• The Shin Bet’s disgrace veiled in secrecy - Haaretz Editorial

    An invasive search of a woman by the organization shows that the security services must tell their people there are orders they should refuse to obey

    Haaretz Editorial
    Nov 03, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/editorial/.premium-the-shin-bet-s-disgrace-veiled-in-secrecy-1.6616497

    The Shin Bet security service’s activities in the West Bank are generally carried out under a veil of secrecy. Only on rare occasions are they revealed to the public, and it’s very rare for the public to find out about crimes apparently committed by one of the secret services in the name of national security.
    The first criminal investigation ordered by the ombudsman for complaints by people interrogated by the Shin Bet – after more than 1,000 complaints had been closed – attests once again to the need for closer supervision of what Shin Bet agents and members of the other security services do to Palestinians living under the occupation.
    The details of the incident, as reported by Haaretz’s Josh Breiner and Yotam Berger on Friday, are shocking. While arresting a Palestinian woman in 2015, a Shin Bet agent ordered soldiers to conduct a vaginal and anal search of the woman, apparently without any justification. Two female soldiers were assigned to conduct this invasive search that no member of the task force appears to have been authorized to make. The search produced nothing but humiliation and offense for the woman arrested.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/733346 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Un documentaire interdit sur le lobby pro-israélien aux États-Unis

    https://orientxxi.info/magazine/un-documentaire-interdit-sur-le-lobby-pro-israelien-aux-etats-unis,2715

    Le Monde diplomatique a publié au mois de septembre un article à propos d’une enquête réalisée par la chaîne Al-Jazira, propriété du Qatar, sur l’action du lobby pro-israélien aux États-Unis. Orient XXI en a publié les versions arabe et anglaise. Ce documentaire, réalisé notamment grâce à un journaliste infiltré, devait être diffusé au début de l’année 2018. Il ne l’a finalement pas été, suite à un accord entre le gouvernement du Qatar et une partie du lobby pro-israélien qui a, en échange, accepté d’adopter une attitude neutre dans le conflit entre l’Arabie saoudite et le petit émirat. Ayant eu accès au documentaire, Le Monde diplomatique et Orient XXI en avaient divulgué les éléments essentiels.

    Orient XXI a décidé, avec Electronic Intifada aux États-Unis et Al-Akhbar au Liban, de rendre public ce documentaire. Il y va du droit à l’information. Car cette enquête, après celle réalisée par la même chaîne sur le lobby au Royaume-Uni, pose des questions de fond : dans une démocratie, a-t-on le droit d’espionner les citoyens sur la base de leurs convictions ? Est-il normal que le gouvernement israélien participe et orchestre ces campagnes sur le sol de pays dits « alliés » ?

    Ce vendredi 2 novembre, les deux premiers épisodes du documentaire (sur les quatre) sont accessibles avec des sous-titres français. Les prochains épisodes suivront dans les semaines à venir.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/732936 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Egypt
    Critics blast amendments to Journalists Syndicate law drafted behind closed doors | MadaMasr
    https://madamasr.com/en/2018/11/01/feature/politics/critics-blast-draft-amendments-to-journalists-syndicate-law

    Proposed amendments to the law governing Egypt’s Journalists Syndicate have come under fire for bypassing normal procedural channels and being rushed through without input from syndicate members. Critics claim the amendments are being imposed by state authorities in an effort to control the drafting process and weaken the syndicate.

    The drafts — the contents or details of which have yet to be published — come in the wake of Parliament’s approval of three controversial press regulatory laws over the summer that grant government authorities far-reaching powers to further clamp down on the media and restrict press freedoms.

    Currently, two separate draft amendments to the Journalists Syndicate law (Law 76/1970) are being prepared and both are reportedly close to being finalized, but neither one has included the involvement of the syndicate’s rank and file in the drafting process.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/732740 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • What is analysis ? – Synaps source code
    Peter Harling

    https://peterharling.blog/2018/10/29/what-is-analysis

    ANALYSIS IS AN ODDLY VAGUE CONCEPT, given how central it is to our lives. There are many ordinary things we could not do without it. It would be dangerous to drive or cross the street without analysing the tangle of moving objects, road signs and weather conditions that inform our movements. The concept pervades virtually every field: Chemistry, mathematics, syntax, finance, journalism, and psychology all hinge on analysis. Such diversity makes it difficult to pin down: Can a blood test and a thesis in political science have anything in common? It will take a few analytic steps to prove it.
    Dictionaries tend to define analysis as one of two things. On one hand, the word refers to a process of examining an object to achieve a better understanding of it. On the other, it denotes the outcomes of such a process—the judgment or opinion we eventually form about that object. Such definitions hardly help, because they don’t tell us how to reach such conclusions. At the other extreme, social science manuals, for instance, usually confuse us with excessive methodological detail. The truth is that good sociological analysis is at least as much about instinct and experience as it is about rigorous methodology. Ultimately, most researchers just learn to analyse on the job.
    It is useful, however, to see that analysis proceeds in five stages. First, one must break the subject into its constituent parts. Any topic can be divided into subtopics, sub-subtopics and so on. A diplomatic crisis, for example, will involve at least two countries, whose officials have different views, which in turn are informed by a range of domestic, foreign and even personal factors. A speech can be broken into several themes, which in turn are held up by certain facts, views, or lies. The unemployment rate, for its part, may be split up by year, socioeconomic class and geography. The breakdown serves the essential function of producing distinct, descriptive categories containing data points: a network of players, a string of arguments, or a set of statistics.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/732280 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Un si mystérieux ministère israélien des affaires stratégiques
    Eyal Hareuveni > 29 octobre 2018 > Traduit de l’anglais par Pierre Prier.
    https://orientxxi.info/magazine/un-si-mysterieux-ministere-israelien-des-affaires-strategiques,2707
    https://orientxxi.info/local/cache-vignettes/L800xH398/3aeb26f090834c547a7634a1300aca-3e5d0.jpg?1540750221

    Inquiet de la montée du mouvement Boycott désinvestissement sanctions (BDS) de solidarité avec les Palestiniens, le gouvernement israélien tente d’organiser la riposte, n’hésitant pas à espionner des citoyens dans des pays étrangers, comme aux États-Unis. Il a créé un discret ministère des affaires stratégiques à cette fin, dont le bilan est pour le moins mitigé.

