• 10 Palestinians injured as Gaza’s naval march continues
    Nov. 6, 2018 11:34 A.M. (Updated: Nov. 6, 2018 12:27 P.M.)
    http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?ID=781702
    http://www.maannews.com/Photos/490448C.jpg

    GAZA CITY (Ma’an) — Israeli forces opened fire at Palestinian crowds gathered at the northern borders of the besieged Gaza Strip to take part in the 15th naval march setting off from the Gaza seaport in an attempt to break the nearly 12-year Israeli siege, on Monday.

    Local sources reported that Israeli forces injured 10 Palestinians, including four injuries with Israeli live ammunition, while several others suffered from tear-gas inhalation.

    Those injured were transferred to the Indonesian and al-Shifa hospitals to receive the necessary medical treatment; their conditions were reported as moderate.

    Sources added that a number of boats set off from Gaza’s seaport towards the Israeli Zikim beach, Israeli forces fired live ammunition and tear-gas bombs to suppress protesters participating in the naval march.

    The National Committee for Breaking the Siege, which organized the naval march, said “We will not stop the return marches and the naval marches until our goals are achieved,” referring to breaking the Israeli siege and allowing Palestinians the right of return as refugees to their original homelands, now in present-day Israel.

    #marchecôtière

    https://seenthis.net/messages/733803 via Loutre


  • From New York to Michigan, is a wave of ’anti-Israel’ Democrats about to reshape U.S. politics - U.S. News - Haaretz.com

    https://www.haaretz.com/us-news/.premium-from-new-york-to-michigan-is-a-wave-of-anti-israel-democrats-about

    In a three-part video series, Haaretz’s Allison Kaplan Sommer explains how Israel, anti-Semitism and the Jewish vote are affecting the Midterms – and what the results could mean for all three.
    Allison looks at the various key races and the likelihood of Democrats taking the House of Representatives, while Republicans will keep the U.S. Senate – unless of course a synagogue president in Nevada can take down the Republican incumbent as part of a blue wave across states like Arizona and Florida.
    Part 1: Allison discusses some of the key races involving Jewish candidates and voters. It used to be that the American Jewish community could really unite around and rally together in order to keep their communities strong and safe. The mantra, the key word, for successfully supporting Israel and fighting anti-Semitism in America used to be bipartisan – but anyone paying attention now knows times have changed.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/733776 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • « J’étais en colère contre les médias qui racontaient la guerre »
    Jean-Michel Frodon — 5 novembre 2018 à 16h08 — mis à jour le 5 novembre 2018 à 16h08
    Réalisateur du documentaire « Samouni Road », tourné à Gaza, Stefano Savona explique pourquoi il a fait appel à des images d’animation.
    http://www.slate.fr/story/169368/samouni-road-entretien-stefano-savona-realisateur-documentaire-gaza
    http://www.slate.fr/sites/default/files/styles/1200x680/public/capture_decran_2018-11-02_a_10.24.28.png

    (...) Vous prenez conscience de cette distorsion dès le montage de Piombo fuso ?

    Oui, plus on travaillait avec Penelope [Penelope Bortoluzzi, monteuse et productrice des films de Savona, également cinéaste], plus on se rendait compte des limites de la position dans laquelle je me trouvais. Nous ne voulions pas faire un film de dénonciation de plus, nous savons qu’ils ne servent à rien. Après avoir fait traduire l’ensemble de ce que racontaient les gens que j’avais filmés, on découvrait la qualité des témoignages, allant bien au-delà de la plainte ou de la dénonciation. Je reconnaissais la manière de s’exprimer des paysans siciliens auxquels je consacre depuis vingt ans une enquête documentaire, Il Pane di San Giuseppe. Ces paysans palestiniens traduisaient un rapport au monde au fond très semblable, à la fois ancré dans la réalité et très imagé.

    Comment un nouveau projet a-t-il émergé de ces constats ?

    Un an après, en 2010, j’ai reçu un message m’annonçant que le mariage qui semblait rendu impossible par la tragédie de janvier 2009, et en particulier la mort du père de la fiancée, allait avoir lieu. C’est elle qui m’a contacté : « On va se marier, viens ! ». Je suis donc reparti, même s’il était encore plus difficile d’entrer à Gaza. Il a fallu emprunter des tunnels, mais au prix de pas mal de tribulations je suis arrivé à Zeitoun le jour même du mariage, que j’ai filmé. Et je suis resté plusieurs semaines. (...)

    #Gaza

    https://seenthis.net/messages/733773 via Loutre


  • L’Arabie Saoudite bloque le contrat des corvettes Meko A200 en Egypte
    https://fr.finance.yahoo.com/actualites/larabie-saoudite-bloque-contrat-corvettes-204032404.html
    https://s.yimg.com/uu/api/res/1.2/nMrzLvlYSk9C1NkopthQiA--~B/aD0zMDY7dz02MTI7c209MTthcHBpZD15dGFjaHlvbg--/http://globalfinance.zenfs.com/fr_FR/Finance/FR_AFTP_LATRIBUNE_LIVE_1/meko-a200-egypte-tkms.jpg

    Selon des sources allemandes concordantes, le contrat de quatre Meko A200 évalué à 2 milliards d’euros, qui a été signé à la mi-septembre entre le ministère de la défense égyptien et ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems (TKMS), aurait été gelé rapidement après la signature. Initialement l’accord portait sur deux Meko fabriquées en Allemagne, le contrat porte sur quatre Meko, dont une fabriquée en Egypte.

    Pourquoi ce gel alors que la mise en vigueur de ce contrat semblait une formalité pour TKMS ? Tout simplement parce que l’Arabie Saoudite, qui finance une grande majorité des acquisitions d’armement de l’Egypte, aurait mis son veto catégorique au projet naval allemand. Résultat, sans financement saoudien, Le Caire, victime collatérale de la nouvelle dégradation des relations entre Ryad et Berlin, ne peut plus conclure l’acquisition des quatre corvettes Meko A200.

