Martine Bulard

Rédactrice en chef adjointe au « Monde diplomatique »

  • Not déjà vu all over again | The Economist
    http://www.economist.com/news/united-states/21659725-nuclear-agreement-iran-very-different-one-north-korea-not-d-j
    http://cdn.static-economist.com/sites/default/files/images/2015/07/articles/main/20150725_usp505.jpg

    Just as important as the technical differences between the two agreements are the differences between the two societies. North Korea is the most hermetically sealed country on earth. Ending its isolation by exposing its terrified, impoverished people to outside influences was the last thing the Kims wanted. Iran has a large population of well-educated young people who use the internet and social media. The election of President Hassan Rohani was brought about by businesses and citizens painfully aware of the economic damage done by sanctions. Opportunities to trade with the rest of the world could revitalise Iran’s economy.

    That there are bits of the regime that disapprove of the gamble taken by the supreme leader, Ali Khamenei, points to another distinction. In Iran, against a backdrop of limited democracy, factions compete for power. Even Mr Khamenei has to exercise his authority with care. North Korea is the most totalitarian society in the world. For the Kims, the survival of the regime is personal. The country’s pariah status is something it relishes. Brandishing nuclear weapons are the only way it knows to guarantee it will be left alone.

    #Nucléaire #Etats-Unis #Iran #Corée_du_Nord


  • Q. and A.: Ma Xue on Why China Has Embraced Korean TV - The New York Times
    http://sinosphere.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/07/23/q-and-a-ma-xue-on-why-china-has-embraced-korean-tv/?emc=edit_tnt_20150723&nlid=35671898&tntemail0=y
    http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/2015/07/21/blogs/21SINO-MAO/21SINO-MAO-facebookJumbo.jpg

    Long before Psy’s “Gangnam Style” catapulted South Korea to international pop culture heights, the small peninsular nation had already found a fan base for its catchy exports in China, its giant neighbor to the west. Some say the Korean term hallyu — hanliu in Chinese, meaning Korean Wave — in reference to pop culture was coined by a Chinese newspaper in the late 1990s.

    There to witness the evolution of the so-called wave from the beginning was Ma Xue, 35, a Chinese cultural critic, television host and producer. When Ms. Ma started a program on South Korean culture for China National Radio in 2001, there were “few spheres through which Korean culture could be brought into China.”

    That changed as technological developments accelerated the influx of South Korean pop music and television shows. For 10 years, Ms. Ma hosted radio programs for KBS, South Korea’s national broadcaster, that focused on the country’s music and culture and that were broadcast in China. Now, Ms. Ma, who has been called the godmother of Hallyu in China, works as an executive producer, helping Chinese and South Korean companies create television shows for the Chinese market.

    #Chine, #Corée_du_sud, #Culture,#TV


  • New York Plans $15-an-Hour Minimum Wage for Fast Food Workers - The New York Times
    http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/23/nyregion/new-york-minimum-wage-fast-food-workers.html?emc=edit_ur_20150723&nl=nyregi
    http://static01.nyt.com/images/2015/07/23/nyregion/MINIMUM1/MINIMUM1-facebookJumbo-v2.jpg

    he labor protest movement that fast-food workers in New York City began nearly three years ago has led to higher wages for workers all across the country. On Wednesday, it paid off for the people who started it.

    A panel appointed by Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo recommended on Wednesday that the minimum wage be raised for employees of fast-food chain restaurants throughout the state to $15 an hour over the next few years. Wages would be raised faster in New York City than in the rest of the state to account for the higher cost of living there.

    #Etats_unis #fastfood #Salaire_minimum


  • La Banque de développement des BRICS ouvre à Shanghai, Banque - Assurances
    http://www.lesechos.fr/finance-marches/banque-assurances/021218683085-la-banque-de-developpement-des-brics-ouvre-a-shanghai-1138664.
    http://www.lesechos.fr/medias/2015/07/21/1138664_la-banque-de-developpement-des-brics-ouvre-a-shanghai-web-021218683230.jpg

    La Banque des BRICS, dotée d’un capital estimé à 100 milliards de dollars, servira notamment à financer des travaux d’infrastructure et des projets de développement durable, dès 2016.
    La Nouvelle banque de développement fondée par les pays-membres des BRICS -Brésil, Russie, Inde, Chine et Afrique du Sud- a ouvert ses opérations mardi dans la métropole chinoise de Shanghai, a annoncé l’agence Chine nouvelle. La mégapole chinoise a été désignée comme siège de ce nouvel établissement bancaire, à la place de Johannesburg et New Delhi. Elle sera présidée par Kundapur Vaman Kamath (56 ans), président d’ICI Bank Ltd, premier prêteur privé en Inde. Les pays-membres des BRICS, qui représentent 40% de la population mondiale et un cinquième de l’économie mondiale (17.000 milliards de dollars de PIB), avaient approuvé la création de cet établissement l’année dernière, à Fortaleza au Brésil, et officialisé son lancement le 8 juillet dernier, lors du 7è sommet des grands émergents à Oufa (Russie), sous l’égide du président Vladimir Poutine.

