• Pourquoi le président Abdel Fattah Al-Sissi a peur

    Alors que s’ouvre aujourd’hui le scrutin pour l’élection présidentielle (il durera jusqu’au 28 mars), le régime d’Abdel Fattah Al-Sissi montre des signes de fébrilité : éviction brutale des candidats, #Répression contre les journalistes. L’incapacité du président égyptien à laisser la moindre ouverture, même symbolique, pour cette élection est le reflet de l’échec de son premier mandat, et cette crispation autoritaire met en lumière sa fragilité. La répression contre les candidats à l’élection présidentielle n’a (...)


    / #Égypte, #Élection_présidentielle, #Armée, Répression, #Autoritarisme, #Vie_politique, (...)

    « https://rsf.org/fr/actualites/egypte-des-lignes-telephoniques-dediees-au-muselement-des-journalistes »
    « http://www.nybooks.com/articles/2018/02/22/toughing-it-out-in-cairo »
    « http://www.madamasr.com/en/2018/02/10/feature/politics/analysis-how-sisi-has-been-sidelining-his-opponents, »
    « http://www.madamasr.com/en/2017/12/10/feature/politics/the-puzzling-dismissal-of-egypts-top-military-commander »

  • Art et Liberté : Egypt’s Surrealists | by Charles Shafaieh | NYR Daily | The New York Review of Books


    In March 1938, the Egyptian poet and critic Georges Henein and a small group of friends disrupted a lecture in Cairo given by the Alexandria-born Italian Futurist F.T. Marinetti, who was an outspoken supporter of Mussolini. Six months later, Henein, along with the Egyptian writer Anwar Kamel, the Italian anarchist painter Angelo de Riz, and thirty-four other artists, writers, journalists, and lawyers, signed the manifesto “Vive l’Art Dégénéré!” (“Long Live Degenerate Art!”) that would inaugurate Art et Liberté, a short-lived but influential artists’ collective based in Egypt that is the focus of an illuminating exhibition currently at the Tate Liverpool, in Britain, covering the years 1938–1948. Printed in Arabic and French, with a facsimile of Guernica on its reverse, the declaration was a direct challenge to the previous year’s Nazi-organized exhibition “Entartete ‘Kunst’” (“Degenerate ‘Art’”), which presented art by Chagall, Kandinsky and other modern artists, largely Jewish, that the Nazi Party deemed decadent, morally reprehensible or otherwise harmful to the German people.

    Internationalist in orientation and opposed as much to fascist-endorsed art as to the Egyptian academy’s own nationalist-minded aesthetics that resurrected ancient symbols in the name of “Egyptianness,” the group declared that it was “mere idiocy and folly to reduce modern art… to a fanaticism for any particular religion, race, or nation.” Surrealism—in its rejection of tyranny in any form and by championing uninhibited freedom of expression—was a fitting counterpoint that the group believed could also be harnessed to bring about social change.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/668430 via Nouvelles d’Orient

  • L’Amérique d’abord

    Dans un article de la New York Review of Books, Mark Danner rappelle un texte publié par M. Donald Trump en 1987, sous la forme d’une publicité pleine page parue dans trois grands quotidiens américains. Le candidat républicain y développait certains de ses thèmes actuels.

    Pendant des décennies, [écrivait M. Trump] le Japon et d’autres nations ont profité des États-Unis. Cette histoire continue puisque nous défendons le golfe Persique, une région d’une importance marginale pour l’approvisionnement en pétrole des États-Unis, mais dont le Japon et plusieurs pays sont totalement dépendants. Pourquoi ces États ne versent-ils pas de l’argent aux États-Unis en compensation des vies humaines et des milliards de dollars que nous perdons pour défendre leurs intérêts ? (…) Le monde rit des politiciens américains parce que nous protégeons des navires que nous ne possédons pas, et que nous transportons du pétrole dont nous n’avons pas besoin.


