• Meet YouTube’s Hidden Laborers Toiling to Keep Ads Off Hateful Videos

    Taken together, the scope of the work and nuance required in assessing videos shows Google still needs human help in dealing with YouTube’s ad problems. “We have many sources of information, but one of our most important sources is people like you,” Google tells raters in a document describing the purpose of their ad-rating work. But while only machine intelligence can grapple with YouTube’s scale, as company execs and representatives have stressed again and again, until Google’s machines—or anyone else’s—get smart enough to distinguish, say, truly offensive speech from other forms of expression on its own, such efforts will still need to rely on people.

    “We have always relied on a combination of technology and human reviews to analyze content that has been flagged to us because understanding context in video can be subjective,” says Chi Hea Cho, a spokesperson for Google. “Recently we added more people to accelerate the reviews. These reviews help train our algorithms so they keep improving over time.”

    #digital_labor #google #publicité #IA

    https://seenthis.net/messages/594513 via tbn

  • « La Négociation » : un film sur le « vrai » travail des politiques

    Nicolas Frank, documentariste, film « La Négociation ». Documentaire en forme de thriller politique qui suit les négociations menées par Stéphane Le Foll, ministre de l’#Agriculture, sur la #Politique_Agricole_Commune pendant 9 mois à Bruxelles.

    #documentaire #technocratie #socialistes #PAC #Union_européenne @xavsch

    https://seenthis.net/messages/592368 via tbn

  • The Platform Press : How Silicon Valley reengineered #journalism - Columbia Journalism Review via @opironet

    Avec une chronologie bien dense à la fin.


    October 23: Google AdWords launches.


    October 4—21: Harvard study finds 113 white nationalist, Nazi, anti-Semitic, and radical Islamic sites, and at least one fundamentalist Christian site, were removed from French and German Google listings.


    February 2: Facebook launches as a Harvard-only social network.


    January 23: Google News formally launches; had been in beta since September 2002.
    January 25: Google launches Google.cn, adhering to China’s censorship policies until March 2010.
    July 15: Twttr (later renamed Twitter) is released. “Tweets” can only be 140 characters.
    September 5: Facebook News Feed launches and displays activity from a user’s network.
    September 10: Google delists Inquisition21, a website seeking to challenge potentially incorrect child pornography convictions in the UK. Google implies the delisting is because Inquisition21 tried to manipulate search results.


    January 10: Facebook launches mobile site m.facebook.com.
    April 16: Google’s Terms of Service unveiled, including provisions granting Google “perpetual, irrevocable, worldwide, royalty-free, and non-exclusive license to reproduce, adapt, modify, translate, publish, publicly perform, publicly display and distribute any Content which [users] submit, post or display on or through, the Services.”


    October 7: Apple launches iOS App Store.
    October 22: Android OS Google Play store launches.
    December 30: Facebook removes a photo of a mother breastfeeding babies, leading to protests.


    February 4: Facebook’s Terms of Service altered to remove the automatic expiry of Facebook’s license to use individuals’ names, likenesses, and images if an account was deleted.
    February 24: WhatsApp, a mobile messaging app company, is founded, and the app is released in May of 2009.


    January 14: Links to Encyclopedia Dramatica’s “Aboriginal” article removed from Google after complaint; Google defended decision on grounds that the content represented a violation of Australia’s Racial Discrimination Act.
    March 22: Google announces it will no longer adhere to Chinese censorship policies by redirecting Chinese users to its Hong Kong domain.
    October 6: Instagram, a photo-based social network, is released.
    October 21: News Corporation axes “Project Alesia,” a potential competitor to Google News, over concerns about cost and readiness of proposed partners.


    September 26: Snapchat, a mobile app for disappearing messages, is released.
    October 12: iOS Apple Newsstand app to read a variety of publications is released.
    November 2: Twitter begins to “curate” results on its timeline.


    February 16: Facebook’s internal “Abuse Standards” leaked, including policy to filter out content containing images of maps of Kurdistan and of burning Turkish flags.
    March 1: Fundamental rewrite of Google’s Terms of Service, adding rights for Google to “use, host, [and] store” any content submitted by users.
    April 9: Facebook buys Instagram for $1 billion.
    May 31: Google launches a feature that informs Chinese users which keywords are censored. (The feature is removed in early December.)


    January 19: After backlash, Instagram scales back earlier announcement on changing Terms of Use to allow for selling user data.
    June 20: Announcement that video is coming to Instagram
    October 1: Canadian photographer Petra Collins’ Instagram account deleted because of a selfie which displayed visible pubic hair beneath her bikini bottom; challenged by Collins as it did not break Instagram’s terms.
    October 3: Snapchat Stories, a compilation of “snaps” a user’s friends see, launches.
    November 11: Update to Google’s Terms of Service, clarifying how profile name and photo might appear in Google products.
    November 20: Android OS Google Play Newsstand app to read a variety of publications launches.