    #Brics #Banque #Shanghai


  • Les réserves en or de la Chine : 57% d’augmentation en six ans
    http://www.leparisien.fr/flash-actualite-economie/les-reserves-en-or-de-la-chine-57-d-augmentation-en-six-ans-20-07-2015-49
    http://s3.lprs1.fr/images/2015/07/20/4958129_b85617e246fc2549a28751e3411fa3c9aed2d24b.jpg

    Les réserves officielles en or de la Chine ont connu une hausse de près de 60% ces six dernières années, selon des statistiques rendues publiques pour la première fois depuis 2009.
    Fin juin, l’Etat chinois possédait 1.658 tonnes d’or, a annoncé vendredi la banque centrale (PBOC), à comparer avec les 1.

    054 tonnes détenues en avril 2009, soit une augmentation de 57%.
    La Chine est le premier producteur mondial d’or, après avoir ravi ce titre à l’Afrique du Sud, mais a perdu l’an dernier son rang de premier consommateur mondial au profit de l’Inde.
    Les achats d’or par l’Etat chinois depuis 2009 atteignent un niveau seulement dépassé par ceux de la Russie, a rapporté l’agence Bloomberg, en citant des chiffres de la PBOC et du Fonds monétaire international.
    Le rythme d’acquisition de réserves d’or par la Chine a toutefois décéléré, après un bond de 75% entre 2003 et 2009.

    #Chine #Réforme_financière #Or


  • Radical lawyer confesses - Global Times
    http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/932864.shtml

    Analysts denied that the recent detention of several lawyers was a crackdown on attorneys and said that the illegal practices of the detained lawyers, including disrupting court order and inciting protests, have tarnished the image of China’s legal professionals.

    Zhou Shifeng, director of the Beijing-based Fengrui Law Firm, eight other lawyers and several staff members were detained over disrupting public order and seeking profits by illegally hiring protesters and attempting to sway court decisions in the name of “defending justice and public interests.”
    Zhou confessed to his crimes, saying “there is no doubt that my law firm had violated laws and made serious mistakes,” the Xinhua News Agency reported late Saturday.

    Since July 2012, the group has organized more than 40 controversial incidents.

    Several of those detained admitted that the law firm often hyped and politicized sensitive cases to raise international attention. They admitted that the firm had purposely picked up controversial and sensitive cases to gain prominence.

    #Chine #Avocats #Répression


  • 600,000 Chinese doctors sign petition against hospital violence - Global Times
    http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/932799.shtml

    A total of 600,000 Chinese doctors have signed their names to an online petition calling for the end of violent attacks on medical workers after a physician was injured by her patient in south China’s Guangdong Province on Wednesday.

    The police in Huizhou City, Guangdong said on Sunday that the suspect, whose surname is Liao, has confessed to the attack on the doctor, Ou Lizhi, from Longmen County People’s Hospital.

    Attacks on healthcare workers have triggered public outrage, especially in the medical sector. As of Sunday, more than 600,000 doctors had signed their real names to join the social media campaign.

    The Guangdong Provincial Commission of Health and Family Planning on Friday evening issued a notice asking hospitals to cooperate with local public security departments to set up police stations in hospitals or have police regularly patrol nearby so they can quickly respond to violence.

    #Chine #Santé #Pétition_de_médecins


  • The Saudi Cold War With Iran Heats Up | Foreign Policy
    https://foreignpolicy.com/2015/07/15/the-saudi-cold-war-with-iran-heats-up
    https://foreignpolicymag.files.wordpress.com/2015/07/gettyimages-451309356_960.jpg

    In 2012, the Saudi Embassy in Pakistan sent a cable categorized as “very urgent” to Riyadh to inform the Foreign Ministry that Mumtaz Ahmad, president of the International Islamic University, Islamabad, had committed the terrible faux pas of inviting the Iranian ambassador as a guest of honor to a reception at the university. The president, furthermore, refused to retract the invitation. The embassy urged the ministry to swiftly dispatch the head of Riyadh’s Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University to Islamabad for a meeting with the Pakistani university’s board in order to choose another president more in tune with Saudi Arabia’s vision.