    C’est le plus discret des ministères israéliens. On ne peut trouver aucune information sur le ministère des affaires stratégiques sur le portail en ligne du gouvernement israélien ni dans le budget annuel du ministère des finances pour cette année ou pour l’année 2019. Le ministère n’a pas de site web dédié, contrairement à toutes les autres agences gouvernementales israéliennes — dont le Mossad, le Shin Bet (les services de sécurité extérieure et intérieure) et l’Agence atomique d’Israël. Ni les numéros de téléphone ni l’adresse du ministère ne figurent dans l’annuaire téléphonique d’Israël
     : il prétend que la loi israélienne sur la liberté d’informer ne s’applique ni à son action ni ses dépenses. Et sa directrice, Sima Vaknin-Gil, ancienne cheffe de la censure militaire refuse de fournir la moindre information significative sur son institution à la Commission de la transparence du Parlement. (...)

    https://seenthis.net/messages/732139 via Loutre


  • En Égypte, la « génération Tahrir » à l’heure de la contre-révolution
    https://www.bastamag.net/En-Egypte-la-generation-Tahrir-a-l-heure-de-la-contre-revolution

    A quoi ressemble aujourd’hui, dans l’Égypte dirigée d’une main de fer par la dictature du maréchal al-Sissi, la vie des jeunes révolutionnaires qui ont occupé la place Tahrir et manifesté dans les rues du Caire en 2011 ? Rester vivants, un film documentaire réalisé par la photographe Pauline Beugnies, dresse le portrait, à la fois intime et politique, d’une génération confrontée à la violence contre-révolutionnaire. Forgés dans l’effervescence de la chute d’Hosni Moubarak et des combats pour la démocratie, (...)

    #Chroniques

    / A la une, Démocratie !, Indignés de tous les pays..., #Proche_et_Moyen_Orient, #Vidéos, Droits (...)

    #Démocratie_ ! #Indignés_de_tous_les_pays... #Droits_fondamentaux

    https://seenthis.net/messages/732086 via Basta !


  • US support for Israel eroding, but not among Trump voters, poll finds |

    The Electronic Intifada
    https://electronicintifada.net/blogs/ali-abunimah/us-support-israel-eroding-not-among-trump-voters-poll-finds

    Back in January, I wrote that President Donald Trump’s tight embrace of Israel may accelerate Israel’s loss of support among key segments of the American public.

    Now, a new YouGov survey for The Economist confirms that support for Israel aligns more than ever with Trump’s base – a hotbed of right-wing, white nationalist and Christian Zionist views – while eroding among other Americans.

    Today, just 37 percent of those surveyed are prepared to describe Israel as an “ally” of the United States – a remarkably low number given the record-setting military aid Israel receives and the constant professions of “unbreakable bonds” between the two countries from American politicians across the political spectrum.

    Overall, another 25 percent say Israel is “friendly,” while nine percent view it as “unfriendly,” 23 percent are unsure and six percent say Israel is an outright “enemy.”

    https://seenthis.net/messages/731914 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Preventing Palestine: A Must Read History of Failed Peace-Making – LobeLog
    https://lobelog.com/preventing-palestine-a-must-read-history-of-failed-peace-making
    https://lobelog.com/wp-content/uploads/Sadat_and_Begin_and_their_delegations_at_Camp_David_September_17_1978_10729663704.jpg

    The result, as Anziska notes was that at Camp David Sadat got the Sinai and Begin got the West Bank. And with Israel’s southern border secured, Begin was free to attempt to “wipe out” the PLO in Lebanon.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/731824 via Kassem


  • Who’s buying Israeli gas? A company owned by the General Intelligence Service (Egypt) | MadaMasr

    https://madamasr.com/en/2018/10/23/feature/politics/whos-buying-israeli-gas-a-company-owned-by-the-general-intelligence-servic

    When news broke in February that an Egyptian firm named Dolphinus Holdings had signed a US$15 billion deal to purchase Israeli natural gas for supply to Egypt, the Egyptian government refused to comment, portraying it as a private market transaction.

    “The Ministry of Petroleum has no comment on private-sector negotiations or agreements regarding the import or sale of natural gas to Israel,” the ministry spokesperson said in a brief statement at the time.

    That same day, Reuters quoted an anonymous Egyptian government official who said that the deal did not mean the government itself would import gas from Israel. “International private companies will import gas from abroad in the framework of their own needs,” the official said.

    Similar claims were made in September after a preliminary agreement was struck for the acquisition of a stake in a pipeline between Ashkelon and Arish that would allow the transport of natural gas from Israel to Egypt.

    Again, the Petroleum Ministry spokesperson issued a swift response: “The ministry welcomes this new step taken by the private companies involved in the imminent commercial venture.” This time, the Egyptian company involved was called East Gas.

