• « Clowns », « Khmers verts »... Manuel de décryptage du discours #anti-écolo
    http://www.socialter.fr/fr/module/99999672/924/_clowns___khmers_verts__manuel_de_dcryptage_du_discours_anti_colo
    http://www.socialter.fr/images/Articles/ennemis_ecologie.png

    Grattez le vert et vous aurez donc du brun… ou du rouge. Car l’argument fonctionne aussi avec le #communisme. Ici, ce n’est pas tant la politique de l’URSS en la matière qui est convoquée qu’une resucée du combat très années 1970 des « nouveaux philosophes », emmenés par Bernard-Henri Lévy et André Glucksmann, contre le #totalitarisme rouge – soviétique ou chinois. Dans Le Nouvel Ordre écologique, Luc Ferry affirme que l’« #écologie profonde » d’Arne Næss « plonge certaines de ses racines dans le #nazisme et pousse ses branches jusque dans les sphères les plus extrêmes du gauchisme culturel ». Vingt-sept ans plus tard, l’ancien ministre n’en démord pas. Dans Le Figaro, où il tient un billet hebdomadaire, Luc Ferry s’est déchaîné tout l’été contre les écologistes. En juillet : « Après la chute du communisme, la haine du #libéralisme devait absolument trouver un nouveau cheval. […] Il fallait d’urgence trouver autre chose pour continuer le combat. Miracle ! L’écologisme fit rapidement figure de candidat idéal. » Puis, en août, à propos des théoriciens de l’effondrement : « C’est désormais l’écologisme radical qui, sous les couleurs de “l’effondrisme” (quel mot ridicule !), prend le relais de leur anticapitalisme, c’est lui qui poursuit l’idéal antilibéral du gauchisme et du tiers-mondisme défunts. » C’est ce qu’on appelle être fidèle à ses idées.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/866004 via Agnès Maillard


  • Khrys’presso du lundi 6 juillet 2020
    https://framablog.org/2020/07/06/khryspresso-du-lundi-6-juillet-2020

    Comme chaque lundi, un coup d’œil dans le rétroviseur pour découvrir les informations que vous avez peut-être ratées la semaine dernière. Brave New World Philippines. Une dangereuse loi antiterroriste constitue un nouveau revers pour les droits humains (amnesty.org) Covid-19 : le … Lire la suite­­

    #Claviers_invités #Internet_et_société #Libr'en_Vrac #Libre_Veille #Non_classé #GAFAM #Internet #Revue_de_web #Revue_hebdo #Surveillance #veille #webrevue


  • L’Algérie retrouve ses 1ers martyrs avec la restitution de 24 crânes.
    http://www.argotheme.com/organecyberpresse/spip.php?article3876

    Quand les restes mortuaires de résistants algériens du milieu du 19e siècle ont été retrouvés au Musée de l’homme à Paris, il fallait, depuis 2011, les restituer...

    #nationale,_fait_politique,_une_et_première_page,_médias,_actualité,_pays,_france,_afrique,_maghreb

    / Maghreb, Algérie, Tunisie, Maroc, Libye, Africa, population, société , #France_justice_politique_scandale_PS_PCF, Afrique, Monde Arabe, islam, Maghreb, Proche-Orient,

    #Maghreb,Algérie,_Tunisie,_Maroc,_Libye,_Africa,_population,_société #Afrique,_Monde_Arabe,_islam,_Maghreb,_Proche-Orient,


  • La nouvelle guerre du GPS et ses risques
    https://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2019/05/02/la-nouvelle-guerre-du-gps-et-ses-risques_5457320_3232.html

    La manipulation des services de navigation par satellite est désormais utilisée à grande échelle. La Russie, notamment, qui en a fait une priorité, met en danger la navigation civile par des actions de brouillage. Analyse. Naviguer le long des côtes de la Syrie, au large des bases russes de Lattaquié, Khmeimim et Tartous installées dans ce pays, peut revenir à avancer les yeux bandés. « La zone est complètement brouillée », confiait récemment un officier français. Dans les zones de tension sévit la (...)

    #Galileo #GPS #géolocalisation #manipulation #militaire #Glonass_ #NaviC #Beidou_ #QZSS_

    https://img.lemde.fr/2007/03/07/83/0/667/334/1440/720/60/0/ill_880315_galileo_gstb-v2a_08185_h.jpg

    https://seenthis.net/messages/864854 via e-traces


  • En Libye plus d’intervenants étrangers que de belligérants locaux.
    http://www.argotheme.com/organecyberpresse/spip.php?article3875

    La crise libyenne n’est vraiment interne au pays, mais plutôt, avec les ingérences, un champ de batailles des géopolitiques régionales et internationales.

    #nationale,_fait_politique,_une_et_première_page,_médias,_actualité,_pays,_france,_afrique,_maghreb

    / Maghreb, Algérie, Tunisie, Maroc, Libye, Africa, population, société , Afrique, Monde Arabe, islam, Maghreb, Proche-Orient,, Terrorisme , islamisme , Al-Qaeda , politique , , #Turquie,_journaliste,_lettre,_prison,_démocratie,_islamistes,_islamisme

    #Maghreb,Algérie,_Tunisie,_Maroc,_Libye,_Africa,_population,_société #Afrique,Monde_Arabe,_islam,_Maghreb,_Proche-Orient, #Terrorisme_,_islamisme,Al-Qaeda,politique,_



  • « Khaberdji » de l’Etat algérien, il donne interview à France-24
    http://www.argotheme.com/organecyberpresse/spip.php?article3874

    Abdelmadjid Tebboune a répondu à des questions du journaliste de France-24. Le paradoxe avec les communicateurs locaux, la teneur des questions. Le raïs rencontre les locaux, sans intérêt !