    Dieu merci ! Macron n’a rien dit qui puisse mettre en péril les exportations d’armes françaises vers l’#arabie_saoudite

    https://seenthis.net/messages/733762 via gonzo


  • Freedom of speech has always existed within boundaries of civility and that should never change -

    H A Hellyer The National
    https://www.thenational.ae/opinion/comment/freedom-of-speech-has-always-existed-within-boundaries-of-civility-and-t

    Last week, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that the civil liberties of an Austrian woman found guilty of “disparaging religious doctrines” after she insulted the Prophet Mohammed had not been violated. Predictably, scores of commentators have argued that this was a failing of the ECHR and yet another in a long line of attacks upon freedom of expression. But is that really the case?

    There are several points to be raised here. Firstly, the ECHR did nothing more than uphold the existing Austrian verdict, reached in 2011, which ordered her to pay a Dh2,000 fine. Declaring that the judgment did not contravene the ECHR’s own definition of freedom of speech merely underscores the fact that the Austrian courts were operating within the boundaries of national law.

    Had the Austrian court ruled in favour of the plaintiff, the ECHR would equally not have gone against it. In fact, the ECHR has on several occasions ruled that religious freedom can be curtailed if its member nations decide as much. A number of high-profile cases, in which Muslim women went to court to protest being discriminated against by not being allowed to wear the hijab either at school or work, have failed. The ECHR is many things, but a perennial bastion of legal protection for Muslim sensibilities it is not.

    The Austrian legal system is not terribly favourable to Islam anyway, particularly when one takes into account the tone of contemporary politics in the country. The far-right chancellor Sebastian Kurz was elected on a platform of opposition to what he calls “political Islam” and, in December, he formed a coalition government with the country’s anti-Muslim Freedom Party.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/733558 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • UAE. The Other Murderous Gulf - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

    https://carnegieendowment.org/2018/10/30/other-murderous-gulf-pub-77606

    Since the murder of Jamal Khashoggi by a Saudi hit squad in early October, Mohammed bin Zayed, the crown prince of Abu Dhabi and patron of Saudi Arabia’s own crown prince Mohammed bin Salman (MbS), has resembled the cat that swallowed the canary. The disastrous regional adventurism and ruthless despotism of his protégé has averted Washington’s gaze from the UAE’s own responsibility for the carnage that is roiling the region. But the UAE should not be given a get out jail free card. If the White House refuses to hold the Emirates accountable for undermining U.S. interests, Congress should use its constitutional power to step into the leadership void.

    Richard Sokolsky

    Richard Sokolsky is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program. His work focuses on U.S. policy toward Russia in the wake of the Ukraine crisis.
    Throughout Yemen’s three-and-a-half-year civil war, the Emiratis have been as brutal and reckless as the Saudis. While Saudi aircraft slaughter innocent civilians at wedding halls, funerals, homes, markets, schools, and ports, UAE boots on the ground have also contributed to the humanitarian disaster. The UAE-led military offensive in and around the port city of Hodeidah has been a catastrophe: over 400,000 Yemenis have been displaced since June and the fighting has considerably worsened the country’s already alarming food crisis and famine. Human rights organizations have reported on secret UAE-administered detention facilities where torture, beatings, electric shocks, and killings have occurred. The UAE royal family has paid retired U.S. Special Forces soldiers to track down and assassinate Yemeni political figures that it believes are in league with the wider Muslim Brotherhood movement. In Aden, the UAE has organized, supplied, and paid militias to foment fractious proxy violence. Yemenis who once saw the Emirati intervention as an heroic act to defend their nation’s sovereignty from a ruthless Iran-supported militia are now depicting it as an occupation, if not colonization.

    The UAE is part of the coalition of “Saudi-led” Arab countries (along with Bahrain and Egypt) that imposed a blockade against Qatar in May 2017. These nations were attempting to, among other things, end Qatar’s “terrorism,” cut its ties to Iran, get it to stop meddling in the internal affairs of other countries, and force it to pursue a less independent foreign policy. The UAE has taken an even more hardline stance against the Qataris than the Saudis, in part because it is more fanatical than Riyadh about eradicating any trace of Muslim Brotherhood influence in Qatar and the region more broadly. The boycott, which has divided America’s partners in the Gulf Cooperation Council, has been a disaster for both the UAE and Saudi Arabia, affording both Iran and Turkey opportunities to expand their influence in Doha. Nor has it worked out well for Washington, which hoped to forge a united Gulf front to contain Iranian influence. But for the UAE, the Saudis have been a useful surrogate for outsized regional ambitions; the Emiratis’ relationship with the Kingdom has allowed them to punch well above their weight. That’s not a good thing.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/733344 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Israël cherche à expulser l’auteure Susan Abulhawa
    Nicolas Gary - 02.11.2018
    https://www.actualitte.com/article/monde-edition/israel-cherche-a-expulser-l-auteure-susan-abulhawa/91690
    https://www.actualitte.com/images/facebook/7694956302-c9633e327f-z-5bdc832ebf2b1.jpg

    Susan Abulhawa a 48 ans : elle devrait intervenir au festival de littérature palestinienne qui se tient du 3 au 7 novembre, invitée par le British Council, sponsor de la manifestation. Mais outre son activité d’auteure, elle est également partisane de la campagne BDS, Boycott, Désinvestissement et Sanctions.
    (...)

