• Reporters sans frontières : le crime paie Théophraste R. - 3 Juin 2019 - LGS
    https://www.legrandsoir.info/reporters-sans-frontieres-le-crime-paie.html

    Le 21 octobre 2000, le journaliste Jacques-Marie Bourget (1) se trouvait sur une place publique à Ramallah (Palestine). Tout était calme, les cafés étaient ouverts quand un tireur d’élite israélien «  non identifié  » lui a perforé le poumon d’une balle https://www.legrandsoir.info/macron-soutiendra-t-il-les-correspondants-de-guerre.html de son fusil d’assaut américain « M16 ». Alors même que le pronostic vital était engagé, il a fallu l’intervention personnelle de Jacques Chirac pour qu’Israël autorise l’évacuation du journaliste. La victime miraculée nous dira prochainement sur ce site tout ce qu’elle ne doit pas à Reporters sans Frontières.

    https://www.legrandsoir.info/local/cache-vignettes/L318xH232/breveon6210-26a45.jpg

    C’était hier, c’est encore aujourd’hui. Le 28 février 2019, une commission d’enquête https://news.un.org/fr/story/2019/02/1037422 indépendante de l’ONU a révélé que des tireurs d’élite israéliens tirent intentionnellement sur des journalistes (2).
    En novembre 2007, Maxime Vivas publiait un livre-enquête sur l’organisation Reporters sans Frontières et sur son secrétaire général Robert Ménard, alors intouchable et coqueluche des médias, toutes tendances confondues (Ménard fut invité à la fête de l’Huma). Mettant de côté son amour pour la liberté d’expression, le secrétaire général de RSF menaça à 4 reprises de traduire l’impertinent auteur devant un tribunal.

    Le 19 mai 2019, Christophe Deloire, actuel secrétaire général de Reporters sans frontières a reçu le prix de la « défense de la démocratie » https://www.legrandsoir.info/reporters-sans-frontieres-recoit-le-prix-du-regime-assassin-de-journal (sic) lors d’une cérémonie à Tel Aviv en présence du président israélien Reuven Rivlin.

    Théophraste R. Auteur du proverbe : «  RSF est à la liberté d’expression ce que Monsanto est à l’écologie, Ségolène Royal au socialisme et BHL à la philosophie  ».

    (1) Grand reporter et écrivain, Jacques-Marie Bourget a publié 95 articles sur le site d’information alternative Le Grand Soir. Il a commencé sa carrière chez Gallimard à la NRF puis il a enchaîné à l’ORTF, l’Aurore, le Canard Enchainé, l’Express, VSD, le Sunday Times, Paris-Match et Bakchich. En 1986 a obtenu le Prix Scoop pour avoir révélé l’affaire Greenpeace.

    (2) Gaza 2018 : «  La Commission a constaté que les forces de sécurité israéliennes avaient tué 183 […] manifestants avec des balles réelles, dont 35 enfants, trois ambulanciers paramédicaux et deux des journalistes, clairement identifiés.  »

    #crimes_de_guerre #israel #israël #gaza #occupation #colonisation #rsf #reporters_sans_frontières #robert_ménard #christophe_deloire

    https://seenthis.net/messages/785026 via BCE 106,6 Mhz


  • Une page oubliée de l’histoire : comment 12 000 volontaires palestiniens se sont battus aux côtés des Britanniques durant la seconde guerre mondiale.

    12,000 Palestinians fought for U.K. in WWII alongside Jewish volunteers, historian finds - Israel News - Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-historian-12-000-palestinians-fought-for-u-k-in-wwii-alongside-jew
    https://www.haaretz.com/polopoly_fs/1.6199998.1559261542!/image/3241733280.jpg_gen/derivatives/headline_1200x630/3241733280.jpg

    In 2015, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu sparked an uproar when he claimed that Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini was the one who’d urged Hitler to annihilate the Jews. In the wake of the criticism this elicited, Netanyahu said his intention was not to absolve Hitler of responsibility for the Holocaust, but to note that “the Mufti played an important role in the Final Solution.”

    But it turns out that there was another side to the story that also escaped mention by Netanyahu, the historian’s son: the forgotten role played by thousands of Palestinians who did not heed the Mufti of Jerusalem’s call to support the Axis countries, and went so far as to take up arms to fight the Nazis, often shoulder to shoulder with young Jews from Mandatory Palestine.

    Professor Mustafa Abbasi, a historian at Tel Hai Academic College, has spent years tracing their story. Having recently published an academic article on the subject, this week he suggested an opposite narrative to the one that Netanyahu put forward. The prime minister had sought to paint the Palestinians as supporters of the Third Reich, but Abbasi says, “The Mufti did not find a receptive audience among the Palestinians for his call to aid the Nazis. Not at all.”

    >> Read more: Moments before their fatal mission, Jewish WWII soldiers took these incredible photos of Egypt ■ 76 years later, stories of Jewish soldiers killed in Nazi bombing can finally be told

    The subject of Abbasi’s research is unusual. Many studies have been published about Jewish volunteerism in the war against the Nazis, which reached a peak with the formation of the Jewish Brigade. But “the thousands of Arab volunteers are hardly mentioned and sometimes the record is often distorted,” Abbasi says.

    In an article in the latest issue of the periodical Cathedra (“Palestinians Fighting the Nazis: The Story of Palestinian Volunteers in World War II”), he explains why these Palestinian fighters have been left out of the history books.

    On the one hand, Zionist historians naturally placed an emphasis on the role played by Jewish volunteers in the fight against the Nazis. On the other hand, their Palestinian counterparts were focusing on the struggle against British rule and were not eager to glorify the names of those who cooperated with Britain not so many years after the British put down the Arab Revolt of 1936-1939, and thereby indirectly helped the Jews establish a state.
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    “Neither side wished to highlight this subject,” says Professor Abbasi. “But I think it’s the historian’s job to be faithful to the sources and to try to describe history as it was, without being hostage to any national narrative that would limit him and prevent him from writing history freely.”
    Haj Amin al-Husseini, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem
    Haj Amin al-Husseini, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, greeting Muslim Waffen-SS volunteers with a Nazi salute, November 1943. Bundesarchiv / Wikimedia Commons

    One has to wonder why no organization was ever established to commemorate the actions of these Palestinian volunteers. “Many of them were killed and many others are still listed as missing. But no memorial has ever been established for them,” says Abbasi. In fact, the records of the Palestinian volunteers, along with much of their personal archives and papers, have disappeared, much of it lost in the War of Independence.

    Over the last few years, Abbasi was able to learn of their story in Palestinian newspapers from the Mandate era, in memoirs and personal journals, and through interviews he conducted with a few of the last remaining volunteers who are still alive. He also collected material from various British archives, from the Zionist Archive, and the archives of the Haganah and the IDF.

    Abbasi estimates that about 12,000 young Palestinians enlisted in the British Army in World War II. Hundreds became POWs, many others (the exact figure is unknown) were killed. “Compared to other peoples, this is not an insignificant number,” he says, and also points out that, unlike other groups, the Palestinians volunteered for the British Army from the first stage of the war.

    Initially, the Palestinian and Jewish volunteers served in mixed units. “They received training and drilled at the same bases and in many instances fought shoulder to shoulder, and were also taken prisoner together,” says Abbasi. And as reported here two years ago, the proximity of the Jewish and Palestinian fighters sometimes led to unusual outcomes, as in the case of Shehab Hadjaj, a Palestinian who enlisted in the British Army, was taken prisoner in Germany and died in 1943. To this day, he is listed at Mount Herzl as “a casualty of Israel’s wars” because someone mistakenly thought his surname indicated that he was Jewish.