    #Iran #Arabie_Saoudite #Etats-Unis


  • China’s rural dwellers embrace investing in the stock market - Global Times
    http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/931855.shtml

    Liu Lianguo, a 50-year-old investor and retiree, is thinking about how he will manage his stock portfolio after losing some money over the last few weeks.

    He plans to closely follow the stock market and run his small fertilizer business simultaneously.

    Without any prior knowledge of the stock market, around 20 percent of Liu’s fellow villagers in Nanliu village in Northwest China’s Shaanxi Province have invested their savings in stocks since 2006.

    Villagers like Liu have replaced their usual gossiping with discussions of major national policies, and have even given up on what was their favorite pastime, playing mahjong, so they can spend more time on their portfolios.

    Media reports have revealed several other stock-crazy villages, such as one in Dongyang county, Zhejiang Province.

    However, the stock market in China remains volatile after dramatically slumping on June 26.

    Villagers claim that they do not borrow money to invest in stocks and just use their savings, and that they make small profits. Liu said every investor in the village has made a profit.

    Despite the recent sharp falls in the nation’s two major indexes, many villagers have no intention of concluding their adventures in finance and exiting the stock market because they firmly believe that it will rally and grow again.

    Money in the market

    Nanliu village has a population of over 4,300 who have tilled the land for generations but now many people are seeking ways to make quick profit by “going to town.”

    A survey published by the National Bureau of Statistics in April shows that the total number of rural people who choose to do work in sectors other than agriculture had grown to 274 million by the end of 2014, up 1.9 percent on the previous year. Many are looking for ways to occupy themselves and earn money outside of the busy harvest period.

    Nanliu’s residents set their wits to work by recycling hair, waste, old mobile phones and TVs, a practice which first became a common way to make some extra cash in the 1970s.

    But when the first batch of villagers were introduced to the stock market in 2006, many of them started looking to supplement their income by investing, especially the male villagers aged from 35 to 60.

    After witnessing the long-sluggish market rapidly rising since 2014 and some villagers allegedly making a fortune, over 100 more villagers started buying stocks.

    Liu Yan, 27, the youngest investor in the village, said he entered the stock market last August, and his stock portfolio had doubled in value three weeks ago by the time the Shanghai Composite Index rose to above 5,000 points.

    He has since become a full-time investor. Previously he had been following in his father’s footsteps and running his own small recycling business.

    When stock prices continued to rise he decided that he should invest more.

    However, following the recent dip, Liu has decided he will use his money for other things.

    Many villagers didn’t know how to buy and sell the stock in the beginning, and they had to follow some experienced people when investing money into the market.

    Wang Li, a 52-year-old female farmer, said that she lost money in her first year in the market, but she invests only a little money in stocks because she sees investing in the stock market as something closer to entertainment than to a serious money-making enterprise.

    The villagers haven’t made fortunes overnight or enriched their family by speculating in the stock market, although it is rumored that one villager earned 600,000 yuan ($96,660) in a month.

    On the other hand, a villager who requested anonymity told the Global Times that he was too embarrassed to tell his neighbors that he had lost 200,000 yuan this year because he had invested all of his savings into the stock market before it dipped sharply.

    He is afraid the other villagers will look down on him if they find out, and he plans to silently quit the stock market.

    Better than mahjong

    Before the villagers became investors, it was common for them to sit around a table and play mahjong and talk about trivial matters.

    #Chine,#spéculation #Paysans


  • China trade surplus reaches $137bn - FT.com
    http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/dacd209e-291f-11e5-8613-e7aedbb7bdb7.html?ftcamp=crm/email/2015714/nbe/ChinaBusiness/product#axzz3fkqjzWHU
    http://im.ft-static.com/content/images/d9b44c26-eca8-4f5c-aacc-2d16eb55b99d.img