    Last week, CEO and managing director of East Gas Mohamed Shoeib boasted in several interviews that in exchange for the deal, his company had managed to get a handful of arbitration fines and cases against Egypt dropped after 18 months of negotiations. Shoeib attributed the success of the deal to a decision “from the beginning to think outside the government framework.”

    https://seenthis.net/messages/731155 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • US Military Policy in the Middle East : An Appraisal | Chatham House

    https://www.chathamhouse.org/publication/us-military-policy-middle-east-appraisal#

    Despite significant financial expenditure and thousands of lives lost, the American military presence in the Middle East retains bipartisan US support and incurs remarkably little oversight or public debate. Key US activities in the region consist of weapons sales to allied governments, military-to-military training programmes, counterterrorism operations and long-term troop deployments.
    The US military presence in the Middle East is the culmination of a common bargain with Middle Eastern governments: security cooperation and military assistance in exchange for US access to military bases in the region. As a result, the US has substantial influence in the Middle East and can project military power quickly. However, working with partners whose interests sometimes conflict with one another has occasionally harmed long-term US objectives.
    Since 1980, when President Carter remarked that outside intervention in the interests of the US in the Middle East would be ‘repelled by any means necessary’, the US has maintained a permanent and significant military presence in the region.
    Two main schools of thought – ‘offshore balancing’ and ‘forward engagement’ – characterize the debate over the US presence in the Middle East. The former position seeks to avoid backlash against the US by maintaining a strategic distance from the region and advocates the deployment of forces in the ‘global commons’, where the US military enjoys unparalleled supremacy. The latter group believes in the necessity of a robust military footprint to provide access to oil and gas markets and to prevent the emergence of a regional hegemon, such as Iran.
    American public opinion is roughly evenly split on whether the US should maintain a military presence in the Middle East. However, the status quo enjoys wide support in elite US circles.
    Despite President Trump’s criticism of major elements of the US military’s presence in the Middle East, US troop levels have increased since he took office. This demonstrates the difficulty in altering the status quo due to the risk of rupturing relations with friendly governments in the region.
    Key US objectives include reducing instability in the region, containing Iran’s influence, preventing the emergence of safe havens for terrorist organizations, assuring the free flow of oil and natural gas, and building up the capacities of local militaries to defend their own territory. The goal of allowing the flow of oil has been largely successful, while the others have had decidedly mixed outcomes.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/730655 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Revealed: Israel’s cyber-spy industry helps world dictators hunt dissidents and gays

    Haaretz investigation spanning 100 sources in 15 countries reveals Israel has become a leading exporter of tools for spying on civilians. Dictators around the world – even in countries with no formal ties to Israel – use them eavesdrop on human rights activists, monitor emails, hack into apps and record conversations
    By Hagar Shezaf and Jonathan Jacobson Oct 20, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium.MAGAZINE-israel-s-cyber-spy-industry-aids-dictators-hunt-dissident

    During the summer of 2016, Santiago Aguirre divided his time between part-time university lecturing and working for an organization that helps locate missing people. Mexico was then in the news internationally because of presidential candidate Donald Trump’s promise to build a wall on the American border with its southern neighbor. However, for Aguirre, a Mexican human rights activist, the problems of the present were far more pressing than any future wall. At the time, he was in the midst of a lengthy investigation to solve the mystery of the disappearance and presumed murder of 43 students in the city of Iguala two years before. It was becoming increasingly clear that his findings were incompatible with the results of the investigation conducted by the government.
    Aguirre wasn’t concerned when he received a series of text messages containing broken links. “Please help me with my brother, the police took him only because he is a teacher,” one message read. And another: “Professor, I encountered a problem. I am sending back my thesis, which is based on your dissertation, so that you can give me your comments.” The messages looked no different from many of the legitimate messages he received every day as part of his work. And therein lay the secret of their power. When Aguirre clicked on the links, however, he was inadvertently turning his smartphone into a surveillance device in the hands of the government.
    To really understand Israel and the Middle East - subscribe to Haaretz

    “Those text messages had information that was personal,” Aguirre notes, “the kind of information that could make the message interesting for me so I would click. It wasn’t until later that I actually thought – well, it is actually pretty weird that I received three messages with broken links.”

    Mexican human rights activist Santiago Aguirre, left, and colleague Mario Patron. Centro Prodh
    The discovery had a brutally chilling effect on the work of his organization. For the first time, he says, speaking with Haaretz by phone, he really and truly feared that every step he took was being watched, and that perhaps his family too was under surveillance.
    “Over the past 10 years, we have a figure of around 30,000 people who disappeared” in Mexico, Aguirre explains. “Many places in Mexico are controlled by organized crime. It has under its influence and power the authorities of some regions of the country, so they use the police to detain and then disappear people that they think are the enemy. I can tell you of many examples in which the Mexican military, for example, has presented the work human rights defenders as [benefiting] the drug cartels and organized crime. So there’s a pattern of thinking about the human rights sector in Mexico as a sector that needs to be surveilled.”

    The public revelation of the fact that Aguirre was under surveillance was made possible by cooperation between Mexican organizations and the Canadian research institute Citizen Lab. It turned out that Aguirre was one of a group of 22 journalists, lawyers, politicians, researchers and activists who were being tracked by local authorities. An examination of Aguirre’s telephone revealed that the links in the text messages were related to Pegasus spyware, which the authorities were using.
    But how did Pegasus get to Mexico? The trail of the malware led to Herzliya Pituah, the prosperous Tel Aviv suburb that is one of the major hubs of Israel’s high-tech industry. It’s there, in a narrow stretch of land between Israel’s coastal highway and the Mediterranean Sea, that NSO Group, the company that developed this Trojan-horse program, has its headquarters. Pegasus, which Forbes magazine called “the world’s most invasive mobile spy kit” in 2016, allows almost unlimited monitoring, even commandeering, of cellphones: to discover the phone’s location, eavesdrop on it, record nearby conversations, photograph those in the vicinity of the phone, read and write text messages and emails, download apps and penetrate apps already in the phone, and access photographs, clips, calendar reminders and the contacts list. And all in total secrecy.
    Pegasus’ invasive capability was rapidly transformed into dazzling economic success. In 2014, less than five years after entering the world from a space in a chicken coop in Bnei Zion, a moshav in the country’s center, 70 percent of the company’s holdings were purchased for $130 million. The buyer was Francisco Partners, one of the world’s largest private equity firms, which specializes in high-tech investments. That deal followed Francisco Partners’ earlier purchases of Israeli firms Ex Libris and Dmatek, According to Reuters, a year after the NSO takeover, Francisco Partners enjoyed a profit of $75 million.
    But the big money of NSO is only a small part of the big picture. Within a few years, the Israeli espionage industry has become the spearhead of the global commerce in surveillance tools and communications interception. Today, every self-respecting governmental agency that has no respect for the privacy of its citizens, is equipped with spy capabilities created in Herzliya Pituah.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/730676 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Pourquoi Israël (et le lobby pro-Israël aux Etats-Unis) défend MBS