    Les autorités israéliennes avaient surtout en mémoire qu’elle avait été expulsée d’Israël et qu’elle aurait, pour y revenir, dû demander l’octroi d’un visa. Un point légal que l’écrivaine ignorait totalement, assure son amie. C’est pourtant en mars 2017 que le Parlement a adopté une législation très controversée interdisant littéralement aux membres de BDS de séjourner sur le sol israélien.
    Elle devait comparaître devant le juge ce 2 novembre – avec une certaine clémence, toutefois, ayant appris que le festival dépendait en grande partie de sa présence.

    Expulsion actée, en attente de l’appel

    Pour autant, le juge a décidé de son expulsion, sans autre forme de procès. Susans Abulhawa a fait appel de la décision, mais personne ne sait quand ce dernier sera entendu. Un avocat du British Council ainsi que l’ambassade des États-Unis se sont rapprochés des organisateurs de la manifestation, mais n’ont pas pu prendre attache avec elle.

    Le problème vient également de ce que l’auteure est un best-seller parmi les plus importantes chez les écrivains arabes. Son livre Mornings in Jenin est devenu un succès mondial, traduit en 28 langues.

    #frontières #expulsion

    https://seenthis.net/messages/733214 via Loutre


  • The Shin Bet’s disgrace veiled in secrecy - Haaretz Editorial

    An invasive search of a woman by the organization shows that the security services must tell their people there are orders they should refuse to obey

    Haaretz Editorial
    Nov 03, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/editorial/.premium-the-shin-bet-s-disgrace-veiled-in-secrecy-1.6616497

    The Shin Bet security service’s activities in the West Bank are generally carried out under a veil of secrecy. Only on rare occasions are they revealed to the public, and it’s very rare for the public to find out about crimes apparently committed by one of the secret services in the name of national security.
    The first criminal investigation ordered by the ombudsman for complaints by people interrogated by the Shin Bet – after more than 1,000 complaints had been closed – attests once again to the need for closer supervision of what Shin Bet agents and members of the other security services do to Palestinians living under the occupation.
    The details of the incident, as reported by Haaretz’s Josh Breiner and Yotam Berger on Friday, are shocking. While arresting a Palestinian woman in 2015, a Shin Bet agent ordered soldiers to conduct a vaginal and anal search of the woman, apparently without any justification. Two female soldiers were assigned to conduct this invasive search that no member of the task force appears to have been authorized to make. The search produced nothing but humiliation and offense for the woman arrested.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/733346 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Un documentaire interdit sur le lobby pro-israélien aux États-Unis

    https://orientxxi.info/magazine/un-documentaire-interdit-sur-le-lobby-pro-israelien-aux-etats-unis,2715

    Le Monde diplomatique a publié au mois de septembre un article à propos d’une enquête réalisée par la chaîne Al-Jazira, propriété du Qatar, sur l’action du lobby pro-israélien aux États-Unis. Orient XXI en a publié les versions arabe et anglaise. Ce documentaire, réalisé notamment grâce à un journaliste infiltré, devait être diffusé au début de l’année 2018. Il ne l’a finalement pas été, suite à un accord entre le gouvernement du Qatar et une partie du lobby pro-israélien qui a, en échange, accepté d’adopter une attitude neutre dans le conflit entre l’Arabie saoudite et le petit émirat. Ayant eu accès au documentaire, Le Monde diplomatique et Orient XXI en avaient divulgué les éléments essentiels.

    Orient XXI a décidé, avec Electronic Intifada aux États-Unis et Al-Akhbar au Liban, de rendre public ce documentaire. Il y va du droit à l’information. Car cette enquête, après celle réalisée par la même chaîne sur le lobby au Royaume-Uni, pose des questions de fond : dans une démocratie, a-t-on le droit d’espionner les citoyens sur la base de leurs convictions ? Est-il normal que le gouvernement israélien participe et orchestre ces campagnes sur le sol de pays dits « alliés » ?

    Ce vendredi 2 novembre, les deux premiers épisodes du documentaire (sur les quatre) sont accessibles avec des sous-titres français. Les prochains épisodes suivront dans les semaines à venir.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/732936 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Egypt
    Critics blast amendments to Journalists Syndicate law drafted behind closed doors | MadaMasr
    https://madamasr.com/en/2018/11/01/feature/politics/critics-blast-draft-amendments-to-journalists-syndicate-law

    Proposed amendments to the law governing Egypt’s Journalists Syndicate have come under fire for bypassing normal procedural channels and being rushed through without input from syndicate members. Critics claim the amendments are being imposed by state authorities in an effort to control the drafting process and weaken the syndicate.

    The drafts — the contents or details of which have yet to be published — come in the wake of Parliament’s approval of three controversial press regulatory laws over the summer that grant government authorities far-reaching powers to further clamp down on the media and restrict press freedoms.

    Currently, two separate draft amendments to the Journalists Syndicate law (Law 76/1970) are being prepared and both are reportedly close to being finalized, but neither one has included the involvement of the syndicate’s rank and file in the drafting process.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/732740 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • What is analysis ? – Synaps source code
    Peter Harling