    The overall first-half trade surplus, of Rmb1.6tn, was some 150 per cent higher than the same period a year ago.
    Surging net exports have provided an important cushion for the Chinese government, which may struggle to reach its gross domestic product growth target of 7 per cent this year. According to a Bloomberg survey of economists, second-quarter GDP is expected to come in at 6.8 per cent, down from the first quarter’s 7 per cent figure.
    China’s annual growth rate has slowed to its lowest level in a quarter century as government officials say the economy enters a “new normal” less dependent on debt-fuelled infrastructure and real estate investment.
    Without the large increase in first-quarter net exports, which made up for plummeting investment figures, China’s economy would have expanded less than 6 per cent over the first three months of the year.
    China’s ballooning trade surplus, however, reflects the collapse in commodity prices over the past year rather than a robust export sector.
    Exports rose in June for the first time in four months, increasing 2.1 per cent over the same month last year.
    China’s overall foreign trade fell 6.9 per cent in the first half to Rmb11.5tn. Of this, exports were down 0.9 per cent compared with a 15.5 per cent decline in imports. The latter figure represents steep falls in the prices of many commodities, which have been driven down in part by slower economic growth in China.

    #Chine, #Croissance_ralentie


  • Les récents sommets des BRICS et de l’OCS à Oufa mettent en avant le rôle constructif de la Chine (PAPIER GENERAL)_French.news.cn
    http://french.xinhuanet.com/chine/2015-07/12/c_134405395.htm

    La Chine oeuvre pour que les BRICS et l’OCS saisissent de nouvelles opportunités pour leur futur développement, a déclaré samedi le ministre chinois des Affaires étrangères Wang Yi à la suite de la clôture de deux sommets internationaux à Oufa, en Russie.

    Le 7e sommet des BRICS (Brésil, Russie, Inde, Chine et Afrique du Sud) et le 15e sommet de l’Organisation de coopération de Shanghai (OCS) ont mis en évidence le rôle constructif de la Chine et renforcé la confiance mutuelle stratégique de la Chine avec les pays concernés, a affirmé M. Wang.

    En tant que systèmes multilatéraux rassemblant des économies émergentes et des pays en développement, les BRICS et l’OCS sont d’importantes plates-formes de coopération pour les puissances émergentes d’aujourd’hui, a-t-il rappelé.

    La présence du président chinois Xi Jinping et d’autres dirigeants aux sommets visait à approfondir l’unité et la coopération entre les Etats membres des BRICS, à faire progresser en profondeur le développement de l’OCS, à promouvoir la construction des initiatives de la Ceinture et de la Route de la soie, à consolider les résultats de la victoire de la Seconde Guerre mondiale et à sauvegarder l’ordre mondial actuel centré autour de l’ONU, a-t-il souligné.

    #Chine #Russie,#Brics


  • Thomas #Ostermeier à #Avignon et sa conception du théâtre dans le @mdiplo :

    Du théâtre par gros temps (avril 2013)
    http://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/2013/04/OSTERMEIER/49009

    Au sein des prétendues démocraties occidentales, la préservation de l’intérêt général oblige chaque Etat à lever des impôts dont le produit sera réaffecté par diverses institutions au gré de ce qu’elles considèrent comme juste ou indispensable. Que l’on me pardonne la platitude de ce préambule, mais il paraît important de rappeler combien la notion de mission publique est inscrite au cœur même de nos sociétés, afin de permettre aux individus et aux groupes sociaux de… De quoi, au juste ? D’être heureux ? D’avoir du succès ? D’apprendre ? De s’ouvrir à d’autres idées, d’autres personnes, d’autres collectifs ?

    La marche triomphale du néolibéralisme, amorcée à Chicago dans les années 1970 et accélérée par l’effondrement du « socialisme réel », s’est traduite par la dérégulation des marchés financiers mais aussi par la privatisation de services et d’institutions qui relevaient jusque-là de la sphère publique. Ce changement de paradigme n’est pas étranger à la perte de légitimité du théâtre au cours de la même période. Une grande partie de la gauche ouest-européenne, traditionnellement sceptique vis-à-vis des institutions, pour ne pas dire antiétatiste, se retrouve donc dans la douloureuse obligation de défendre l’Etat contre l’offensive des nouveaux disciples du marché.

    Pour ma part, je rêve d’une société affranchie du joug de la propriété privée, où les biens et les richesses appartiendraient à part égale à chacun de ses membres. Nous sommes hélas à mille lieues d’une telle utopie. Pis, l’idéologie du marché fait peser le soupçon de totalitarisme sur toute réflexion à ce sujet. Même le principe d’une redistribution partielle des richesses, établi par la bourgeoisie conquérante aux XVIIIe et XIXe siècles, se trouve désormais en danger.