    “Relations among the fighters were generally good, and if there was any friction it was mainly over service conditions, like mail and food,” Abbasi says. However, there were certain key differences between the two groups, too. For example, while the Jews were united in their goal of fighting the Nazis to promote the establishment of the Jewish state, the Palestinians “had no clear national agenda,” Abbasi writes. For this reason, unlike the Jews, they did not seek to form separate Palestinian units and there was no “Palestinian Brigade” parallel to the Jewish Brigade, in which thousands of Jews from Mandatory Palestine served.

    So who were the Palestinians who volunteered for the British Army to fight the Nazis? Abbasi says they mostly came from the Palestinian elite and that, contrary to what many think, represented “an important and central part of the Palestinian public.” A part of the public that believed it was necessary to stand by Britain at this time, and to temporarily put aside the Palestinian national aspirations – akin to the Jewish idea to “fight Hitler as if there were no White Paper, and fight the White Paper as if there were no Hitler.”

    They did this at a time when the Mufti of Jerusalem had left Palestine for exile in the Arab countries and Europe, where he met with Hitler and congratulated the Muslim volunteers of the Free Arab Legion – an Arab unit established in the army of Nazi Germany. “He left Palestine for a decade in 1937. What kind of leader abandons his people at such a time?” Abbasi wonders. “He had no influence on the public. He was detached and the public was already tired of him and his methods. They didn’t see him as a leader,” he says. “Anyone who says differently is distorting history,” he adds in a not so subtle dig at certain politicians.

    In his research, he documented pro-British propaganda conferences that were held from 1940 on in Abu Dis (next to Jerusalem), in Jenin, in villages in the Nablus area, in Tul Karm and in Lod. Among the supporters of Britain’s fight against the Nazis were the mayors of Nablus and Gaza. Radio Palestine broadcast the comments of an Egyptian writer who said, “The war is between the lofty and humane values represented by England and the forces of darkness represented by the Nazis.”
    Britain’s then-Home Secretary Winston Churchill, right, escorted by High Commissioner Herbert Samuel in Jerusalem during the British Mandate era, March 1921.
    Britain’s then-Home Secretary Winston Churchill, right, escorted by High Commissioner Herbert Samuel in Jerusalem during the British Mandate era, March 1921.GPO

    Motivations for volunteering were varied. “Some did it for ideological reasons, out of opposition to the Nazi ideology and loyalty to the British and the values that they represented,” says Abbasi. This motivation was common among upper middle class and highly educated Palestinian volunteers from urban backgrounds. Rural Palestinians were motivated largely by financial reasons. “And there were also those who were seeking adventure and wanted a chance to travel abroad,” he says.

    Abbasi found that some Palestinian women also volunteered to fight the Nazis. Almost 120 young women did so as part of the

    Auxiliary Territorial Service, the women’s branch of the British Army, alongside Jewish women. A British recruiting poster in Arabic, published in the Falastin newspaper in January 1942, read: “She couldn’t stop thinking about contribution and sacrifice, she felt ongoing pride and exaltation of spirit – when she did what she saw as her sacred duty for her nation and its sons. When your country is crying out to you and asking for your service, when your country makes it plain that our Arab men need your love and support, and when your country reminds you of how cruel the enemy is – when your country is calling you, can you stand by and do nothing?”

    Abbasi is one of the only researchers in Palestinian society who is studying this area, which was also the subject of a 2015 article by Dalia Karpel in Haaretz Magazine. He came to it thanks to his maternal grandfather, Sa’id Abbasi, who was one of the volunteers in the British Army during the war. “The family didn’t talk about it, until one day when I asked my grandmother why there was such a big age difference between her children,” he says. “Her answer was: ‘Don’t remind me of the time your grandfather left me for so many years.’” Abbasi decided to find out more about that time, and came to see that his family story was part of his people’s history.

    In the future, he hopes, the original material he has collected will be developed into a book that, for the first time, will tell the optimistic story of a rare moment in history in which Jews and Palestinians joined forces for a lofty shared goal.
    Ofer Aderet

    Ofer Aderet

    Haaretz Correspondent

    https://seenthis.net/messages/784533 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Comment Israël arme les dictatures à travers le monde

    Arming dictators, equipping pariahs: Alarming picture of Israel’s arms sales - Israel News - Haaretz.com

    Extensive Amnesty report cites Israeli sales to eight countries who violate human rights, including South Sudan, Myanmar, Mexico and the UAE ■ Amnesty calls on Israel to adopt oversight model adopted by many Western countries ■ Senior Israeli defense official: Export license is only granted after lengthy process
    Amos Harel
    May 17, 2019 5:59 AM

    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-arming-dictators-equipping-pariahs-an-alarming-picture-of-israel-s
    https://www.haaretz.com/polopoly_fs/1.7250453.1558062678!/image/330230789.jpg_gen/derivatives/headline_1200x630/330230789.jpg

    A thorough report by Amnesty International is harshly critical of Israel’s policies on arms exports. According to the report written in Hebrew by the organization’s Israeli branch, Israeli companies continue to export weapons to countries that systematically violate human rights. Israeli-made weapons are also found in the hands of armies and organizations committing war crimes. The report points to eight such countries that have received arms from Israel in recent years.

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    Often these weapons reach their destination after a series of transactions, thereby skirting international monitoring and the rules of Israel itself. Amnesty calls on the government, the Knesset and the Defense Ministry to more tightly monitor arms exports and enforce transparency guidelines adopted by other Western countries that engage in large-scale weapons exports.

    In the report, Amnesty notes that the supervision of the arms trade is “a global, not a local issue. The desire and need for better monitoring of global arms sales derives from tragic historical events such as genocide, bloody civil wars and the violent repression of citizens by their governments …. There is a new realization that selling arms to governments and armies that employ violence only fuels violent conflicts and leads to their escalation. Hence, international agreements have been reached with the aim of preventing leaks of military equipment to dictatorial or repressive regimes.”

    >> Read more: Revealed: Israel’s cyber-spy industry helps world dictators hunt dissidents and gays

    The 2014 Arms Trade Treaty established standards for trade in conventional weapons. Israel signed the treaty but the cabinet never ratified it. According to Amnesty, Israel has never acted in the spirit of this treaty, neither by legislation nor its policies.

    “There are functioning models of correct and moral-based monitoring of weapons exports, including the management of public and transparent reporting mechanisms that do not endanger a state’s security or foreign relations,” Amnesty says. “Such models were established by large arms exporters such as members of the European Union and the United States. There is no justification for the fact that Israel continues to belong to a dishonorable club of exporters such as China and Russia.”

    In 2007, the Knesset passed a law regulating the monitoring of weapons exports. The law authorizes the Defense Ministry to oversee such exports, manage their registration and decide on the granting of export licenses. The law defines defense-related exports very broadly, including equipment for information-gathering, and forbids trade in such items without a license.
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    The law does not include a clause limiting exports when there is a high probability that these items will be used in violation of international or humanitarian laws. But the law does prohibit “commerce with foreign agencies that are not in compliance with UN Security Council resolutions that prohibit or limit a transfer of such weapons or missiles to such recipients.”

    According to Amnesty, “the absence of monitoring and transparency have for decades let Israel supply equipment and defense-related knowledge to questionable states and dictatorial or unstable regimes that have been shunned by the international community.”

    The report quotes a 2007 article by Brig. Gen. (res.) Uzi Eilam. “A thick layer of fog has always shrouded the export of military equipment. Destinations considered pariah states by the international community, such as Chile in the days of Pinochet or South Africa during the apartheid years, were on Israel’s list of trade partners,” Eilam wrote.

    “The shroud of secrecy helped avoid pressure by the international community, but also prevented any transparency regarding decisions to sell arms to problematic countries, leaving the judgment and decision in the hands of a small number of people, mainly in the defense establishment.”