    https://peterharling.blog/2018/10/29/what-is-analysis

    ANALYSIS IS AN ODDLY VAGUE CONCEPT, given how central it is to our lives. There are many ordinary things we could not do without it. It would be dangerous to drive or cross the street without analysing the tangle of moving objects, road signs and weather conditions that inform our movements. The concept pervades virtually every field: Chemistry, mathematics, syntax, finance, journalism, and psychology all hinge on analysis. Such diversity makes it difficult to pin down: Can a blood test and a thesis in political science have anything in common? It will take a few analytic steps to prove it.
    Dictionaries tend to define analysis as one of two things. On one hand, the word refers to a process of examining an object to achieve a better understanding of it. On the other, it denotes the outcomes of such a process—the judgment or opinion we eventually form about that object. Such definitions hardly help, because they don’t tell us how to reach such conclusions. At the other extreme, social science manuals, for instance, usually confuse us with excessive methodological detail. The truth is that good sociological analysis is at least as much about instinct and experience as it is about rigorous methodology. Ultimately, most researchers just learn to analyse on the job.
    It is useful, however, to see that analysis proceeds in five stages. First, one must break the subject into its constituent parts. Any topic can be divided into subtopics, sub-subtopics and so on. A diplomatic crisis, for example, will involve at least two countries, whose officials have different views, which in turn are informed by a range of domestic, foreign and even personal factors. A speech can be broken into several themes, which in turn are held up by certain facts, views, or lies. The unemployment rate, for its part, may be split up by year, socioeconomic class and geography. The breakdown serves the essential function of producing distinct, descriptive categories containing data points: a network of players, a string of arguments, or a set of statistics.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/732280 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Un si mystérieux ministère israélien des affaires stratégiques
    Eyal Hareuveni > 29 octobre 2018 > Traduit de l’anglais par Pierre Prier.
    https://orientxxi.info/magazine/un-si-mysterieux-ministere-israelien-des-affaires-strategiques,2707
    https://orientxxi.info/local/cache-vignettes/L800xH398/3aeb26f090834c547a7634a1300aca-3e5d0.jpg?1540750221

    Inquiet de la montée du mouvement Boycott désinvestissement sanctions (BDS) de solidarité avec les Palestiniens, le gouvernement israélien tente d’organiser la riposte, n’hésitant pas à espionner des citoyens dans des pays étrangers, comme aux États-Unis. Il a créé un discret ministère des affaires stratégiques à cette fin, dont le bilan est pour le moins mitigé.

    C’est le plus discret des ministères israéliens. On ne peut trouver aucune information sur le ministère des affaires stratégiques sur le portail en ligne du gouvernement israélien ni dans le budget annuel du ministère des finances pour cette année ou pour l’année 2019. Le ministère n’a pas de site web dédié, contrairement à toutes les autres agences gouvernementales israéliennes — dont le Mossad, le Shin Bet (les services de sécurité extérieure et intérieure) et l’Agence atomique d’Israël. Ni les numéros de téléphone ni l’adresse du ministère ne figurent dans l’annuaire téléphonique d’Israël
     : il prétend que la loi israélienne sur la liberté d’informer ne s’applique ni à son action ni ses dépenses. Et sa directrice, Sima Vaknin-Gil, ancienne cheffe de la censure militaire refuse de fournir la moindre information significative sur son institution à la Commission de la transparence du Parlement. (...)

    https://seenthis.net/messages/732139 via Loutre


  • En Égypte, la « génération Tahrir » à l’heure de la contre-révolution
    https://www.bastamag.net/En-Egypte-la-generation-Tahrir-a-l-heure-de-la-contre-revolution

    A quoi ressemble aujourd’hui, dans l’Égypte dirigée d’une main de fer par la dictature du maréchal al-Sissi, la vie des jeunes révolutionnaires qui ont occupé la place Tahrir et manifesté dans les rues du Caire en 2011 ? Rester vivants, un film documentaire réalisé par la photographe Pauline Beugnies, dresse le portrait, à la fois intime et politique, d’une génération confrontée à la violence contre-révolutionnaire. Forgés dans l’effervescence de la chute d’Hosni Moubarak et des combats pour la démocratie, (...)

    #Chroniques

    / A la une, Démocratie !, Indignés de tous les pays..., #Proche_et_Moyen_Orient, #Vidéos, Droits (...)

    #Démocratie_ ! #Indignés_de_tous_les_pays... #Droits_fondamentaux

    https://seenthis.net/messages/732086 via Basta !


  • US support for Israel eroding, but not among Trump voters, poll finds |

    The Electronic Intifada
    https://electronicintifada.net/blogs/ali-abunimah/us-support-israel-eroding-not-among-trump-voters-poll-finds

    Back in January, I wrote that President Donald Trump’s tight embrace of Israel may accelerate Israel’s loss of support among key segments of the American public.

    Now, a new YouGov survey for The Economist confirms that support for Israel aligns more than ever with Trump’s base – a hotbed of right-wing, white nationalist and Christian Zionist views – while eroding among other Americans.

    Today, just 37 percent of those surveyed are prepared to describe Israel as an “ally” of the United States – a remarkably low number given the record-setting military aid Israel receives and the constant professions of “unbreakable bonds” between the two countries from American politicians across the political spectrum.

    Overall, another 25 percent say Israel is “friendly,” while nine percent view it as “unfriendly,” 23 percent are unsure and six percent say Israel is an outright “enemy.”

    https://seenthis.net/messages/731914 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Preventing Palestine: A Must Read History of Failed Peace-Making – LobeLog
    https://lobelog.com/preventing-palestine-a-must-read-history-of-failed-peace-making
    https://lobelog.com/wp-content/uploads/Sadat_and_Begin_and_their_delegations_at_Camp_David_September_17_1978_10729663704.jpg

    The result, as Anziska notes was that at Camp David Sadat got the Sinai and Begin got the West Bank. And with Israel’s southern border secured, Begin was free to attempt to “wipe out” the PLO in Lebanon.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/731824 via Kassem


  • Who’s buying Israeli gas? A company owned by the General Intelligence Service (Egypt) | MadaMasr

    https://madamasr.com/en/2018/10/23/feature/politics/whos-buying-israeli-gas-a-company-owned-by-the-general-intelligence-servic

    When news broke in February that an Egyptian firm named Dolphinus Holdings had signed a US$15 billion deal to purchase Israeli natural gas for supply to Egypt, the Egyptian government refused to comment, portraying it as a private market transaction.

    “The Ministry of Petroleum has no comment on private-sector negotiations or agreements regarding the import or sale of natural gas to Israel,” the ministry spokesperson said in a brief statement at the time.

