• L’islamophobie ne sera jamais une réponse à l’antisémitisme
    Par Marwan Muhammad
    | Le Club de Mediapart

    https://blogs.mediapart.fr/marwan-muhammad/blog/230418/lislamophobie-ne-sera-jamais-une-reponse-lantisemitisme

    Il n’y a pas « d’antisémitisme musulman », tout comme il n’y a pas « d’islamophobie juive ». Il y a par contre des comportements et des actes antisémites, parmi lesquels certains sont commis (aussi et entre autres) par des musulmans. Et il y a des comportements et des actes islamophobes, parmi lesquels certains sont commis (aussi et entre autres) par des juifs...

    Il y a des moments où la haine est nue. Où elle ne prend même plus la précaution de la nuance sémantique pour se déverser. Où ceux qui la portent, ivres de leurs privilèges comme de l’impunité de leur parole, se livrent en public à ce qu’un bienveillant clinicien qualifierait de thérapie de groupe et que des historiens auront un jour la responsabilité de nommer précisément pour ce que c’est :

    L’expression politique d’un racisme totalement assumé.

    Le temps que nous traversons est de ceux-là et le « manifeste contre le nouvel antisémitisme » paru ce dimanche, rassemblant plus de 300 signatures de personnalités, où il est question « d’épuration ethnique » des Juifs et « d’obsolescence » de versets du Coran, en est une bien coupable culmination.

    Puisqu’il n’est apparemment plus question d’avoir un débat rationnel dans ce moment de rapports de force, de désaveux, de clivages et de confrontations, qu’il nous soit tout de même permis de faire quelques remarques et rappels d’évidences pour des historiens qui, pour leur salut, n’ont pas encore l’âge de lire ces lignes, avec l’espoir de les voir un jour rire avec tendresse de ces parents dont l’amnésie (souvent) consentie ne les empêchait pas de crier « plus jamais ça ».

    1) Il n’y a pas « d’antisémitisme musulman », tout comme il n’y a pas « d’islamophobie juive ». Il y a par contre des comportements et des actes antisémites, parmi lesquels certains sont commis (aussi et entre autres) par des musulmans. Et il y a des comportements et des actes islamophobes, parmi lesquels certains sont commis (aussi et entre autres) par des juifs. Je parle ici des deux groupes que l’on cherche à antagoniser, mais cela est valable quelle que soit l’appartenance. C’est une considération strictement statistique et non un déterminisme causal ou prédictif. L’ensemble des travaux universitaires et des études de terrain confirme cela avec constance. Il n’y a rien dans l’appartenance musulmane qui conditionne et prédestine une personne à des comportements d’intolérance, d’exclusion ou de violence envers des juifs (ou toute autre personne), tout comme il n’y a rien dans l’appartenance juive (ou toute autre appartenance) qui conditionne automatiquement les personnes à la violence, à la colonisation ou au rejet de l’autre. Il est confondant de devoir le rappeler (notamment à quelques philosophes) mais les êtres humains étant doués de raison et du libre arbitre, leurs comportements, leurs déclarations et les idées qu’ils propagent relèvent de leur responsabilité individuelle. Pas de celle des millions (ou milliards) de personnes qui auraient l’heur de partager, par ailleurs, leur religion ou leur couleur de peau. Il n’y a pas de déterminisme ethnoculturel ni religieux des comportements fautifs. Les faits sont têtus et les mensonges que contient ce manifeste, même répétés 300 fois, ne deviendront pas pour autant une vérité.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/689435 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • OrientXXI Antisémitisme : trois questions à Dominique Vidal

    https://orientxxi.info/magazine/antisemitisme-trois-questions-a-dominique-vidal,2423

    « Je le dis comme je le pense, un certain nombre de signataires de ce texte, avec cet texte, sont des fourriers de l’antisémitisme en France. » Le journaliste et historien Dominique Vidal réagit au « Manifeste contre le nouvel antisémitisme » publié le 22 avril par le journal Le Parisien et signé par 300 personnalités politiques, dont un ancien président de la République, trois ex-premiers ministres, des élu.e.s, des intellectuel.les,des artistes...
    Y a-t-il une montée de l’antisémitisme en France ? Faut-il réécrire le Coran ? Critiquer Israël, est-ce antisémite ?

    https://seenthis.net/messages/689438 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • A Saudi-Iranian Dialogue on Regional Security – LobeLog
    https://lobelog.com/a-saudi-iranian-dialogue-on-regional-security

    by Turki al Faisal and Hossein Mousavian

    With tensions between regional rivals Iran and Saudi Arabia at the brink, a rare dialogue recently took place between two former senior Saudi and Iranian officials. Hosted by the Center for Strategic Studies at the Joint Special Operations University in Tampa, Florida, former Saudi Ambassador to the United States and Director General of Saudi Arabia’s intelligence agency Prince Turki al Faisal debated Ambassador Hossein Mousavian, a former spokesman for Iran’s nuclear negotiators and chairman of the foreign policy committee of Iran’s National Security Council. The lively discussion touched on each country’s view of its security environment and the broader issues affecting the Iran-Saudi relationship. LobeLog has obtained the full transcript of the conversation, and the following is an abbreviated excerpt covering the key points.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/689439 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • A conflict of urban imaginaries: Ahmed Mater explores a brutally changing city in Mecca Journeys | MadaMasr

    https://www.madamasr.com/en/2018/04/19/feature/culture/a-conflict-of-urban-imaginaries-ahmed-mater-explores-a-brutally-changing-c

    The struggle between symbolic and actual space figures heavily in Saudi artist Ahmed Mater’s show Mecca Journeys, which ran at the Brooklyn Museum from December 2017 to early April. Made up of photographs, videos and sculpture, the exhibition focuses on work produced by Mater since 2009, when he began exploring Mecca’s brutally rapid transformation as the city underwent numerous monumental building projects. Mater’s work captures the marked dichotomies of Mecca’s recent explosive growth, exploring how inhabitants and visitors alike cope with the city’s increasingly changing landscape.

    As Islam’s holiest city and the annual pilgrimage destination for millions of Muslims, Mecca exists as a potent symbol and the nexus of a global ritual practice. But, as Mater emphasizes throughout Mecca Journeys, it is also home for over 1.5 million Saudis who experience the city as the setting of their everyday realities.

