mouvement baptisé la « Grande marche du retour ».
    « Nous annonçons le départ du premier navire depuis la bande de Gaza vers le monde mardi prochain à 11H00 (08H00 GMT). Le navire transportera un groupe de malades, des étudiants et des diplômés au chômage », a annoncé dimanche le militant des droits de l’Homme et membre du comité d’organisation de la « Grande marche du retour » Salah Abdel Ati.

    Il s’exprimait lors d’une conférence de presse organisée dans un port de pêcheurs à l’ouest de la ville de Gaza. Il n’a toutefois pas précisé la destination finale du navire.

    Il s’agit de la première initiative du genre lancée depuis Gaza, selon les organisateurs.

    Ce départ coïncide avec le huitième anniversaire du « massacre du Mavi Marmara », a ajouté Salah Abdel Ati. (...)


    https://seenthis.net/messages/697496 via Loutre

  • La question palestinienne reste centrale pour l’écrasante majorité des opinions des les pays arabes
    (les tableaux n’ont pas pu être reproduits ici, mais vous les trouvez sur le site de l’enquête)

    The 2017-2018 Arab Opinion Index : Main Results in Brief

    Fully 90% of Arabs believe that Israel poses a threat to the security and stability of the region.


    ● Over three quarters of the Arab public agree that the Palestinian cause concerns all Arabs, and not the Palestinians alone. Most Arabs also disapprove of the various peace treaties signed between a number of Arab states and Israel: this applies to respondents’ views of the Oslo Agreements (Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization), the Camp David Accords (Israel and Egypt) and the Wadi Araba Agreement (Israel and Jordan).



     An overwhelming majority (87%) of Arabs would disapprove of recognition of Israel by their home countries, with only 8% accepting formal diplomatic recognition. In fact, one half of those who accepted recognition of Israel by their governments made such recognition conditional on the formation of an independent Palestinian state. When asked to elaborate on the reasons for their positions, respondents who were opposed to diplomatic ties between their countries and Israel focused on a number of factors, such as Israeli racism towards the Palestinians and its colonialist, expansionist policies.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/697382 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • The bill to protect Elor Azaria - Haaretz Editorial

    Israel is set to consider a proposal banning any photographing of soldiers if carried out with the intention of ’undermining the morale of Israel’s soldiers and residents’

    Haaretz Editorial May 27, 2018


    With Elor Azaria’s release from prison this month, Israel seems to have drawn the wrong conclusions from a serious incident. Today the Ministerial Committee for Legislation is set to consider a dangerous proposal banning any photographing, recording or filming of soldiers in the course of their duties, if it is carried out with the intention of “undermining the morale of Israel’s soldiers and residents.” The bill also bans the publication of photos or videos in the media or on social networks with similar intentions. Anyone who breaks the law is subject to five years in prison.
    The message is clear: B’Tselem, not Azaria, is the real criminal and Israeli democracy must protect itself from the human rights organization’s future crimes. The bill’s aim was made clearer in its explanatory notes and that is to silence criticism of the army, and in particular to prevent human rights organizations from documenting the Israeli army’s actions in the territories.
    It might be noted that any footage of soldiers on such missions can be presented as an attempt “to undermine the morale of Israel’s soldiers and residents.” The bill in fact seeks to almost entirely prevent the photographing of soldiers, even if it is to verify that they are upholding the law of war and the army’s orders. The immediate result of such a prohibition is serious harm to the possibility of protecting human rights and overseeing the army’s activity.
    A democratic country cannot base criminal offenses on such a vague foundation, certainly not when it comes to an offense relating to freedom of expression. The bill does serious harm to freedom of the press and the public’s right to know. The public has a right to know what the reality is and especially what the “people’s army” is doing in its name and on its behalf. That is why censorship can only be exercised in cases of serious danger to state security and not in an effort to head off criticism of the army.
    The message such legislation would convey, if passed, is that Israel has a great deal to hide regarding the IDF’s activities. Such a message, beyond its profound damage to Israel’s status as a democracy, also has harsh legal repercussions. The main protection against indicting Israeli soldiers and commanders in international tribunals for violating the law of war is the assumption that Israel investigates complaints against its soldiers itself, and deals with them fairly. The more Israel acts to cover up its soldiers’ actions, the more the opposite assumption is substantiated — laying the ground for the indictment of Israeli soldiers and commanders in such criminal proceedings.
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    As “sunlight is the best disinfectant,” so too camouflage and concealment are the most effective contaminators. A country and army that have nothing to hide, that act to seek out and punish those who violate their code of combat, don’t need legislation in this spirit and must oppose it.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/697376 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • A New History of Arabia, Written in Stone | The New Yorker