    That same day, Reuters quoted an anonymous Egyptian government official who said that the deal did not mean the government itself would import gas from Israel. “International private companies will import gas from abroad in the framework of their own needs,” the official said.

    Similar claims were made in September after a preliminary agreement was struck for the acquisition of a stake in a pipeline between Ashkelon and Arish that would allow the transport of natural gas from Israel to Egypt.

    Again, the Petroleum Ministry spokesperson issued a swift response: “The ministry welcomes this new step taken by the private companies involved in the imminent commercial venture.” This time, the Egyptian company involved was called East Gas.

    Last week, CEO and managing director of East Gas Mohamed Shoeib boasted in several interviews that in exchange for the deal, his company had managed to get a handful of arbitration fines and cases against Egypt dropped after 18 months of negotiations. Shoeib attributed the success of the deal to a decision “from the beginning to think outside the government framework.”

    https://seenthis.net/messages/731155 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • US Military Policy in the Middle East : An Appraisal | Chatham House

    https://www.chathamhouse.org/publication/us-military-policy-middle-east-appraisal#

    Despite significant financial expenditure and thousands of lives lost, the American military presence in the Middle East retains bipartisan US support and incurs remarkably little oversight or public debate. Key US activities in the region consist of weapons sales to allied governments, military-to-military training programmes, counterterrorism operations and long-term troop deployments.
    The US military presence in the Middle East is the culmination of a common bargain with Middle Eastern governments: security cooperation and military assistance in exchange for US access to military bases in the region. As a result, the US has substantial influence in the Middle East and can project military power quickly. However, working with partners whose interests sometimes conflict with one another has occasionally harmed long-term US objectives.
    Since 1980, when President Carter remarked that outside intervention in the interests of the US in the Middle East would be ‘repelled by any means necessary’, the US has maintained a permanent and significant military presence in the region.
    Two main schools of thought – ‘offshore balancing’ and ‘forward engagement’ – characterize the debate over the US presence in the Middle East. The former position seeks to avoid backlash against the US by maintaining a strategic distance from the region and advocates the deployment of forces in the ‘global commons’, where the US military enjoys unparalleled supremacy. The latter group believes in the necessity of a robust military footprint to provide access to oil and gas markets and to prevent the emergence of a regional hegemon, such as Iran.
    American public opinion is roughly evenly split on whether the US should maintain a military presence in the Middle East. However, the status quo enjoys wide support in elite US circles.
    Despite President Trump’s criticism of major elements of the US military’s presence in the Middle East, US troop levels have increased since he took office. This demonstrates the difficulty in altering the status quo due to the risk of rupturing relations with friendly governments in the region.
    Key US objectives include reducing instability in the region, containing Iran’s influence, preventing the emergence of safe havens for terrorist organizations, assuring the free flow of oil and natural gas, and building up the capacities of local militaries to defend their own territory. The goal of allowing the flow of oil has been largely successful, while the others have had decidedly mixed outcomes.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/730655 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Revealed: Israel’s cyber-spy industry helps world dictators hunt dissidents and gays

    Haaretz investigation spanning 100 sources in 15 countries reveals Israel has become a leading exporter of tools for spying on civilians. Dictators around the world – even in countries with no formal ties to Israel – use them eavesdrop on human rights activists, monitor emails, hack into apps and record conversations
    By Hagar Shezaf and Jonathan Jacobson Oct 20, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium.MAGAZINE-israel-s-cyber-spy-industry-aids-dictators-hunt-dissident

    During the summer of 2016, Santiago Aguirre divided his time between part-time university lecturing and working for an organization that helps locate missing people. Mexico was then in the news internationally because of presidential candidate Donald Trump’s promise to build a wall on the American border with its southern neighbor. However, for Aguirre, a Mexican human rights activist, the problems of the present were far more pressing than any future wall. At the time, he was in the midst of a lengthy investigation to solve the mystery of the disappearance and presumed murder of 43 students in the city of Iguala two years before. It was becoming increasingly clear that his findings were incompatible with the results of the investigation conducted by the government.
    Aguirre wasn’t concerned when he received a series of text messages containing broken links. “Please help me with my brother, the police took him only because he is a teacher,” one message read. And another: “Professor, I encountered a problem. I am sending back my thesis, which is based on your dissertation, so that you can give me your comments.” The messages looked no different from many of the legitimate messages he received every day as part of his work. And therein lay the secret of their power. When Aguirre clicked on the links, however, he was inadvertently turning his smartphone into a surveillance device in the hands of the government.
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    “Those text messages had information that was personal,” Aguirre notes, “the kind of information that could make the message interesting for me so I would click. It wasn’t until later that I actually thought – well, it is actually pretty weird that I received three messages with broken links.”

    Mexican human rights activist Santiago Aguirre, left, and colleague Mario Patron. Centro Prodh
    The discovery had a brutally chilling effect on the work of his organization. For the first time, he says, speaking with Haaretz by phone, he really and truly feared that every step he took was being watched, and that perhaps his family too was under surveillance.
    “Over the past 10 years, we have a figure of around 30,000 people who disappeared” in Mexico, Aguirre explains. “Many places in Mexico are controlled by organized crime. It has under its influence and power the authorities of some regions of the country, so they use the police to detain and then disappear people that they think are the enemy. I can tell you of many examples in which the Mexican military, for example, has presented the work human rights defenders as [benefiting] the drug cartels and organized crime. So there’s a pattern of thinking about the human rights sector in Mexico as a sector that needs to be surveilled.”