    The report presents concrete evidence on Israel’s exports over the last two decades, with arms going to eight countries accused by international institutions of serious human rights violations: South Sudan, Myanmar, the Philippines, Cameroon, Azerbaijan, Sri Lanka, Mexico and the United Arab Emirates. In some of these cases, Israel denied that it exported arms to these countries at specifically mentioned times. In other case it refused to give details.
    Israeli security-related exports

    In its report, Amnesty relies on the research of other human rights groups, on documentation published in the media in those eight countries, and on information gathered by attorney Eitay Mack, who in recent years has battled to expose Israel’s arms deals with shady regimes. Amnesty cross-checks descriptions of exported weapons with human rights violations and war crimes by those countries. In its report, Amnesty says that some of these countries were under sanctions and a weapons-sales embargo, but Israel continued selling them arms.

    According to the organization, “the law on monitoring in its current format is insufficient and has not managed to halt the export of weapons to Sri Lanka, which massacred many of its own citizens; to South Sudan, where the regime and army committed ethnic cleansing and aggravated crimes against humanity such as the mass rape of hundreds of women, men and girls; to Myanmar, where the army committed genocide and the chief of staff, who carried out the arms deal with Israel, is accused of these massacres and other crimes against humanity; and to the Philippines, where the regime and police executed 15,000 civilians without any charges or trials.”

    Amnesty says that this part of the report “is not based on any report by the Defense Ministry relating to military equipment exports, for the simple reason that the ministry refuses to release any information. The total lack of transparency by Israel regarding weapons exports prevents any public discussion of the topic and limits any research or public action intended to improve oversight.”

    One example is the presence of Israeli-made Galil Ace rifles in the South Sudanese army. “With no documentation of sales, one cannot know when they were sold, by which company, how many, and so on,” the report says.

    “All we can say with certainty is that the South Sudanese army currently has Israeli Galil rifles, at a time when there is an international arms embargo on South Sudan, imposed by the UN Security Council, due to ethnic cleansing, as well as crimes against humanity, using rape as a method of war, and due to war crimes the army is perpetrating against the country’s citizens.”

    According to Amnesty, the defense export control agency at the Defense Ministry approved the licenses awarded Israeli companies for selling weapons to these countries, even though it knew about the bad human rights situation there. It did this despite the risk that Israeli exports would be used to violate human rights and despite the embargo on arms sales imposed on some of these countries by the United States and the European Union, as well as other sanctions that were imposed by these countries or the United Nations.

    In response to letters written to the export control agency, its head, Rachel Chen, said: “We can’t divulge whether we’re exporting to one of these countries, but we carefully examine the state of human rights in each country before approving export licenses for selling them weapons.” According to Amnesty, this claim is false, as shown by the example of the eight countries mentioned in the report.

    Amnesty recommends steps for improving the monitoring of defense exports. It says Israel lags American legislation by 20 years, and European legislation by 10 years. “The lack of transparency has further negative implications, such as hiding information from the public,” Amnesty says.
    File photo: Personnel of the South Sudan People’s Defence Forces (SSPDF), assigned as South Sundan’s presidential guard, take part in a drill at their barracks in Rejaf, South Sudan, April 26, 2019.
    File photo: Personnel of the South Sudan People’s Defence Forces (SSPDF), assigned as South Sundan’s presidential guard, take part in a drill at their barracks in Rejaf, South Sudan, April 26, 2019.Alex McBride/AFP

    “The concept by which the Defense Ministry operates is that it is not in the public interest to know which countries buy weapons here, how much and under what conditions. This is an erroneous conception that stems from the wish to conceal, using the well-worn cloak of ‘issues of state security and foreign relations’ as an excuse,” it adds.

    “The veil of secrecy makes it hard to obtain data. In our humble opinion, the information we have gathered and presented in this report is the tip of the iceberg. Most of the evidence is based on official reports issued by the recipient states, such as the Facebook page of the chief of staff in Myanmar, or the site of the Philippine government’s spokesman.”

    The authors say attempts to maintain secrecy in an era of social media and global media coverage are absurd and doomed to fail.

    “Let the reasonable reader ask himself if the powers that sell weapons are concerned about harm to state security resulting from making the information accessible, or whether this is just an excuse, with the veil of secrecy protecting the interests of certain agencies in Israel.”

    Amnesty says Israel ranks eighth among the exporters of heavy weapons around the world. Between 2014 and 2018, Israel’s defense exports comprised 3.1 percent of global sales. Compared with the previous four years, this was a 60 percent increase. The three largest customers of heavy weapons sold by Israel are India, Azerbaijan and Vietnam.

    But the report says defense industries are not the largest or most lucrative contributors to Israeli exports. According to the Defense Ministry, defense exports comprise 10 percent of Israel’s industrial exports. “Defense-related companies in Israel export to 130 countries around the world,” the report says. “Of these, only a minority are countries designated by the UN and the international community as violators of human rights.”

    These are mostly poor countries and the scope of defense exports to them is small compared to the rest of Israel’s exports. According to Amnesty, banning exports to the eight countries would not sting Israel’s defense contractors or their profits, and would certainly not have a public impact. “There is no justification – economic, diplomatic, security-related or strategic – to export weapons to these countries,” the report says.

    Amnesty believes that “the situation is correctable. Israel’s government and the Defense Ministry must increase their monitoring and transparency, similar to what the vast majority of large weapons exporters around the world do except for Russia and China.”

    According to Amnesty, this should be done by amending the law regulating these exports, adding two main clauses. The first would prohibit the awarding of licenses to export to a country with a risk of serious human rights violations, based on international humanitarian law.

    The second would set up a committee to examine the human rights situation in any target state. The committee would include people from outside the defense establishment and the Foreign Ministry such as academics and human rights activists, as is customary in other countries.

    “Monitoring must not only be done, it must be seen, and the Israeli public has every right to know what is done in its name and with its resources, which belong to everyone,” the report says.

    A policy of obscurity

    A senior defense official who read the Amnesty report told Haaretz that many of its claims have been discussed in recent years in petitions to the High Court of Justice. The justices have heard petitions relating to South Sudan, Cameroon and Mexico. However, in all cases, the court accepted the state’s position that deliberations would be held with only one side present – the state, and that its rulings would remain classified.
    File photo: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu speaks to a military commander along the Gaza border, southern Israel, March 28, 2019.
    File photo: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu speaks to a military commander along the Gaza border, southern Israel, March 28, 2019.Itay Beit On/GPO

    Monitoring of exports has substantially increased since the law was passed, the official said. The authority endowed to the Defense Ministry by this law, including imposing economic sanctions, prohibition of exports and taking legal action against companies, are more far-reaching than in other countries.

    “The process of obtaining an export license in Israel is lengthy, difficult and imposes onerous regulations on exporters," he added. “When there is evidence of human rights violations in a country buying arms from Israel, we treat this with utmost seriousness in our considerations. The fact is that enlightened states respect the laws we have and are interested in the ways we conduct our monitoring.”

    He admitted that Israel does adopt a policy of obscurity with regard to its arms deals. “We don’t share information on whether or to which country we’ve sold arms,” he said. “We’ve provided all the information to the High Court. The plaintiffs do receive fixed laconic responses, but there are diplomatic and security-related circumstances that justify this.”

    “Other countries can be more transparent but we’re in a different place,” he argued. "We don’t dismiss out of hand discussion of these issues. The questions are legitimate but the decisions and polices are made after all the relevant considerations are taken into account.”

    The intense pace of events in recent months – rounds of violence along the Gaza border, Israel’s election, renewed tension between the U.S. and Iran – have left little time to deal with other issues that make the headlines less frequently.

    Israel is currently in the throes of an unprecedented constitutional and political crisis, the outcome of which will seriously impact its standing as a law-abiding state. If Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu succeeds in his plan to halt all legal proceedings against him, legislating an immunity law and restricting the jurisdiction of the High Court, all other issues would pale in comparison.