    Mater’s richly detailed, large-scale photographs present vistas laden with representations of socio-economic struggle, as untold fortunes are spent transforming Mecca’s urban fabric to better accommodate the flow of pilgrims, often at the expense of the comfort, stability, and livelihood of those who live in the city year-round. In the copious wall-texts that accompany his artworks throughout the show, the artist describes this contentious relationship as one of symbolic value run amok, the aura of the Kaaba motivating massive capital investment in urban renewal that necessarily favors the rich, while bulldozing the less economically fortunate under a wave of five-star luxury hotels and multi-lane highway projects.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/689303 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • ‘Embajador israelí busca meterse en política interior de España’ | HISPANTV
    https://www.hispantv.com/noticias/espana/375037/podemos-iglesias-dastis-injerencia-israel
    https://cdn.hispantv.com/hispanmedia/files/images/thumbnail/20180423/14090405_xl.jpg

    El secretario general del partido español Podemos, Pablo Iglesias, pedirá este lunes mediante una carta al ministro de Asuntos Exteriores, Alfonso Dastis, que condene las injerencias del embajador del régimen de Israel en los asuntos internos de España.

    “Nos parece gravísimo que un embajador se meta en la política interior de un país con intereses políticos (… Iglesias) solicitará amparo ante hechos intolerables”, ha anunciado la portavoz de Podemos, Noelia Vera, en una rueda de prensa tras la reunión de la dirección del partido.

    Vera ha hecho las declaraciones después de que Daniel Kutner, el representante diplomático israelí en España, acusó el pasado martes a los diputados de Podemos de practicar una “política sistemática de boicot” contra Israel.

    Kutner lanzó esa acusación luego de que los dirigentes de Podemos cancelaran el mismo martes una reunión con él en protesta por la violenta represión de las marchas palestinas por el régimen de Tel Aviv en la Franja de Gaza, que ha provocado una gran oleada de críticas en el mundo debido a la elevada cifra de muertos y heridos entre los palestinos.

    #israël #boycott

    https://seenthis.net/messages/689301 via gonzo


  • Le « manifeste contre le nouvel antisémitisme », une logique dévastatrice | Slate.fr

    Il fait de la lutte pour les juifs une composante du combat identitaire français, et cette identité exclut. Elle s’énonce dans un syllogisme. La France, sans les juifs, ne serait pas elle-même ? Les juifs sont les victimes de musulmans ? La France, par ces musulmans, ne sera plus la France.
    http://www.slate.fr/story/160777/manifeste-contre-nouvel-antisemitisme-logie-devastatrice

    Un texte est publié pour défendre les juifs, que ma mère partage et que tant de personnes signent, que pour beaucoup je ne peux qu’estimer. Pourquoi, alors, suis-je glacé par ce « manifeste contre le nouvel antisémitisme », qui témoigne d’une idéologie française, par la variété et l’ampleur de ses soutiens ? Enfin, des voix s’élèvent, pour « nous », et j’en prends ombrage ? Ce texte est glaçant pour la vérité dont il émane comme pour les mensonges qu’il induit. Il est terrifiant pour ce qu’il rappelle de la vie et de la mort de juifs, ici, depuis le début du siècle ; et horrible pour ce qu’il nourrit : une mise en accusation des musulmans de ce pays, réputés étrangers à une véritable identité française, sauf à renoncer à leur dignité. Je ne conteste pas la bonne volonté des signataires. Je voudrais, humblement, qu’ils mesurent leur risque et leurs mots.
    Dangereux syllogisme
    C’est une curiosité, en République, de voir ceux qui nous garantissent –anciens gouvernants, philosophes, artistes, patrons de média ou mécène de la nouvelle économie, souscrire à ceci, comme une statistique utile : « Les Français juifs ont 25 fois plus de risques d’être agressés que leurs concitoyens musulmans ». Comme s’il fallait étalonner la souffrance juive à l’aune d’une supposée quiétude musulmane, et non pas dans la communauté nationale ; comme s’il fallait opposer le juif, enfant de la France, au « concitoyen musulman », que l’on soupçonne tellement musulman et si peu concitoyen ? Le grand-rabbin de France Haïm Korsia, ayant vu cette phrase, a demandé sa suppression ; Korsia est un républicain. Il ne l’a pas obtenue et a signé quand même. Le grand-rabbin fait de la politique, à son poste, et ne pouvait pas être absent quand les élites se levaient pour les juifs. Mais tout texte collectif est un piège. Il s’imprègne des obsessions de ses premiers auteurs, sous la justesse de sa cause. Comment ne pas rejoindre un texte contre l’antisémitisme, quand depuis les années 2000, des juifs ont subi la violence et l’opprobre ? Comment ne pas saluer un texte qui se scandalise du départ de juifs de quartiers populaires vers des havres plus apaisés, de Garges vers Sarcelles, de la France vers Israël ? Faut-il s’abstraire pour une phrase ? Mais il ne s’agit pas d’une seule phrase mais d’une logique. Elle est attirante et dévastatrice. Elle fait de la lutte pour les juifs une composante du combat identitaire français, et cette identité exclut. Elle s’énonce dans un syllogisme. La France, sans les juifs, ne serait pas elle-même ? Les juifs, de musulmans, sont les victimes ? La France, par ces musulmans, ne sera plus la France.
    Assonance. La France, par les musulmans, ne sera plus la France. Cette conclusion hante nos débats et le texte. Le perçoit-on ? La défense du juif implique le refus de l’islam. Le propos est habile. Peuvent le signer ensemble de grands bourgeois humanistes, des politiques de gauche ou qui croient l’être encore, un ancien président qui troqua le libéralisme pour l’identitarisme, un chef de parti en glissade vers l’extrême droite, des journalistes de la même eau. Ils ne se ressemblent pas ? Puis-je supposer qu’ils n’ont pas les mêmes raisons ? Ou quelque chose se dessine, dans un consensus majoritaire, une idéologie dominante, une majorité molle, qui réprouve l’antisémitisme mais admet qu’on place, en porte-à-faux, les musulmans ?

    https://seenthis.net/messages/689180 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Israeli parliament bans Arab member from U.S. lecture tour sponsored by Jewish Voice for Peace
    Adalah - 22/04/2018
    https://www.adalah.org/en/content/view/9483
    http://www.adalah.org/uploads/uploads/09e74c211ffeaad84bffe2e64066f10d.jpg

    MK Jabareen & Adalah in Israeli Supreme Court petition: It is illegal for Knesset to ban members from participating in lecture tour funded by Jewish Voice for Peace due to its support for boycott.