  • The geo–politics of Vietnam–US rapprochement | East Asia Forum
    http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2015/07/08/the-geo-politics-of-vietnam-us-rapprochement
    http://www.eastasiaforum.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/20150708001153153825-minihighres.jpg

    The General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam, Nguyen Phu Trong, is currently on an official visit to the United States. Later this year, President Obama is also expected to pay a return visit to Hanoi. The visits are among a series of notable events that mark the 20th anniversary of bilateral normalisation this year.

    The development of bilateral ties between the two Cold War enemies over the past 20 years is impressive. The United States is currently Vietnam’s largest export market. In 2014, Vietnam’s US exports amounted to US$28.66 billion, accounting for almost one fifth of the country’s total exports. By 2014, the United States had also become the seventh largest foreign investor in Vietnam, with the stock of registered capital reaching more than US$10 billion. In terms of political and strategic ties, the two established a ‘comprehensive partnership’ in 2013.

    One notable trend in bilateral relations is the increasing importance of geo–strategic drivers. To be sure, the growth of bilateral ties since normalisation in 1995 has always been shaped partly by strategic calculations on both sides. But before around 2010, it seemed to be largely driven by both economic and political factors, especially Vietnam’s wish to take advantage of US markets, capital and technologies to modernise the country’s economy, and a US agenda of promoting a more liberal and democratic Vietnam. Since about 2010, although economic motives remain relevant, the strategic drivers seem more important. This has mainly been due to an enhanced perception of the threats that a rising China poses to both countries’ strategic interests, especially in the South China Sea.

    #Vietnam, #Etats-Unis #Mer_de_Chine


  • China’s military goes to war on corruption - FT.com
    http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/62c7cb6c-23c0-11e5-9c4e-a775d2b173ca.html?ftcamp=crm/email/201577/nbe/WorldNews/product#axzz3f6IND9CY
    http://im.ft-static.com/content/images/6a4d4fd6-be29-4058-a2f9-60c13db61ab3.img

    China’s military says it is moving to close loopholes in its financial regulations as part of a two-year crackdown on corruption that has snared more than 200 senior officers.
    The People’s Liberation Army said it had found in the regulations 69 loosely worded areas it termed “vague” and “unclear”, and which experts said meant misappropriation of funds often went unpunished.

    #Chine, #armée


  • EDITORIAL: After year of futility, Japan needs new game plan for abduction talks with N. Korea - AJW by The Asahi Shimbun
    http://ajw.asahi.com/article/views/editorial/AJ201507060016
    http://d13uygpm1enfng.cloudfront.net/article-imgs/en/2015/07/06/AJ201507060016/AJ201507060017M.jpg

    One year has passed since North Korea set up a special committee to carry out a fresh investigation into the fate of Japanese citizens abducted by the country decades ago.

    Last autumn, North Korea said it would try to compile a report on the reinvestigation in a target timeframe of about one year.

    On July 2, however, Pyongyang told the Japanese government that it will “take awhile” before it can release the report.

    It is hard to believe that North Korea is making sincere efforts. The abductions are an egregious violation of human rights that can never be pardoned. We cannot help but feel strong indignation.

    The regime in Pyongyang should realize that there is no way it can improve its relations with Japan other than by swiftly producing a convincing report on the probe.

    There have been many baffling developments concerning the issue during the past year.

    In May last year, after the announcement of an agreement between Tokyo and Pyongyang about the steps toward establishing formal diplomatic relations between the two countries, Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga said Japan and North Korea “shared the recognition that the first report on the reinvestigation would be made sometime between the end of summer and around early autumn” last year.

    Instead of the expected report, however, Pyongyang only informed Tokyo of a delay in the work, saying that the probe was “still in an early stage.”

    On July 3, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe admitted that there had been no clear agreement between the two governments over the deadline for Pyongyang’s report. “There is no specific timeframe on which Japan and North Korea have agreed,” he said.

    Abe has been claiming that he has managed to get North Korea, which used to say the abduction issue had already been resolved, to start a reinvestigation. He has stressed that he has succeeded in “prying open the heavy door.”

    One year since the start of the reinvestigation, however, can he still claim that the heavy door has really been opened?

    Obviously, the primary blame for the current situation should be put on North Korea’s insincere handling of the matter.

    In reopening dialogue with the North, however, what kind of workable game plan for success did the Abe administration have? Why has this new round of negotiations been so unproductive?

    The administration should offer detailed explanations at least to the families of the abduction victims. The families have been yearning desperately to see their loved ones return home.

    With a combination of hope and anxiety, the families have been watching how the fresh investigation will turn out.

    Sakie Yokota, the mother of Megumi Yokota, who has become a symbol of the sufferings of the victims and their families, has described the past year as “the most fatiguing and trying period” of all.