    January 30: Facebook launches Paper, an effort at personalized news, and Trending.
    February 19: WhatsApp bought by Facebook for $19 billion.
    April 1: Algorithm introduced on Instagram to tailor the “Explore”/“Popular” tab to each user.
    April 14: Update to Google’s Terms of Service, including provision to automatically analyze content such as emails when content is sent, received, and stored.
    April 24: Launch of Facebook Newswire, powered by Storyful. While it was eventually folded, it allowed publishers to embed “newsworthy” content from Facebook into own material, use platform for newsgathering and storytelling.
    May 19: In Russia, Twitter blocks pro-Ukrainian accounts following threats to bar the service if it did not delete tweets violating Russian law.
    May 30: Google launches tool that enables Europeans to request “right to be forgotten” in response to ruling by European Court of Justice.
    June 13: Google ordered by Canadian court to remove search results that linked to websites of Datalink, which sold technology alleged to have been stolen from a competitor.
    June 17: Snapchat Our Story, a public Story aggregating many users’ activity around an event launches.
    June 23: Facebook News Feed algorithm altered to increase priority of video.
    July 15: Geofilters on Snapchat are released.
    July 25: Twitter blocks an account belonging to @boltai, a hacker collective that leaked internal Kremlin documents.
    August 25: Facebook News Feed algorithm altered to reduce priority of clickbait.
    October 22: German publishers concede defeat to Google in long-running dispute over attempt to charge license fees.
    December 18: Google removes links to articles that criticized Australian organization Universal Medicine, an alleged cult.


    January 12: Instagram deletes account of Australian photo and fashion agency due to a photograph with pubic hair outside bikini bottoms. (Account reactivated January 21.)
    January 20: Facebook News Feed algorithm altered to “show fewer hoaxes.”
    January 21: WhatsApp Web launches.
    January 27: Snapchat Discover launches. Selected publishers create a daily Discover channel, like a mini interactive magazine with an advertising revenue split arrangement where publishers can sell for 70 percent of revenue, or let Snapchat sell for 50 percent.
    March 3: Instagram carousel ads launch.
    March 9: Twitter acquires live streaming app Periscope.
    March 31: Twitter rolls out Curator, which allows publishers to search and display tweets based on hashtags, keywords, location, and other specific details.
    April 13: Snapchat gets rid of brand stories, also known as sponsored stories, after six months.
    April 21: Facebook tweaks News Feed to emphasize family and friends because people are worried about “missing important updates.”
    April 27: Snapchat hires Peter Hamby from CNN and announces plans to hire more journalists for the election.
    April 27: Google announces Digital News Initiative with eight European publishers.
    May 7: Facebook releases internal research on filter bubbles that finds “most people have friends who claim an opposing political ideology, and that the content in peoples’ News Feeds reflect those diverse views.”
    May 7: Snapchat will charge advertisers 2 cents per view for ten second ads in between Discover slides (up to four slots) and during videos. This plan is called Two Pennies. It was previously 15 cents.
    May 12: Facebook announces Instant Articles, faster loading articles on Facebook for iPhone,and original launch partners. Ads are embedded in article, and there is a 70/30 revenue share with publishers if Facebook sells the ad.
    June 8: Apple News app announced to replace the Newsstand app. Like Facebook Instant Articles, a 70/30 revenue share with publishers if Apple sells ads against their content.
    June 15: Facebook’s News Feed algorithm updated to prioritize time spent on a story above engagement.
    June 22: Google News Lab announced to support technological collaborations with journalists.
    June 23: Instagram changes Explore to allow users to follow real-time news more easily by sorting by location and recency.
    July 1: Automatic bans imposed on Facebook accounts using an offensive slang term for Russians. Similar Russian insults towards Ukrainians (such as ‘hohol’) were not deleted.
    July 27: Snapchat axes Yahoo! and Warner Music from Discover, replaces them with BuzzFeed and iHeartRadio.
    Late July: Snapchat’s ad team starts selling against Discover.
    August 5: Facebook Live video launches for public figures.
    August 27: Snapchat Discover expands from 12 to 15 partners. In the past, they cut old partners to add new ones so all 12 fit on one screen.
    September 9: Using the Facebook ad platform technology, Instagram’s advertising platform expands globally, allows for more targeting and ad format flexibility.
    September 22: Facebook allows publishers to create Instant Articles in their own content management systems.
    September 23: Facebook releases 360 video. Users can move their phones for a spherical view within a video.
    October 6: Twitter Moments, curated tweets around top stories, launches.
    October 7: Google announces Accelerated Mobile Pages (AMP) project, which will allow publishers’ stories to load more quickly from search results.
    October 21: Twitter announces partnerships with firms such as Spredfast, Wayin, Dataminr, ScribbleLive, and Flowics at its developer conference.
    October 22: Google announces it has signed up over 120 news organizations for its Digital News Initiative, including the BBC, The Economist, and Der Spiegel.
    October 27: Twitter announces it will discontinue video-sharing app Vine.
    October 28: Snapchat Terms of Service updated: requests right to reproduce, modify, republish, and save users’ photos, specifically in relation to Live Stories.
    October 29: Instagram allows businesses to use Facebook’s Ads Manager and to run campaigns across Facebook and Instagram.
    October 31: Instagram conducts its first video curation for Halloween.
    November 10: Instagram partner program launches; a group of 40 adtech, content marketing, and community management companies that work to help businesses on Instagram.
    November 11: Facebook Notify, a real-time notification news app, is launched.
    November 13: Snapchat launches Official Stories, Stories from verified brands or influencers.
    November 23: Snapchat launches Story Explorer, which allows users to focus on a specific moment from a story, but from additional users and perspectives.
    November 30: Snapchat allows publishers to deep link back to Snapchat content from elsewhere, like other social platforms.
    December 3: Facebook releases Live video to the public.
    December 9: Facebook tweaks News Feed so it works with poor connections, like 2G. Facebook also allows publishers to sell Instant Article ad campaigns instead of having to make those ads part of their own site package, to have one ad for every 350 words of an Instant Article (up from one ad per 500 words), and to control link outs at bottom of Instant Articles.
    December 2: Snapchat makes a Story for live/breaking news during San Bernardino.
    December 9: Google announces AMP rollout timeline; pages will go live in February.
    December 15: German government strikes deal with outlets who agree to delete hate speech from their sites within 24 hours, in response to increasing racism online.