    #nationale,_fait_politique,_une_et_première_page,_médias,_actualité,_pays,_france,_afrique,_maghreb

    / Maghreb, Algérie, Tunisie, Maroc, Libye, Africa, population, société , #Journalisme,_presse,_médias, #économie,_politique,_arts,_corruption,_opposition,_démocratie

    #Maghreb,Algérie,_Tunisie,_Maroc,_Libye,_Africa,_population,_société


  • Pollution : les bateaux de croisière à nouveau pointés du doigt
    https://www.rtbf.be/info/societe/detail_pollution-les-bateaux-de-croisiere-a-nouveau-pointes-du-doigt?id=1053573

    La société de bateaux de croisière MSC a intégré le classement des dix premiers pollueurs d’Europe, selon une étude de Transport et Environment, une organisation qui regroupe une cinquantaine d’ONG. MSC se classe même devant Ryanair : selon l’étude, ses bateaux ont rejeté 10,7 millions de tonnes de CO2 en 2019.

    Ce n’est pas la première fois que les paquebots sont pointés du doigt pour la pollution colossale dont ils sont responsables. En 2019, la même organisation révélait que les paquebots de Carnival Corporation (propriétaire de Costa Croisières et Princess Cruises notamment) avaient émis en 2017 près de dix fois plus d’oxyde de soufre en Europe que l’ensemble des voitures (260 millions) qui circulent sur le continent.
    https://ds1.static.rtbf.be/article/image/770x433/b/6/a/be54bc120da52d3c97be4015eb8ab921-1593783736.jpg
    La pollution engendrée par ces paquebots est due à leur consommation lorsqu’ils circulent, mais également à l’arrêt, comme le rappelait en 2019 le site ConsoGlobe : « même à quai, un bateau de 2500 passagers continue de faire tourner ses moteurs pour alimenter ses réseaux électriques, émettant autant de particules fines, d’oxydes de soufre ou d’azote en une journée que 12.000 voitures. » La qualité du carburant, du fioul lourd non raffiné, est également dénoncée par les ONG : il serait extrêmement chargé en particules de carbone et de soufre.

    Dans une interview au journal Le Figaro, le patron de la branche française de MSC admettait qu’il aurait dû « réagir plus tôt » sur la question environnementale. « Mais les navires de croisières ne représentent dans le monde entier que 300 unités sur les 60 à 75.000 bateaux à vocation commerciale, toutes filières confondues, rappelait-il. Et proportionnellement, plus le bâtiment accueille de voyageurs, moins il pollue. Nous ne sommes pas les seuls émetteurs de polluants sur les mers, loin de là. »

    La Commission européenne n’a pas encore inclus les entreprises de transports dans le système communautaire d’échange de quotas d’émission (ETS), mais ils devraient faire leur entrée en 2021 afin de les inciter à réduire les émissions de gaz à effet de serre.
    #tourisme #croisière #croisières #pollution #économie #navires #CO2 #Transports #Environnement #voitures #climat #réchauffement_climatique #commission_européenne qui montre son #incompétence et sa volonté de ne rien faire.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/864711 via Tout va trés bien


  • What a machine learning tool that turns Obama white can (and can’t) tell us about AI bias
    https://www.theverge.com/21298762/face-depixelizer-ai-machine-learning-tool-pulse-stylegan-obama-bias

    A striking image that only hints at a much bigger problem It’s a startling image that illustrates the deep-rooted biases of AI research. Input a low-resolution picture of Barack Obama, the first black president of the United States, into an algorithm designed to generate depixelated faces, and the output is a white man. It’s not just Obama, either. Get the same algorithm to generate high-resolution images of actress Lucy Liu or congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez from low-resolution (...)

    #Nvidia #algorithme #racisme #biais #discrimination

    https://cdn.vox-cdn.com/thumbor/6RwQRveHFsntCGd7KWYJiVumXcc=/55x114:768x487/fit-in/1200x630/cdn.vox-cdn.com/uploads/chorus_asset/file/20046714/face_depixelizer_obama.jpg

    https://seenthis.net/messages/864777 via e-traces


  • Austria’s employment agency rolls out discriminatory algorithm, sees no problem
    https://algorithmwatch.org/en/story/austrias-employment-agency-ams-rolls-out-discriminatory-algorithm

    AMS, Austria’s employment agency, is about to roll out a sorting algorithm that gives lower scores to women and to the disabled. It is very likely illegal under current anti-discrimination law. The Austrian employment agency, known by its German acronym AMS, is a state-owned company in charge of helping job seekers. In 2016, it started a program to evaluate the chances of specific groups on the labor market. Three years later, satisfied with the results of a statistical analysis carried (...)

    #algorithme #sexisme #[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données_(RGPD)[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR)[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR) #discrimination #notation #profiling #travail (...)

    ##[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données__RGPD_[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_ ##AlgorithmWatch
    https://algorithmwatch.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/SocialCard_AMS-2.jpg

    https://seenthis.net/messages/864701 via e-traces


  • Simulacre de débat pour une constitution aux mains des vandales.
    http://www.argotheme.com/organecyberpresse/spip.php?article3870

    Le nombre de versions desquelles la constitution algérienne a été produite, relate la faiblesse des législations que les vandales et les barbares piétinent. 1963, 1976, 1989, 1996, 2002, 2008 et 2016 sont des années où furent promulguées des lois qui n’ont jamais respectées.