    Why we should go easy on the Saudi crown prince

    For 50 years we’ve prayed for a key Arab leader who agrees to sign a significant pact with Israel. Such a leader has finally arrived

    Tzvia Greenfield
    Oct 22, 2018 1:48 AM

    https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-why-we-should-go-easy-on-the-saudi-crown-prince-1.6576593

    Turkey, a human rights champion under Erdogan, is accusing Saudi Arabia, another human rights champion, of the abhorrent murder of a Saudi journalist who entered the lion’s den in Istanbul and, as befits horror stories typical of places like Syria China, Iran, Russia and North Korea, disappeared from sight. Now we have recordings and videotapes, allegedly from the Saudi consulate, suggesting that his body was chopped into pieces.
    The underlying reason for this gruesome act, that evokes something conjured up by the Coen brothers, is not completely clear. One shouldn’t treat any death lightly, particularly not a murder committed by an evil government. However, because of the political ramifications involved, it’s worth contemplating this episode a bit more.
    To really understand Israel and the Middle East - subscribe to Haaretz
    It’s possible that just like Putin, the Saudi royal house cannot tolerate any criticism, which is why it decided to eliminate the rogue journalist in an acid bath (a no less likely possibility that has not yet been suggested by the authorities in Ankara). It’s possible that Recep Tayyip Erdogan is gnashing his teeth over Saudi Arabia’s bolstered global status, particularly vis-à-vis U.S. President Donald Trump, and over the central role played by Mohammed bin Salman in a regional coalition meant to block Iranian influence in the Middle East — which is why Erdogan is bent on deflating the Crown Prince’s image.
    Erdogan may want to humiliate the Saudis, but his main goal is foiling the plan apparently devised by Trump and Mohammed to forge a regional alliance under the aegis of the United States, an alliance that includes Israel, the Gulf States, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Egypt (and possibly Iraq). These countries will jointly try to block Iran, which endangers all of them. Turkey, which is struggling to find an as-yet-undetermined place within the Arab Muslim world, does not strive merely to lead the Sunni world. It also wants to depict Israel as a foreign colonialist implant in the Middle East. Any legitimization afforded Israel thanks to an alliance with Arab states has negative implications for Erdogan.
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    >> Why are some pro-Israel voices speaking out against Jamal Khashoggi? | Explained ■ Saudi Arabia, reeling from Khashoggi scandal, battles a new front: Arab media | Analysis
    But fate obviously has a sense of humor. It has embroiled the Turkish rivalry with Saudi Arabia in the U.S. midterm elections. Since Mohammed is currently Trump’s most important international ally, mainly for economic reasons, the campaign advocating a “liberal order,” espoused by international media assailing the Saudi leader, is buzzing with excitement. Its main objective is not the brushing aside of Saudi Arabia, but the delivery of a humiliating knockout blow to Trump and his economic plans.

    According to Time magazine, the level of public support for Trump remains stable at 43 percent, similar to that of Obama, Clinton and Reagan at comparative phases in their terms. It’s no wonder that after the failed attacks on Trump, who immerged unscathed from the intimidation of migrant children, the Stormy Daniels saga and the attempt to prevent the nomination of Brett Kavanaugh, the left is eager to pounce on the Saudi murder case as if it has found a treasure trove.
    However, this time it’s necessary to treat the suspect with kid gloves. Trump’s peace initiative, if it is ever put on the table, is apparently the direct result of pressure by Mohammed bin Salman, who wishes to legitimize Israel before embarking on open cooperation with it. For 50 years we’ve prayed for a key Arab leader who agrees to sign a significant pact with Israel. Such a leader has finally arrived, and calls to depose him, such as those by former U.S. Ambassador Dan Shapiro in an op-ed in Haaretz (October 21) are destructive and in keeping with the best Obama tradition. Anyone waiting for a world of the purely just will have to struggle all his life with the purely evil.

    Tzvia Greenfield

    https://seenthis.net/messages/730678 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Dos de femme, dos de mulet, les oubliées du #Maroc profond

    « Si je me suis concentré sur le milieu rural, en particulier sur les régions montagneuses de l’#Atlas et sur les petites villes (#Berkane, #Midelt, #Kalaat_Sraghna), c’est parce que la #fragilité des femmes m’y a paru plus marquée, plus terrible qu’ailleurs. En 2015, dans différentes régions de ce pays, une fille qui n’est pas mariée à dix-huit ans est encore considérée comme une femme ratée, sans avenir… Dans les villages du Moyen et du Haut Atlas, comme dans de petites villes du Maroc profond, pères, mères, autorités locales et juges continuent à marier des filles, âgées de treize, quatorze ans, selon la coutume ou par contrat. Des enfants sont ainsi livrées aux familles de leurs époux. Elles y sont exploitées, martyrisées, violées… Dans les #mines de #Mibladen, mais aussi dans les #vergers de #clémentines de l’Oriental, les #ouvrières_saisonnières ont des conditions de vie dramatiques car elles subissent une double exploitation, économique et sexuelle. Ce travail démontre l’importance de réformer les lois. »

    http://www.etlettres.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/171127-COUVERTURE-DDFDDM-OP-e1511794651524.png
    http://www.etlettres.com/livre/dos-de-femme-dos-de-mulet-les-oubliees-du-maroc-profond
    #livre #femmes #montagne #mariage #enfants #enfance #mariage_forcé #coutume #exploitation #viol #violence #agriculture #travail #exploitation_économique #exploitation_sexuelle

    ping @daphne et @albertocampiphoto —> car on parle aussi des mines de Mibladen

    https://seenthis.net/messages/730492 via CDB_77


  • As Khashoggi crisis grows, Saudi king asserts authority, checks son’s power : sources | Reuters

    https://www.reuters.com/article/us-saudi-politics-king-insight/as-khashoggi-crisis-grows-saudi-king-asserts-authority-checks-sons-power-so

    DUBAI (Reuters) - So grave is the fallout from the disappearance of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi that King Salman has felt compelled to intervene, five sources with links to the Saudi royal family said.