    Knesset Member Dr. Yousef Jabareen (Joint List) and Adalah – The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel filed a petition to the Israeli Supreme Court today, 22 April 2018, against a 13 March decision by the Knesset Ethics Committee to prevent MK Dr. Jabareen from participating in a series of lectures in the United States sponsored by Jewish Voice for Peace (JVP). MK Dr. Jabareen is the head of the Joint Lists’ international relations committee.(...)

    https://seenthis.net/messages/689106 via Loutre


  • Cette droite qui absout les antisémites par Sébastien Fontenelle | Politis

    à lire à la lumière du délirant appel sur l’antisémitisme promu par le Printemps républicain

    https://www.politis.fr/articles/2018/04/cette-droite-qui-absout-les-antisemites-38709

    En dénonçant une pseudo-judéophobie de la gauche, certains penseurs et publicistes cherchent à faire oublier que la haine des juifs est née, et continue de prospérer, à l’extrême droite.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/689055 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • ’Israeli fire at Gaza border protests causing wounds not seen since 2014 war’

    Some 1,700 wounded within month ■ Doctors say wounds ’devastating,’ most will result in disabilities ■ WHO: Lack of medical equipment endangering wounded

    Amira Hass Apr 22, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/palestinians/.premium-gaza-doctors-injuries-in-border-protests-worst-since-2014-war-1.60

    The live-fire wounds suffered by more than 1,700 Palestinians in the Gaza Strip over the past month have been unusually severe, Palestinian and foreign doctors say.
    To really understand Israel and the Palestinians - subscribe to Haaretz
    Since the series of demonstrations known as the March of Return began on March 30, Israeli soldiers have killed 37 Palestinians and wounded about 5,000, of whom 36 percent were wounded by live bullets.

    Haaretz
    Doctors at Gaza’s Shifa Hospital said they haven’t seen such severe wounds since Israel’s Operation Protective Edge in Gaza in 2014. The aid group Medecins Sans Frontieres said its medical teams have given postoperative care to people “with devastating injuries of an unusual severity, which are extremely complex to treat. The injuries sustained by patients will leave most with serious, long-term physical disabilities.”
    Since April 1, MSF has given postoperative care to 500 people with bullet wounds, mostly in the lower extremities. Most were young men, but some were women or children.
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    “MSF medical teams note the injuries include an extreme level of destruction to bones and soft tissue, and large exit wounds that can be the size of a fist,” the group said in a report on April 19.
    It quoted Marie-Elisabeth Ingres, MSF’s head of mission in Palestine, as saying, “Half of the more than 500 patients we have admitted in our clinics have injuries where the bullet has literally destroyed tissue after having pulverized the bone. These patients will need to have very complex surgical operations and most of them will have disabilities for life.”
    The report concluded: “Apart from regular nursing care, patients will often need additional surgery, and undergo a very long process of physiotherapy and rehabilitation. A lot of patients will keep functional deficiencies for the rest of their life. Some patients may yet need amputation if not provided with sufficient care in Gaza and if they don’t manage to get the necessary authorization to be treated outside of the strip.”

    The London-based group Medical Aid for Palestinians echoed MSF’s findings. It quoted a Shifa surgeon as saying, “The bullets used are causing injuries local medics say they have not seen since 2014. The entrance wound is small. The exit wound is devastating, causing gross comminution of bone and destruction of soft tissue.”
    The group’s April 20 report also said that Gaza surgeons had performed 17 amputations – 13 legs and four arms. In addition, a boy shot by Israeli soldiers on April 17 had his left leg amputated in Ramallah. His parents said he was playing soccer near the Israel-Gaza border fence east of the Al-Bureij refugee camp.
    Both aid groups repeatedly used the same word to describe the bullet wounds – “destruction.”
    To cope with the flood of patients, both official and private medical institutions in Gaza have beefed up their presence near the demonstrations that are taking place along the Gaza-Israel border.
    The Palestinian Health Ministry set up five field clinics near the protests in order to stabilize patients before they reach the hospital. Each clinic has three beds plus several mattresses, and is staffed by up to 10 doctors and 15 nurses, plus volunteers.
    In addition, the Palestinian Red Crescent has set up five emergency treatment stations. MSF has brought in surgical teams that work alongside Gazan teams at the Shifa and Al-Aqsa hospitals.
    Yet the World Health Organization says the lack of medication and nonreusable medical supplies like bandages is undermining the ability to give patients proper care. The Palestinian Health Ministry urgently needs stocks of 75 essential drugs and 190 types of nonreusable medical supplies.
    The WHO also criticized Israel for harming medical personnel, saying 48 medical staffers have been wounded by Israeli fire while trying to evacuate the wounded. At least three were hit live bullets. In addition, 13 ambulances were hit by live bullets or tear gas grenades.
    Between March 30 and Thursday, 1,539 Gazans were wounded by live bullets and around 500 by sponge-tipped bullets, according to the Palestinian Health Ministry. Of the victims, 62.3 percent were hit in the lower body, 16 percent in the upper body, 8.2 percent in the head or neck, 4.8 percent in the stomach and four percent in the chest. In addition, 4.7 percent had multiple injuries.
    On Friday, the ministry said 729 Palestinians were wounded by Israeli bullets or riot-control equipment, of whom 305 required hospital treatment. Of the latter, 156 were hit by live bullets.
    Fifteen of the 305 hospitalized patients were women, it added, while 45 were children. Altogether, 500 minors have been wounded by Israeli fire since March 30.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/689010 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Israeli minister : Natalie Portman’s boycott of Netanyahu borders on anti-Semitism - Israel News - Haaretz.com

    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/israeli-minister-portman-s-netanyahu-boycott-borders-on-anti-semitism-1.601

    Energy Minister Yuval Steinitz said Israeli-American actress Natalie Portman’s decision not to accept the Genesis Prize and her statements on the matter border on anti-Semitism. Portman said she would not accept the award in the presence of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who was scheduled to speak at the award ceremony to be held in Jerusalem.
    “Natalie Portman has played into the hands of the worst of our haters and of the worst of the anti-Semites in the Middle East,” Steinitz said in an interview on Sunday with the Kan public broadcasting corporation. Portman had made a serious mistake and owes Israel an apology, the energy minister said.
    To really understand Israel and the Jewish word - subscribe to Haaretz
    “Criticism of Israel is not anti-Semitism. Boycotting Israel has elements of anti-Semitism,” Steinitz asserted, adding that Portman would not have boycotted China or India. Boycotting the ceremony because of Prime Minister Netanyahu’s participation practically constitutes a boycott of Israel, Steinitz asserted.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/689012 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Egypt : All for the kids |
    The story of a Filipina domestic worker in Cairo
    MadaMasr
    https://www.madamasr.com/en/2018/04/21/feature/society/all-for-the-kids

    On a hot summer day in 2012, two smartly clad Filipina women arrived at the JW Marriott Hotel on Cairo’s ring road, toting handbags in the crooks of their arms as they had often observed their madams doing. They lingered in the lobby for hours over small cups of coffee as they waited for a phone call.