    #nationale,_fait_politique,_une_et_première_page,_médias,_actualité,_pays,_france,_afrique,_maghreb

    / Maghreb, Algérie, Tunisie, Maroc, Libye, Africa, population, société , #économie,_politique,_arts,_corruption,_opposition,_démocratie

    #Maghreb,Algérie,_Tunisie,_Maroc,_Libye,_Africa,_population,_société


  • Les effets sociaux de la digitalisation et de la privation des données collectées

    https://entreleslignesentrelesmots.files.wordpress.com/2020/06/une-impasses-numeriques.jpg

    « La production, le développement et la diffusion des technologies numériques suscitent des inquiétudes – politiques, économiques, environnementales – de plus en plus largement débattues. Leurs conséquences sur les rapports Nord-Sud sont toutefois encore trop souvent ignorées. Elles risquent pourtant de creuser les inégalités, tout en créant de nouvelles formes de dépendance et d’exploitation. ».

    note sur : Alternatives Sud : Impasses numériques

    https://entreleslignesentrelesmots.blog/2020/07/01/les-effets-sociaux-de-la-digitalisation-et-de-la-privat

    #international #numerique


  • How hate speech campaigners found Facebook’s weak spot
    https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/jun/29/how-hate-speech-campaigners-found-facebooks-weak-spot

    It took less than two hours for Facebook to react and it did so for good reason. At 5pm on Friday, Unilever, one of the world’s largest advertisers, with a portfolio of products that ranges from Marmite to Vaseline, suddenly announced it was pulling all adverts from Facebook, Instagram and Twitter in the US. Given the “polarised atmosphere in the US”, the company said, and the significant work left to be done “in the areas of divisiveness and hate speech … continuing to advertise on these (...)

    #Google #Unilever #Facebook #Instagram #Twitter #manipulation #racisme #bénéfices #BlackLivesMatter #publicité #censure #modération (...)

    ##publicité ##NAACP
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/cdd3fe2082eb40f6edc1db34651d9c77ebad5420/0_47_3200_1921/master/3200.jpg

    https://seenthis.net/messages/863988 via e-traces


  • Curfew Gave NYPD Excuse to Attack Residents
    https://theintercept.com/2020/06/28/new-york-city-curfew-nypd-protests

    How the NYPD Weaponized a Curfew Against Protesters and Residents Husan Blue, his family, and his neighbors were having a cookout on the patio outside their apartment in Crown Heights. It was a warm summer night in Brooklyn. Little kids were running around and playing. People were talking and celebrating. Blue’s dad had just had a birthday, and a couple of the neighbors had new babies on the way. “It was a calm night,” Blue told me. “There was a lot of things to be happy about.” Around (...)

    #NYPD #activisme #militaire #racisme #violence #discrimination #surveillance

    https://theintercept.imgix.net/wp-uploads/sites/1/2020/06/INTERCEPT_NYPD_SKETCH_01.jpg

    https://seenthis.net/messages/863986 via e-traces


  • Démanteler les infrastructures de surveillance et de discrimination massives ?
    http://www.internetactu.net/2020/06/29/demanteler-les-infrastructures-de-surveillance-et-de-discrimination-ma

    Si les annonces de moratoires dans le domaine de la reconnaissance faciale semblent soulager un certain nombre de ses opposants, il ne fait aucun doute que ces réponses des grandes entreprises de la technologie demeurent manifestement des décisions commerciales calculées et limitées qui répondent avec plus ou moins de sincérité à la pression publique du moment et aux très fortes mobilisations contre le racisme et les violences policières qui secouent les États-Unis depuis la mort de George Floyd le (...)

    #Clearview #Palantir #Ring #Facebook #Nextdoor #algorithme #CCTV #Rekognition #Amazon #biométrie #racisme #données #facial #prédiction #reconnaissance #vidéo-surveillance #BigData #BlackLivesMatter #discrimination #extrême-droite #GAFAM #surveillance (...)

    ##LaQuadratureduNet ##NAACP
    /assets/images/logo_ia.png

    https://seenthis.net/messages/863864 via e-traces


  • Khrys’presso du lundi 29 juin 2020
    https://framablog.org/2020/06/29/khryspresso-du-lundi-29-juin-2020

    Comme chaque lundi, un coup d’œil dans le rétroviseur pour découvrir les informations que vous avez peut-être ratées la semaine dernière. Brave New World La Corée du Sud fait face à une deuxième vague depuis le mois de mai (leparisien.fr) … Lire la suite­­

    #Claviers_invités #Internet_et_société #Libr'en_Vrac #Libre_Veille #Non_classé #GAFAM #Internet #Revue_de_web #Revue_hebdo #Surveillance #veille #webrevue


  • The business of building walls

    Thirty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, Europe is once again known for its border walls. This time Europe is divided not so much by ideology as by perceived fear of refugees and migrants, some of the world’s most vulnerable people.

    https://i.imgur.com/b8FDo6k.png
    https://i.imgur.com/2Bpog4L.png

    Who killed the dream of a more open Europe? What gave rise to this new era of walls? There are clearly many reasons – the increasing displacement of people by conflict, repression and impoverishment, the rise of security politics in the wake of 9/11, the economic and social insecurity felt across Europe after the 2008 financial crisis – to name a few. But one group has by far the most to gain from the rise of new walls – the businesses that build them. Their influence in shaping a world of walls needs much deeper examination.