    Last Thursday, Oct. 11, the king dispatched his most trusted aide, Prince Khaled al-Faisal, governor of Mecca, to Istanbul to try to defuse the crisis.

    World leaders were demanding an explanation and concern was growing in parts of the royal court that the king’s son Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, to whom he has delegated vast powers, was struggling to contain the fallout, the sources said.

    During Prince Khaled’s visit, Turkey and Saudi Arabia agreed to form a joint working group to investigate Khashoggi’s disappearance. The king subsequently ordered the Saudi public prosecutor to open an inquiry based on its findings.

    “The selection of Khaled, a senior royal with high status, is telling as he is the king’s personal adviser, his right hand man and has had very strong ties and a friendship with (Turkish President) Erdogan,” said a Saudi source with links to government circles.

    Since the meeting between Prince Khaled and Erdogan, King Salman has been “asserting himself” in managing the affair, according to a different source, a Saudi businessman who lives abroad but is close to royal circles.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/730140 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Why the Khashoggi murder is a disaster for Israel -
    The grisly hit-job on Khashoggi has implications far beyond its exposure of the Saudi Crown Prince as brutal and reckless. In Jerusalem and D.C., they’re mourning their whole strategic concept for the Mideast - not least, for countering Iran

    Daniel B. Shapiro
    Oct 17, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-why-the-khashoggi-murder-is-a-disaster-for-israel-1.6569996

    For Israel, this sordid episode raises the prospects that the anchor of the new Middle East realities it has sought to promote - an Israeli-Sunni Arab coalition, under a U.S. umbrella, to check Iran and Sunni jihadists - cannot be counted upon.
    And Israel must be careful how it plays its hand. There will, without question, be a U.S. response to Khashoggi’s murder, even if it is resisted by the Trump administration. It will not lead to a total dismantlement of the U.S.-Saudi alliance, but Congressional and public revulsion will have its price. 

    President Hassan Rouhani giving a speech on Iranian TV in Tehran on May 8, 2018.HO/AFP
    The price could include significant restrictions on arms sales that had been contemplated. It is already leading key U.S. investors to distance themselves from the major development projects MBS has promoted. At a minimum, there will be no replay of the warm, PR-friendly visit by MBS to multiple U.S. cities last March, no more lionizing of him in the American press as a reformer who will reshape the Middle East.
    Israel, which has a clear interest in keeping Saudi Arabia in the fold of U.S. allies to maximize the strategic alignment on Iran, will need to avoid becoming MBS’s lobbyist in Washington. Israel’s coordination with its partners in the region is still necessary and desirable. Simple realpolitik requires it. But there is a new risk of reputational damage from a close association with Saudi Arabia. 
    It won’t be easy for Israel to navigate these waters, as the Washington foreign policy establishment has quickly splintered into anti-Iran and anti-Saudi camps. The idea that the United States should equally oppose Iranian and Saudi brutality toward their peoples, and not let MBS’s crimes lead to a lessening of pressure on Iran over its malign regional activities, is in danger of being lost.
    For Israelis, that may be the biggest blow in the fallout of Khashoggi’s murder. MBS, in his obsession with silencing his critics, has actually undermined the attempt to build an international consensus to pressure Iran.
    The damage is broad. Trump may be an outlier. But what Member of Congress, what European leader, would be willing to sit with MBS for a consultation on Iran now?
    That is the greatest evidence of MBS’s strategic blindness, and the damage will likely persist as long as he rules the kingdom.
    Daniel B. Shapiro is Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Institute for National Security Studies in Tel Aviv. He served as U.S. Ambassador to Israel, and Senior Director for the Middle East and North Africa in the Obama Administration. Twitter: @DanielBShapiro

    https://seenthis.net/messages/729855 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • One man’s (very polite) fight against media Islamophobia | News | The Guardian

    https://www.theguardian.com/news/2018/oct/18/miqdaad-versi-very-polite-fight-against-british-media-islamophobia

    News about Muslims in the British press is rarely positive, but it is never scarce. Consider these stories, published across a typical month towards the end of 2016. In the Times on 9 November 2016, an article announced: “Islamist School Can Segregate Boys and Girls.” On the Daily Express website, nine days later: “Anger as less than A THIRD of Muslim nations sign up to coalition against Isis.” In the Sun online, on 1 December: “SECRET IS SAFE: Half of British Muslims would not go to cops if they knew someone with Isis links.” On the Daily Express site the day after: “New £5 notes could be BANNED by religious groups as Bank CAN’T promise they’re Halal.” On ITV News, the same day: “Half of UK Muslims would not report extremism.” Two days later, in the Sunday Times: “Enclaves of Islam see UK as 75% Muslim.” The Mail on Sunday, that same day: “Isolated British Muslims are so cut off from the rest of society that they see the UK as 75% Islamic, shock report reveals.” And another version, in the Sun online: “British Muslims are so cut-off from society they think 75% of the UK is Islamic, report reveals.”