    In one of the rooms upstairs was Coco, another Filipina woman, in Cairo for the first time. She was accompanying her madam from Alexandria and had prepared carefully for the occasion, bringing along a scarf to cover her hair so as to avoid being questioned by the hotel staff. She knew she would not be able to take any belongings with her when she left and so had resorted to layering multiple sets of underwear beneath her dress.

    In the late afternoon, Coco’s madam was deeply absorbed in a televised game show she had been avidly following that summer. Taking this as her cue, Coco snuck into the bathroom. She pulled the flush hard and with its sound masking that of the room’s door, slipped out. The keycard she had taken, which she hoped would operate the lift, did not work. Coco saw a guard approaching and grew nervous. She turned to take the stairs and he caught up. The hotel guard questioned her in Arabic, a language Coco had yet to learn. Her heart thumping, she made a phone signal with her hands and feigned an air of calm while repeating the word raseed, so as to give the impression that she was simply heading out to buy cell phone credit. The guard conceded. Once in the lobby, Coco dialed the number she had memorized months ago. On the other end, Sandra, who was sipping cold coffee in anticipation of this call, instructed Coco to head to the taxi stand. Coco was frantic. What does a taxi in this city look like? she wondered. Still terrified of being caught in the act of escape, she scanned the windows for something resembling a white car with a yellow sign on top.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/689018 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • الإدارة الأمريكية تلغي مصطلح “الأراضي المحتلة” في فلسطين | رأي اليوم
    https://www.raialyoum.com/index.php/%d8%a7%d9%84%d8%a5%d8%af%d8%a7%d8%b1%d8%a9-%d8%a7%d9%84%d8%a3%d9%85%d8%b1

    Le dernier rapport annuel du Département d’Etat US sur les droits de l’homme dans le monde n’utilise pas l’expression "territoires occupés" mais parle "d’Israël, du plateau du Golan, de rive occidentale du Jourdain et de Gaza".

    #palestine

    https://seenthis.net/messages/688940 via gonzo


  • Palestinians uncover history of the Nakba, even as Israel cuts them off from their sources

    For Palestinian historians researching the 1948 exodus of their people, the greatest challenge is getting access to the few surviving documents of the period: most are locked away in Israeli archives
    By Dina Kraft Apr 20, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/palestinians/.premium.MAGAZINE-hidden-stories-of-the-nakba-1.6010350

    When Salim Tamari was researching his book on Arab neighborhoods in the Jerusalem area that were destroyed or conquered during the 1948 war, he had to ask Jewish-Israeli colleagues to go to the Israel State Archives to retrieve material for him. As a Palestinian, he did not have a permit to travel to the city, just 33 kilometers (20 miles) from his office in the West Bank.
    He was seeking family papers, photos and diaries – precisely the kind of primary source material vital to piecing together any period in history. However, this material is often out of reach for Palestinian historians of the Nakba (the Palestinian term for the formation of Israel, which means “Catastrophe” in Arabic).
    While Israelis will celebrate 70 years of the Jewish state this week, it is remembered as a national trauma by the Palestinians. Over 700,000 lost their homes in wake of the War of Independence and millions of their descendants live in refugee camps scattered throughout the Middle East.
    Telling the social history of this period from a Palestinian perspective is a challenge.
    When Palestinians fled or were driven from their homes – the matter has long been the subject of fierce debate – the contents were often looted or confiscated, among them the letters, books and photo albums needed to help tell the history of that period and the life that preceded it.
    The limited material that remained was collected and cataloged by the nascent Israeli authorities and stored in archives. In the case of some 30,000 books collected and housed by the National Library of Israel, for example, the belongings were labeled “absentee property” and, like other materials, placed out of reach of the majority of Palestinians.
    One archive of particular interest for demographic and ethnographic information is that of the Haganah (the underground, pre-independence army of British Mandatory Palestine’s Jews). This contains the so-called “Village Papers” – intelligence collected on individual villages before the war began. The materials include hand-drawn maps of Arab villages; the number of people living in them; and those they had incriminating information on who might be tapped as informers. None of it is digitized.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/688711 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Syrie : des ratés dans l’opération Hamilton - Le Parisien
    http://www.leparisien.fr/politique/syrie-des-rates-dans-l-operation-hamilton-20-04-2018-7675494.php

    Des incidents auraient empêché le tir de plusieurs missiles samedi dernier sur la Syrie. Ces révélations embarrassent le ministère de la Défense.

    « Information classifiée ». Traduction en langage courant : circulez, il n’y a rien à voir ! C’est ce refrain qu’entonne la ministre de la Défense, Florence Parly, depuis que des informations sur l’opération Hamilton (les frappes occidentales exécutées le week-end dernier contre les installations chimiques du régime syrien) laissent penser que le succès ne fut sans doute pas aussi total qu’on le laissait croire au sommet de l’Etat.
    De quoi s’agit-il ? Plusieurs missiles qui auraient dû être tirés par les forces françaises n’ont pu l’être du fait d’incidents techniques. Dans les airs, un des cinq Rafales engagés n’a pu tirer son deuxième Scalp. Conformément à la procédure prévue, le pilote a dû le larguer manuellement au-dessus de la mer, comme le révélait dès lundi sur son blog le journaliste spécialisé Jean-Marc Tanguy.
    Sur mer, c’est peut-être une panne informatique qui aurait empêché les deux frégates multimissions (FREMM) de lancer leurs nouveaux missiles de croisière navals (MdCN). Trois de ces nouveaux missiles d’une portée de 1 000 km ont néanmoins pu être tirés depuis la frégate de réserve qui accompagnait les deux autres bâtiments. Au total (avions et navires), Paris indique avoir tiré douze missiles de croisières sur les cibles syriennes.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/688667 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Invitation de Pascal Boniface - Communiqué du Consul général - Consulat Général de France à Jérusalem
    Pierre Cochard, Consul général de France à Jérusalem
    20 avril 2018
    https://jerusalem.consulfrance.org/Invitation-de-Pascal-Boniface-Communique-du-Consul-general

    Les réseaux sociaux ont diffusé les images de l’agression inadmissible dont Pascal Boniface a été la cible à son arrivée à l’aéroport Ben Gourion à l’occasion de sa venue, à l’invitation du Consulat général et de l’institut français de Jérusalem, pour trois conférences dans le cadre d’un cycle de débats d’idées.