    The public revelation of the fact that Aguirre was under surveillance was made possible by cooperation between Mexican organizations and the Canadian research institute Citizen Lab. It turned out that Aguirre was one of a group of 22 journalists, lawyers, politicians, researchers and activists who were being tracked by local authorities. An examination of Aguirre’s telephone revealed that the links in the text messages were related to Pegasus spyware, which the authorities were using.
    But how did Pegasus get to Mexico? The trail of the malware led to Herzliya Pituah, the prosperous Tel Aviv suburb that is one of the major hubs of Israel’s high-tech industry. It’s there, in a narrow stretch of land between Israel’s coastal highway and the Mediterranean Sea, that NSO Group, the company that developed this Trojan-horse program, has its headquarters. Pegasus, which Forbes magazine called “the world’s most invasive mobile spy kit” in 2016, allows almost unlimited monitoring, even commandeering, of cellphones: to discover the phone’s location, eavesdrop on it, record nearby conversations, photograph those in the vicinity of the phone, read and write text messages and emails, download apps and penetrate apps already in the phone, and access photographs, clips, calendar reminders and the contacts list. And all in total secrecy.
    Pegasus’ invasive capability was rapidly transformed into dazzling economic success. In 2014, less than five years after entering the world from a space in a chicken coop in Bnei Zion, a moshav in the country’s center, 70 percent of the company’s holdings were purchased for $130 million. The buyer was Francisco Partners, one of the world’s largest private equity firms, which specializes in high-tech investments. That deal followed Francisco Partners’ earlier purchases of Israeli firms Ex Libris and Dmatek, According to Reuters, a year after the NSO takeover, Francisco Partners enjoyed a profit of $75 million.
    But the big money of NSO is only a small part of the big picture. Within a few years, the Israeli espionage industry has become the spearhead of the global commerce in surveillance tools and communications interception. Today, every self-respecting governmental agency that has no respect for the privacy of its citizens, is equipped with spy capabilities created in Herzliya Pituah.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/730676 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Pourquoi Israël (et le lobby pro-Israël aux Etats-Unis) défend MBS

    Why we should go easy on the Saudi crown prince

    For 50 years we’ve prayed for a key Arab leader who agrees to sign a significant pact with Israel. Such a leader has finally arrived

    Tzvia Greenfield
    Oct 22, 2018 1:48 AM

    https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-why-we-should-go-easy-on-the-saudi-crown-prince-1.6576593

    Turkey, a human rights champion under Erdogan, is accusing Saudi Arabia, another human rights champion, of the abhorrent murder of a Saudi journalist who entered the lion’s den in Istanbul and, as befits horror stories typical of places like Syria China, Iran, Russia and North Korea, disappeared from sight. Now we have recordings and videotapes, allegedly from the Saudi consulate, suggesting that his body was chopped into pieces.
    The underlying reason for this gruesome act, that evokes something conjured up by the Coen brothers, is not completely clear. One shouldn’t treat any death lightly, particularly not a murder committed by an evil government. However, because of the political ramifications involved, it’s worth contemplating this episode a bit more.
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    It’s possible that just like Putin, the Saudi royal house cannot tolerate any criticism, which is why it decided to eliminate the rogue journalist in an acid bath (a no less likely possibility that has not yet been suggested by the authorities in Ankara). It’s possible that Recep Tayyip Erdogan is gnashing his teeth over Saudi Arabia’s bolstered global status, particularly vis-à-vis U.S. President Donald Trump, and over the central role played by Mohammed bin Salman in a regional coalition meant to block Iranian influence in the Middle East — which is why Erdogan is bent on deflating the Crown Prince’s image.
    Erdogan may want to humiliate the Saudis, but his main goal is foiling the plan apparently devised by Trump and Mohammed to forge a regional alliance under the aegis of the United States, an alliance that includes Israel, the Gulf States, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Egypt (and possibly Iraq). These countries will jointly try to block Iran, which endangers all of them. Turkey, which is struggling to find an as-yet-undetermined place within the Arab Muslim world, does not strive merely to lead the Sunni world. It also wants to depict Israel as a foreign colonialist implant in the Middle East. Any legitimization afforded Israel thanks to an alliance with Arab states has negative implications for Erdogan.
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    >> Why are some pro-Israel voices speaking out against Jamal Khashoggi? | Explained ■ Saudi Arabia, reeling from Khashoggi scandal, battles a new front: Arab media | Analysis
    But fate obviously has a sense of humor. It has embroiled the Turkish rivalry with Saudi Arabia in the U.S. midterm elections. Since Mohammed is currently Trump’s most important international ally, mainly for economic reasons, the campaign advocating a “liberal order,” espoused by international media assailing the Saudi leader, is buzzing with excitement. Its main objective is not the brushing aside of Saudi Arabia, but the delivery of a humiliating knockout blow to Trump and his economic plans.

    According to Time magazine, the level of public support for Trump remains stable at 43 percent, similar to that of Obama, Clinton and Reagan at comparative phases in their terms. It’s no wonder that after the failed attacks on Trump, who immerged unscathed from the intimidation of migrant children, the Stormy Daniels saga and the attempt to prevent the nomination of Brett Kavanaugh, the left is eager to pounce on the Saudi murder case as if it has found a treasure trove.
    However, this time it’s necessary to treat the suspect with kid gloves. Trump’s peace initiative, if it is ever put on the table, is apparently the direct result of pressure by Mohammed bin Salman, who wishes to legitimize Israel before embarking on open cooperation with it. For 50 years we’ve prayed for a key Arab leader who agrees to sign a significant pact with Israel. Such a leader has finally arrived, and calls to depose him, such as those by former U.S. Ambassador Dan Shapiro in an op-ed in Haaretz (October 21) are destructive and in keeping with the best Obama tradition. Anyone waiting for a world of the purely just will have to struggle all his life with the purely evil.