    This report explores the business of building walls, which has both fuelled and benefited from a massive expansion of public spending on border security by the European Union (EU) and its member states. Some of the corporate beneficiaries are also global players, tapping into a global market for border security estimated to be worth approximately €17.5 billion in 2018, with annual growth of at least 8% expected in coming years.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CAuv1QyP8l0&feature=emb_logo

    It is important to look both beyond and behind Europe’s walls and fencing, because the real barriers to contemporary migration are not so much the fencing, but the vast array of technology that underpins it, from the radar systems to the drones to the surveillance cameras to the biometric fingerprinting systems. Similarly, some of Europe’s most dangerous walls are not even physical or on land. The ships, aircrafts and drones used to patrol the Mediterranean have created a maritime wall and a graveyard for the thousands of migrants and refugees who have no legal passage to safety or to exercise their right to seek asylum.

    This renders meaningless the European Commission’s publicized statements that it does not fund walls and fences. Commission spokesperson Alexander Winterstein, for example, rejecting Hungary’s request to reimburse half the costs of the fences built on its borders with Croatia and Serbia, said: ‘We do support border management measures at external borders. These can be surveillance measures. They can be border control equipment...But fences, we do not finance’. In other words, the Commission is willing to pay for anything that fortifies a border as long as it is not seen to be building the walls themselves.

    This report is a sequel to Building Walls – Fear and securitization in the European Union, co-published in 2018 with Centre Delàs and Stop Wapenhandel, which first measured and identified the walls that criss-cross Europe. This new report focuses on the businesses that have profited from three different kinds of wall in Europe:

    The construction companies contracted to build the land walls built by EU member states and the Schengen Area together with the security and technology companies that provide the necessary accompanying technology, equipment and services;

    The shipping and arms companies that provide the ships, aircraft, helicopters, drones that underpin Europe’s maritime walls seeking to control migratory flows in the Mediterranean, including Frontex operations, Operation Sophia and Italian operation Mare Nostrum;
    And the IT and security companies contracted to develop, run, expand and maintain EU’s systems that monitor the movement of people – such as SIS II (Schengen Information System) and EES (Entry/Exit Scheme) – which underpin Europe’s virtual walls.

    Booming budgets

    The flow of money from taxpayers to wall-builders has been highly lucrative and constantly growing. The report finds that companies have reaped the profits from at least €900 million spent by EU countries on land walls and fences since the end of the Cold War. The partial data (in scope and years) means actual costs will be at least €1 billion. In addition, companies that provide technology and services that accompany walls have also benefited from some of the steady stream of funding from the EU – in particular the External Borders Fund (€1.7 billion, 2007-2013) and the Internal Security Fund – Borders Fund (€2.76 billion, 2014-2020).

    EU spending on maritime walls has totalled at least €676.4 million between 2006 to 2017 (including €534 million spent by Frontex, €28.4 million spent by the EU on Operation Sophia and €114 million spent by Italy on Operation Mare Nostrum) and would be much more if you include all the operations by Mediterranean country coastguards. Total spending on Europe’s virtual wall equalled at least €999.4m between 2000 and 2019. (All these estimates are partial ones because walls are funded by many different funding mechanisms and due to lack of data transparency).

    This boom in border budgets is set to grow. Under its budget for the next EU budget cycle (2021–2027) the European Commission has earmarked €8.02 billion to its Integrated Border Management Fund (2021-2027), €11.27bn to Frontex (of which €2.2 billion will be used for acquiring, maintaining and operating air, sea and land assets) and at least €1.9 billion total spending (2000-2027) on its identity databases and Eurosur (the European Border Surveillance System).
    The big arm industry players

    Three giant European military and security companies in particular play a critical role in Europe’s many types of borders. These are Thales, Leonardo and Airbus.

    Thales is a French arms and security company, with a significant presence in the Netherlands, that produces radar and sensor systems, used by many ships in border security. Thales systems, were used, for example, by Dutch and Portuguese ships deployed in Frontex operations. Thales also produces maritime surveillance systems for drones and is working on developing border surveillance infrastructure for Eurosur, researching how to track and control refugees before they reach Europe by using smartphone apps, as well as exploring the use of High Altitude Pseudo Satellites (HAPS) for border security, for the European Space Agency and Frontex. Thales currently provides the security system for the highly militarised port in Calais. Its acquisition in 2019 of Gemalto, a large (biometric) identity security company, makes it a significant player in the development and maintenance of EU’s virtual walls. It has participated in 27 EU research projects on border security.
    Italian arms company Leonardo (formerly Finmeccanica or Leonardo-Finmeccanica) is a leading supplier of helicopters for border security, used by Italy in the Mare Nostrum, Hera and Sophia operations. It has also been one of the main providers of UAVs (or drones) for Europe’s borders, awarded a €67.1 million contract in 2017 by the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) to supply them for EU coast-guard agencies. Leonardo was also a member of a consortium, awarded €142.1 million in 2019 to implement and maintain EU’s virtual walls, namely its EES. It jointly owns Telespazio with Thales, involved in EU satellite observation projects (REACT and Copernicus) used for border surveillance. Leonardo has participated in 24 EU research projects on border security and control, including the development of Eurosur.
    Pan-European arms giant Airbus is a key supplier of helicopters used in patrolling maritime and some land borders, deployed by Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania and Spain, including in maritime Operations Sophia, Poseidon and Triton. Airbus and its subsidiaries have participated in at least 13 EU-funded border security research projects including OCEAN2020, PERSEUS and LOBOS.
    The significant role of these arms companies is not surprising. As Border Wars (2016), showed these companies through their membership of the lobby groups – European Organisation for Security (EOS) and the AeroSpace and Defence Industries Association of Europe (ASD) – have played a significant role in influencing the direction of EU border policy. Perversely, these firms are also among the top four biggest European arms dealers to the Middle East and North Africa, thus contributing to the conflicts that cause forced migration.