    Cette agression est bien sûr indissociable des messages souvent haineux diffusés contre le directeur de l’Institut des relations internationales et stratégiques et contre le Consulat général après l’annonce de ces conférences.

    Pascal Boniface, directeur de l’un des plus importants think tanks français en relations internationales, qui bénéficie du soutien de nos autorités, y a accueilli le 28 novembre dernier, l’ambassadrice d’Israël en France pour une conférence.(...)

    https://seenthis.net/messages/688605 via Loutre


  • Israel-Gaza
    Natalie Portman says, Enough !

    Natalie Portman says, Enough !
    http://mondoweiss.net/2018/04/natalie-portman-enough

    The Gaza killings have hurt Israel’s image in the world, and tonight the damage got even bigger. In an astonishing move, the Israeli-American film star Natalie Portman, 36, informed an Israeli foundation she would not show up at the awards ceremony for Israel’s equivalent of the Nobel Prize, because, as the JTA reports:

    The [Genesis] foundation said that Portman’s representative notified it that “[r]ecent events in Israel have been extremely distressing to her and she does not feel comfortable participating in any public events in Israel” and that “she cannot in good conscience move forward with the ceremony.”

    The statement is surely a reference to Israel’s killing of nearly 40 unarmed Palestinian protesters in Gaza, which have shocked Jews around the world.

    The $1 million prize was announced last November. Tonight Hasbara Central is burning midnight oil to try and counter this stunning blow from a woman who was born in Israel, and has in the past spoken out in support of the Jewish state. In the highly-competitive world of media and film, we can only guess what kind of courage this move has taken, not to mention the potential family tensions with Israeli relatives.

    Portman has long resisted calls to boycott the state. She has been highly critical of Benjamin Netanyahu, decrying his racism, but insisted:

     “I feel like there’s some people who become prominent, and then it’s out in the foreign press. You know, shit on Israel,” Portman said. “I do not. I don’t want to do that.”

    She directed a film based on liberal Zionist hero Amos Oz’s Jerusalem memoir, A Tale of Love and Darkness.

    And recently Portman has been outspoken about sexual harassment in Hollywood.

    This is a shock for all Israel supporters. Daniella Greenbaum, columnist at Business Insider:

    The Genesis Prize ceremony has just been cancelled because Natalie Portman, who was awarded the prize, has decided that recent events in Israel make her “uncomfortable participating in any public events in Israel.”

    this is ridiculous and a shanda and sad and someone with more of a following than me like @jpodhoretz or @bariweiss or @Yair_Rosenberg should tell the world

    Portman won an Oscar in 2011 for her role as a ballerina in Black Swan, and she was nominated for an Oscar for her performance in Jackie, a 2016 biopic about Jacqueline Kennedy. Her acting talent is unquestionable. We can only hope that she continues to get excellent roles, following this courageous act.

    Lately one of us wrote that Israel had lost American Jews with the killings of unarmed protesters. This is a sign that assertion is true.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/688388 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • The Genesis prize ceremony, held annually in israel will be cancelled this year, because the recipient, israeli born Natalie Portman turned the prize down in protest of israel’s killing of Palestinian protesters in Gaza. #BDS
    https://scontent.fbru2-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t31.0-8/30073511_1747494888645540_8855298932875449417_o.jpg?_nc_cat=0&oh=ce99b2600bd509f72e7159404b92fc32&oe=5B5853A4

    https://seenthis.net/messages/688331 via Palestine | فلسطين


  • New York : Barnard College Votes For BDS By 64%-To-36% Margin – The Forward

    One Of The Most Jewish Colleges In The Country Just Voted For BDS By Nearly 2-1 Margin
    Read more: https://forward.com/fast-forward/399159/one-of-the-most-jewish-colleges-in-the-country-just-voted-for-bds-by

    https://forward.com/fast-forward/399159/one-of-the-most-jewish-colleges-in-the-country-just-voted-for-bds-by

    Students at Barnard College, the elite women’s school in New York City, voted this week to ask the university administration to divest from eight companies that do business in Israel.

    The referendum, which was written by students from Jewish Voice for Peace and Students for Justice in Palestine, listed ways that companies like Hyundai, Boeing and the Israeli national water carrier Mekorot allegedly violate international law, before asking whether the student government should encourage Barnard to divest from companies that “profit from or engage in the State of Israel’s treatment of Palestinians.”

    The 64%-36% victory for the boycott, divestment and sanctions campaign came at what Hillel International describes as the most heavily Jewish school in the country that is not officially Jewish. There are approximately 850 Jewish students at Barnard out of a total undergraduate population of around 2,500. Some 1,153 participated in the vote.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/688089 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Egypt : How to make LE89 bn in fuel subsidies disappear: Egyptians brace for steep price hikes | MadaMasr

    https://www.madamasr.com/en/2018/04/17/feature/economy/how-to-make-le89-bn-in-fuel-subsidies-disappear-egyptians-brace-for-steep-

    A sense of wariness overtakes many Egyptians from April to July each year, the three months in which Parliament discusses the upcoming state budget and makes decisions which may affect large swaths of the population. This year, that general worry about potential cuts is less undefined, as Egyptians are buckling up for an imminent hike in fuel prices.

    Public attention to the subsidy allocations stipulated in the annual state budget has increased in recent years, since the government imposed an austerity program in 2014, which included subsidy cuts and new consumption taxes, in an effort to rein in the state’s growing budget deficit.

    This year is likely to see steeper hikes in fuel prices than those seen in years past, as the government’s structural adjustment program, approved by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in November 2016, comes to an end. Liberalizing fuel prices before the close of 2019 was one of the several terms of the three-year program, which must be met to ensure the continued dispersal of the IMF’s US$12 billion loan to the Egyptian government.