    Tzvia Greenfield

    https://seenthis.net/messages/730678 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Dos de femme, dos de mulet, les oubliées du #Maroc profond

    « Si je me suis concentré sur le milieu rural, en particulier sur les régions montagneuses de l’#Atlas et sur les petites villes (#Berkane, #Midelt, #Kalaat_Sraghna), c’est parce que la #fragilité des femmes m’y a paru plus marquée, plus terrible qu’ailleurs. En 2015, dans différentes régions de ce pays, une fille qui n’est pas mariée à dix-huit ans est encore considérée comme une femme ratée, sans avenir… Dans les villages du Moyen et du Haut Atlas, comme dans de petites villes du Maroc profond, pères, mères, autorités locales et juges continuent à marier des filles, âgées de treize, quatorze ans, selon la coutume ou par contrat. Des enfants sont ainsi livrées aux familles de leurs époux. Elles y sont exploitées, martyrisées, violées… Dans les #mines de #Mibladen, mais aussi dans les #vergers de #clémentines de l’Oriental, les #ouvrières_saisonnières ont des conditions de vie dramatiques car elles subissent une double exploitation, économique et sexuelle. Ce travail démontre l’importance de réformer les lois. »

    http://www.etlettres.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/171127-COUVERTURE-DDFDDM-OP-e1511794651524.png
    http://www.etlettres.com/livre/dos-de-femme-dos-de-mulet-les-oubliees-du-maroc-profond
    #livre #femmes #montagne #mariage #enfants #enfance #mariage_forcé #coutume #exploitation #viol #violence #agriculture #travail #exploitation_économique #exploitation_sexuelle

    ping @daphne et @albertocampiphoto —> car on parle aussi des mines de Mibladen

    https://seenthis.net/messages/730492 via CDB_77


  • As Khashoggi crisis grows, Saudi king asserts authority, checks son’s power : sources | Reuters

    https://www.reuters.com/article/us-saudi-politics-king-insight/as-khashoggi-crisis-grows-saudi-king-asserts-authority-checks-sons-power-so

    DUBAI (Reuters) - So grave is the fallout from the disappearance of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi that King Salman has felt compelled to intervene, five sources with links to the Saudi royal family said.

    Last Thursday, Oct. 11, the king dispatched his most trusted aide, Prince Khaled al-Faisal, governor of Mecca, to Istanbul to try to defuse the crisis.

    World leaders were demanding an explanation and concern was growing in parts of the royal court that the king’s son Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, to whom he has delegated vast powers, was struggling to contain the fallout, the sources said.

    During Prince Khaled’s visit, Turkey and Saudi Arabia agreed to form a joint working group to investigate Khashoggi’s disappearance. The king subsequently ordered the Saudi public prosecutor to open an inquiry based on its findings.

    “The selection of Khaled, a senior royal with high status, is telling as he is the king’s personal adviser, his right hand man and has had very strong ties and a friendship with (Turkish President) Erdogan,” said a Saudi source with links to government circles.

    Since the meeting between Prince Khaled and Erdogan, King Salman has been “asserting himself” in managing the affair, according to a different source, a Saudi businessman who lives abroad but is close to royal circles.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/730140 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Why the Khashoggi murder is a disaster for Israel -
    The grisly hit-job on Khashoggi has implications far beyond its exposure of the Saudi Crown Prince as brutal and reckless. In Jerusalem and D.C., they’re mourning their whole strategic concept for the Mideast - not least, for countering Iran

    Daniel B. Shapiro
    Oct 17, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-why-the-khashoggi-murder-is-a-disaster-for-israel-1.6569996

    For Israel, this sordid episode raises the prospects that the anchor of the new Middle East realities it has sought to promote - an Israeli-Sunni Arab coalition, under a U.S. umbrella, to check Iran and Sunni jihadists - cannot be counted upon.
    And Israel must be careful how it plays its hand. There will, without question, be a U.S. response to Khashoggi’s murder, even if it is resisted by the Trump administration. It will not lead to a total dismantlement of the U.S.-Saudi alliance, but Congressional and public revulsion will have its price. 

    President Hassan Rouhani giving a speech on Iranian TV in Tehran on May 8, 2018.HO/AFP
    The price could include significant restrictions on arms sales that had been contemplated. It is already leading key U.S. investors to distance themselves from the major development projects MBS has promoted. At a minimum, there will be no replay of the warm, PR-friendly visit by MBS to multiple U.S. cities last March, no more lionizing of him in the American press as a reformer who will reshape the Middle East.
    Israel, which has a clear interest in keeping Saudi Arabia in the fold of U.S. allies to maximize the strategic alignment on Iran, will need to avoid becoming MBS’s lobbyist in Washington. Israel’s coordination with its partners in the region is still necessary and desirable. Simple realpolitik requires it. But there is a new risk of reputational damage from a close association with Saudi Arabia. 
    It won’t be easy for Israel to navigate these waters, as the Washington foreign policy establishment has quickly splintered into anti-Iran and anti-Saudi camps. The idea that the United States should equally oppose Iranian and Saudi brutality toward their peoples, and not let MBS’s crimes lead to a lessening of pressure on Iran over its malign regional activities, is in danger of being lost.
    For Israelis, that may be the biggest blow in the fallout of Khashoggi’s murder. MBS, in his obsession with silencing his critics, has actually undermined the attempt to build an international consensus to pressure Iran.
    The damage is broad. Trump may be an outlier. But what Member of Congress, what European leader, would be willing to sit with MBS for a consultation on Iran now?
    That is the greatest evidence of MBS’s strategic blindness, and the damage will likely persist as long as he rules the kingdom.
    Daniel B. Shapiro is Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Institute for National Security Studies in Tel Aviv. He served as U.S. Ambassador to Israel, and Senior Director for the Middle East and North Africa in the Obama Administration. Twitter: @DanielBShapiro

    https://seenthis.net/messages/729855 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • One man’s (very polite) fight against media Islamophobia | News | The Guardian

    https://www.theguardian.com/news/2018/oct/18/miqdaad-versi-very-polite-fight-against-british-media-islamophobia