    Japan’s political leadership has failed to offer any consolation, let alone good news, to the agonizing families of the abductees.

    #Corée_du_Nord #Japon #Enlèvements


  • Réaction de Pékin après le non grec
    Post-Greece, Germany and EU face reality[1]- Chinadaily.com.cn
    http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/opinion/2015-07/06/content_21191350.htm

    Even in Germany, supposedly a “winner” of recent developments and economic trends, life insurance and state budgets are already at the breaking point.

    How can a country survive if total debt (beyond the public sector alone) is growing in real terms with the passage of every year, with no reserves accumulated for social security and pensions? All this comes against the background of daunting demographic trends.

    In short, far beyond the serious problems in Athens, we are dealing with a monetary union that has a ruined reputation and lost much resilience.

    The idea to create a modern and homogeneous copy of the Empire of Charles the Great — called “Maastricht” this time around — was naïve. It has now failed, with and through Greece. This is the core message that policymakers are now starting to realize.

    For some, this is extremely discomforting because it means that Europe will remain a continent of nation states.

    But why else would the British government call a referendum on leaving the European Union probably next year? Why else are very EU-skeptic trends gaining strength in other countries? The underlying message seems simple: If you are riding a dead horse, you need to get off.

    #Grèce #Europe #Chine


  • Russia: Powers in the balance - FT.com
    http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/1b27cd0e-209e-11e5-ab0f-6bb9974f25d0.html?ftcamp=crm/email/201576/nbe/Analysis/product#axzz3f6IND9CY
    http://im.ft-static.com/content/images/2a664787-3d26-4627-8f94-e5135cb663ae.img

    The continent now faced a new cold war which — with a real east-west conflict at the heart of Europe and Russia “sabre-rattling” with nuclear missiles — was more perilous than the first.
    “If we don’t handle it right,” says one participant, “we’re all going to be regretting it for ever.”
    Though the fighting in east Ukraine still simmers despite a February ceasefire agreed in Minsk, the crisis has faded from the daily headlines. Yet as the EU rolls economic sanctions against Russia into a second year, and amid next week’s anniversary of the downing of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 over eastern Ukraine with the loss of 298 lives, it is no nearer a resolution.
    One problem for the west in figuring out how to respond to Moscow’s military intervention has been understanding what Russia is really aiming to achieve. Vladimir Putin’s Kremlin telegraphs its intentions in oblique ways. But through the fog of propaganda emanating from Moscow, the outlines of the real goals behind Russia’s actions are starting to emerge. Policy makers are grappling with how any long-term settlement might be found, not just of the Ukrainian conflict, but its underlying causes.


  • A Closer Look at China’s New Climate Plan (INDC) | World Resources Institute
    http://www.wri.org/blog/2015/07/closer-look-chinas-new-climate-plan-indc

    China’s post-2020 climate action commitment, released earlier this week, is arguably one of the most anticipated climate announcements of the year.

    The world’s largest emitter restated in its “intended nationally determined contribution” (INDC) its previously announced goal to peak its emissions around 2030 and increase its share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to around 20 percent by the same year. The latter will require China to deploy 800 to 1,000 gigawatts in non-fossil capacity, close to the United States’ total current electricity capacity. The country also builds on these commitments with additional announcements on carbon intensity, forests, adaptation and more.

    #Chine #Climat


  • China makes rapid progress on reclaimed islands’ facilities - FT.com
    http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/519bb548-2077-11e5-ab0f-6bb9974f25d0.html?ftcamp=crm/email/201573/nbe/ChinaBusiness/product#axzz3eoER1h97
    http://im.ft-static.com/content/images/638e2beb-1b14-403c-acd9-c149d09b1940.img

    The building of the 3km runway on Fiery Cross Reef is a step some analysts say may presage an attempt to claim the airspace over the disputed waters.
    A year and a half ago the reef in the Spratly Islands was a mere lump of coral but it is now a small island, following a concerted effort by high-tech dredging barges.
    Meanwhile, a port has been added to facilities at Johnson South Reef, another reclaimed island in the Spratlys, with up to six security and surveillance towers under construction.
    Fiery Cross and Johnson South are among just over half a dozen submerged rocks and coral atolls that China has dredged into islands in the past 18 months, an effort Harry Harris, commander of the US Pacific Fleet, likened in April to “a great wall of sand”.
    China insists the facilities it is building on the islands are for peaceful purposes but western analysts say there is clear evidence China plans to use them as military bases in an effort to back its hegemonic maritime claims in the South China Sea. China claims sovereignty over 90 per cent of the Sea.