    January 5: Digiday reports that Snapchat, up to 23 Discover partners, is rumored to be building their own ad interface API, like Facebook, to target ads to users instead of publications.
    January 11: Instagram publishes its first live video curation for the Golden Globes.
    January 19: Nielsen expands Twitter TV Ratings to include Facebook conversations around TV shows, called Social Content Ratings.
    January 21: Facebook opens Audience Optimization to publishers to target specific readers.
    January 26: The Facebook Audience Network can be used by publishers to sell ads on their mobile sites.
    January 26: Apple plans to make subscription-only content available in the News app; publishers can only post free articles or excerpts that drive people to subscribe.
    January 27: Facebook reveals forthcoming “reactions” in the US, which had already been tested elsewhere in the world.
    January 28: Facebook Live expands to all iPhone users.
    January 28: Snapchat launches a show called “Good Luck America” with Peter Hamby.
    February 4: WhatsApp increases group chat user limit to 256 people, aiming to increase enterprise appeal, including to publishers.
    February 9: Google AMP announces solutions for subscription-supported publications, and Adobe Analytics integration.
    February 10: Twitter changes algorithm to make sure users see tweets they are likely to care about.
    February 10: On Instagram, publishers can now see video views and can do account switching. Instagram hits 200,000 advertisers, and 75 percent are outside of the US.
    February 12: Reports that Snapchat will let users subscribe to Discover channels and that it will go from logo button to magazine cover look by May.
    February 24: Google AMP articles go live.
    February 25: Snapchat partners with Nielsen Digital Ad Ratings to measure, transparently, the effectiveness of ad campaigns.
    February 26: Facebook Live rolled out to all Android users.
    February 28: Snapchat Live Stories, beginning with the Oscars, will be viewable on the web for special occasions.
    March 1: Facebook changes algorithm to prioritize Live Video, especially Live video that is broadcasting.
    March 15: Instagram announces that starting in May users’ feeds will be algorithmically driven, instead of real-time.
    March 15: Apple News app opens to all publishers.
    March 24: On Facebook, publishers can see daily activity around a video.
    March 29: Snapchat Terms of Service updated to add the potential to incorporate third-party links and search results in Snapchat services.
    March 31: Facebook creates option for publishers to autoplay and non-autoplay video ads in Instant; can have pre-roll video ads in any editorial video; and can have one more ad unit at the base of articles.
    April 5: Twitter announces live video deal to stream NFL games, and begins pushing for live video deals with publishers.
    April 7: Facebook allows Live Video within groups and events, live reactions from viewers, live filters, the ability to watch live with friends, a live map, and also live video in trending and search.
    April 8: Branded content will be allowed as Facebook Instant Articles with the sponsor tagged.
    April 12: Facebook makes several announcements at F8 that are relevant to publishers: the Live video API will be open for publishers who want to experiment/innovate; Instant Articles is open to all publishers; publishers will be able to use messenger bots to distribute stories.
    April 21: Facebook tweaks the algorithm to focus on articles people are likely to spend time viewing.
    April 28: Twitter moves to the News category in the Apple app store.
    May 9: Gizmodo reveals details that Facebook’s Trending Topics is actively curated by people who “suppressed” conservative news.
    May 12: Facebook releases a 28-page internal document outlining guidelines for staff curating Trending Topics, in response to media reporting suggesting potential bias.
    May 19: Instagram adds video to carousel ads.
    May 23: Facebook’s general counsel responds to Congress Republicans concerned about bias with a letter; the previous week, Facebook’s legal team met with Chairman of the US Senate Commerce Committee John Thune.
    May 24: Instagram adds media buying as fourth advertising partner category.
    May 24: Facebook says it will revise the way it curates its Trending topics section, including no longer using external websites to validate a story’s importance.
    May 24: Twitter announces changes to simplify Tweets including what counts toward your 140 characters, @names in replies and media attachments (like photos, GIFs, videos, and polls) will no longer “use up” valuable characters.
    May 26: Facebook allows for their Audience Network to be used for ads to be seen off-Facebook, a move seen as competitive with Google.
    June 2: Facebook Notify is shut down.
    June 2: Google AMP launches in France, Germany, Italy, UK, Russia, and Mexico.
    June 7: Google announces preliminary results from AMP showing that 80 percent of publishers are seeing higher viewability and 90 percent are seeing higher engagement.
    Between June 6 and 12: Intel becomes the first brand to publish content directly to Instant Articles.
    June 9: Facebook launches 360 photo. Users can move their phones for a spherical view within a photo.
    June 16: Snapchat announces an online magazine called Real Life.
    June 21: Twitter Engage launches, allowing for better insights and data. Also, the length of user video is increased from 30 to 140 seconds.
    June 22: The Wall Street Journal reports that Facebook has made deals worth more than $50 million with 140 video creators, including publishers, to use Live, since those partnerships were first announced in March.
    June 29: Facebook’s algorithm changes to place further emphasis on family and friends and on creating a feed that will “inform” and “entertain.”
    July 6: Snapchat introduces Memories.
    July 14: Facebook Instant Articles can be posted to Messenger.
    July 19: Google announces AMP for ads, to bring ads to the same load time as AMP articles.
    July 11—12: Twitter announces multiple live video deals, including with CBS, Wimbledon, and Bloomberg.
    August 2: Instagram Stories launches. A compilation of updates a user’s friends see; a Snapchat Stories clone.
    August 4: Facebook tweaks the News Feed to reduce clickbait.
    August 9: Facebook blocks ad blockers.
    August 11: Facebook’s News Feed is modified to place emphasis on “personally informative” items.
    August 26: Facebook Trending becomes fully algorithmically driven.
    August 27: Apple changes its Spotlight feature so that articles open in-app, hurting publishers.
    September 7: Snapchat axes Local Stories.
    September 8: Google releases a study of more than 10,000 mobile domains showing that speed matters for engagement and revenue.
    September 12: Twitter announces a live streaming partnership with Cheddar.
    September 15: Publishers can sell subscriptions within the Apple News app; Apple keeps 30 percent of subscriptions made through the app, and 15 percent of renewals.
    September 15: Improvements are made to call to action button on Instagram ads to make them more visible; with video, though, the destination URL opens first within Instagram with the video continuing to play at the top.
    September 20: All Google search results, not just the carousel, now show AMP pages.
    September 23: Snapchat announces Spectacles and becomes Snap, Inc.
    September 29: Twitter opens Moments to everyone.
    September 30: Updates to Google AMP so it better supports a variety of ad sizes.
    October 12: Facebook also allows for additional ad formats for publishers in Instant Articles.
    October 17: Signal, for newsgathering on Facebook, will include a Live Video column.
    October 18: Snapchat switches from a revenue sharing arrangement with publishers on Discover to an up-front licensing arrangement.
    October 20: Facebook allows 360 photo and video within Instant Articles.
    October 28: Facebook rolls out a voting planner for users where they can view and save the initiatives and candidates they will select.
    November 10: Instagram introduces ability to add “see more” links to Instagram Stories.
    November 11: After controversy, Facebook will curb ethnic affinity marketing by advertisers focused on, for example, credit or housing, who target users based on whether Facebook has determined they are likely Latino or Asian American, for example.
    November 11: Facebook buys CrowdTangle, which is used by publishers for analytics.
    November 11: Vertical ads are allowed on Instagram.
    November 16: Facebook will work with more third parties to ensure the integrity of their metrics after they miscounted publisher performance.
    November 19: In response to post-election pressure, Mark Zuckerberg addresses Facebook’s role in fake news.
    November 21: Instagram Stories introduces Live Stories for live video streaming.
    November 22: To be allowed into China, Facebook built a censorship tool into its platform.
    December 5: Facebook, Microsoft, Twitter, and YouTube partner to address terrorism content online.
    December 5: In an effort to combat misinformation, Facebook prompts users to report “misleading language.”
    December 5: Google updates its search bar so that there is no longer an autocomplete that reads “are Jews evil.”
    December 12: Facebook launches Live 360 video. Users can have a spherical view of live video.
    December 14: Facebook begins talks with video producers and TV studios for original content.
    December 20: Facebook launches Live Audio. Allows for formats like news radio.
    December 22: Business Insider reports that Twitter inadvertently inflated video ad metrics.