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    No other community in Britain receives such regular torrents of bad press. But that is not the most shocking thing about these articles. Every single one of them was misleading. And they were not just lightly dotted with inaccuracies. The chief premise of each piece – the premise articulated in the headline – was dead wrong.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/729810 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • Les Tunisiennes n’ont pas besoin des éloges d’Emmanuel Macron

    https://lemonde-arabe.fr/16/10/2018/tunisiennes-emmanuel-macron-francophonie

    Code du statut personnel

    Nous n’oublions pas les luttes de la femme tunisienne depuis l’indépendance ; nous n’oublions pas les noms de Radhia Haddad, première députée tunisienne élue en 1959, Bchira Ben Mrad, illustre féministe tunisienne qui a passé toute sa vie en résidence surveillée, et tant d’autres… C’est une erreur de penser que les droits de la femme et le féminisme tunisien débutent avec une loi pour l’égalité dans l’héritage ou le droit de se marier à un non musulman. Il convient de remonter plus loin ; puiser dans l’Histoire, du côté du réseau Taht Essour (« Sous les remparts ») par exemple, ces « illuminés » tunisiens maniant « l’ironie et l’humour noir » qui ont marqué la culture tunisienne à jamais ; remonter à la fondation de Carthage par Alyssa, qui n’est autre qu’une femme – la première féministe ?

    Il serait également judicieux de s’intéresser à la condition des femmes au temps de la France coloniale. Qui n’a jamais souhaité libérer les femmes. Ni les éclairer de ses lumières. Les Maghrébines n’avaient aucune importance pour Paris, qui aurait pu, par exemple, lorsque le droit de vote a été accordé aux Françaises en 1944, faire un geste de l’autre côté de la Méditerranée. Mais non. Les Tunisiennes n’ont obtenu le droit de se rendre dans l’isoloir qu’en 1959, après la mise en place quelques années plus tôt du Code du statut personnel (CSP), premier grand pas vers l’égalité des sexes, par Habib Bourguiba. On pourrait même pousser le raisonnement plus en avant en affirmant que la France coloniale a encouragé une forme de conservatisme, certains Maghrébins, inquiets pour leur religion, sombrant alors dans le fanatisme…

    Ton néocolonialiste

    Quant à la lutte contre l’obscurantisme évoquée par M. Macron, elle ne peut être entreprise que par ceux qui en ont souffert, semble-t-il. Et ce n’est pas la France qui est venue au secours de l’Algérie lors de la décennie noire, ce n’est pas la francophonie qui a vidé nos mosquées des intégristes, tout comme Paris n’a contribué en rien à éradiquer le terrorisme en Algérie. Un constat valable pour la Tunisie : qu’a fait « l’Hexagone » pour venir en aide et soutenir la révolution tunisienne ? Le chef de l’Etat français a une langue a défendre, soit. Mais adopter un ton néocolonialiste pour saluer les efforts de la Tunisie, non. Pourquoi ne pas remplacer les discours par davantage d’actions de soutien ?

    La femme tunisienne s’est toujours battue, avant tout pour elle-même et les générations futures – et non dans le but d’être présentée comme un modèle à suivre pour l’Afrique. Dommage que le Président Essebsi n’ai pas saisi l’occasion pour faire à son tour une piqûre de rappel à Emmanuel Macron. Ce dernier connaît-il Tahar Haddad, écrivain féministe de l’aube du 20ème siècle, grand esprit novateur et militant de l’émancipation des femmes ? Sait-il que les Tunisiennes ont eu accès à l’avortement en 1973, soit quelques années avant les Françaises (1975) et près de deux décennies avant les Belges (1990) ? Le féminisme tunisien n’a rien à envier à ses homologues. Pas plus que les Tunisiennes n’ont de leçon à recevoir de quiconque.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/729323 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • 7 injured, 4 detained, including Israelis, at Khan al-Ahmar
    Oct. 15, 2018 5:15 P.M. (Updated: Oct. 15, 2018 5:15 P.M.)
    http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?id=781472
    http://www.maannews.com/Photos/488144C.jpg

    JERUSALEM (Ma’an) — Seven Palestinians were injured and four others were detained, including two Israelis and one international activist, after Israeli forces stormed the Khan al-Ahmar village, east of Jerusalem, on Monday.

    Israeli forces escorting bulldozers stormed Khan al-Ahmar, in order to raze and level the land, in preparation for the demolition of the village and displacement of its residents.

    Dozens of Palestinians and international activists attempted to stand in the way of bulldozers to prevent them from reaching the village, however, bulldozers found another route through a nearby illegal Israeli settlement into the village. (...)

    #Khan_al-Ahmar

    https://seenthis.net/messages/729256 via Loutre


  • Polluted water leading cause of child mortality in Gaza, study finds -

    With 43 Olympic swimming pools worth of sewage water flowing from Gaza toward Israel and Egypt daily, researchers say local epidemic is only a matter of time
    By Yaniv Kubovich Oct 16, 2018
    0comments Print Zen

    https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/palestinians/.premium.MAGAZINE-polluted-water-a-leading-cause-of-gazan-child-mortality-s

    Illness caused by water pollution is a leading cause of child mortality in the Gaza Strip, says a study by the RAND Corporation, a copy of which was obtained by Haaretz.
    The study shows that water pollution accounts for more than a quarter of illnesses in Gaza and that more than 12 percent of child deaths up until four years ago was linked to gastrointestinal disorders due to water pollution. Since that time these numbers have continued to grow.
    The collapse of water infrastructure has led to a sharp rise in germs and viruses such as rotavirus, cholera and salmonella, the report says.

    The data appear in a study by Dr. Shira Efron, a special adviser on Israel and policy researcher at RAND’s Center for Middle East Public Policy; Dr. Jordan Fishbach, co-director of the Water and Climate Resilience Center at RAND; and Dr. Melinda Moore, a senior physician, policy researcher and associate director of the Population Health Program at RAND.
    The researchers based their study on previous cases in the world in which wars and instability created a water crisis and hurt infrastructure, such as in Iraq and Yemen, where mortality has been on the rise and other health problems have surfaced. In the period studied, they collected material from various officials in Gaza, the Palestinian Authority, Israel, Jordan and Egypt.