    Indra has been another significant corporate player in border control in Spain and the Mediterranean. It won a series of contracts to fortify Ceuta and Melilla (Spanish enclaves in northern Morocco). Indra also developed the SIVE border control system (with radar, sensors and vision systems), which is in place on most of Spain’s borders, as well as in Portugal and Romania. In July 2018 it won a €10 million contract to manage SIVE at several locations for two years. Indra is very active in lobbying the EU and is a major beneficiary of EU research funding, coordinating the PERSEUS project to further develop Eurosur and the Seahorse Network, a network between police forces in Mediterranean countries (both in Europe and Africa) to stop migration.

    Israeli arms firms are also notable winners of EU border contracts. In 2018, Frontex selected the Heron drone from Israel Aerospace Industries for pilot-testing surveillance flights in the Mediterranean. In 2015, Israeli firm Elbit sold six of its Hermes UAVs to the Switzerland’s Border Guard, in a controversial €230 million deal. It has since signed a UAV contract with the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA), as a subcontractor for the Portuguese company CEIIA (2018), as well as contracts to supply technology for three patrol vessels for the Hellenic Coast Guard (2019).
    Land wall contractors

    Most of the walls and fences that have been rapidly erected across Europe have been built by national construction companies, but one European company has dominated the field: European Security Fencing, a Spanish producer of razor wire, in particular a coiled wire known as concertinas. It is most known for the razor wire on the fences around Ceuta and Melilla. It also delivered the razor wire for the fence on the border between Hungary and Serbia, and its concertinas were installed on the borders between Bulgaria and Turkey and Austria and Slovenia, as well as at Calais, and for a few days on the border between Hungary and Slovenia before being removed. Given its long-term market monopoly, its concertinas are very likely used at other borders in Europe.

    Other contractors providing both walls and associated technology include DAT-CON (Croatia, Cyprus, Macedonia, Moldova, Slovenia and Ukraine), Geo Alpinbau (Austria/Slovenia), Indra, Dragados, Ferrovial, Proyectos Y Tecnología Sallén and Eulen (Spain/Morocco), Patstroy Bourgas, Infra Expert, Patengineeringstroy, Geostroy Engineering, Metallic-Ivan Mihaylov and Indra (Bulgaria/Turkey), Nordecon and Defendec (Estonia/Russia), DAK Acélszerkezeti Kft and SIA Ceļu būvniecības sabiedrība IGATE (Latvia/Russia), Gintrėja (Lithuania/Russia), Minis and Legi-SGS(Slovenia/Croatia), Groupe CW, Jackson’s Fencing, Sorhea, Vinci/Eurovia and Zaun Ltd (France/UK).

    In many cases, the actual costs of the walls and associated technologies exceed original estimates. There have also been many allegations and legal charges of corruption, in some cases because projects were given to corporate friends of government officials. In Slovenia, for example, accusations of corruption concerning the border wall contract have led to a continuing three-year legal battle for access to documents that has reached the Supreme Court. Despite this, the EU’s External Borders Fund has been a critical financial supporter of technological infrastructure and services in many of the member states’ border operations. In Macedonia, for example, the EU has provided €9 million for patrol vehicles, night-vision cameras, heartbeat detectors and technical support for border guards to help it manage its southern border.
    Maritime wall profiteers

    The data about which ships, helicopters and aircraft are used in Europe’s maritime operations is not transparent and therefore it is difficult to get a full picture. Our research shows, however, that the key corporations involved include the European arms giants Airbus and Leonardo, as well as large shipbuilding companies including Dutch Damen and Italian Fincantieri.

    Damen’s patrol vessels have been used for border operations by Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Portugal, the Netherlands, Romania, Sweden and the UK as well as in key Frontex operations (Poseidon, Triton and Themis), Operation Sophia and in supporting NATO’s role in Operation Poseidon. Outside Europe, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia and Turkey use Damen vessels for border security, often in cooperation with the EU or its member states. Turkey’s €20 million purchase of six Damen vessels for its coast guard in 2006, for example, was financed through the EU Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP), intended for peace-building and conflict prevention.

    The sale of Damen vessels to Libya unveils the potential troubling human costs of this corporate trade. In 2012, Damen supplied four patrol vessels to the Libyan Coast Guard, sold as civil equipment in order to avoid a Dutch arms export license. Researchers have since found out, however, that the ships were not only sold with mounting points for weapons, but were then armed and used to stop refugee boats. Several incidents involving these ships have been reported, including one where some 20 or 30 refugees drowned. Damen has refused to comment, saying it had agreed with the Libyan government not to disclose information about the ships.

    In addition to Damen, many national shipbuilders play a significant role in maritime operations as they were invariably prioritised by the countries contributing to each Frontex or other Mediterranean operation. Hence, all the ships Italy contributed to Operation Sophia were built by Fincantieri, while all Spanish ships come from Navantia and its predecessors. Similarly, France purchases from DCN/DCNS, now Naval Group, and all German ships were built by several German shipyards (Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft, HDW, Lürssen Gruppe). Other companies in Frontex operations have included Greek company, Motomarine Shipyards, which produced the Panther 57 Fast Patrol Boats used by the Hellenic Coast Guard, Hellenic Shipyards and Israel Shipyards.

    Austrian company Schiebel is a significant player in maritime aerial surveillance through its supply of S-100 drones. In November 2018, EMSA selected the company for a €24 million maritime surveillance contract for a range of operations including border security. Since 2017, Schiebel has also won contracts from Croatia, Denmark, Iceland, Italy, Portugal and Spain. The company has a controversial record, with its drones sold to a number of countries experiencing armed conflict or governed by repressive regimes such as Libya, Myanmar, the UAE and Yemen.