    There is some logic to the claim that Israel cannot be holier than thou when it comes to arms sales in the global market, and yet, the Amnesty report depicts a horrific image, backed by reliable data, but also makes suggestions for improvement that seem reasonable.

    Numerous reports over the last year show that the problem is not restricted to the sale of light weapons, but might be exacerbated by the spread of cyberwarfare tools developed by Israel and what dark regimes can do with these. Even if it happens through a twisted chain of sub-contractors, the state can’t play innocent. Therefore, it’s worthwhile listening to Amnesty’s criticism and suggestions for improvement.
    Amos Harel

    https://seenthis.net/messages/781514 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • L’Eurovision en Israël : « Oser rêver » sauf si l’on est enfermé à Gaza par Abier Almasri
    https://www.hrw.org/fr/news/2019/05/16/leurovision-en-israel-oser-rever-sauf-si-lon-est-enferme-gaza

    Les Palestiniens vivant dans la bande de Gaza aspirent pourtant aussi à la liberté et à l’égalité

    https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/styles/open_graph/public/multimedia_images_2019/201905mena_israel_palestine_gaza_eurovision.jpg?itok=2ui6LcRO

    Ces jours-ci, Israël accueille à Tel Aviv le concours Eurovision de la chanson, sous le slogan « Osez rêver » (« Dare to dream »). De nombreux Européens ont parcouru plusieurs centaines de kilomètres pour se rendre en Israël afin d’assister aux festivités. Mais en tant que résidente de Gaza, je n’ai moi-même pas le droit de faire ce voyage, alors qu’il durerait moins d’une heure en voiture.

    En coordination avec l’Égypte, Israël a transformé Gaza en une prison à ciel ouvert, renfermant deux millions de Palestiniens sur une petite superficie. Depuis près de 12 ans, les autorités israéliennes ont sévèrement restreint la possibilité de traverser la frontière, essentiellement réservée à des « cas humanitaires exceptionnels ». Ceci équivaut à une interdiction généralisée de voyager qui est illégale, et ne repose sur aucune évaluation individuelle de risques sécuritaires. En 2018, le nombre de personnes autorisées à traverser le pont d’Erez pour sortir de Gaza ne représentait plus qu’environ 1 % du nombre enregistré en septembre 2000, avant l’imposition du blocus.

    Malgré cette dure réalité, j’ai longtemps « osé rêver » de pouvoir voyager et de voir le monde, et même simplement de visiter Jérusalem, non loin de Gaza. L’année dernière, l’armée israélienne m’a enfin permis de quitter Gaza pour la première fois de ma vie, à l’âge de 31 ans, afin d’assister à des réunions au siège de Human Rights Watch à New York. J’ai par la suite été autorisée à me rendre en Israël et en Cisjordanie pour la première fois. J’ai savouré chaque instant, sachant que ce serait peut-être la dernière fois.

    Je sais aussi que j’ai plus de chance que la plupart des habitants de Gaza, dont 80 % dépendent d’aide humanitaire et plus de la moitié sont sans emploi.

    Je souhaiterais que des spectateurs de l’Eurovision viennent aussi ici à Gaza et prennent connaissance de notre propre réalité, comme les longues et fréquentes coupures de courant, et le supplice psychologique de se sentir piégé et interdit de voyage.

    En tant que Palestiniennes et Palestiniens de Gaza, nous ne sommes pas en mesure d’assister sans entrave à l’Eurovision, mais nous ne cesserons jamais d’oser rêver de liberté.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/781409 via enuncombatdouteux



  • Le refus de la part d’Israël d’accorder aux réfugiés palestiniens le droit au retour a engendré sept décennies de souffrances
    15 mai 2019 - Amnesty International
    https://www.amnesty.org/fr/latest/news/2019/05/israels-refusal-to-grant-palestinian-refugees-right-to-return-has-fuelled-s
    https://www.amnesty.org:443/remote.axd/aineupstrmediaprd.blob.core.windows.net/media/20956/nakba-photo.jpg?center=0.5,0.5&preset=fixed_1200_630

    La Nakba, qui est commémorée le 15 mai, désigne le déplacement de plus de 700 000 Palestiniens à la suite de la création de l’État d’Israël en 1948
    Plus de 70 années se sont depuis écoulées, et Israël continue de priver les réfugiés palestiniens de leur droit de retourner sur leurs terres
    Amnesty International a créé un site dédié à la Nakba qui décrit les difficultés des réfugiés palestiniens qui vivent au Liban, en Jordanie et dans les territoires palestiniens occupés

    #Nakba

    https://seenthis.net/messages/781150 via Loutre


  • Un prix important pour l’écrivaine égyptienne Ahdaf Soueif, défenseure inlassable de la démocratie attribué par la fondation pour la culture européenne

    ECF Princess Margriet Award 2019 - European Cultural Foundation
    https://www.culturalfoundation.eu/pma-2019

    http://static1.squarespace.com/static/526e5978e4b0b83086a1fede/t/5ae74a936d2a739e98048ed5/1525107354896/ECF-Main-Logo-WarmRed.jpg?format=1500w

    Ahdaf Soueif (1950) is a writer and cultural activist working in London and Cairo.

    In the last 20 years she has courageously merged literature and activism, building a body of fiction and committed journalism that responds to the legacies of European intervention in conflicts outside of the continent’s immediate territorial boundaries.

    The Palestine Festival of Literature (2008–present), of which she is founding chair, created a new form of international cultural cooperation.

    Soueif’’s consistent opposition to both authoritarianism and colonialism has marked her as a cultural figure of international importance inspiring new generations of critical voices throughout Europe and its neighbouring regions.

    Throughout her career, Soueif has been a tireless mediator between the supposed opposition of east and west, working to find common ground for a more democratic future.
    Visit Ahdaf Soueif’s website
    Follow Soueif on Twitter
    Visit the PalFest Website

    https://seenthis.net/messages/781255 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • L’assureur Axa se désinvestit d’une entreprise d’armement israélienne, cible d’une campagne de boycott
    Emmanuel Riondé, Basta, le 13 mai 2019
    https://www.bastamag.net/L-assureur-Axa-se-desinvestit-d-une-entreprise-d-armement-israelienne-cibl

    Une filiale d’Axa a récemment confirmé son retrait de l’actionariat d’Elbit Systems, une entreprise israélienne fabriquant des armes utilisées contre les Palestiniens, notamment des bombes au phosphore blanc.

    #Palestine #BDS #Désinvestissement #Axa #armement #embargo

    https://seenthis.net/messages/781105 via Dror@sinehebdo


  • La #France et l’#UE avalisent l’#apartheid en #Palestine
    http://www.chroniquepalestine.com/france-et-ue-se-font-une-raison-apartheid-en-palestine
    http://www.chroniquepalestine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/11-9.jpg

    L’incompétence de l’UE n’a d’égal que son #hypocrisie. Israël jouit toujours d’importants privilèges commerciaux avec l’#Europe, et les relations diplomatiques entre Israël et la plupart des pays membres de l’UE sont à un niveau sans précédent.

    La seule initiative européenne collective qui a semblé avoir un peu de portée sur le moment, remonte à 2013, lorsque l’UE a demandé que les produits israéliens fabriqués dans les colonies juives illégales soient étiquetés comme tels. Après des années de bricolage, l’UE a admis que le contrôle des pratiques commerciales israéliennes en matière d’étiquetage s’était avéré « impossible ».

    La position française sur le commerce avec les colonies illégales est particulièrement scandaleuse. Alors que le Sénat irlandais a voté le 5 décembre dernier pour interdire l’importation des biens produits dans les colonies, en octobre 2018, les Français ont fait exactement le contraire en suspendant les règles spéciales d’étiquetage.