    However, the structural adjustment program, which introduced a host of other measures with inflationary repercussions, got off to a rough start. Once the exchange rate was floated on November 3, 2016, the value of the Egyptian pound fell more than originally projected. This resulted in a significant rise in the nominal value of fuel subsidies in the state’s budget for the two fiscal years following the IMF agreement. While the nominal value of fuel subsidy allocations in the state budget seems to have drifted away from the targets initially stipulated in the agreement, documents released by the IMF after its second review of the program’s implementation at the close of 2017 show that the government remains determined to achieve the 2019 target of lifting fuel subsidies altogether.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/688091 via Nouvelles d’Orient



  • The biography of the founder of the Palestinian Popular Front makes it clear: The leftist leader was right -

    Israelis considered George Habash a cruel airline hijacker, but Eli Galia’s new Hebrew-language book shows that the PFLP chief’s views would have been better for the Palestinians than Arafat’s compromises

    Gideon Levy Apr 13, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/palestinians/.premium-biography-makes-it-clear-this-palestinian-leftist-leader-was-right

    George Habash was Israel’s absolute enemy for decades, the embodiment of evil, the devil incarnate. Even the title “Dr.” before his name — he was a pediatrician — was considered blasphemous.
    Habash was plane hijackings, Habash was terror and terror alone. In a country that doesn’t recognize the existence of Palestinian political parties (have you ever heard of a Palestinian political party? — there are only terror groups) knowledge about the man who headed the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine was close to zero.
    What’s there to know about him? A terrorist. Subhuman. Should be killed. Enemy. The fact that he was an ideologue and a revolutionary, that his life was shaped by the expulsion from Lod, changed nothing. He remains the plane hijacker from Damascus, the man from the Rejectionist Front who was no different from all the rest of the “terrorists” from Yasser Arafat to Wadie Haddad to Nayef Hawatmeh.
    Now along comes Eli Galia’s Hebrew-language book “George Habash: A Political Biography." It outlines the reality, far from the noise of propaganda, ignorance and brainwashing, for the Israeli reader who agrees to read a biography of the enemy.
    Presumably only few will read it, but this work by Galia, a Middle East affairs expert, is very deserving of praise. It’s a political biography, as noted in its subtitle, so it almost entirely lacks the personal, spiritual and psychological dimension; there’s not even any gossip. So reading it requires a lot of stamina and specialized tastes. Still, it’s fascinating.
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    Galia has written a nonjudgmental and certainly non-propagandistic biography. Taking into consideration the Israeli mind today, this isn’t to be taken for granted.
    Galia presents a wealth of information, with nearly a thousand footnotes, about the political path of Habash, a man who was considered dogmatic even though he underwent a number of ideological reversals in his life. If that’s dogmatism, what’s pragmatism? The dogmatic Habash went through more ideological changes than any Israeli who sticks to the Zionist narrative and doesn’t budge an inch — and who of course isn’t considered dogmatic.

    The exodus from Lod following an operation by the Palmach, 1948.Palmach Archive / Yitzhak Sadeh Estate
    In the book, Habash is revealed as a person of many contradictions: a member of the Christian minority who was active in the midst of a large Muslim majority, a bourgeois who became a Marxist, a tough and inflexible leader who was once seen weeping in his room as he wrote an article about Israel’s crimes against his people. He had to wander and flee for his life from place to place, sometimes more for fear of Arab regimes than of Israel.

    He was imprisoned in Syria and fled Jordan, he devoted his life to a revolution that never happened. It’s impossible not to admire a person who devoted his life to his ideas, just as you have to admire the scholar who has devoted so much research for so few readers who will take an interest in the dead Habash, in an Israel that has lost any interest in the occupation and the Palestinian struggle.
    The book gives rise to the bleak conclusion that Habash was right. For most of his life he was a bitter enemy of compromises, and Arafat, the man of compromise, won the fascinating historical struggle between the two. They had a love-hate relationship, alternately admiring and scorning each other, and never completely breaking off their connection until Arafat won his Pyrrhic victory.
    What good have all of Arafat’s compromises done for the Palestinian people? What came out of the recognition of Israel, of the settling for a Palestinian state on 22 percent of the territory, of the negotiations with Zionism and the United States? Nothing but the entrenchment of the Israeli occupation and the strengthening and massive development of the settlement project.
    In retrospect, it makes sense to think that if that’s how things were, maybe it would have been better to follow the uncompromising path taken by Habash, who for most of his life didn’t agree to any negotiations with Israel, who believed that with Israel it was only possible to negotiate by force, who thought Israel would only change its positions if it paid a price, who dreamed of a single, democratic and secular state of equal rights and refused to discuss anything but that.
    Unfortunately, Habash was right. It’s hard to know what would have happened had the Palestinians followed his path, but it’s impossible not to admit that the alternative has been a resounding failure.

    Members of the Palestinian National Council in Algiers, 1987, including Yasser Arafat, left, and George Habash, second from right. Mike Nelson-Nabil Ismail / AFP
    The Palestinian Che Guevara
    Habash, who was born in 1926, wrote about his childhood: “Our enemies are not the Jews but rather the British .... The Jews’ relations with the Palestinians were natural and sometimes even good” (p. 16). He went to study medicine at the American University in Beirut; his worried mother and father wrote him that he should stay there; a war was on.
    But Habash returned to volunteer at a clinic in Lod; he returned and he saw. The sight of the Israeli soldiers who invaded the clinic in 1948 ignited in him the flame of violent resistance: “I was gripped by an urge to shoot them with a pistol and kill them, and in the situation of having no weapons I used mute words. I watched them from the sidelines and said to myself: This is our land, you dogs, this is our land and not your land. We will stay here to kill you. You will not win this battle” (p.22).
    On July 14 he was expelled from his home with the rest of his family. He never returned to the city he loved. He never forgot the scenes of Lod in 1948, nor did he forget the idea of violent resistance. Can the Israeli reader understand how he felt?
    Now based in Beirut, he took part in terror operations against Jewish and Western targets in Beirut, Amman and Damascus: “I personally lobbed grenades and I participated in assassination attempts. I had endless enthusiasm when I was doing that. At the time, I considered my life worthless relative to what was happening in Palestine.”
    “The Palestinian Che Guevara” — both of them were doctors — made up his mind to wreak vengeance for the Nakba upon the West and the leaders of the Arab regimes that had abandoned his people, even before taking vengeance on the Jews. He even planned to assassinate King Abdullah of Jordan. He founded a new student organization in Beirut called the Commune, completed his specialization in pediatrics and wrote: “I took the diploma and said: Congratulations, Mother, your son is a doctor, so now let me do what I really want to do. And indeed, that’s what happened” (p. 41).
    Habash was once asked whether he was the Che Guevara of the Middle East and he replied that he would prefer to be the Mao Zedong of the Arab masses. He was the first to raise the banner of return and in the meantime he opened clinics for Palestinian refugees in Amman. For him, the road back to Lod passed through Amman, Beirut and Damascus. The idea of Pan-Arabism stayed with him for many years, until he despaired of that as well.
    He also had to leave medicine: “I am a pediatrician, I have enjoyed this greatly. I believed that I had the best job in the world but I had to make the decision I have taken and I don’t regret it .... A person cannot split his emotions in that way: to heal on the one hand and kill on the other. This is the time when he must say to himself: one or the other.”