    Finland and the Netherlands deployed Dornier aircraft to Operation Hermes and Operation Poseidon respectively, and to Operation Triton. Dornier is now part of the US subsidiary of the Israeli arms company Elbit Systems. CAE Aviation (Luxembourg), DEA Aviation (UK) and EASP Air (Netherlands) have all received contracts for aircraft surveillance work for Frontex. Airbus, French Dassault Aviation, Leonardo and US Lockheed Martin were the most important suppliers of aircraft used in Operation Sophia.

    The EU and its member states defend their maritime operations by publicising their role in rescuing refugees at sea, but this is not their primary goal, as Frontex director Fabrice Leggeri made clear in April 2015, saying that Frontex has no mandate for ‘proactive search-and-rescue action[s]’ and that saving lives should not be a priority. The thwarting and criminalisation of NGO rescue operations in the Mediterranean and the frequent reports of violence and illegal refoulement of refugees, also demonstrates why these maritime operations should be considered more like walls than humanitarian missions.
    Virtual walls

    The major EU contracts for the virtual walls have largely gone to two companies, sometimes as leaders of a consortium. Sopra Steria is the main contractor for the development and maintenance of the Visa Information System (VIS), Schengen Information System (SIS II) and European Dactyloscopy (Eurodac), while GMV has secured a string of contracts for Eurosur. The systems they build help control, monitor and surveil people’s movements across Europe and increasingly beyond.

    Sopra Steria is a French technology consultancy firm that has to date won EU contracts worth a total value of over €150 million. For some of these large contracts Sopra Steria joined consortiums with HP Belgium, Bull and 3M Belgium. Despite considerable business, Sopra Steria has faced considerable criticism for its poor record on delivering projects on time and on budget. Its launch of SIS II was constantly delayed, forcing the Commission to extend contracts and increase budgets. Similarly, Sopra Steria was involved in another consortium, the Trusted Borders consortium, contracted to deliver the UK e-Borders programme, which was eventually terminated in 2010 after constant delays and failure to deliver. Yet it continues to win contracts, in part because it has secured a near-monopoly of knowledge and access to EU officials. The central role that Sopra Steria plays in developing these EU biometric systems has also had a spin-off effect in securing other national contracts, including with Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Romania and Slovenia GMV, a Spanish technology company, has received a succession of large contracts for Eurosur, ever since its testing phase in 2010, worth at least €25 million. It also provides technology to the Spanish Guardia Civil, such as control centres for its Integrated System of External Vigilance (SIVE) border security system as well as software development services to Frontex. It has participated in at least ten EU-funded research projects on border security.

    Most of the large contracts for the virtual walls that did not go to consortia including Sopra Steria were awarded by eu-LISA (European Union Agency for the Operational Management of Large-Scale IT Systems in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice) to consortia comprising computer and technology companies including Accenture, Atos Belgium and Morpho (later renamed Idema).
    Lobbying

    As research in our Border Wars series has consistently shown, through effective lobbying, the military and security industry has been very influential in shaping the discourse of EU security and military policies. The industry has succeeded in positioning itself as the experts on border security, pushing the underlying narrative that migration is first and foremost a security threat, to be combatted by security and military means. With this premise, it creates a continuous demand for the ever-expanding catalogue of equipment and services the industry supplies for border security and control.

    Many of the companies listed here, particularly the large arms companies, are involved in the European Organisation for Security (EOS), the most important lobby group on border security. Many of the IT security firms that build EU’s virtual walls are members of the European Biometrics Association (EAB). EOS has an ‘Integrated Border Security Working Group’ to ‘facilitate the development and uptake of better technology solutions for border security both at border checkpoints, and along maritime and land borders’. The working group is chaired by Giorgio Gulienetti of the Italian arms company Leonardo, with Isto Mattila (Laurea University of Applied Science) and Peter Smallridge of Gemalto, a digital security company recently acquired by Thales.

    Company lobbyists and representatives of these lobby organisations regularly meet with EU institutions, including the European Commission, are part of official advisory committees, publish influential proposals, organise meetings between industry, policy-makers and executives and also meet at the plethora of military and security fairs, conferences and seminars. Airbus, Leonardo and Thales together with EOS held 226 registered lobbying meetings with the European Commission between 2014 and 2019. In these meetings representatives of the industry position themselves as the experts on border security, presenting their goods and services as the solution for ‘security threats’ caused by immigration. In 2017, the same group of companies and EOS spent up to €2.65 million on lobbying.

    A similar close relationship can be seen on virtual walls, with the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission arguing openly for public policy to foster the ‘emergence of a vibrant European biometrics industry’.
    A deadly trade and a choice

    The conclusion of this survey of the business of building walls is clear. A Europe full of walls has proved to be very good for the bottom line of a wide range of corporations including arms, security, IT, shipping and construction companies. The EU’s planned budgets for border security for the next decade show it is also a business that will continue to boom.

    This is also a deadly business. The heavy militarisation of Europe’s borders on land and at sea has led refugees and migrants to follow far more hazardous routes and has trapped others in desperate conditions in neighbouring countries like Libya. Many deaths are not recorded, but those that are tracked in the Mediterranean show that the proportion of those who drown trying to reach Europe continues to increase each year.