    #cdp #st

  • We Are Hopelessly Hooked | The New York Review of Books (Jacob Weisberg, 25 février 2016)

    Some of Silicon Valley’s most successful app designers are alumni of the Persuasive Technology Lab at #Stanford, a branch of the university’s Human Sciences and Technologies Advanced Research Institute. The lab was founded in 1998 by B.J. Fogg, whose graduate work “used methods from experimental psychology to demonstrate that computers can change people’s thoughts and behaviors in predictable ways,” according to the center’s website. Fogg teaches undergraduates and runs “persuasion boot camps” for tech companies. He calls the field he founded “captology,” a term derived from an acronym for “computers as persuasive technology.” It’s an apt name for the discipline of capturing people’s #attention and making it hard for them to escape. Fogg’s behavior model involves building habits through the use of what he calls “hot triggers,” like the links and photos in Facebook’s newsfeed, made up largely of posts by one’s Facebook friends.

    (…) As consumers, we can also pressure technology companies to engineer apps that are less distracting. If product design has a conscience at the moment, it may be Tristan Harris, a former B.J. Fogg student at Stanford who worked until recently as an engineer at Google. In several lectures available on YouTube, Harris argues that an “attention economy” is pushing us all to spend time in ways we recognize as unproductive and unsatisfying, but that we have limited capacity to control. #Tech_companies are engaged in “a race to the bottom of the brain stem,” in which rewards go not to those that help us spend our time wisely, but to those that keep us mindlessly pulling the lever at the casino.

    Harris wants engineers to consider human values like the notion of “time well spent” in the design of consumer technology. Most of his proposals are “nudge”-style tweaks and signals to encourage more conscious choices. For example, Gmail or Facebook might begin a session by asking you how much time you want to spend with it that day, and reminding you when you’re nearing the limit. Messaging apps might be reengineered to privilege attention over interruption. iTunes could downgrade games that are frequently deleted because users find them too addictive.

    A propos de quatre bouquins :

    Reclaiming Conversation: The Power of Talk in a Digital Age, by Sherry Turkle

    Alone Together: Why We Expect More from Technology and Less from Each Other, by Sherry Turkle

    Reading the Comments: Likers, Haters, and Manipulators at the Bottom of the Web, by Joseph M. Reagle Jr.

    Hooked: How to Build Habit-Forming Products, by Nir Eyal with Ryan Hoover

    #écrans #conversation #commentaires #addiction #critique_techno #temps #déconnexion via @opironet

    http://seenthis.net/messages/475576 via tbn

  • Why Innocent People Plead Guilty by Jed S. Rakoff | The New York Review of Books

    How prevalent is the phenomenon of innocent people pleading guilty? The few criminologists who have thus far investigated the phenomenon estimate that the overall rate for convicted felons as a whole is between 2 percent and 8 percent. The size of that range suggests the imperfection of the data; but let us suppose that it is even lower, say, no more than 1 percent. When you recall that, of the 2.2 million Americans in prison, over 2 million are there because of plea bargains, we are then talking about an estimated 20,000 persons, or more, who are in prison for crimes to which they pleaded guilty but did not in fact commit.

    #justice#etats-unis #prison

    http://seenthis.net/messages/421737 via Fil

  • Le journalisme « en ligne » aux Etats-Unis : une série de trois articles de Michael Massing, ex-rédacteur en chef de la « Columbia Journalism Review ».
    Le 4 juin : http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2015/jun/04/digital-journalism-how-good-is-it
    Le 25 juin : http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2015/jun/25/digital-journalism-next-generation
    Troisième livraison à venir, à une date non précisée.
    Extrait du 2ème papier :

    It’s ironic that a medium with such democratizing potential has become so highly centralized. BuzzFeed, The Huffington Post, The Daily Beast, Gawker, Quartz, Business Insider, The Intercept, Talking Points Memo , and ProPublica are all located a short walk from one another in lower Manhattan, forming a sort of journalistic counterpart to Silicon Valley and replicating the parochialism of the New York media elite.

    NB : Dommage que—sauf erreur—Massing ne parle pas français. A mon avis, un site comme Mediapart n’a pas d’équivalent, ni aux USA ni au Royaume-Uni. Mais grâce à l’insularité des médias anglo-saxons, et à l’anglomanie des médias français, personne ne s’en rend compte.