    The emergency department at Shifa Hospital, the largest medical facility in Gaza, March 29, 2017. MOHAMMED SALEM/REUTERS
    The RAND Corporation is an apolitical American non-profit that advises governments and international organizations on formulating public policy.

    Gaza’s water crisis dates back more than a few years. The Israeli company Mekorot began supplying water to the territory in the 1980s. But since Hamas’ rise to power and the disengagement from Gaza in 2005, and the repetitive fighting since Operation Cast Lead at the turn of 2009 have significantly worsened the situation.
    Today 97 percent of drinking water in the Strip is not drinkable by any recognized international standard. Some 90 percent of residents drink water from private purifiers, because the larger installations have been damaged by fighting or have fallen into disuse since they couldn’t be maintained. The current situation, according to the study, is that Gaza is incapable of supplying enough water for its 2 million inhabitants.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/729325 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • A relire

    Wikileaks: Egyptian media and journalists go to Saudi for financing | MadaMasr
    https://madamasr.com/en/2015/07/05/feature/politics/wikileaks-egyptian-media-and-journalists-go-to-saudi-for-financing

    Since the Wikileaks website began posting leaked documents from the Saudi Arabian government, the issue of the Kingdom financing Egyptian media channels, journalists and researchers has garnered major attention. 

    While the first group of documents released on the website on June 19 contained details regarding funding requests by pro-regime journalist Mostafa Bakry and religious preacher Amr Khalid, unpublished documents received by Mada Masr, upon an agreement with Wikileaks, has shed light on new names and details.

    Requests for funding from the Saudi government varied, and in some cases was in exchange for writing articles, the fees for which were collected from the embassy.

    One of the documents, titled “Bill of the representative of Dar al-Helal Institution,” is a memo raised by the head of the media affairs department at the Saudi Foreign Ministry to the deputy minister of culture and media in the Kingdom, requesting the disbursement of a check of US$68,000 to the state-owned Egyptian Dar al-Helal in February 2012 “for publishing a series of weekly articles throughout the pilgrimage season 1432 H on the achievements of Saudi Arabia in renovating and expanding the two holy mosques and other recent projects.”

    During the period referred to in the cables, writer Abdel Qader Shohaieb was head of the board of Al-Helal institution, while Hamdi Rizk, a staunch supporter of Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s government, was editor-in-chief of Al-Mosawar, one of its publications. Al-Helal is considered one of the oldest media publishing houses in Egypt and the region.

    Other publications were not as successful in collecting funds in exchange for publishing articles favoring the Kingdom, especially when the request for funding came after publishing without prior coordination.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/729228 via Nouvelles d’Orient


  • #Jonction_48

    Dans la ville de Lod, banlieue de #Tel-Aviv, cohabitent Israéliens juifs et arabes. #Udi_Aloni s’est intéressé à cette population mélangée malgré toutes les vicissitudes historiques et politiques locales.

    Le héros est un certain Kareem, figure locale du rap, filmé dans son quotidien entre concerts, amourettes, rapports aux parents et débrouille des quartiers populaires. Kareem est joué par Tamer Nafar, authentique rappeur de Lod, alors que beaucoup des seconds rôles sont tenus par ses amis de la scène rap.

    Un ancrage documentaire qui fait le prix de cette chronique nous instruisant que si les gouvernements de la région (singulièrement celui d’Israël) s’entêtent dans un statu quo inique, certains habitants n’attendent pas et vivent au quotidien la paix et la #mixité ethnique, religieuse ou culturelle. Une double #émancipation est ici à l’œuvre : celle de #Juifs et d’Arabes qui vivent ensemble malgré tout et celle d’une jeunesse qui s’affranchit des conservatismes de ses ascendants.

    Jonction 48 rappelle que le cinéma israélien est souvent israélo-palestinien et en première ligne de la contestation de l’ordre établi.

    https://statics.lesinrocks.com/content/thumbs/uploads/2017/04/width-1125-height-612-srcset-1/jonction48_photo6.jpg
    http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSw6O_KMGwOVl3A9B001RUN15REBo-qW1LI5vpg9mnTyg3Kg65n#.jpg
    https://www.lesinrocks.com/cinema/films-a-l-affiche/jonction-48

    #film #Israël #musique #rap #arabes #Palestiniens #Palestine #harcèlement #expulsion #absent_présent #humiliations #Lod #coexistence #démolition #patriarcat #conservatisme #present_absentees

    https://seenthis.net/messages/729209 via CDB_77


  • Palestinian shot dead after alleged stabbing attack near Salfit
    Oct. 15, 2018 2:22 P.M. (Updated: Oct. 15, 2018 4:25 P.M.)
    http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?ID=781468

    SALFIT (Ma’an) — A Palestinian was shot and killed by Israeli forces, on Monday, after he allegedly attempted to stab Israeli soldiers in the Barkan industrial area, near the illegal Israeli settlement of Ariel near Salfit City in the northern occupied West Bank.

    Hebrew-language news outlets reported Israeli forces opened fire at a Palestinian after he allegedly attempted to stab several Israeli soldiers at the Gitai Avishar Junction.

    Locals identified the identity of the killed Palestinian as Elias Saleh Yassin , 22, from the Bidya village in western Salfit.

    The Israeli army confirmed that no injuries were reported among Israelis.