    #Chine, #Mer_de_Chine, #Spratley


  • ’Left-Behind’ Children Need Our Attention Now
    http://english.caixin.com/2015-07-01/100824378.html

    The tragedy that saw four children in Bijie, a city in Guizhou Province, take their own lives has reopened a deep wound suffered by society amid rapid modernization. The incident prompted the local government to evaluate the conditions of other so-called left-behind children – youngsters left at home while parents go off to find work in cities – and raised public attention to their plight. These responses are necessary, but far from enough. It should not take such extreme problems for the government and public to pay more attention to these children and their families. Rather, they should be at the center of discussion when policies and reforms are considered.
    The tragedy is a reminder of the price we are paying for urbanization. Three years ago, five boys died in Bijie when they fell asleep in a large garbage container in which they had lit a fire. Surveys show that the country has about 61 million left-behind children and another 36 million who live with their migrant-worker parents in their adopted cities but do not enjoy the same public services, such as education and health care, as people holding local residence registration documents. This means nearly 100 million children – one in every three in the country – are living an insecure life. These youngsters and their families must be allowed to share in the benefits of the country’s great modernization, and their welfare must be improved because leaving them to suffer will destabilize the very foundation of China’s development. Governments at all levels have tried to address the problem, but their commitment pales compared to the passionate pursuit of GDP growth. For the great many rural families that have made significant contributions to the economy, government attention and support have been deplorable.
    A dual-track system unique to China – one separating cities from rural areas – is to blame for creating a huge number of left-behind children. Historically, most countries at our stage of development allowed families to move together. But the hundreds of millions of people who have moved from China’s countryside to urban areas in recent decades do not have the same access to public services as people born in cities; sometimes they even struggle to find shelter. Rural families seeking a better life are left with one of two choices, neither of them good: leave their children in the village where, hopefully, they will be cared for by relatives, or bring them along to their adopted cities to live as second-class citizens.
    Families are the basic units of a society. When they suffer, society suffers – and the consequences are grave. Much research has shown that left-behind children are more likely to suffer mental health problems, drop out of school and become estranged from their parents.

    #Chine, #paysans, #migrants


  • China’s Communist Party now larger than the population of Germany | South China Morning Post
    http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/1829407/chinas-communist-party-enlists-million-new-members
    http://cdn3.scmp.com/sites/default/files/styles/620x356/public/2015/06/30/communistpartycongress.xinhua.jpg?itok=_EqWrrbI
    arty committees had sought to control membership growth to emphasise quality, the Xinhua report said. Party members account for less than seven per cent of China’s total population of 1.37 billion.

    The party recruited about 2.1 million new members last year, the report said, 351,000 fewer than in 2013.

    The figures suggested an emphasis on youth and education, with 1.7 million new members aged under 35.

    Of new members, almost 39 per cent had university or graduate degrees, up 2.6 percentage points from 2013.

    The number of female members also increased, the figures showed, with 21.7 million women on the party roll last year.
    #Chine #PCC


  • Through AIIB, China can learn to lead - Global Times
    http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/929547.shtml

    Representatives of 57 prospective founding members of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) gathered in Beijing on Monday for the signing ceremony, with 50 of them endorsing the AIIB agreement. As the largest shareholder, China takes a 30.34 percent stake and correspondingly has a voting share of 26.06 percent, which actually enables China to wield a veto on major issues, such as electing the bank’s president. This is a moment that our nation could never have imagined just 10 years ago.

    The move forward in the AIIB, however, seemed to have no bearing on people’s feeble confidence in China’s stock market, as shares plunged amid a flurry of automatic sell orders on this remarkable day.

    However, the country’s fundamental confidence has been elevated to a new stage. This is the first time ever that China is leading an international multilateral bank. Its influence is prominent and far-reaching, and it carries more profound significance than successfully hosting an Olympic Games.

    It took China less than six months to complete the signing of the AIIB agreement and this efficiency shocked the world.

    Although China barely has any experience in this regard, it is proof of its excellent capacity to learn and of its eager pursuit of fairness and equity. The first batch of 50 signatories is far more than the number of founding members of the Asian Development Bank (ADB).

    China’s attempt to lead the international financial institution may have been forced by unfair treatment in other institutions or China may want to test experiences with the AIIB as we are still a developing country. But from now on, we must shoulder our responsibilities.