    Militants from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, Jordan, 1969.1969Thomas R. Koeniges / Look Magazine Photograph Collection / Library of Congress
    The only remaining weapon
    This book isn’t arrogant and it isn’t Orientalist; it is respectful of the Palestinian national ideology and those who articulated and lived it, even if the author doesn’t necessarily agree with that ideology or identify with it. This is something quite rare in the Israeli landscape when it comes to Arabs in general and Palestinians in particular. Nor does the author venerate what’s not worthy of veneration, and he doesn’t have any erroneous romantic or other illusions. Galia presents a bitter, tough, uncompromising, very much failed and sometimes exceedingly cruel struggle for freedom, self-respect and liberation.
    And this is what is said in the founding document of the PFLP, which Habash established in December 1967 after having despaired of Palestinian unity: “The only weapon left to the masses in order to restore history and progress and truly defeat enemies and potential enemies in the long run is revolutionary violence .... The only language that the enemy understands is the language of revolutionary violence” (p.125).
    But this path too met with failure. “The essential aim of hijacking airplanes,” wrote Habash, “was to bring the Palestinian question out of anonymity and expose it to Western public opinion, because at that time it was unknown in Europe and in the United States. We wanted to undertake actions that would make an impression on the senses of the entire world .... There was international ignorance regarding our suffering, in part due to the Zionist movement’s monopoly on the mass media in the West” (p. 151).
    The PFLP plane hijackings in the early 1970s indeed achieved international recognition of the existence of the Palestinian problem, but so far this recognition hasn’t led anywhere. The only practical outcome has been the security screenings at airports everywhere around the world — and thank you, George Habash. I read Galia’s book on a number of flights, even though this isn’t an airplane book, and I kept thinking that were it not for Habash my wanderings at airports would have been a lot shorter. In my heart I forgave him for that, for what other path was open to him and his defeated, humiliated and bleeding people?
    Not much is left of his ideas. What has come of the scientific idealism and the politicization of the masses, the class struggle and the anti-imperialism, the Maoism and of course the transformation of the struggle against Israel into an armed struggle, which according to the plans was supposed to develop from guerrilla warfare into a national war of liberation? Fifty years after the founding of the PFLP and 10 years after the death of its founder, what remains?
    Habash’s successor, Abu Ali Mustafa, was assassinated by Israel in 2001; his successor’s successor, Ahmad Saadat, has been in an Israeli prison since 2006 and very little remains of the PFLP.
    During all my decades covering the Israeli occupation, the most impressive figures I met belonged to the PFLP, but now not much remains except fragments of dreams. The PFLP is a negligible minority in intra-Palestinian politics, a movement that once thought to demand equal power with Fatah and its leader, Arafat. And the occupation? It’s strong and thriving and its end looks further off than ever. If that isn’t failure, what is?

    A mourning procession for George Habash, Nablus, January 2008. Nasser Ishtayeh / AP
    To where is Israel galloping?
    Yet Habash always knew how to draw lessons from failure after failure. How resonant today is his conclusion following the Naksa, the defeat in 1967 that broke his spirit, to the effect that “the enemy of the Palestinians is colonialism, capitalism and the global monopolies .... This is the enemy that gave rise to the Zionist movement, made a covenant with it, nurtured it, protected it and accompanied it until it brought about the establishment of the aggressive and fascistic State of Israel” (p. 179).
    From the Palestinian perspective, not much has changed. It used to be that this was read in Israel as hostile and shallow propaganda. Today it could be read otherwise.
    After the failure of 1967, Habash redefined the goal: the establishment of a democratic state in Palestine in which Arabs and Jews would live as citizens with equal rights. Today this idea, too, sounds a bit less strange and threatening than it did when Habash articulated it.
    On the 40th anniversary of Israel’s founding, Habash wrote that Israel was galloping toward the Greater Land of Israel and that the differences between the right and left in the country were becoming meaningless. How right he was about that, too. At the same time, he acknowledged Israel’s success and the failure of the Palestinian national movement. And he was right about that, too.
    And one last correct prophecy, though a bitter one, that he made in 1981: “The combination of a loss of lives and economic damage has considerable influence on Israeli society, and when that happens there will be a political, social and ideological schism on the Israeli street and in the Zionist establishment between the moderate side that demands withdrawal from the occupied territories and the extremist side that continues to cling to Talmudic ideas and dreams. Given the hostility between these two sides, the Zionist entity will experience a real internal split” (p. 329).
    This has yet to happen.
    Imad Saba, a dear friend who was active in the PFLP and is in exile in Europe, urged me for years to try to meet with Habash and interview him for Haaretz. As far as is known, Habash never met with Israelis, except during the days of the Nakba.
    Many years ago in Amman I interviewed Hawatmeh, Habash’s partner at the start and the leader of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine, which split off from the PFLP in 1969. At the time of the interview, Habash was also living in Amman and was old and sick. I kept postponing my approach — until he died. When reading the book, I felt very sorry that I had not met this man.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/686630 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Ventes d’armes à l’Arabie saoudite et guerre au Yémen - par @tonyfortin (Observatoire des armements)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6vDsRvfZUhc

    A l’occasion de la visite du prince héritier saoudien à Paris les 8-10 avril, retour sur les ventes d’armes françaises et la guerre au Yémen. Que vend-on ? A qui ? Pourquoi ? Et pour quelles conséquences ?