    A few years ago, Ahmad Al-Jallad, a professor of Arabic and Semitic linguistics at Leiden University, in the Netherlands, opened his e-mail and was excited to see that he had received several photographs of rocks. The images—sent by Al-Jallad’s mentor, Michael Macdonald, a scholar at Oxford who studies ancient inscriptions—were of artifacts from a recent archeological survey in Jordan. Macdonald pointed Al-Jallad’s attention to one in particular: a small rock covered with runelike marks in a style of writing called boustrophedon, named for lines that wrap back and forth, “like an ox turning in a field.” It was Safaitic, an alphabet that flourished in northern Arabia two millennia ago, and Al-Jallad and Macdonald are among a very small number of people who can read it. Al-Jallad began to transcribe the text, and, within a few minutes, he could see that the rock was an essential piece of a historical puzzle that he had been working on for years.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/697299 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • How WikiLeaks cables paint UAE motive for Qatar blockade

    Cables show UAE ’warned’ US about Qatar long before crisis began, motives weren’t only driven by security concerns.
    Andrew Chappelle by Andrew Chappelle

    Al Jazeera

    As Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain and Egypt started their campaign to isolate Qatar on June 5, 2017, accusing it of aiding “terrorism” and being too close to Iran, the messaging used by the Arab quartet struck a familiar tone.

    The blockade against Qatar, now nearing the one-year mark, is often referred to as Saudi-led, but the language used by the “Arab quartet” has been consistent with private statements attributed to Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed (also known as MBZ), as revealed in diplomatic cables published by WikiLeaks in 2010 and 2011.

    A review of this trove - which included secret communications from the US embassy in Abu Dhabi between 2004 and 2010, recapping dozens of meetings with top UAE officials - suggests that the UAE has been a driving force behind the crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood (the Brotherhood), and shows the UAE issued a series of stark warnings to US officials about Qatar and Al Jazeera well before the blockade began.

    The cables include direct quotes from MBZ on topics he has not discussed in public, providing additional context to the changing political dynamics in the Gulf. The language attributed to him in the cables suggests the UAE’s motives for the blockade are not exclusively driven by security concerns involving Qatar, but also a desire to quash dissent at home.

    To date, MBZ has not delivered a single public statement about the current Gulf crisis, leaving his brother, Foreign Minister Abdullah bin Zayed (or ABZ) and other surrogates, to speak for the government.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/697242 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Avec le soutien des dictatures arabes, Trump veut liquider la cause palestinienne
    21 mai 2018 – Raï al-Yaoum – Traduction : Chronique de Palestine – Dominique Muselet

    (...) En déplaçant l’ambassade en toute hâte pour faire coïncider son transfert avec l’anniversaire de la Nakba, les États-Unis et Israël ont lancé un « ballon d’essai » pour mesurer les réactions arabes et internationales avant de dévoiler « l’accord ». Malheureusement, les réactions ont été insignifiantes dans la plupart des territoires palestiniens occupés à part la bande de Gaza où des manifestations de masse ont eu lieu pendant six semaines consécutives, au cours desquelles plus de 100 personnes ont été tuées et 3 000 personnes blessées par des tireurs d’élite israéliens. Il en a été de même pour la réaction de la plupart des capitales arabes et islamiques.

    Les « fuites » visant à promouvoir l’accord ont commencé vendredi par le biais de l’agence Associated Pressnews qui a révélé que, selon cinq responsables américains anonymes, le président Donald Trump prévoyait de dévoiler son plan – dressé principalement par son gendre Jared Kushner et l’envoyé « pour la paix » Jason Greenblatt sous la supervision directe du premier ministre israélien Binyamin Netanyahu – à la fin du mois de juin, après le Ramadan.