    En vérité, l’inefficacité des politiques de l’UE n’a rien de nouveau et elle ne peut pas être imputée aux mesures unilatérales de Trump. En fait, les propos de l’ambassadeur de France Araud illustrent la frustration accumulée par de nombreux diplomates de l’UE au fil des ans.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/781113 via Kassem


  • Libya’s Coming Forever War:Why Backing One Militia Against Another Is Not the Solution

    https://warontherocks.com/2019/05/libyas-coming-forever-war-why-backing-one-militia-against-another-is-
    https://warontherocks.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Libya.jpg

    Haftar’s Militias: Neither National nor an Army

    Trump’s call appears to rest on a mistaken but well-trodden narrative, advanced by Haftar’s forces, his Arab backers, and his western sympathizers, that the general’s “army” could deal a decisive military blow to Tripoli’s “Islamist and jihadist militias.” But this dichotomy is not anchored to current realities.

    After the 2011 revolution, as Benghazi fell into chaos and neglect, there was indeed a very real radical Islamist militia presence, which Haftar’s so-called Operation Dignity coalition started fighting in 2014. And some of these Islamists were later backed by hardline revolutionary factions in the western Libyan cities of Tripoli and Misrata. But since Haftar’s military victory in Benghazi and his consolidation of control over eastern Libya, the threat of Islamist militias has diminished significantly. So has Qatari and Turkish interference in Libya, especially compared to the still-robust role of the United Arab Emirates and Egypt. In tandem, moderate and pragmatic Libyan factions sidelined the radical presence in Tripoli and Misrata, with many militant figures exiled, imprisoned, or killed. Thus, it is a mistake to portray Tripoli as awash with radical Islam and Haftar as a savior figure coming to eradicate it.

    Aside from this inflated “radical” narrative, Haftar’s forces are hardly the professional army they appear to be. They contain a significant irregular, localized militia component, which includes foreign fighters from Chad and Sudan. Our interviews with Libyan National Army personnel, U.N. officials, and observers indicate this militia component to be somewhere between 40 to 60 percent of the army’s total. To be sure, there is a nucleus of regular infantry, armor, air force, and military police units — and it is this professional face that accounts for the public support, based on a recent poll, that Libyans accord the Libyan National Army as a welcome alternative to the country’s unruly and rapacious militias. But even this narrative is shaky. One of Haftar premier regular units, the Sa’iqa (or Thunderbolt Battalion), often described in the press as an “elite” organization, has been implicated in a string of abuses, and one of its senior officers has been indicted for war crimes by the International Criminal Court.

    Moreover, ever since Haftar started his military campaign in Benghazi in 2014, he has relied heavily on locally constituted militias. Denoted by the euphemism “support forces” or “neighborhood youths,” these militias were tied to specific Benghazi suburbs, and many hailed from an influential local tribe, the Awaqir. These support forces acted, in effect, as rear area guards, but also assisted regular units in frontline assaults. As the conflict dragged on, they also engaged in violent vigilantism, attacking the homes and businesses of Benghazi families suspected to be loyal to Haftar’s Islamist opponents.

    The presence of conservative Salafists in the Libyan National Army also belies the notion that Haftar’s forces are an institutionalized, professional force. Backed by Muammar Qadhafi in the waning years of his rule, these Salafists had a presence in the former regime’s security forces and are doctrinally hostile to the political Islamists Haftar was fighting. Salafist fighters have been crucial frontline combatants for the Libyan National Army. In areas of the east that Haftar has taken over, they’ve enjoyed some latitude to try and enforce their version of Islamic social mores. All of this suggests that any Trump administration support for Haftar on ideological grounds is misplaced. He is certainly a foe of the Muslim Brotherhood, which the White House is unwisely trying to designate as a foreign terrorist organization. But he is no secularist.

    More recently, Salafists have joined Libyan National Army military units commanded by Haftar’s sons. This familial dimension of Haftar’s forces is yet more evidence that the Libyan National Army is not all that it seems. Our interviews with members of the group and its supporters suggest that with minimal military training, Haftar’s sons Khalid and Saddam were elevated to command positions, part of a broader trend of Haftar ruling through a tight clique of family members and confidantes from his tribe, the Firjan. In particular, Khaled’s unit, the 106th Brigade, has received high-end foreign equipment and weapons, leading to frequent comparisons to Libya’s most elite formation during the Qadhafi era, the 32d Reinforced Brigade, commanded by Qadhafi’s youngest son Khamis.

    Finally, the acquiescence and, in some cases, active support that Haftar’s Libyan National Army enjoyed from foreign powers have also been crucial to the army’s expansion. The United Arab Emirates, Egypt, France, and Russia each backed the Libyan National Army for their own reasons (whether anti-Islamism, border control, or counter-terrorism). Haftar, like many Middle Eastern proxies, has proved adroit at exploiting this patronage . And the United States also shoulders some blame: Though Washington reportedly halted military engagement with Haftar’s side in 2015, American diplomats, based on our interviews, evinced an increasingly accommodative stance toward the general, hoping to bring him into the political process and taking at face value his professed support for elections. They also adopted a muted position toward his military move across Libya’s vast southern region earlier this year, which Haftar’s camp likely perceived as a tacit green light.

    During this southern advance, a security and governance vacuum allowed the Libyan National Army to effectively flip locally constituted militias — including those guarding oil installations — with offers of cash and equipment. In turning to attack Tripoli, Haftar adopted a similar strategy, hoping local militias in Tripoli and its environs would come to his side, persuaded by a mix of cash, force, and self-interested political calculations. But that plan has backfired spectacularly. Disparate militias in Tripoli that had long been at loggerheads have unified against him. Even ordinary citizens who might have welcomed Haftar into the capital as relief from the militias are turning against him.

    Understanding the fractured political and security backdrop against which the Libyan National Army has encountered these obstacles is important for understanding why Trump’s faith in Haftar is misplaced.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/781231 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Nasrallah reveals new details about ambush, killing of 12 Israeli commandos
    Lebanon in 1997 and offers hints about a mysterious murder of a militant leader in Syria
    Amos Harel
    May 13, 2019 5:32 PM

    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-nasrallah-reveals-new-details-about-ambush-killing-of-12-israeli-c
    https://www.haaretz.com/polopoly_fs/1.7235365.1557758358!/image/1203881430.jpg_gen/derivatives/headline_1200x630/1203881430.jpg

    Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah revealed new details earlier this month about the disaster in September 1997, when 12 members of Israel’s elite naval commando unit were killed in southern Lebanon.

    Nasrallah claims that Hezbollah had been tracking Israel’s preparations for the mission and ambushed the commandos from the Shayetet 13 unit of the Israel Defense Forces – a scenario that some Israeli sources have also suggested over the years.

    Nasrallah spoke on May 2 at a memorial ceremony for Mustafa Badreddine, a senior Hezbollah figure who died under mysterious circumstances three years ago in Syria, and had been involved in the 1997 incident.

    Nasrallah’s remarks have been translated and analyzed in an article by Dr. Shimon Shapira, a brigadier general in the IDF reserves and an expert on Iran and Hezbollah. The article was published on the website of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, a research institute.