    This is not an inevitable state of affairs. It is both the result of policy decisions made by the EU and its member states, and corporate decisions to profit from these policies. In a rare principled stand, German razor wire manufacturer Mutanox in 2015 stated it would not sell its product to the Hungarian government arguing: ‘Razor wire is designed to prevent criminal acts, like a burglary. Fleeing children and adults are not criminals’. It is time for other European politicians and business leaders to recognise the same truth: that building walls against the world’s most vulnerable people violates human rights and is an immoral act that history will judge harshly. Thirty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, it is time for Europe to bring down its new walls.

    https://www.tni.org/en/businessbuildingwalls

    #business #murs #barrières_frontalières #militarisation_des_frontières #visualisation #Europe #UE #EU #complexe_militaro-industriel #Airbus #Leonardo #Thales #Indra #Israel_Aerospace_Industries #Elbit #European_Security_Fencing #DAT-CON #Geo_Alpinbau #Dragados #Ferrovial, #Proyectos_Y_Tecnología_Sallén #Eulen #Patstroy_Bourgas #Infra_Expert #Patengineeringstroy #Geostroy_Engineering #Metallic-Ivan_Mihaylov #Nordecon #Defendec #DAK_Acélszerkezeti_Kft #SIA_Ceļu_būvniecības_sabiedrība_IGATE #Gintrėja #Minis #Legi-SGS #Groupe_CW #Jackson’s_Fencing #Sorhea #Vinci #Eurovia #Zaun_Ltd #Damen #Fincantieri #Frontex #Damen #Turquie #Instrument_contributing_to_Stability_and_Peace (#IcSP) #Libye #exernalisation #Operation_Sophia #Navantia #Naval_Group #Flensburger_Schiffbau-Gesellschaft #HDW #Lürssen_Gruppe #Motomarine_Shipyards #Panther_57 #Hellenic_Shipyards #Israel_Shipyards #Schiebel #Dornier #Operation_Hermes #CAE_Aviation #DEA_Aviation #EASP_Air #French_Dassault_Aviation #US_Lockheed_Martin #murs_virtuels #Sopra_Steria #Visa_Information_System (#VIS) #données #Schengen_Information_System (#SIS_II) #European_Dactyloscopy (#Eurodac) #GMV #Eurosur #HP_Belgium #Bull #3M_Belgium #Trusted_Borders_consortium #économie #biométrie #Integrated_System_of_External_Vigilance (#SIVE) #eu-LISA #Accenture #Atos_Belgium #Morpho #Idema #lobby #European_Organisation_for_Security (#EOS) #European_Biometrics_Association (#EAB) #Integrated_Border_Security_Working_Group #Giorgio_Gulienetti #Isto_Mattila #Peter_Smallridge #Gemalto #murs_terrestres #murs_maritimes #coût #chiffres #statistiques #Joint_Research_Centre_of_the_European_Commission #Mutanox

    Pour télécharger le #rapport :
    https://i.imgur.com/LurpJL1.png
    https://i.imgur.com/xtHjEM3.png
    https://i.imgur.com/yiU7c7c.png
    https://i.imgur.com/nYofRH0.png
    https://i.imgur.com/mGxteLR.png
    https://i.imgur.com/mGxteLR.png
    https://i.imgur.com/AxePCx2.png
    https://www.tni.org/files/publication-downloads/business_of_building_walls_-_full_report.pdf

    déjà signalé par @odilon ici :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/809783
    Je le remets ici avec des mots clé de plus

    ping @daphne @marty @isskein @karine4

    https://seenthis.net/messages/810272 via CDB_77


  • « Il est urgent d’ouvrir le débat sur les finalités de la police »
    https://usbeketrica.com/article/il-est-urgent-d-ouvrir-le-debat-sur-les-finalites-de-la-police
    https://static.usbeketrica.com/images/thumb_840xh/5ef30c0f66b1e.jpg

    Vous avancez l’idée que cette #violence croissante de la #police marque aussi l’avancée du #néolibéralisme. Quel lien peut-on établir entre entre le néolibéralisme et les violences policières ?

    Il est important de montrer le mécanisme précis qui lie l’un à l’autre. Le fonctionnement des États modernes repose sur deux piliers : le #consentement et la #force. Il y a toujours un mélange et un équilibre entre les deux, qui permet en quelque sorte à l’État de se reproduire en dépit des changements de gouvernements. Depuis la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, en France, on a d’abord eu une période où cet équilibre fonctionnait : c’est ce qu’on appelé les Trente Glorieuses, et il y avait alors un consentement assez fort à l’ordre établi, notamment grâce à la sécurité sociale et à un minimum qui permettait à tout le monde de vivre relativement confortablement. Vous n’aviez pas seulement un confort matériel, mais aussi la perspective concrète que, dans un futur proche, les choses allaient s’améliorer pour vous, ce qui créait un consentement fort.

    « L’arme non létale est le remède technologique parfait pour ne pas affronter le problème de manière politique »

    Cet équilibre a été bouleversé par l’avènement du néolibéralisme dans les années 1970-1980, puisque le projet de cette doctrine est d’aboutir à une nouvelle forme de répartition des richesses. Il s’agit d’un changement d’époque fondamental, qui repose sur l’idée que les riches doivent devenir plus riches : depuis, les #inégalités augmentent précisément dans ce sens. Cette nouvelle période néolibérale creuse les inégalités et affaiblit le consentement de la population, ce qui pousse l’État à intervenir de plus en plus par la force. Sauf qu’il fait face à une contradiction : s’il utilise la force, il affaiblit encore plus le consentement de la population. Cela génère donc un potentiel de #contestation encore plus important.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/863521 via Agnès Maillard


  • Pourquoi la technologie ne nous a pas sauvé de la pandémie ?
    http://www.internetactu.net/a-lire-ailleurs/pourquoi-la-technologie-ne-nous-a-pas-sauve-de-la-pandemie

    À l’époque de l’intelligence artificielle et des voitures autonomes, notre réponse la plus efficace à une pandémie a été des mesures de quarantaines de masse et des techniques de santé publique datant du Moyen-Âge, s’énerve le journaliste David Rotman (@davidrotman) pour la Technology Review (@techreview). « La technologie nous a laissé tombée dans son rôle le plus important : nous maintenir en vie et en bonne santé ». Les tests standards ont utilisé une technique chimique vieille de 30 ans, très couramment (...)