    La réaction arabe officielle au déplacement de l’ambassade et au massacre israélien à Gaza n’a pas été seulement insignifiante, en fait, elle a mis en lumière la complicité et la duplicité des principaux alliés arabes des États-Unis – en particulier l’Égypte, la Jordanie et la plupart des États du Golfe – quand il s’est avéré qu’ils étaient au courant des détails du projet d’accord américain. Ils se sont bien gardés de convoquer un sommet arabe d’urgence, et leur participation au sommet islamique convoqué par le président turc Recep Tayyip Erdogan (à l’exception de la Jordanie) a été minimale, la plupart des États du Golfe (à part le Koweït) étant représentés par leurs ministres des affaires étrangères. Le fait que les États arabes qui entretiennent des relations diplomatiques officielles avec Israël (Égypte et Jordanie) n’aient pas osé rappeler leurs ambassadeurs ou expulser des diplomates israéliens de leurs capitales en signe de protestation – bien que des mesures de ce type aient été prises par des pays non arabes comme la Turquie, la Bolivie, l’Afrique du Sud, l’Irlande et la Belgique – est significatif. Cela pourrait être le prélude de développements encore plus choquants dans les mois à venir. (...)

    https://seenthis.net/messages/697175 via Loutre

  • Comprendre les printemps arabes, par alain gresh @orient

    « Revolution without Revolutionaries » d’Asef Bayat · Que s’est-il vraiment passé ? Comment en est-on arrivé là ? Sept ans après leur déclenchement, que reste-t-il des révolutions arabes ? Autant de questions que pose le sociologue Asef Bayat et auxquelles il apporte des réponses originales dans un ouvrage parfois décousu, mais assurément l’un des plus stimulants qui aient été écrits sur le sujet. Chercheur reconnu, l’auteur a vécu deux moments révolutionnaires dans la région, à Téhéran avec la chute du chah en 1978-1979 et au Caire en 2011-2012, ce qui fait de lui un témoin privilégié, qualifié pour dresser un tableau comparatif de ces deux expériences.


    En 1979, en Iran, l’idée de « révolution » disposait d’un fort écho dans de larges segments de la population, modernes ou traditionalistes. Elle était implantée aussi bien chez les marxistes que dans l’islam politique, portée par la figure emblématique d’Ali Shariati, un penseur islamo-marxiste. La chute du chah a coïncidé avec l’effondrement de l’appareil étatique et le développement d’un mouvement social fait d’occupations de terres, de logements, d’usines. Les idéaux républicains, mélange d’affirmation de la souveraineté populaire et d’aspiration à la justice sociale embrasaient les esprits.

    Le monde vivait alors le temps des révolutions, notamment dans ce qu’on appelait alors le tiers-monde, du Yémen à la Palestine, de l’Amérique latine aux colonies portugaises. Une époque marquée par la victoire du peuple vietnamien sur les États-Unis et par l’effondrement des derniers débris des empires coloniaux. Toutes ces luttes nourrissaient l’imaginaire intellectuel des révolutionnaires iraniens, qu’ils soient marxistes ou religieux. L’hostilité aux puissances occidentales, en premier lieu les États-Unis, était générale et l’hégémonie des idées socialistes s’affirmait dans de nombreux domaines. Même des mouvements comme les Frères musulmans, bien moins radicaux que leurs homologues iraniens, prônaient « le socialisme islamique ». Transformations politiques et transformations économiques et sociales étaient profondément liées.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/696878 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Ce que révèle la « marche du retour » de Gaza
    Orient XXI > Asma Alghoul > 23 mai 2018

    Les massacres du 14 mai commis par l’armée israélienne ont marqué le point culminant et dramatique de la « marche du retour » à Gaza. Les mobilisations ont confirmé la prise de distance des Palestiniens à l’égard de leurs directions, et notamment à l’égard de Mahmoud Abbas. Selon la journaliste palestinienne, ils posent les bases d’une nouvelle étape de la lutte nationale.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/696847 via Loutre

  • Salah Hamouri menacé de trois mois de prison supplémentaires Salah Hamouri menacé de trois mois de prison supplémentaires
    Pierre Barbancey | Jeudi, 24 Mai, 2018 | L’Humanité

    En détention administrative depuis le mois d’août, l’avocat franco-palestinien devrait sortir le 30 juin. Mais les sbires de Netanyahou s’acharnent.