    On the night of September 4, 1997, 16 Shayetet fighters, under the command of Lt.-Col. Yossi Korakin, were tasked with laying bombs along the coastal road in Lebanon between Tyre and Sidon. After landing on the beach, an explosive device was detonated that caused serious casualties and severed the force into two. Korakin and 10 commandos were killed. Those who survived reported they were fired upon after the blast.
    Lebanon’s Hezbollah leader Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah addresses his supporters during a public appearance October 24, 2015
    Lebanon’s Hezbollah leader Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah addresses his supporters during a public appearance October 24, 2015\ REUTERS

    The survivors and the bodies of their comrades-in-arms were evacuated by helicopter, with great effort, during which an IDF doctor was killed by Lebanese gunfire. The body of one of those killed, Sgt. Itamar Ilya, remained behind and was returned to Israel in a swap with Hezbollah nine months later.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/780779 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Les ouvrières agricoles, ces sacrifiées du modèle agricole tunisien | Thierry Brésillon
    https://www.middleeasteye.net/fr/reportages/ouvrieres-agricoles-les-sacrifiees-du-modele-agricole-tunisiens

    Les ouvrières sont recrutées au jour le jour selon le bon vouloir d’un samsar, un intermédiaire représentant l’employeur. Elles sont ensuite parquées par dizaines dans une benne au fond de laquelle, détail sordide, on a versé de l’eau pour les empêcher de s’asseoir afin de gagner de la place. Source : Middle East Eye

    https://seenthis.net/messages/780594 via Rezo


  • Caricature du « juif », obsession des « musulmans », tout ce que la critique cinématographique n’a pas vu dans le film « la lutte des classes »

    La Lutte des classes, ou l’obsession de la race - ♀ le genre & l’écran ♂
    https://www.genre-ecran.net/?La-Lutte-des-classes-ou-l-obsession-de-la-race

    La Lutte des classes est une comédie sociale à la légèreté trompeuse et au message politique fort, qui a l’ambition de donner à lire et à comprendre les urgences sociales que vit la banlieue aujourd’hui, telles que les voit le réalisateur Michel Leclerc.

    On y traite des menaces que font peser les musulmans et les Juifs sur le vivre-ensemble, de la violence inouïe dont sont capables les Noirs et les Arabes même quand ils sont en maternelle (armés de leur méchant doudou), et surtout du mal-être des Blancs de classe moyenne et supérieure qui essaient de survivre dans une ville populaire de Seine-Saint-Denis, où ils viennent de débarquer.

    Ces Blancs, de gauche aiment-ils à préciser, sont confrontés à un terrible dilemme :

    Doit-on se résigner à devenir raciste, et risquer de perdre son humanisme de renommée plus que mondiale ?

    Ou alors doit-on bêtement rester attaché à des idéaux égalitaires, et risquer d’être attaqué par les hordes de sauvageons en culotte courte du 93 ?

    Que faire ? Ô dilemme insoluble !

    Ce casse-tête est celui que connait dans le film un couple de parents, Sofia (Leïla Bekhti) et Paul (Edouard Baer), lorsqu’ils décident de vendre leur appartement parisien pour venir vivre dans une maison à Bagnolet.

    Casse-tête car ces parents ont un petit garçon de huit ans, Corentin (Tom Levy), menacé par la violence extrême des enfants noirs et arabes de son âge, scolarisés dans la même école que lui. Les parents ne savent plus quoi faire face à cette violence, tous les jours ils pleurent. Faut-il inscrire Corentin dans une école privée ? Faut-il contourner la carte scolaire pour l’inscrire dans une école publique parisienne ? Ou alors faut-il abandonner sa chère petite tête blonde à la violence communautariste des sauvageons ?

    https://seenthis.net/messages/780750 via Nouvelles d’Orient



  • Du Yemen à Gaza : la responsabilité sociale des entreprises qui exportent des armes -
    Citoyen NADOT, Député.
    Ajoutée le 13 mai 2019
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Vlpy-hc_4U&feature=share

    Le 17 juillet 2014 à Gaza, en Palestine : une petite fille de 8 ans, et deux garçons de 9 et 10 ans, sont tués. Deux autres garçons de 9 et 15 ans, sont également estropiés à vie, suite à un tir de missile. Il s’agit d’un crime de guerre documenté depuis par un groupe d’expert des nations unis. Au milieu de la mare de sang dans lequel baignait encore une poupée, un photographe a identifié du matériel de guerre signé d’Eurofarad, une société du groupe français Exxelia Technologie. Au total, 3 potentiomètres de fabrication française ont été retrouvés ce jour sinistre, dont un encore rattaché aux ailettes du missile. Les parents de ces enfants arrachés à la vie sont partis civiles aujourd’hui dans un procès contre Exxelia pour complicité de crime de guerre. Le procès vient de démarrer au Tribunal de Grande Instance de Paris.

    #Gaza #armementfrançais

    https://seenthis.net/messages/780665 via Loutre


  • Saudis’ troubled ties in region threaten Trump’s anti-Iran agenda

    https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2019/05/saudi-arabia-ties-arab-world-washington-iran-policy.html
    https://9c998969b63acdb676d1-37595348221e1b716e1a6cfee3ed7891.ssl.cf1.rackcdn.com/almpics/2019/05/RTS2AIS3.jpg/RTS2AIS3-870.jpg

    As the United States ups the pressure on Iran, the Donald Trump administration is relying on Tehran’s archenemy and longtime US ally Saudi Arabia to shore up regional support for its policies. Yet, strains in Riyadh’s relations in the Arab world could complicate matters.

    Saudi Arabia’s relations with its Arab neighbors are more troubled than usual, largely due to the impetuousness of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. While ties to a few neighbors are close, relations with many others are tense behind the scenes, with significant implications for the Trump administration’s policy in the region.

    The kingdom’s closest allies are Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates, its partners in the blockade of Qatar. Saudi Arabia has long regarded Bahrain as a de facto protectorate. The Saudis reinforced their dominance over their small island neighbor in 2011 when it deployment troops across the King Fahd Causeway to repress protests by the Shiite majority. The troops are still there. The UAE and the kingdom pursue many identical policies but often with different strategies, most notably in regard to the war in Yemen.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/780113 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Macron « assume » la livraison d’armes à l’Arabie saoudite, malgré la guerre au Yémen
    https://www.lemonde.fr/international/article/2019/05/09/guerre-au-yemen-une-ong-fait-un-recours-en-urgence-contre-le-depart-de-franc

    « L’Etat français ne peut ignorer que ces armes peuvent servir à commettre des crimes de guerre au Yémen, où plus de 400 000 civils sont potentiellement sous le feu », a déclaré à l’Agence France-Presse (AFP) l’avocat de l’ACAT, Joseph Breham. Plusieurs autres organisations — comme Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International ou l’Observatoire des armements — sont également vent debout contre ces ventes. Jeudi, une centaine de personnes étaient rassemblées au port du Havre, à l’appel de la Ligue des droits de l’homme et du Mouvement de la paix, pour dénoncer ces livraisons qui contribuent, selon eux, au « carnage en cours au Yémen ». « Interdire les ventes d’armes aux pays en guerre » ou « Au Yémen, un enfant est tué toutes les 5 minutes », pouvait-on lire sur leurs pancartes.

    Si le président français n’a pas précisé les armes qui devaient être chargées au Havre, le site d’investigation Disclose a avancé que le navire devait prendre livraison de « huit canons de type Caesar » que l’Arabie saoudite pourrait utiliser dans la guerre qu’elle livre au Yémen aux rebelles houthistes, minorité chiite soutenue par l’Iran, grand rival de Riyad. Paris a invariablement affirmé que ces armements ne sont utilisés que de manière défensive et pas sur la ligne de front.