    #Amazon #Netflix #Zoom #algorithme #robotique #technologisme #GAFAM

    /assets/images/logo_ia.png

    https://seenthis.net/messages/863451 via etraces


  • Coca-Cola et Unilever suspendent leurs publicités sur les réseaux sociaux aux Etats-Unis
    https://www.lemonde.fr/pixels/article/2020/06/26/unilever-suspend-ses-publicites-sur-facebook-twitter-et-instagram-aux-etats-

    Sous pression pour mieux réguler les contenus haineux, Facebook a annoncé vendredi qu’il allait durcir sa politique de modération des contenus. Coca-Cola, l’une des marques les plus connues du monde qui dépense des sommes énormes en publicité, a annoncé, vendredi 26 juin, qu’elle suspendait pendant au moins trente jours toute promotion sur tous les réseaux sociaux, pour marquer son soutien à la lutte contre le racisme. La société américaine devient l’une des plus grosses entreprises à rejoindre une (...)

    #Coca-Cola #Unilever #Verizon #Facebook #Instagram #Twitter #manipulation #racisme #discrimination #publicité #NAACP (...)

    ##publicité ##élections
    https://img.lemde.fr/2020/06/01/434/0/3000/1500/1440/720/60/0/8599d20_FW1_FACEBOOK-TRUMP-EMPLOYEE-CRITICISM_0601_11.JPG

    https://seenthis.net/messages/863416 via etraces


  • Faire sauter le pont Alexandre III

    Que ces messieurs de la police de la pensée et ceux de la police tout court se rassurent. C’est une mé-ta-phore, une al-lé-go-rie, une figure de style. Une image ni trop ni glycérine à laquelle il nous est difficile de ne pas céder. Toutefois, répétons-le, tant il est vrai que ces jours-ci certains semblent prompts à sortir leur revolver pour défendre les symboles de la domination, nous n’avons d’autre dynamite que la dynamique des idées. Et une belle idée se répand sur la planète comme une traînée de poudre : les racistes, les esclavagistes et les colonialistes célébrés sur nos murs doivent être démis de leur place et remis à leur place.

    https://entreleslignesentrelesmots.blog/2020/06/27/faire-sauter-le-pont-alexandre-iii

    #antisémitisme #pont #nom


  • Racisme policier : les géants du Net font mine d’arrêter la reconnaissance faciale
    https://www.laquadrature.net/2020/06/22/racisme-policier-les-geants-du-net-font-mine-darreter-la-reconnaissanc

    À un moment où l’institution policière est remise en question, les multinationales de la sécurité tentent de se racheter une image par des effets d’annonce : elles arrêteraient la reconnaissance faciale car la technologie ne serait…

    #Non_classé

    https://seenthis.net/messages/862495 via La Quadrature du Net


  • Apple Under Fire from EU, Developers For Stringent App Rules
    https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-06-17/apple-s-stringent-subscription-rules-in-eu-developer-crosshairs?sref=7ooT

    Apple’s Dominance Is Finally Under Threat Regulator eyes limits on developers offering other ways to pay Some apps charge consumers more to absorb App Store fees One week before Apple Inc.’s annual developer conference, the financial heart of its App Store is under renewed attack from antitrust regulators and exasperated developers. The European Commission launched two investigations into Apple on Tuesday. One major focus is on a contentious rule that limits what app developers can (...)

    #Apple #Google #Match #Netflix #AppleStore #Tinder #GooglePlay #payement #procès #domination (...)

    ##bénéfices

    https://seenthis.net/messages/862640 via etraces


  • VIDEO. Amnesty International soupçonne le pouvoir marocain d’avoir espionné un journaliste d’investigation à l’aide du logiciel Pegasus
    https://www.francetvinfo.fr/monde/afrique/maroc/video-amnesty-international-soupconne-le-pouvoir-marocain-davoir-espion

    Un rapport d’Amnesty International que la Cellule investigation de Radio France révèle lundi avec l’organisation Forbidden Stories établit qu’un journaliste d’investigation marocain a été victime d’une attaque de Pegasus. Ce logiciel espion, qui permet de prendre le contrôle des smartphones, serait utilisé par plusieurs régimes autoritaires. Pegasus a-t-il encore été utilisé à des fins de surveillance politique ? C’est la conviction de l’ONG Amnesty International qui vient de rédiger un rapport, révélé (...)

    #NSO #iPhone #Pegasus #smartphone #spyware #activisme #journalisme #écoutes #hacking #surveillance (...)

    ##Amnesty
    https://www.francetvinfo.fr/image/75s1c75lp-2a9b/908/510/21718479.png

    https://seenthis.net/messages/862525 via etraces


  • Khrys’presso du lundi 22 juin 2020
    https://framablog.org/2020/06/22/khryspresso-du-lundi-22-juin-2020

    Comme chaque lundi, un coup d’œil dans le rétroviseur pour découvrir les informations que vous avez peut-être ratées la semaine dernière. Brave New World La police chinoise collecte des échantillons de sang dans tout le pays pour dresser une carte … Lire la suite­­

    #Claviers_invités #Internet_et_société #Libr'en_Vrac #Libre_Veille #Non_classé #GAFAM #Internet #Revue_de_web #Revue_hebdo #Surveillance #veille #webrevue