    January 9: Recode reports that Facebook will allow mid-roll video ads, with 55 percent of revenue going to publishers.
    January 11: Facebook announces the Facebook Journalism Project, to work with publishers on product rollouts, storytelling formats, promotion of local news, subscription models, training journalists, and, on the fake news front, collaborating with the News Literacy Project and fact checking organizations. On the same day, TechCrunch reports Facebook agrees to censor content in Thailand at government’s request.
    January 11: Instagram Stories will now have ads, and insights are increased, as the platform hits 150 million users.
    January 12: Snapchat releases a universal search bar.
    January 17: News that Facebook will end Live video deals with publishers in favor of longer more premium video.
    January 19: Snapchat will allow ad targeting using third-party data.
    January 23: Snapchat updates publisher guidelines: content must be fact checked and cannot be risqué, and will offer some an “age gate” and will require graphic content warnings.
    January 24: Instagram makes Live Stories available globally.
    January 25: News that Facebook begins testing Stories, like those on Instagram and Snapchat, at the top of the mobile app in Ireland. Facebook also updates Trending to show publisher names, identify trends by number of publishers and not engagement on a single post, and show everyone in a region the same content. In Thailand and Australia, Facebook will have ads like the ones that are in News Feed inside of Messenger.
    January 25: Recode reports that more than 200 publishers have been banned from Google’s AdSense network in an effort to combat fake news.
    January 26: Facebook’s News Feed algorithm will reward publishers/videos that keep people watching and mid-roll ads won’t play until 90 seconds.
    January 26: Twitter’s Explore tab will allow users to see trends, Moments, Live, and search.
    January 30: Twitter’s VP of engineering announces an effort to combat harassment.
    January 30: Snapchat announces IPO.
    January 31: Facebook updates the algorithm to prioritize “authentic” content and will surface posts around real-time/breaking news. Facebook also announces new and expanded partnerships with Nielsen, ComScore, DoubleVerify (for a total of 24 third-party entities) to give better insights into performance of ads.
    February 1: Instagram introduces Albums feature in limited release. Widespread release later in the month.
    February 2: Snapchat IPO documents show that media partners were paid $58 million, and that Snap-sold ad revenue was 91 percent.
    February 6: Google allows for AMP articles URL to indicate the publisher’s name and not just Google.
    February 6: News surfaces that a Syrian refugee identified as a terrorist pursues legal action against Facebook on grounds of “fake news.”
    February 7: Twitter continues efforts to combat harassment and improve quality, by “stopping the creation of new abusive accounts, bringing forward safer search results, and collapsing potentially abusive or low-quality Tweets.”
    February 8: News surfaces that French publishers complain of effort required for anti-fake news partnership with Facebook.
    February 10: Facebook further pushes for transparency around ads and says it will allow for a third-party audit.
    February 13: The Washington Post joins Snapchat Discover as Discover shifts to allow for breaking news.
    February 13: TechCrunch reports that Twitter will reduce its support for ad products that are not drawing advertisers.
    February 14: Facebook announces an app for Apple TV and Amazon Fire that will allow people to watch Facebook videos on their TVs.
    February 14: Autoplay videos on Facebook will play with sound.
    February 14: Google pulls two anti-Semitic sites off its ad platform.
    February 16: Mark Zuckerberg writes a nearly 6,000 word manifesto, “Building Global Community,” on the future of Facebook and global civil society.
    February 17: Facebook invites media companies to its offices to talk about products to come throughout the year.
    February 20: Facebook allows users to send photos and videos from the in-app camera.
    February 20: WhatsApp launches Snapchat clone, Status.
    February 23: Mid-roll video ads begin on Facebook, following an announcement in January.


