• Goodbye to the Wild Wild Web
    https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/02/technology/goodbye-to-the-wild-wild-web.html

    The internet is changing, and the freewheeling, anything-goes culture of social media is being replaced by something more accountable. It felt like a dam breaking, or the changing of a guard. Within a 48-hour period this week, many of the world’s internet giants took steps that would have been unthinkable for them even months earlier. Reddit, which spent most of its life as a lawless free-for-all, banned thousands of forums for hate speech, including the largest pro-Trump forum on the (...)

    #Amazon #Facebook #Reddit #Twitch #Twitter #YouTube #manipulation #censure #modération #extrême-droite (...)

    ##SocialNetwork
    https://static01.nyt.com/images/2020/07/03/business/02roose-print/02roose1-facebookJumbo.jpg

    https://seenthis.net/messages/865123 via e-traces


  • Le réseau crypté EncroChat infiltré par les polices européennes : « C’est comme si nous étions à la table des criminels »
    https://www.lemonde.fr/international/article/2020/07/03/c-est-comme-si-nous-etions-a-la-table-des-criminels-comment-les-polices-euro

    Les trafiquants pensaient, à tort, que ce système de communication était le plus sûr au monde. Leurs messages étaient en réalité interceptés par les enquêteurs. Des centaines de personnes ont été interpellées dans toute l’Europe. Pour avoir fait une confiance aveugle à la technologie, le crime organisé européen tout entier vient de subir un coup sans précédent dans son histoire. Pendant des mois, vingt polices européennes ont pu suivre en temps réel les activités occultes du narcotrafic, des marchands (...)

    #cryptage #criminalité #écoutes #SocialNetwork

    ##criminalité
    https://img.lemde.fr/2020/07/02/3/0/3600/1798/1440/720/60/0/536897a_153101853-027537.jpg

    https://seenthis.net/messages/864752 via e-traces


  • Antitrust case against Facebook’s ‘super profiling’ back on track after German federal court ruling
    https://techcrunch.com/2020/06/23/antitrust-case-against-facebooks-super-profiling-back-on-track-after-german-federal-court-ruling/?guccounter=1

    A landmark regulatory intervention that seeks to apply structural antitrust remedies to cut big (ad)tech’s rights-hostile surveillance business models down to size has been revived after Germany’s federal court overturned an earlier ruling that had suspended enforcement of a ban on Facebook combining user data into so called ‘super profiles’. The upshot is the tech giant could be forced to stop combining the personal data of users of its various social services with other personal data it (...)

    #Facebook #Instagram #WhatsApp #procès #domination #données #BigData #microtargeting #profiling #SocialNetwork #[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données_(RGPD)[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR)[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR) (...)

    ##[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données__RGPD_[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_ ##Bundeskartellamt

    https://seenthis.net/messages/864561 via e-traces


  • Gaël Giraud : « Le monde financier sait que ses jours sont comptés » | Public Senat
    https://www.publicsenat.fr/article/politique/gael-giraud-le-monde-financier-sait-que-ses-jours-sont-comptes-183433
    https://www.publicsenat.fr/sites/default/files/styles/pse_accueil_entete/public/thumbnails/image/giraud_template_vignette_horizontal_1.png?itok=U3yoMDXv

    Quelle sera l’ampleur de la crise économique ?

    La crise sera plus grave que celle de 2008. Nous entrons dans une spirale déflationniste extrêmement dangereuse. L’Europe de l’Ouest pourrait connaître une trajectoire à la japonaise. Dans les années 1990, le Japon a connu une grande répétition de la crise des subprimes, avec une gigantesque bulle financière qui a gonflé sur une bulle immobilière. Les deux bulles ont explosé au même moment, et le Japon est entré dans la déflation, c’est-à-dire dans un régime macroéconomique dans lequel il n’y a plus de croissance, plus d’inflation, énormément de dette privée et un chômage de masse. Nous risquons de subir le même sort si nous continuons de pratiquer l’austérité budgétaire.

    Vous êtes très pessimiste, à un moment où les marchés financiers semblent se porter plutôt bien. Comment expliquez-vous cette bonne santé des marchés ?
    Les marchés financiers sont profondément inefficients, irrationnels, traversés par des bulles spéculatives et des mouvements erratiques qui n’ont rien à voir avec l’économie réelle. On ne peut pas demander aux marchés financiers de prédire l’avenir. Ils en sont incapables.