    La « justice » israélienne vient d’annoncer que l’avocat franco-palestinien Salah Hamouri restera en prison jusqu’au 30 juin et n’exclut pas de renouveler pour trois mois l’ordre de détention administrative sous prétexte que de nouveaux éléments secrets se sont ajoutés au dossier tout aussi secret. Israël montre ainsi qu’il entend agir sur tous les fronts pour faire taire toutes les voix remettant en cause l’occupation des territoires palestiniens et la colonisation.


    https://seenthis.net/messages/696845 via Loutre

  • Egypt Collective action anesthetized: The Doctors Syndicate from 2016-2018 | MadaMasr

    Even after the family of one of his patients assaulted him, fracturing his nose in four places, doctor Mohamed Awad is sympathetic to the structural problems that plague Egypt’s healthcare system under the government’s austerity conditions.

    “People come in frightened that their relative will die, but it’s not our fault that there is a shortage in medical supplies. I understand [this fear], but I cannot tolerate attacking doctors,” says Awad.

    The patient whose family attacked Awad came into the Sahel Teaching Hospital on May 18 with a brain hemorrhage and in need of a place in the intensive care unit. Without a bed to offer her, Awad was forced to deliver the news to her family that the unit was at capacity, and that he’d called the Health Ministry to find space for her elsewhere. Angered by the news, the family attacked Awad and three other staff members at the hospital.

    Awad’s story is part of a larger mosaic of repeated attacks on health practitioners. Coupled with stymied reform measures meant to improve professional and patient care conditions, this violence has tried the patience of many of his colleagues and driven a wedge in the politics of the Doctors Syndicate.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/696778 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Dutch TV comedian blasts Israel with spoof of Eurovision winner ‘Toy’ -

    Sanne Wallis de Vries’ pastiche of Netta Barzilai’s winning song criticizes Israeli army for killing of Gazans and has the chorus ‘Look how beautifully I launch missiles’

    Itay Stern May 21, 2018


    A satirical Dutch TV show has lampooned Israel’s Eurovision Song Contest-winning song “Toy,” with new lyrics that harshly attack Israel and its treatment of the Palestinians.
    Popular Dutch comedian Sanne Wallis de Vries, starring in the eponymous “Samme Wallis de Vries Show,” appeared looking like Israeli Eurovision winner Netta Barzilai in the spoof, sporting both a kimono and similar distinctive hairstyle.
    skip - Sanne Wallis de Vries’ version of Toy
    Sanne Wallis de Vries’ version of Toy - דלג

    The first verse of her song, freely translated from the original Dutch, says: “Look at me, I’m a very sweet country / The world’s leaders are eating out of my hand / With one kiss I put out every fire. We’re throwing a party, are you coming? Later, at the Al-Aqsa Mosque, which will be empty soon anyway.”
    >> Eurovision organizers tell fans to hold off on booking flights to Israel - sparking instant controversy
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    Just before the chorus, De Vries replaces the original transition that mentioned Wonder Woman with the words: “From Haifa to the Dead Sea, there are fireworks and kosher satay / Come dance with me to the music.”
    Instead of the chorus where Barzilai sings “I’m not your toy,” the Dutch comedian sings, “Look how beautifully I launch missiles.”
    The video accompanying De Vries shows footage of the Palestinian protests on the Gaza border last week, including scenes of smoke and Gazans being taken to hospital on stretchers.
    When De Vries sings about Israel’s 70th anniversary, she notes, “The Palestinians aren’t invited to her party.” As she sings, in the background viewers are shown the opening ceremony for the U.S. Embassy in Jerusalem, with special emphasis on President Donald Trump’s daughter, Ivanka.