    #Palestine_assassinée

    https://seenthis.net/messages/729190 via Loutre


  • Justine Sachs et Nadia Abu-Shanab réagissent à la décision du tribunal israélien concernant leur lettre ouverte à Lorde
    Nadia Abu-Shanab et Justine Sachs – Écrivaines invitées – The Spinoff – 12 octobre 2018 - Traduction : JPP pour l’Agence Média Palestine - Source : Spinoff.co.nz
    http://www.agencemediapalestine.fr/blog/2018/10/14/justine-sachs-et-nadia-abu-shanab-reagissent-a-la-decision-du-t
    http://www.agencemediapalestine.fr/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/jusitne_nadia-e1539515470764.jpg

    Un tribunal israélien a condamné Justine Sachs, néo-zélandaise juive, et Nadia Abu-Shanab, palestinienne néo-zélandaise, à payer des milliers de dollars après que Lorde ait annulé un concert à Tel Aviv. Après de très nombreuses propositions de soutiens financiers, les deux femmes expliquent ici pourquoi elles tiennent à rassembler l’argent – non pas pour un tribunal étranger, mais à l’attention des gens ordinaires de Gaza.

    déjà cité là : https://seenthis.net/messages/657430#message729068

    https://seenthis.net/messages/729186 via Loutre


  • Ces intellectuels qui critiquent tous les pouvoirs autoritaires… sauf le marocain | Omar Brousky
    https://orientxxi.info/magazine/contre-toutes-les-tyrannies-sauf-la-marocaine,2685

    Leïla Slimani, Tahar Ben Jelloun, Rachid Benzine · À la Une du Nouveau Magazine littéraire de mai 2018 affichée sur les kiosques parisiens, on pouvait lire : « Libres. Leïla Slimani-Esli Erdoğan : contre toutes les tyrannies. » Toutes les tyrannies ? Pas sûr. Qu’ils s’appellent Tahar Ben Jelloun, Rachid Benzine ou Leïla Slimani, pour ces intellectuels franco-marocains, l’aspiration à la démocratie s’arrête, brusquement, aux portes du palais royal. Source : Orient XXI

    https://seenthis.net/messages/729138 via Rezo


  • What’s so bad about assimilation? -

    Lucy Aharish and Tzachi Halevy may actually spawn a much more moral and civilized race than the one that has arisen here so far

    Gideon Levy
    Oct 13, 2018 1

    https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-what-s-so-bad-about-assimilation-1.6552472

    The fear of assimilation is something we’ve all imbibed with our mothers’ milk. Annihilation, destruction, Auschwitz, something like that. Even as proud Israelis with our own country and army, many among us were afraid to enter a church. Long before the latest wave of religious coercion while we were still fearfully kissing bibles that had fallen on the floor, we the children of the false secularism of Tel Aviv would sometimes play with fire: We’d cross ourselves, sort of as a joke. It was a test of courage and test of fate, no less than jumping from a roof or touching the flame of a burning candle.
    On Jaffa’s Yefet Street there’s a threatening school, and we were told it belonged to the “Missionaries.” Missionaries then sounded like the Gestapo. Whenever we’d walk pass it, even when we were already a little older, we would fearfully ponder what was going on within its walls. There was a rumor that a child from our school went there and was never heard from again. We never forgave. We suspected his parents of being Christians. It really frightened us.
    That’s how we grew up, the first generation of the rebirth of the Jewish state – that’s how they brainwashed us with fear. We were never taught a single word of the New Testament. Impurity. “The Narrow Path: The Man from Nazareth” by Aaron Abraham Kabak was the only sliver of information we got about Jesus in the secular, liberal, official school curriculum, long before the advent of Naftali Bennett. We of course heard nothing at all about Islam or the Koran. When Arela (Rela), the daughter of a close friend of my mother’s and a cousin of Benjamin Netanyahu’s, married Donny in San Francisco, we said, it’s not so bad, Donny is nice despite his being a gentile. That’s the way we were.

    >> ’She seduced a Jew’: Lawmaker bemoans wedding of Fauda star to Israeli Arab TV anchor
    We’ve grown up since then and gotten more powerful. Israeliness took root in the country, the world went global, and weddings with gentiles become more common and less threatening at least among a substantial minority of liberals. But the national narrative stayed the same: Mixed marriages are an existential threat, assimilation means destruction. We don’t need an excoriating Oren Hazan to understand how deeply rooted this narrative remains in the Jewish Israeli experience. Ask almost any parent, including most of those who regard themselves as enlightened and secular, and they’ll reply that they’d “prefer” that their son marry a Jewish woman. Why, for God’s sake?
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    The opposition to assimilation is racist and purely nationalistic. Again it’s the superior and pure Jewish blood that mustn’t be mixed, heaven forbid, with any Christian, Muslim or other impurity. After a long history living as a minority under threat, the people can’t shake that survival instinct. But let’s advance on step and ask: What for?
    The state of Israel is the embodiment of Judaism and its values. Here the Jews are a majority, they’re the sovereign, there’s nothing to stop them from achieving their wishes.
    If Israel were a model society or moral country, we could understand the need for the struggle against assimilation for the sake of preserving lofty values. But look at the disaster: Gentile Canada has in the past year absorbed some 3,000 Eritrean asylum seekers fleeing Israel where they were shamefully rejected. Netta Ahituv recently described with what humanity the unchosen country has treated them, and what memories they have of the Chosen Land (Haaretz, September 21). That’s just one example.
    Is the struggle against assimilation a struggle to preserve Jewish values as they’ve been realized in Israel? If so, then it would be best to abandon that battle. The gefilte fish and hreime (spicy sauce), the bible, religion and heritage, can be preserved in mixed marriages as well. While Western countries are becoming multi-cultural and mixed marriages routine, here we fight against any mixing. We view it as an existential threat, with one of the ministers even threatening the children of mixed unions.
    The Jewish state has already crystallized an identity, which can only be enriched by assimilation, which is a normal, healthy process. Lucy Aharish and Tzachi Halevy may actually spawn a much more moral and civilized race than the one that has arisen here so far.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/728899 via Nouvelles d’Orient