    #armements #armes #Yémen #crimes_de_guerre #France #Arabie_saoudite

    https://seenthis.net/messages/686534 via Fil


  • Egypt Video | How the state supports the rich through its taxation system | MadaMasr
    https://www.madamasr.com/en/2018/04/11/feature/economy/how-the-state-supports-the-rich-through-its-taxation-system

    It may seem that the issue of tax revenues relates more to the state than to the citizen in their day-to-day life, but this is far from the truth. Average citizens have found themselves making the most significant contributions to tax revenues through the consumption of goods and services, from cigarettes to mobile phone services, while corporations and landowners pay the least.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/686631 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Son of a bitch, what a video
    We should thank the soldiers in that video for sharing their genuine emotions and rejoicing at the sight of an unarmed Arab flying in the air after being shot

    Gideon Levy Apr 12, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-son-of-a-bitch-what-a-video-1.5992610

    Let’s say the soldiers in that video clip didn’t cheer and hoot, using foul language. Let’s say they recited Yehuda Amichai’s poem “God has pity on kindergarten children” before kneeling to take aim at demonstrators, and that after using live fire to shoot an unarmed protester they recited “El Malei Rachamim,” the Jewish prayer for the soul of the dead, assuming the protester had been killed like dozens of others. Let’s say the soldiers were shocked, meeting later for soul-baring talks into the night to discuss values.
    Let’s imagine some of them required psychological aid for trauma or post-trauma, with a few joining Breaking the Silence, confessing their deeds and repenting. And then a leftist filmmaker would make a movie about them, showing how deep was their sacrifice, how agonizing their suffering, just like in “Waltz with Bashir” or “Foxtrot.” How beautiful we could be. And then came this video and ruined everything.
    Let’s say the sharpshooters were value-driven soldiers, who had to carry out their duty while suffering wrenching pangs of guilt. Would that make them better human beings? More humane? More moral? They would tug at our heartstrings much more than those lowlifes in the video. No scandal would erupt and the beautiful soldiers would continue aiming at and shooting protesters.
    Half the country was shocked for a moment by the video. This was after two Fridays in which army snipers had killed and wounded hundreds of unarmed people who endangered no one, with Israel remaining silent. The country lived in peace with the massacre, justifying it in unified chorus. Then came the video and halted the celebrations for a moment. Is that how one talks? Is that how one takes photos? Not nice, soldiers. Even the campaign’s commander Avigdor Lieberman said that the soldier who took the pictures should be demoted. A miniature scandal over etiquette. Soldiers are allowed to kill and wound civilians to their hearts’ content but one doesn’t talk like that and one doesn’t film it.
    One should learn from the pilots. This wouldn’t have happened to them. When they dropped a one-ton bomb on a residential building in Gaza they didn’t cheer in the cockpit and they didn’t curse. Their language is as pure as the driven snow. You won’t hear them saying: “The son of a bitch. What a clip. Wow, we got someone in the head, he flew up with his leg in the air. Go, you sons of bitches.” That’s not their style. Some of them actually squirm during the debriefing session, even though they never the see the whites of their victims’ eyes, like their brothers-in-arms, the snipers, do. Maybe that’s why pilots are more value-driven.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/685932 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Egypte Bien plus qu’une biographie - Ahram Hebdo

    Dans Al-Mawlouda (la baptisée), la cinéaste Nadia Kamel retrace la biographie de sa mère, l’activiste Nayla Kamel (1931-2010). Un riche parcours que la mère raconte à sa fille. Une fresque de la vie politique et sociale de presque un siècle.

    http://hebdo.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1219/5/32/28152/Bien-plus-qu%E2%80%99une-biographie.aspx

    Le succès d’une biogra­phie repose principale­ment sur deux choses : la personnalité dont on relate l’histoire et l’écriture, ou l’art de raconter. Ce sont les deux éléments qui poussent le lecteur à « dévorer » acharnement les quelques 551 pages de la biogra­phie de Nayla Kamel. Pourtant, il n’est pas question d’une célébri­té, mais d’une personne connue dans les milieux de l’intelligent­sia et le mouvement d’activisme communiste des années 1950. Un « personnage » charmant, ensor­celant, dont il est difficile de ne pas tomber amoureux, d’en être passionné sans même la connaître, comme l’a remarqué l’écrivain Mahmoud Al-Wardani au bout de sa lecture. Quant à la narration, elle est assurée par des enregistrements sonores accordés à sa fille, la cinéaste Nadia Kamel, qui a commencé ce projet en 2001 et l’a poursuivi jusqu’à la mort de la mère. « Maman avait 70 ans et moi la quaran­taine », écrit Nadia dans l’intro­duction de l’épopée de sa mère. « Après sa mort, je me suis trouvée toute seule avec en mission l’écri­ture. Je devrais donc m’inspirer du secret de la nar­ration à partir de sa voix s’infiltrant dans mon être ».

    Mais qui est Nayla Kamel ? Baptisée Marie Eliae Rosenthal ? C’est dans ce titre, Al-Mawlouda (la baptisée), que résident tout le drame et la probléma­tique de sa personne : être née en Egypte d’un père égyptien juif, militer parmi la gauche égyptienne et payer cher le prix de son militantisme (en prison), sans se rendre compte — que très tardivement — de la réalité de son statut comme « étrangère » et « juive ». « Je ne connais pas d’autres nationalités », disait-elle à l’enquêteur qui voulait la déporter de l’Egypte lors de l’agression tripartite en 1956 (dans le cadre des politiques nationalistes et du panarabisme instauré par Nasser, les juifs d’Egypte furent suspec­tés d’être des sympathisants sionistes, notamment que la plupart de ces juifs avaient des origines euro­péennes).

    Nayla Kamel est née au Caire en 1931 d’un père juif égyptien, né lui aussi au Caire en 1909. Sa mère, elle, née dans l’un des villages italiens en 1902, a joint toute seule l’Egypte, et lorsqu’elle avait rencontré le père, ils sont tombés amoureux et ils ont insisté pour se marier malgré l’opposition de leurs familles (à cause des reli­gions différentes). La biographie dépasse le statut personnel de Nayla Kamel, qui est pourtant fondamen­tal, pour être un document historique important du rôle joué par des Egyptiens d’origines européennes au mouvement politique égyptien depuis le début du XXe siècle. Elle y relate ses premières sources d’influence lors de la Seconde Guerre mondiale et la haine du fascisme italien, puis sa découverte précoce, à l’âge de 15 ans, du mouvement communiste à travers les acti­vités du club italien. L’engagement studieux et le tra­vail politique organisé dans la clandestinité, puis la connaissance des détentions politiques à maintes reprises.

    Sa connaissance de l’écrivain et opposant, Saad Kamel, la vie politique et culturelle très mouvementée des années 1950, puis leur mariage et leur arrestation un mois plus tard après leur mariage pour passer 5 ans de prison avec travaux forcés. A travers ses différentes stations de sa vie relatées, on reconnaît des aspects de la vie sociopolitique de l’époque, et on fait la connais­sance de près, à travers la famille de son mari, du modèle d’une famille de la classe moyenne, prototype des années 1950-1960, classe qui s’est effondrée au cours des années. Jusqu’à arriver à l’histoire généalo­gique de sa propre famille, le statut de juive qui ne l’a jamais quittée et tous les malentendus qui s’en suivent et desquels elle a beaucoup souffert.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/684439 via Nouvelles d’Orient