    Mais, selon une note de la direction du renseignement militaire (DRM), révélée par Disclose mi-avril, 48 canons Caesar produits par l’industriel français Nexter « appuient les troupes loyalistes, épaulées par les forces armées saoudiennes, dans leur progression en territoire yéménite ». Une carte de la DRM estime que « 436 370 personnes » sont « potentiellement concernées par de possibles frappes d’artillerie », dont celles des canons français. « Il ne suffit pas de dire “j’ai des garanties”, il faut nous les montrer. De même, nous aimerions qu’on nous explique clairement, nettement, comment l’Arabie saoudite lutte contre le terrorisme au Yémen », a réagi Aymeric Elluin, d’Amnesty International France.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/779916 via odilon


  • Rashida Tlaib a fixé les dates pour sa visite en Cisjordanie
    Par JTA 9 mai 2019, 13:50
    https://fr.timesofisrael.com/rashida-tlaib-a-fixe-les-dates-pour-sa-visite-en-cisjordanie
    https://static.timesofisrael.com/fr/uploads/2019/01/AP_18306619523719-640x400.jpg

    WASHINGTON — L’élue démocrate Rashida Tlaib, Michigan, a fixé les dates pour sa visite en Cisjordanie.

    Tlaib, membre du Congrès américano-palestinienne, a proposé le voyage après qu’elle a été élue au Congrès pour la première fois, comme un contre-poids aux voyages organisés par l’American Israel Education Foundation(AEIF), un groupe affilié à l’AIPAC.

    Mercredi, le journal Jewish Insider a publié le prospectus que Tlaib distribuait pour promouvoir le voyage du 17 au 22 août.

    L’Institut Humpty Dumpty, une organisation à but non lucratif, semblait sponsoriser l’initiative.(...)

    https://seenthis.net/messages/780048 via Loutre


  • Ofra Yeshua-Lyth : « La seule solution au Proche-Orient est un État démocratique et laïc »
    Par Hassina Mechaï —Date de publication : Mardi 7 mai 2019
    https://www.middleeasteye.net/fr/entretiens/ofra-yeshua-lyth-la-seule-solution-au-proche-orient-est-un-etat-democ

    Pourquoi un État juif n’est pas une bonne idée. La thèse qui sous-tend le livre d’Ofra Yeshua-Lyth, journaliste et écrivaine israélienne, est simple : la situation actuelle en Israël – occupation, militarisation de la société, mélange de nationalisme et de religion – n’est en rien une rupture avec le sionisme ou un dévoiement de sa dynamique.

    Dans ce livre préfacé par l’historien israélien Ilan Pappé, l’auteure, qui a été la correspondante du Maariv, l’un des principaux quotidiens israéliens, à Washington, D.C. et en Allemagne, déduit que la seule solution à ce qui est appelé (de façon erronée selon elle) le « conflit israélo-palestinien » est un État unique laïc et démocratique. Rencontre.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/779839 via Loutre


  • In the U.S., more Jews than Christians see Trump’s policies as too pro-Israel, poll finds

    42 percent of Jews said that Trump’s policies were too favorable to Israel while 26 percent of Christian thought so and 15 percent of Evangelicals held this view
    Amir Tibon
    May 06, 2019 8:09 PM

    https://www.haaretz.com/us-news/.premium-poll-in-the-u-s-more-jews-than-christians-see-trump-s-policies-as-
    https://www.haaretz.com/polopoly_fs/1.7210205.1557163403!/image/2984646525.jpg_gen/derivatives/headline_1200x630/2984646525.jpg

    American Jews are more likely than American Christians to think that President Donald Trump’s policies are too favorable to Israel, according to a recent poll by the Pew Research Center. As part of a national poll on American attitudes toward Israel, the respondents were asked whether they thought Trump’s policies in the Middle East were too favorable to Israel, too favorable to the Palestinians, or had the right balance.

    Among Jewish respondents, 42 percent said that Trump’s policies were too favorable to Israel. Only 6 percent said that his policies were too favorable to the Palestinians, while a plurality of 47 percent said the policy struck the right balance. Among Christian respondents, meanwhile, only 26 percent said Trump’s policies were too favorable to Israel, while 59 percent said the 45th president has the ‘right balance.’

    Within the different Christian denominations, there are different views on the subject. Among Evangelical Christians, 72 percent think Trump’s policy strikes the “right balance,” and only 15 percent think he is too favorable to Israel. Among Catholics, 34 percent think he is too favorable to Israel, and 51 percent think he has the “right balance.” In addition, 33 percent of the respondents who belong to the “historically black” church said that Trump’s policies are too favorable to Israel, and 40 percent of them said it has the right balance.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/779442 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Gaza a fait son choix : toujours elle résistera !
    Et aucune accumulation de propagande israélienne ni réhabilitation par l’Eurovision ne peuvent effacer la légitimité de son droit à le faire.

    Haidar Eid - 6 mai 2019 – Al Jazeera – traduction : JPP pour l’Agence Média Palestine
    http://www.agencemediapalestine.fr/blog/2019/05/07/gaza-a-fait-son-choix-elle-continuera-a-resister
    https://www.aljazeera.com/mritems/imagecache/mbdxxlarge/mritems/Images/2019/5/6/84d7f392880d434ea1fa0f0968065f75_18.jpg Un garçon palestinien blessé évacué lors d’une manifestation à la barrière Israël-Gaza, dans le sud de la bande de Gaza, le 3 mai 2019 [Reuters / Ibraheem Abu Mustafa]

    (...) Dans le cas présent, le gouvernement israélien est impatient de calmer Gaza avant la généreuse opportunité que lui ont offert les pays européens de blanchir ses crimes de guerre par l’accueil du concours Eurovision de la chanson à Tel Aviv, à une heure de route de la bande de Gaza.

    Comme par le passé, les Palestiniens sont à présent censés accepter, et avec gratitude, une « période de calme » où les bombes israéliennes ne pleuvront pas sur leurs maisons, et où le blocus continuera d’étrangler Gaza.

    En fait, ce qu’on exige régulièrement des Palestiniens, c’est qu’ils se conduisent comme des « Palestiniens domestiques », et qu’ils soient reconnaissants envers leurs maîtres ashkénazes blancspour les miettes de pain qu’ils leur laissent pour à peine survivre.

    Ils doivent se laisser aller à une mort lente, mourir comme des cafards, ne manifester aucune forme de rébellion, et accepter que s’ils meurent en résistant, eh bien que ce soit de leur propre faute.

    Mais trop c’est trop ! (...)

    #Gaza

    https://seenthis.net/messages/779393 via Loutre


  • Why I don’t give lectures in Israel about the occupation -
    Gideon Levy
    Opinion -
    Israel News | Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-why-i-don-t-give-lectures-in-israel-about-the-occupation-1.7170563
    https://www.haaretz.com/polopoly_fs/1.7170588.1556397498!/image/169244474.jpg_gen/derivatives/headline_1200x630/169244474.jpg

    What will the tiny handful of Israelis for whom fighting the occupation is paramount do now? What will they do, the people who will not consent to living in an apartheid state? The election results left no room for doubt: Israel lacks a critical mass of opponents to the occupation. The pro-annexation camp beat the camp that’s in favor of perpetuating the occupation. That’s the story, in a nutshell.

    Some of the people who voted for Kahol Lavan or other parties would like to be rid of the albatross around their necks, but it’s not their No. 1 priority. Loathing for Benjamin Netanyahu, the corruption in government and the Eurovision Song Contest are much higher up on their agenda. And what do these people think could possibly end the occupation anyway? Nothing. It’s no biggie.

    The minority that refuses to give up on opposing the occupation can throw in the towel now when it comes to trying to win over Israelis. There’s no one to talk to, and nothing to talk about. There is no partner in Israel, no buyers. Only a handful of warriors remain, the few and the brave.

    One can wait for a miracle — or a disaster — or one can shift to the only arena where hope is still possible: overseas.

    That’s where the fate of the regime in South Africa was decided, at the end of the day, and that’s where the fate of the regime in Israel-Palestine might possibly be decided one day. For now, it’s the only option.

    The argument that this is an undemocratic action aimed at bypassing the will of the people obviously sets a new standard of chutzpah. It’s akin to the claim that the international sanctions against South Africa constituted interference in the country’s domestic affairs.