    #Gaël_Giraud, mon #social-démocrate préféré, écolo et tout, sur la #crise_économique à venir. #Cassandre écolo qui comme Cochet et Larrouturou en 2007 doit avoir environ un an, un an et demie d’avance sur les marchés. Ça fait six mois que je les entends dire ça, je me disais que peut-être la crise sanitaire avait atténué la surchauffe mais non... C’est peut-être pour cet automne, avec une deuxième vague par dessus. Et plein de #dettes évidemment.

    https://seenthis.net/messages/864412 via Antonin


  • Cancer : L’art de ne pas regarder une épidémie
    http://www.terrestres.org/2020/07/01/cancer-lart-de-ne-pas-regarder-une-epidemie

    Comment se fait-il que, dans une société fondée sur le traitement de l’information et la collecte de données, il soit si difficile d’expliquer la multiplication effrénée de certains cancers ? Célia Izoard en appelle à une refonte des méthodes épidémiologiques pour enfin reconnaitre l’impact de la pollution sur la santé.

    #Social


  • Suppression de postes dans l’enseignement agricole malgré le défi de l’agroécologie
    https://www.bastamag.net/greve-enseignement-agricole-service-public-bac-stav-austerite-emploi-trans

    Les personnels de l’enseignement agricole public sont en grève ce 30 juin. Les heures d’accompagnement des élèves en difficulté seront payées moitié moins. « Alors que la convention citoyenne pour le climat place l’enseignement agricole au centre de la transition écologique, le ministère de (...)

    #Social



  • Épidémie de « fake news » au Brésil, par Silvio Caccia Bava (Les blogs du Diplo, 20 juin 2020)
    https://blog.mondediplo.net/epidemie-de-fake-news-au-bresil

    Le président Jair Bolsonaro utilise massivement les infox (fake news) pour déconsidérer l’opposition et défendre la politique de son gouvernement. Soutenu par plusieurs chefs d’entreprise, ce système est organisé depuis le sommet de l’État. Installé au troisième étage du palais présidentiel, il est appelé le « Cabinet de la haine » et constitue des dossiers contre les adversaires politiques et les opposants.

    #Social


  • FBI Expands Ability to Monitor Social Media, Location Data
    https://theintercept.com/2020/06/24/fbi-surveillance-social-media-cellphone-dataminr-venntel

    The Federal Bureau of Investigation may be watching what you tweet and where people gather. The federal law enforcement agency’s records show a growing focus on harnessing the latest private sector tools for mass surveillance, including recent contracts with companies that monitor social media posts and collect cellphone location data. On May 26, as demonstrations around the country erupted over the police killing of George Floyd, the FBI signed an expedited agreement to extend its (...)

    #FBI #ICE #smartphone #cartographie #géolocalisation #migration #religion #écoutes #Islam #SocialNetwork #Dataminr_ #Venntel #BigData #DataBrokers (...)

    ##GravyAnalytics
    https://theintercept.imgix.net/wp-uploads/sites/1/2020/06/fbi-twitter-surveillance-2-2.jpg

    https://seenthis.net/messages/863563 via etraces


  • The business of building walls

    Thirty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, Europe is once again known for its border walls. This time Europe is divided not so much by ideology as by perceived fear of refugees and migrants, some of the world’s most vulnerable people.

    https://i.imgur.com/b8FDo6k.png
    https://i.imgur.com/2Bpog4L.png

    Who killed the dream of a more open Europe? What gave rise to this new era of walls? There are clearly many reasons – the increasing displacement of people by conflict, repression and impoverishment, the rise of security politics in the wake of 9/11, the economic and social insecurity felt across Europe after the 2008 financial crisis – to name a few. But one group has by far the most to gain from the rise of new walls – the businesses that build them. Their influence in shaping a world of walls needs much deeper examination.

    This report explores the business of building walls, which has both fuelled and benefited from a massive expansion of public spending on border security by the European Union (EU) and its member states. Some of the corporate beneficiaries are also global players, tapping into a global market for border security estimated to be worth approximately €17.5 billion in 2018, with annual growth of at least 8% expected in coming years.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CAuv1QyP8l0&feature=emb_logo

    It is important to look both beyond and behind Europe’s walls and fencing, because the real barriers to contemporary migration are not so much the fencing, but the vast array of technology that underpins it, from the radar systems to the drones to the surveillance cameras to the biometric fingerprinting systems. Similarly, some of Europe’s most dangerous walls are not even physical or on land. The ships, aircrafts and drones used to patrol the Mediterranean have created a maritime wall and a graveyard for the thousands of migrants and refugees who have no legal passage to safety or to exercise their right to seek asylum.