    https://seenthis.net/messages/591967 via tbn

  • Irak ou Syrie : le gâteau a-t-il rendu Trump gâteux ?

    « Nous étions à table et nous mangions le dessert. Nous avions la plus belle part de gâteau au chocolat que vous puissiez voir. Et le président Xi Jinping la savourait (…) J’ai dit : Nous venons de tirer 59 missiles en direction de l’Irak », a expliqué le leader US lors d’une interview avec Fox News.

    « En direction de la Syrie ? », s’est inquiétée la journaliste.

    « Oui, en direction de la Syrie », s’est corrigé M. Trump.

    Quant on sait que nombre d’Etasuniens confondent Libye et Liban, je m’inquièterais si j’étais à Beyrouth...

    https://seenthis.net/messages/589293 via gonzo

  • [uZine 3] Manifeste du Web indépendant

    Pourtant le Web indépendant et contributif est menacé ; menacé par la fuite en avant technologique qui rend la création de sites de plus en plus complexe et chère, par l’écrasante puissance publicitaire du Web marchand, et bientôt par les accès dissymétriques, les Network Computers, les réseaux privés, le broadcasting, destinés à cantonner le citoyen au seul rôle de consommateur.

    hi hi ! pas vu venir le wordpress et le web 2.0 les petits jeunes ;-) bon en 1997, c’était pas facile !

    https://seenthis.net/messages/9273 via Girafe

  • L’endogamie État-entreprises induite par les Grands Corps (Inspection des finances, Corps des mines) : pour en finir avec ces institutions.

    Par Alexandre Moatti (j’archive)

    1. Propos introductif, définitions

    2. Le domaine d’action : du cabinet ministériel à l’entreprise.

    3. L’extension du domaine d’action de ces Corps.


    #technocratie #pantouflage

    https://seenthis.net/messages/590430 via tbn

  • « Trump a donné 1000 raisons à Daech de lancer des attaques chimiques » – Le Saker Francophone

    Une interview de Peter Ford, ancien ambassadeur britannique en Syrie – Le 7 avril 20127 – You Tube.


    Mais je reviens au point principal : ça ne va pas s’arrêter ici, et nous sommes probablement destinés à y être entraînés, car Trump vient de donner aux djihadistes 1000 raisons d’organiser des opérations sous faux drapeau, voyant à quel point il est efficace et facile, avec des médias crédules, de pousser l’Occident à des réactions outrancières. En toute probabilité, ils vont mettre en scène une opération semblable à celle qu’ils ont montée, et cela a été prouvé par l’ONU en août dernier ; ils ont monté une attaque au gaz de chlorine contre des civils et ont essayé de faire en sorte qu’elle ait l’air d’une opération du régime.

    Souvenez-vous bien de ce que je vous dis ici, car cela se produira (infailliblement), et on aura tous les va-t-en guerre qui viendront nous dire qu’Assad nous défie et que nous devons intervenir encore plus lourdement en Syrie. Ce sera des attaques sous faux drapeau.

