• Nearly 47 per cent of global population now online - et autres stats sur la #connectivité mondiale dans le dernier rapport de l’#ITU

    Even though China and India are now the largest Internet markets on the planet, they are also among the six countries that together account for 55 per cent of the global ‘offline’ population, according to a new report of a United Nations commission.

    Furthermore, 20 countries including United States, China and India make up almost three-fourths of the world population not using the Internet.

    “These findings suggest that targeted efforts in just a few key markets could help enormously in redressing the gaping ‘digital divide’ between those who are online and those still offline,” said the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), a specialized UN agency, in a news release today.

    Released just ahead of the 14th meeting of the UN Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development, to be held on 18 September, in New York, the report The State of Broadband 2016 also highlighted the potential of mobile broadband, with 165 countries now having deployed the 4th generation or ‘4G’ high-speed mobile networks.
    http://www.broadbandcommission.org/Documents/reports/bb-annualreport2016.pdf (PDF)

    “As smartphone penetration reaches near-saturation in the US, Europe and mature markets in Asia like Japan and [Democratic Republic of] Korea, India and Indonesia in particular are expected to drive future growth,” ITU added.

    Findings from the report also revealed that that India, which overtook the US to become the world’s second largest Internet market (333 million users), also overtook that country to become the world’s second-largest smartphone market, with an estimated 260 million mobile broadband subscriptions.

    via @opironet

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  • Comment Bolloré veut développer l’internet à haut débit en #Afrique

    Une filiale de #Vivendi s’est discrètement attelée à la construction d’un réseau de fibres optiques de près de 5.000 kilomètres.

    (…) Le coeur de ce réseau (backbone) est posé le long de la BlueLine, le chemin de fer que construit actuellement l’industriel breton. Un projet qui coûtera 2 à 2,5 milliards d’euros. Long de 2.500 à 3.000 kilomètres, ce réseau ferroviaire reliera cinq pays : le Bénin, le Togo, le Niger, le Burkina Faso et la Côte d’Ivoire. Poser des fibres le long des voies ferrées présente plusieurs avantages : le génie civil est réduit (surtout si la fibre est posée dès la construction de la voie ferrée), et la négociation avec les propriétaires fonciers simplifiée. Cette technique a largement été utilisée aux États-Unis ou en France, par Orange puis SFR.

    #fibre_optique #connectivité #THD

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  • State of the Internet Connectivity Visualization | Akamai

    Internet connection speeds and adoption rates by geography

    Select a metric from the pull-down menu: average connection speed, average peak connection speed, unique IP addresses, 4 Mbps Broadband, 10 Mbps Broadband and 15 Mbps Broadband.

    #connectivité #internet #cartographie (moche mais données téléchargeables)

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  • A New Map for America - The New York Times

    We don’t have to create these regions; they already exist, on two levels. First, there are now seven distinct super-regions, defined by common economics and demographics, like the Pacific Coast and the Great Lakes. Within these, in addition to America’s main metro hubs, we find new urban archipelagos, including the Arizona Sun Corridor, from Phoenix to Tucson; the Front Range, from Salt Lake City to Denver to Albuquerque; the Cascadia belt, from Vancouver to Seattle; and the Piedmont Atlantic cluster, from Atlanta to Charlotte, N.C.

    Federal policy should refocus on helping these nascent archipelagos prosper, and helping others emerge, in places like Minneapolis and Memphis, collectively forming a lattice of productive metro-regions efficiently connected through better highways, railways and fiber-optic cables: a United City-States of America.

    Similar shifts can be found around the world. Despite millenniums of cultivated cultural and linguistic provinces, China is transcending its traditional internal boundaries to become an empire of 26 megacity clusters with populations of up to 100 million each, centered around hubs such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Chongqing-Chengdu. Over time these clusters, whose borders fluctuate based on population and economic growth, will be the cores around which the central government allocates subsidies, designs supply chains and builds connections to the rest of the world.

    Western countries are following suit. As of 2015, Italy’s most important political players are no longer its dozens of laconic provinces, but 14 “Metropolitan Cities,” like Rome, Turin, Milan and Florence, each of which has been legislatively merged with its surrounding municipalities into larger and more economically viable subregions.


    #connectivité #cartographie #implantation_humaine #mégavilles

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