    News about Muslims in the British press is rarely positive, but it is never scarce. Consider these stories, published across a typical month towards the end of 2016. In the Times on 9 November 2016, an article announced: “Islamist School Can Segregate Boys and Girls.” On the Daily Express website, nine days later: “Anger as less than A THIRD of Muslim nations sign up to coalition against Isis.” In the Sun online, on 1 December: “SECRET IS SAFE: Half of British Muslims would not go to cops if they knew someone with Isis links.” On the Daily Express site the day after: “New £5 notes could be BANNED by religious groups as Bank CAN’T promise they’re Halal.” On ITV News, the same day: “Half of UK Muslims would not report extremism.” Two days later, in the Sunday Times: “Enclaves of Islam see UK as 75% Muslim.” The Mail on Sunday, that same day: “Isolated British Muslims are so cut off from the rest of society that they see the UK as 75% Islamic, shock report reveals.” And another version, in the Sun online: “British Muslims are so cut-off from society they think 75% of the UK is Islamic, report reveals.”

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    No other community in Britain receives such regular torrents of bad press. But that is not the most shocking thing about these articles. Every single one of them was misleading. And they were not just lightly dotted with inaccuracies. The chief premise of each piece – the premise articulated in the headline – was dead wrong.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/729810 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Les Tunisiennes n’ont pas besoin des éloges d’Emmanuel Macron

    https://lemonde-arabe.fr/16/10/2018/tunisiennes-emmanuel-macron-francophonie

    Code du statut personnel

    Nous n’oublions pas les luttes de la femme tunisienne depuis l’indépendance ; nous n’oublions pas les noms de Radhia Haddad, première députée tunisienne élue en 1959, Bchira Ben Mrad, illustre féministe tunisienne qui a passé toute sa vie en résidence surveillée, et tant d’autres… C’est une erreur de penser que les droits de la femme et le féminisme tunisien débutent avec une loi pour l’égalité dans l’héritage ou le droit de se marier à un non musulman. Il convient de remonter plus loin ; puiser dans l’Histoire, du côté du réseau Taht Essour (« Sous les remparts ») par exemple, ces « illuminés » tunisiens maniant « l’ironie et l’humour noir » qui ont marqué la culture tunisienne à jamais ; remonter à la fondation de Carthage par Alyssa, qui n’est autre qu’une femme – la première féministe ?

    Il serait également judicieux de s’intéresser à la condition des femmes au temps de la France coloniale. Qui n’a jamais souhaité libérer les femmes. Ni les éclairer de ses lumières. Les Maghrébines n’avaient aucune importance pour Paris, qui aurait pu, par exemple, lorsque le droit de vote a été accordé aux Françaises en 1944, faire un geste de l’autre côté de la Méditerranée. Mais non. Les Tunisiennes n’ont obtenu le droit de se rendre dans l’isoloir qu’en 1959, après la mise en place quelques années plus tôt du Code du statut personnel (CSP), premier grand pas vers l’égalité des sexes, par Habib Bourguiba. On pourrait même pousser le raisonnement plus en avant en affirmant que la France coloniale a encouragé une forme de conservatisme, certains Maghrébins, inquiets pour leur religion, sombrant alors dans le fanatisme…

    Ton néocolonialiste

    Quant à la lutte contre l’obscurantisme évoquée par M. Macron, elle ne peut être entreprise que par ceux qui en ont souffert, semble-t-il. Et ce n’est pas la France qui est venue au secours de l’Algérie lors de la décennie noire, ce n’est pas la francophonie qui a vidé nos mosquées des intégristes, tout comme Paris n’a contribué en rien à éradiquer le terrorisme en Algérie. Un constat valable pour la Tunisie : qu’a fait « l’Hexagone » pour venir en aide et soutenir la révolution tunisienne ? Le chef de l’Etat français a une langue a défendre, soit. Mais adopter un ton néocolonialiste pour saluer les efforts de la Tunisie, non. Pourquoi ne pas remplacer les discours par davantage d’actions de soutien ?

    La femme tunisienne s’est toujours battue, avant tout pour elle-même et les générations futures – et non dans le but d’être présentée comme un modèle à suivre pour l’Afrique. Dommage que le Président Essebsi n’ai pas saisi l’occasion pour faire à son tour une piqûre de rappel à Emmanuel Macron. Ce dernier connaît-il Tahar Haddad, écrivain féministe de l’aube du 20ème siècle, grand esprit novateur et militant de l’émancipation des femmes ? Sait-il que les Tunisiennes ont eu accès à l’avortement en 1973, soit quelques années avant les Françaises (1975) et près de deux décennies avant les Belges (1990) ? Le féminisme tunisien n’a rien à envier à ses homologues. Pas plus que les Tunisiennes n’ont de leçon à recevoir de quiconque.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/729323 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • 7 injured, 4 detained, including Israelis, at Khan al-Ahmar
    Oct. 15, 2018 5:15 P.M. (Updated: Oct. 15, 2018 5:15 P.M.)
    http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?id=781472
    http://www.maannews.com/Photos/488144C.jpg

    JERUSALEM (Ma’an) — Seven Palestinians were injured and four others were detained, including two Israelis and one international activist, after Israeli forces stormed the Khan al-Ahmar village, east of Jerusalem, on Monday.

    Israeli forces escorting bulldozers stormed Khan al-Ahmar, in order to raze and level the land, in preparation for the demolition of the village and displacement of its residents.

    Dozens of Palestinians and international activists attempted to stand in the way of bulldozers to prevent them from reaching the village, however, bulldozers found another route through a nearby illegal Israeli settlement into the village. (...)

    #Khan_al-Ahmar

    https://seenthis.net/messages/729256 via Loutre