    #syrie #faux_drapeau

    https://seenthis.net/messages/589769 via gonzo

  • L’Affaire Bolivar ou Les Insoumis face aux #éditorialistes (Acte III)

    Tout commence avec une passe d’arme entre Patrick Cohen et Alexis Corbière dans l’émission C à vous. La France Insoumise, accuse Cohen, veut sortir de l’OTAN pour entrer dans l’Alliance bolivarienne. Le second rétorque que les deux mesures n’ont aucun rapport puisque l’Alliance bolivarienne n’est pas une alliance militaire mais un espace de coopération économique. Cohen s’énerve, agite ses notes et ne trouve rien à répondre. La deuxième étape est le piège tendu par RTL à Clémentine Autain. On lui passe un extrait de C à vous amputé de la réponse de Corbière pour qu’elle réponde à son tour : mais pourquoi Mélenchon voudrait-il quitter l’OTAN pour entrer dans l’Alliance bolivarienne ? Clémentine Autain n’en sait rien et perd momentanément ses moyens. Les journalistes de RTL, qui ont entendu Corbière, connaissent bien sûr la réponse à leur question mais ils se gardent bien de la communiquer à leurs auditeurs. Le moteur est en marche et les courroies de transmission vont tourner à plein régime.

    Le Huffington Post commence par effacer Clémentine Autain du tableau et titre que l’Alliance bolivarienne « met mal à l’aise les porte-paroles de Jean-Luc Mélenchon ». Le Parisien, le JDD, le Figaro, Libé, tout le monde relaie l’incroyable nouvelle : Jean-Luc Mélenchon projette de renverser le système des alliances de la France et de l’enrôler dans l’empire du mal. Libération écrit que l’Alliance bolivarienne « compte trois pays observateurs : Haïti, l’Iran et la Syrie. Pas franchement démocratiques… En 2009, la Russie avait aussi été invitée au sommet de l’Alba au titre d’observateur. » L’auteur conclut sur un exposé de la géopolitique de #Mélenchon :


    https://seenthis.net/messages/589737 via Kassem

  • Le comportement jamais encore observé de fourmis blessées sur un champ de bataille récupérées et transportées jusqu’à la fourmilière par leurs congénères


    Pour la première fois, des fourmis ont été filmées portant secours à leurs camarades blessés sur un champ de bataille afin de les ramener à la fourmilière pour qu’elles s’en remettent.


    Après avoir étudié les fourmis en détail, les chercheurs ont appris que celles blessées ou en difficultés demandaient de l’aide en diffusant deux signaux chimiques, du disulfure de diméthyle et du trisulfure de diméthyle, qui sont sécrétés par les glandes dans les mandibules. Le comportement des hormones est très influencé par les produits chimiques, et ces signaux obligent un soldat proche à saisir son compagnon en détresse et à le ramener à la fourmilière. Les fourmis blessées ou mutilées utilisent ce temps pour récupérer, même si leurs membres manquants ne repousseront pas, et elles retournent ensuite sur le champ de bataille. Dans certains cas, les “soins à domicile” impliquent l’élimination des termites encore accrochés à la fourmi.

    Comme le montre la nouvelle étude, les fourmis blessées qui ont réussi à retourner au nid sans aucune aide sont mortes dans environ 32 % des cas. Mais lorsqu’elles ont été secourues, environ 95 % d’entre elles ont pu se remettre pour ensuite participer aux raids suivants, parfois moins d’une heure après avoir été blessées. Les chercheurs estiment que ce comportement de sauvetage entraîne une taille de colonie environ 29 % plus grande qu’elle ne le serait autrement.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/589778 via enuncombatdouteux

  • #MMA : Bleu blanc rouste

    Il gagne ses premiers combats aux points, malgré un style vibrionnant. « Mais en face, ça tombait pas », dit-il. Il sait bien que les KO font de meilleurs « highlights » sur YouTube, alors il part travailler ses coups de coude dévastateurs à Albuquerque (Nouveau Mexique). « Une ville connue pour la série Breaking Bad, à 1 500 mètres d’altitude », précise-t-il. Il y trouve du « sparring de luxe », comme on dit dans le milieu. On revient à l’opéra. « De l’Italien, Puccini. Je préfère ça que le son va-t-en-guerre quand je m’entraîne. » Il veut devenir acteur, faire du mannequinat. Il prend déjà des cours de piano et de tango. Et court les vernissages, où Pierre et Gilles l’ont rencontré. Tout ça fait sens pour lui : « Le martial artist, il est artiste, c’est dans le nom. Dans un combat, j’expose ma création, dans une forme qui s’appelle l’UFC. » Et les arcades pétées ? « La violence de l’UFC n’est pas celle de la rue. Ni la violence mentale que tu t’infliges en faisant ce qui te rend malheureux. »


    https://seenthis.net/messages/589039 via tbn

  • Mélenchon et l’Orient compliqué par Denis Sieffert | Politis


    Bien entendu, je ne crois pas que Jean-Luc Mélenchon ait de la « sympathie » pour Poutine, mais il emprunte son discours, et c’est bien trop. Cela dit, je partage son inquiétude après la réaction de Donald Trump, non pas tant d’ailleurs en raison de l’acte lui-même (la Syrie, hélas, en a vu d’autres depuis six ans) que du caractère impulsif qu’il révèle. On attendra cependant pour en juger. Si l’opération n’est suivie d’aucun effort diplomatique visant à favoriser une transition politique, on pourra crier à l’esbroufe.