    The spoof version triggered much discussion online, with some Dutch viewers tweeting that the song was “anti-Israel” and also “Jew-hating.”

    https://seenthis.net/messages/696451 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Le @CRIF et les arabes mangeurs d’enfants |
    Le Club de Mediapart

    Il y a six jours, le CRIF a publié sur Twitter une souriante photographie de l’ancienne Première ministre israélienne Golda Meir. Elle y dit : « Nous pouvons pardonner aux arabes de tuer nos enfants, mais nous ne pouvons pas leur pardonner de nous forcer à tuer leurs enfants. La paix s’installera le jour où les arabes aimeront leurs enfants plus qu’ils nous haïssent. » La photographie de Golda Meir sourit et le chargé de communication du CRIF commente : « #Actu – Golda Meir disait cela il y a près de 50 ans, et c’est toujours d’actualité ».

     #Actu : la veille, les snipers israéliens avaient abattu par balles plus de cinquante Palestiniens, dont huit enfants, et blessé près de deux mille sept cents, alors qu’ils manifestaient pacifiquement pour commémorer leur catastrophe, leur exil, leur absence de droits fondamentaux, de droits civils, de droit à vivre. Pacifiquement, parce que les frondes ne menacent pas la vie des soldats israéliens – encore moins celle des civils israéliens – parce que les soldats sont à plusieurs centaines de mètres, derrière une clôture, derrière des miradors, derrière la « frontière », de l’autre côté de l’enclos. Parce qu’il n’y a que dans la Bible qu’on vainc l’injustice avec des pierres, et dans cette région, on sait que la Bible ne dit pas toujours la vérité.

    Les arabes tuent les enfants des autres. Pire encore, ils forcent leurs ennemis à se rendre coupables du meurtre de leurs propres enfants. Ils les forcent à se souiller du sang des innocents. Ils les forcent, oui, ils ne voulaient, ils y ont été forcés, ils auraient préféré l’éviter, éviter de tirer une balle dans la tête de Wesal Khalil, de viser la tête d’une enfant de quatorze ans, mais elle avait une fronde, et elle était palestinienne, alors ils y ont été forcés, d’ailleurs elle voulait mourir. Ce n’est plus seulement le Hamas qui utilise des enfants comme boucliers humains, ce sont les Palestiniens qui apprennent à leurs enfants à monter au front. Mieux, ce sont les arabes qui font des enfants dans le seul but de les envoyer se faire tuer pour que France 2 puisse filmer des balles dans la tête et que ça fasse des images terribles et que ces images nuisent à la réputation de l’armée israélienne.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/695874 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • A Gaza, la misère sociale terreau de la révolte
    Par Guillaume Gendron — 20 mai 2018 à 21:36

    (...) Dans son bureau enfumé, le docteur Fadel Ashour ne s’en étonne pas : « Gaza connaît ces dernières années une épidémie de suicides, plus ou moins cachés par les familles et les autorités », assure le psychiatre. Il y voit une accumulation de causes « qui n’ont rien de psychiatriques ». Une décennie de blocus évidemment, l’asphyxie économique mais aussi, ironie tragique, l’ouverture sur le monde des jeunes Gazaouis, dont les moins de 25 ans constituent 75 % de la population. « On a une des populations les plus éduquées du Moyen-Orient, des gosses totalement ouverts sur le monde grâce à Internet, la télé satellitaire, énumère-t-il. Ils savent très bien ce qu’ils manquent, coincés chez leurs parents, sans avenir, sans femme, sans savoir qui combattre. Israël ? Le Hamas ? L’Autorité palestinienne ? Tous sont trop puissants. » Le docteur écrase son mégot : « Ce qu’on a vu ces dernières semaines, c’est une manipulation sociale pour contenir l’explosion imminente. »

    Personne ne sait si la Marche du retour va continuer. Le Hamas a envoyé des signes contradictoires. Le comité d’organisation originel, dépossédé du mouvement, appelle à sa continuité. Un jeune raconte que, vendredi, il s’est rendu à frontière et n’y a trouvé quasi personne. « Pas de transport, plus de tentes, pas d’ambulances… Rien. Comme si le Hamas n’en avait plus rien à foutre, même s’ils disent qu’ils vont continuer. En vérité, ils se sont servis de nous pour parler aux Egyptiens. » (...)

    https://seenthis.net/messages/695864 via Loutre