    Of these responsibilities, the foremost is to bear criticism as numerous Western observers are waiting to find faults with and go bearish about China. But regardless of what they say, China must stick to its current trajectory.

    In recent years there have been fewer protests by China, but frequent ones against Beijing overseas. China needs to stick to its major principles, but it does not need to be entangled in minor issues.

    US allies that have joined the AIIB do not mean to flatter China, but they see the benefits will outweigh their relations with Washington. With GDP at the $10-trillion level, can China build more platforms of common interest and convince the outside world that working with China always means a win? This serves as the key to China’s further rise without encountering strong resistance from the outside.

    Compared with the IMF, World Bank and the ADB, the AIIB indicates that the environment where China is rising may not be as terrible as we conceive. We must grasp the opportunities.

    #Chine, #Banque_asiatique_d'investissement_pour_les_infrastructures


  • Signing of AIIB agreement is historic step: President Xi - Xinhua | English.news.cn
    http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2015-06/29/c_134365817.htm

    Chinese President Xi Jinping (9th R Front) meets with representatives of the prospective founding countries who attended the signing ceremony of the articles of the agreement of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, capital of China, June 29, 2015. Representatives of the 57 prospective AIIB founding countries signed the agreement on Monday in Beijing. (Xinhua/Lan Hongguang)

    BEIJING, June 29 (Xinhua) — President Xi Jinping said Monday the signing of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) agreement is a historic step forward in building the China-initiated multilateral bank.

    “The signing of the document reveals the commitment of the parties involved in the founding of the AIIB, as well as their solidarity, cooperation, openness, inclusiveness and quest for common development,” Xi told representatives of the 57 prospective founding countries.

    The 60-article agreement specified each member’s share as well as the bank’s governance structure and policy-making mechanism.

    The bank will have authorized capital of 100 billion U.S. dollars, and Asian and Oceanian countries will contribute up to 75 percent of the total capital. Each member will be allocated a share of quota based on their economic size. China, India and Russia are the three largest shareholders.

    China proposed the AIIB to boost Asia’s infrastructure improvement, interconnectivity and regional cooperation.

    “The founding countries have reached a high-quality agreement today. As long as all parties stick to the spirit of multilateral cooperation, we can make the AIIB a new platform that features openness, inclusiveness and mutual benefits, and contribute to Asian infrastructure development,” said the president.


  • North Korea: The secrets of Office 39 - FT.com
    http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/4164dfe6-09d5-11e5-b6bd-00144feabdc0.html?ftcamp=crm/email/2015625/nbe/Analysis/product#axzz3e3zVebof
    http://im.ft-static.com/content/images/3c7fe3f2-1f5a-41c4-aef0-18b6cf0ae6b8.img

    North Korea: The secrets of Office 39
    Tom Burgis

    The businessman Sam Pa in front of the Pyongyang skyline. His Queensway Group is linked with KKG, a North Korean enterprise

    In the middle of last year, the residents of Pyongyang began to notice a new fleet of taxis operating in the North Korean capital. With their maroon and gold bodywork, the gleaming sedans were easy to spot as they cruised the city’s orderly streets. The cars bore the taxi company’s logo: KKG.
    The swiftness with which KKG edged out rival taxi operators — one of which was rumoured to be linked to the security services — piqued curiosity about who was behind the new outfit. The same logo has been spotted on 4x4s, on a billboard displaying a planned riverside property development and on buses at Pyongyang airport. Like other North Korean cabbies, the drivers of the KKG taxis asked their fares to pay in foreign currency: mainly Chinese renminbi, but also euros or dollars. And therein lay a clue.

    #Corée_du_NOrd


  • Investors seek a road map for Asian infrastructure - FT.com
    http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/5f888e52-1897-11e5-a130-2e7db721f996.html?ftcamp=crm/email/2015624/nbe/AsiaPacificBusiness/product#axzz3dxoYrpm5
    http://im.ft-static.com/content/images/8558a619-7c3a-4663-86d9-da148a3fa2ed.img

    Zhou Yuan told a conference in Hong Kong last week that he could not promise to inform them, but that he hoped to entertain them. The dry-humoured head of strategy for China Investment Corporation then proceeded to do both as he talked about how China would view infrastructure investment in the region.
    Few subjects generate more interest and debate in Asian financial circles than infrastructure. Participants want to know how the new China-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank will operate and what roles other groups, such as banks and long-term investors, might play.

    #Chine, #Banque_asiatique_d'investissement_dans_les_Infrastructures(BAII)