    Il est probable que la tragédie syrienne ne déterminera pas le vote des électeurs français. Et puis, dans cet Orient décidément compliqué dont parlait de Gaulle, un autre dossier historique nous réconcilie avec Mélenchon. C’est le conflit israélo-palestinien. En regard des frilosités de Benoît Hamon, qui s’est récemment déclaré hostile au mouvement Boycott, désinvestissement, sanctions (BDS), le candidat de la France insoumise ne mégote pas son engagement. On est d’ailleurs frappé par la symétrie des situations : veto russe d’un côté, pour permettre à Assad de massacrer à loisir ; veto américain de l’autre, encourageant Israël à coloniser jusqu’à obsolescence les Territoires palestiniens. Cette symétrie mortifère devrait nous prémunir contre toutes les formes d’inconditionnalité. « Guérissez de cette manie d’attendre d’un homme une perfection qu’il ne peut pas avoir », a lancé joliment Mélenchon à la foule qui scandait son nom à Marseille. Pour notre part, nous sommes guéris.

    #Syrie #Palestine #electionprésidentielle #Mélenchon

    https://seenthis.net/messages/588867 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • Les #chatons s’attaquent à l’oiseau #Twitter grâce à #mastodon

    Mastodon, le clone libre et décentralisé de Twitter, accueille des dizaines de milliers de nouveaux membres chaque jour. Notre réponse se devait d’être collective. Un vent de liberté qui fait du bien ! Résumons les épisodes précédents : Twitter est un #Réseau … Lire la suite­­

    #Dégooglisons_Internet #G.A.F.A.M. #Libertés_Numériques #Migration #decentralisation #Degooglisons #GAFAM #Planet #PlanetEdu #reseaux_sociaux #RezoTIC

  • Présidentielle : comment la #France est entrée dans l’ère du big data électoral | Usbek & Rica

    Si tous nos interlocuteurs sont d’accord sur le fait qu’un logiciel ne fait pas gagner une #élection, il n’en reste pas moins que, de #NationBuilder à #Liegey_Muller_Pons, des #entreprises se sont spécialisées dans l’offre d’outils numériques à usage #politique.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/588503 via tbn

  • 50 expressions insupportables - Le blog de Bernard Gensane

    Le monde professionnel a bien des spécificités, dont celui d’être un formidable outil de création d’expressions ridicules qui ont la particularité de se répandre comme une trainée de poudre, et de se reproduire comme des Aliens.
    La vie pro est telle qu’elle réussit néanmoins à nous imposer l’utilisation de ce sabir grotesque, que nous finissons par parler couramment, et avec le plus grand naturel, nous rendant à notre tour passablement risible.
    Force est de constater que si vous n’entrez pas dans le moule en baragouinant vous aussi la prolangue « qui va bien » (hérissement de poils momentané), vous serez certainement moins prise au sérieux que votre concurrent à l’embauche.


    https://seenthis.net/messages/564345 via Agnès Maillard

  • Massive protest in Hungary against bill that could oust Soros university

    Hungarians rose up in one of the largest protests against the seven-year rule of right-wing Prime Minister Viktor Orban on Sunday, protesting against new legislation that could force out of the country one of its top international universities.

    The Central European University (CEU), a school founded by U.S. financier George Soros, could be forced to leave Hungary after a bill passed in Parliament this week by Orban’s Fidesz party set stringent, new conditions under which it must operate.

    The bill has led to criticism from hundreds of leading academics worldwide as well as from the U.S. government and the European Union.

    The protest drew some of the largest crowds against Orban’s seven-year rule, with organizers estimating attendance around 70,000. The crowd marched across a bridge over the river Danube and filled the square outside Parliament, which was defended by several lines of police, some in riot gear.

    Thousands of people, mostly students, stayed on after the main protest for an unannounced march on the building of the Education Secretariat, then on to the headquarters of Fidesz, where where they chanted anti-Fidesz slogans before, with numbers dwindling, they blocked Oktogon square, a busy intersection in central Budapest.

    Though passionate, the protest remained peaceful throughout.

    Hungarian President Janos Ader must now sign the bill by Monday to make it law. The protesters said they wanted to convince Ader to reject the bill and refer it to a constitutional review.

    “What do we want Ader to do? VETO,” the crowd chanted. “Free country, free university!”

    “The government wants to silence pretty much everyone who doesn’t think the same as them, who thinks freely, who can be liberal, can be leftist,” protest organizer Kornel Klopfstein, a PhD student at the University of Bielefeld in Germany, told Reuters.

    “According to the government one of the centers of these people is at CEU... We should stand up for academic freedom and for CEU.”

    The students sat down on the pavement and chanted slogans like “Here is the end, Viktor”, or “Fidesz is dirty”.

    The government has been tightening up on dissent in other ways as well, proposing tighter rules on non-governmental organizations (NGOs), which will have to register with authorities if they have a yearly foreign income of 7.2 million forints ($25,000).

    The rules are admittedly targeting organizations funded by Soros, a Hungarian-born American financier who for decades has given away billions of dollars of his fortune to support causes of a liberal “open society” worldwide.

    The Hungarian premier has often vilified Soros, whose ideals are squarely at odds with Orban’s view that European culture is under an existential threat from migration and multiculturalism.

    “The government is always looking for someone to fight with, and Soros seems like a perfect person for this because he funds NGOs in Hungary and he funds CEU as well,” Klopfstein said.