    There, too, there were democratic elections, for whites only, and a majority of the whites had their say and supported apartheid. So what? Did that have anything to do with democracy? Could the international community sit by idly?

    The occupation is not an internal Israeli matter, and it has nothing to do with democracy. Israeli Jews who control Palestinians using brutal military force are an international matter.

    This is exactly why international institutions were established and why foreign policy exists, and this is exactly why there are judges in The Hague. For 52 years, millions of Palestinians were never asked for their opinion, and for that reason there are few issues that require the intervention of the international community more urgently. It is not only a legitimate sphere of action, it is mandatory — including for Israelis.

    Contradictory messages are emanating from this arena. There are signs of loss of interest and fatigue over a conflict that refuses to be resolved. Ultranationalism, xenophobia and Islamophobia bolster support for Israeli colonialism.

    But at the same time, there are reinforcements in the form of new, almost revolutionary voices, that will not accept this. In Europe and in the United States there arose a generation that did not know the Holocaust and was unwilling to accept the occupation.
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    There is today no greater source of hope than the astonishing changes in the U.S. Democratic Party and the U.K. Labour Party. The rise of these parties to power could herald a new international language toward Israel. There are countries where people are only waiting for the signal to join in.

    The fall of the occupation is likely to be dramatic, not gradual, and the house of cards that seems today to be at the height of its powers, with greater international support than ever before, could collapse in an instant. That’s what happened in South Africa.

    The formula is a simple one: the dissolution of the existing formula, according to which it benefits Israel and the Israelis to continue the occupation. As long as it exists — and it does exist — there is no possibility of change. The moment one of the components is removed, the Israelis will begin asking themselves, for the first time in their history, whether it’s all worth it and whether they are willing to pay the price.

    The answer is clear. There are few Israelis who will be willing to sacrifice their quality of life for the settlement of Ofra, which they have never been to and will never go to.

    It’s necessary to take action in the international arena without any guilt feelings, because it is the only hope. It needs additional Israeli voices. I am occasionally asked, “Snob, have you ever given a lecture in Israel?” but in Israel no one cares about the occupation. Occasionally the word “treason” is mentioned, too. It’s the silent ones who are the real traitors, in Israel and, even more so, abroad.
    Gideon Levy

    Gideon Levy
    Haaretz Correspondent

    https://seenthis.net/messages/777656 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Un tribunal israélien confirme l’expulsion d’un défenseur des droits de l’Homme
    Ali Abunimah, Electronic Intifada, le 18 avril 2019
    http://www.agencemediapalestine.fr/blog/2019/04/24/un-tribunal-israelien-confirme-lexpulsion-dun-defenseur-des-dro

    Mardi, un tribunal israélien a confirmé une décision du gouvernement d’expulser Omar Shakir, directeur du bureau de Jérusalem de Human Rights Watch. Le tribunal a fondé sa décision sur une loi de 2017 qui interdit l’entrée aux gens qui plaident pour un boycott d’Israël ou de ses colonies en territoire occupé.

    #Omar_Shakir #HRW #BDS #Boycott

    Suite de :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/573760
    https://seenthis.net/messages/692740
    https://seenthis.net/messages/775165

    Sur un sujet proche, une liste d’expulsions aux frontières israéliennes ici :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/364741

    #Palestine #Expulsion #Frontière

    https://seenthis.net/messages/777600 via Dror@sinehebdo



  • Lettre de l’AURDIP à l’IRT Antoine de Saint- Exupéry concernant sa collaboration avec l’Université d’Ariel située dans les territoires palestiniens occupés
    AURDIP, le 27 avril 2019
    https://www.aurdip.org/lettre-de-l-aurdip-a-l-irt-antoine.html

    Pour Mme Geneviève Fioraso
    Présidente de l’Institut de Recherche Technologique Antoine de Saint- Exupéry

    Paris, le 12 avril 2019,

    Madame la Présidente,

    L’Association des Universitaires pour le Respect du Droit International en Palestine (AURDIP) a été informée que l’Institut de Recherche Technologique (IRT) Antoine de Saint-Exupéry entretient des activités avec l’Université d’Ariel, une université située dans une colonie israélienne au sein des territoires palestiniens occupés.

    Des documents disponibles sur les sites internet de l’IRT Antoine de Saint- Exupéry et de l’Université d’Ariel (présentée comme située en Israël) attestent d’une collaboration institutionnelle entre ces deux établissements.

    Une plaquette de l’IRT Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, qui recense les différentes universités étrangères collaborant avec lui, mentionne d’ailleurs l’Université d’Ariel comme partenaire et indique que celle-ci se trouve en Israël.

    La collaboration entre les deux établissements a donné lieu à des conférences , école d’été , travaux et publications , notamment avec le professeur Joseph Bernstein du département d’ingénierie électrique et électronique de l’Université d’Ariel.

    L’AURDIP se permet de vous signaler que l’Université d’Ariel ne se trouve pas en Israël ou sur le territoire israélien, mais bien dans les territoires palestiniens occupés. L’Université d’Ariel est d’ailleurs érigée dans une colonie israélienne au sein de ces territoires.

    Nous vous rappelons à cette occasion que la colonisation israélienne constitue une violation du droit international (et un crime de guerre) et que toutes les colonies israéliennes situées au sein des territoires palestiniens occupés sont illégales.

    Dans son avis du 9 juillet 2004, la Cour internationale de Justice a dit que, du fait de cette illégalité en droit international, il est de la responsabilité de chaque Etat membre de la communauté internationale de ne pas reconnaître les colonies israéliennes, de n’apporter aucune aide et assistance aux colonies et de faire pression sur l’Etat d’Israël pour qu’il cesse la colonisation.

    C’est d’ailleurs la raison pour laquelle l’Union européenne s’est dotée le 19 juillet 2013 des « lignes directrices relatives à l’éligibilité des entités israéliennes établies dans les territoires occupés par Israël depuis juin 1967 et des activités qu’elles y déploient aux subventions, prix et instruments financiers financés par l’UE à partir de 2014 » ( 2013/C 205/05 ; JOUE du 19.7.2013 C 205/9 à C 205/11), qui interdisent les subventions, bourses et instruments financés par l’UE à toute entité israélienne établie dans les territoires palestiniens occupés par Israël depuis juin 1967, y compris Jérusalem-Est, mais également à toute activité israélienne qui y a lieu.

    Le soutien, direct ou indirect, par un établissement public français comme l’IRT Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, à des activités de recherche ou d’enseignement dans la colonie israélienne d’Ariel, constitue un encouragement à la politique israélienne de colonisation et est donc contraire au droit international.

    Nous souhaitons que vous puissiez nous assurer que cette question de la collaboration avec l’Université d’Ariel, qui fait courir un risque juridique et réputationnel tant à l’IRT Antoine de Saint-Exupéry qu’à son personnel, a été abordée avec votre équipe et traitée, afin d’y mettre un terme définitif.

    Nous attirons votre attention sur le fait que la situation actuelle contredit la position du ministère de l’enseignement supérieur et de la recherche, qui dans un précédent courrier nous a assuré qu’il est opposé à toute collaboration avec une entité de recherche ou d’enseignement située dans une colonie israélienne. Elle contrevient aussi au respect des lignes directrices de la Commission européenne qui ne saurait financer, même indirectement, ce type de collaboration.

    Nous comptons sur votre diligence pour nous rassurer quant à cette mise en conformité avec les législations française, européenne et internationale, et vous prions d’agréer l’expression de nos sentiments les meilleurs.

    Joseph Oesterlé
    Président de l’AURDIP

    #Palestine #BDS #Boycott_universitaire #AURDIP #Colonisation #Territoires_Occupés #Ariel

    https://seenthis.net/messages/777603 via Dror@sinehebdo