    CEU Rector Michael Ignatieff has said the school would continue operations as normal and demanded that the law be scrapped and additional international guarantees of academic freedoms be added to current legal safeguards.

    The U.S. State Department will send diplomats to Budapest next week to address the CEU crisis, said Ignatieff, who spent several days in Washington to lobby the U.S. government, lawmakers and the media.

    “They want to completely undermine and eradicate what remains of civil society,” Bara Bognar, a 40-year-old finance professional, told Reuters. “This is the first protest I have ever participated in. There is a level at which you must be present, so here I am.”

    “The method, the lack of dialogue, the efforts for years to annihilate all democratic institutions, this cannot be the future of us nor our children.”

    https://seenthis.net/messages/587825 via tbn

  • Adorno sociologue, par Lucie Wezel - La Vie des idées

    Représentant le plus en vue de l’École de Francfort après-guerre et élu en novembre 1963 à la présidence de la Société allemande de sociologie, Theodor W. Adorno fait figure de véritable Janus. Le penseur de Francfort n’aura jamais cessé de batailler sur les deux fronts de la philosophie et de la sociologie pour imposer la théorie critique, cette démarche interdisciplinaire qui vise l’émancipation des hommes par la mise au jour de l’irrationalité du monde social. Subvertissant la division intellectuelle du travail, la théorie sociale adornienne entend articuler différentes disciplines, comme la sociologie et la psychanalyse, afin de produire une connaissance globale du monde social.

    Toutefois, en dépit de sa position relativement prégnante au sein de la sociologie allemande des années 1950-1960, Adorno fut longtemps déconsidéré en tant que sociologue après sa mort. On lui reprocha notamment sa critique du tournant empirico-positiviste opéré par la sociologie allemande après-guerre, au profit d’une conception spéculative de la société comme totalité. Prisonnier d’une vision pessimiste et claustrophobique de la société contemporaine et d’une épistémologie archaïque, Adorno sociologue aurait ainsi méconnu l’esprit du temps.Toutefois, si une vague positiviste a longtemps emporté par le fond la sociologie adornienne, cette dernière semble avoir récemment refait surface en France, comme en témoigne le présent recueil d’articles traduits et réunis sous le titre Le conflit des sociologies, et qui fait suite à Société : intégration, désintégration paru en 2011. Échelonnés sur près de trente ans – de 1940 à 1969 –, les articles rassemblés dans ce deuxième volume et consacrés à la psychanalyse et à la sociologie, mettent au jour l’existence d’un conflit propre à ces deux disciplines.


    https://seenthis.net/messages/586786 via tbn

  • Arbitrage vidéo, minute zéro | Une balle dans le pied

    Il va falloir reprogrammer le logiciel émotionnel, apprendre à avoir des demi-joies, à les retarder, à les diluer dans l’attente de la vraie décision. Nous entrons dans le régime de l’#émotion en différé, dans un jeu où un arbitre en cabine inscrira des buts. Cette première expérimentation pour un match majeur en France a illustré un des impacts majeurs de l’arbitrage assisté par la vidéo, portant sur les émotions ressenties lors d’un match de #football : il liquide l’immédiateté du but, il met en sursis la joie ou le dépit.


    https://seenthis.net/messages/585499 via tbn

  • Après la lecture de l’article de Razmig Keucheyan « Ce dont nous avons (vraiment) besoin » (février), Marie-Claude Peyvieux propose une solution pour définir un bien-être écologiquement viable.

    M.-C. P. : Quant au moyen de définir les besoins essentiels, je connais un moyen plus simple et plus efficace que d’improbables « assemblées citoyennes ». On bannit la #publicité : les besoins véritables émergeront rapidement.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/585391 via tbn

  • American Congress approves for ISPs to sell your browsing history

    With this comes an end to the privacy rules established by the FCC during Obama, less than a year ago, and where ISPs first had to ask your permission


    Reaction of the EFF:


    If the bill is signed into law, companies like Cox, Comcast, Time Warner, AT&T, and Verizon will have free rein to hijack your searches, sell your data, and hammer you with unwanted advertisements. Worst yet, consumers will now have to pay a privacy tax by relying on VPNs to safeguard their information.

    Article en français:


    https://seenthis.net/messages/585006 via schrödinger

  • Digital Ad Fraud Hitting All Time Highs 2017 | Augustine Fou

    #publicité #bulle

    via @antoniocasilli qui en veut pour nouvelle preuve ceci :

    Chase Had Ads on 400,000 Sites. Then on Just 5,000. Same Results

    Much of the promise of online advertising hinges on the vast reach of the web, and the ability to reach people on niche sites at low prices. Index Exchange, an ad exchange, has estimated that the titles owned by the top 50 traditional media companies account for 5 percent or fewer of the trillions of ad impressions available for sale each day. Google’s display network alone includes more than two million websites. YouTube has more than three million ad-supported channels, according to the analytics company OpenSlate, which says the average $100,000 campaign on the platform runs on more than 7,000 channels.

    If more advertisers follow JPMorgan’s lead and see similar results, it could hurt the operators of smaller sites that make up the so-called long tail of the internet, as well as the advertising technology companies that profit from funneling trillions of ad impressions from brands to consumers through systems that mimic a stock exchange, according to Eric Franchi, co-founder of the ad technology firm Undertone.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/584346 via tbn