    This renders meaningless the European Commission’s publicized statements that it does not fund walls and fences. Commission spokesperson Alexander Winterstein, for example, rejecting Hungary’s request to reimburse half the costs of the fences built on its borders with Croatia and Serbia, said: ‘We do support border management measures at external borders. These can be surveillance measures. They can be border control equipment...But fences, we do not finance’. In other words, the Commission is willing to pay for anything that fortifies a border as long as it is not seen to be building the walls themselves.

    This report is a sequel to Building Walls – Fear and securitization in the European Union, co-published in 2018 with Centre Delàs and Stop Wapenhandel, which first measured and identified the walls that criss-cross Europe. This new report focuses on the businesses that have profited from three different kinds of wall in Europe:

    The construction companies contracted to build the land walls built by EU member states and the Schengen Area together with the security and technology companies that provide the necessary accompanying technology, equipment and services;

    The shipping and arms companies that provide the ships, aircraft, helicopters, drones that underpin Europe’s maritime walls seeking to control migratory flows in the Mediterranean, including Frontex operations, Operation Sophia and Italian operation Mare Nostrum;
    And the IT and security companies contracted to develop, run, expand and maintain EU’s systems that monitor the movement of people – such as SIS II (Schengen Information System) and EES (Entry/Exit Scheme) – which underpin Europe’s virtual walls.

    Booming budgets

    The flow of money from taxpayers to wall-builders has been highly lucrative and constantly growing. The report finds that companies have reaped the profits from at least €900 million spent by EU countries on land walls and fences since the end of the Cold War. The partial data (in scope and years) means actual costs will be at least €1 billion. In addition, companies that provide technology and services that accompany walls have also benefited from some of the steady stream of funding from the EU – in particular the External Borders Fund (€1.7 billion, 2007-2013) and the Internal Security Fund – Borders Fund (€2.76 billion, 2014-2020).

    EU spending on maritime walls has totalled at least €676.4 million between 2006 to 2017 (including €534 million spent by Frontex, €28.4 million spent by the EU on Operation Sophia and €114 million spent by Italy on Operation Mare Nostrum) and would be much more if you include all the operations by Mediterranean country coastguards. Total spending on Europe’s virtual wall equalled at least €999.4m between 2000 and 2019. (All these estimates are partial ones because walls are funded by many different funding mechanisms and due to lack of data transparency).

    This boom in border budgets is set to grow. Under its budget for the next EU budget cycle (2021–2027) the European Commission has earmarked €8.02 billion to its Integrated Border Management Fund (2021-2027), €11.27bn to Frontex (of which €2.2 billion will be used for acquiring, maintaining and operating air, sea and land assets) and at least €1.9 billion total spending (2000-2027) on its identity databases and Eurosur (the European Border Surveillance System).
    The big arm industry players

    Three giant European military and security companies in particular play a critical role in Europe’s many types of borders. These are Thales, Leonardo and Airbus.

    Thales is a French arms and security company, with a significant presence in the Netherlands, that produces radar and sensor systems, used by many ships in border security. Thales systems, were used, for example, by Dutch and Portuguese ships deployed in Frontex operations. Thales also produces maritime surveillance systems for drones and is working on developing border surveillance infrastructure for Eurosur, researching how to track and control refugees before they reach Europe by using smartphone apps, as well as exploring the use of High Altitude Pseudo Satellites (HAPS) for border security, for the European Space Agency and Frontex. Thales currently provides the security system for the highly militarised port in Calais. Its acquisition in 2019 of Gemalto, a large (biometric) identity security company, makes it a significant player in the development and maintenance of EU’s virtual walls. It has participated in 27 EU research projects on border security.
    Italian arms company Leonardo (formerly Finmeccanica or Leonardo-Finmeccanica) is a leading supplier of helicopters for border security, used by Italy in the Mare Nostrum, Hera and Sophia operations. It has also been one of the main providers of UAVs (or drones) for Europe’s borders, awarded a €67.1 million contract in 2017 by the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) to supply them for EU coast-guard agencies. Leonardo was also a member of a consortium, awarded €142.1 million in 2019 to implement and maintain EU’s virtual walls, namely its EES. It jointly owns Telespazio with Thales, involved in EU satellite observation projects (REACT and Copernicus) used for border surveillance. Leonardo has participated in 24 EU research projects on border security and control, including the development of Eurosur.
    Pan-European arms giant Airbus is a key supplier of helicopters used in patrolling maritime and some land borders, deployed by Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania and Spain, including in maritime Operations Sophia, Poseidon and Triton. Airbus and its subsidiaries have participated in at least 13 EU-funded border security research projects including OCEAN2020, PERSEUS and LOBOS.
    The significant role of these arms companies is not surprising. As Border Wars (2016), showed these companies through their membership of the lobby groups – European Organisation for Security (EOS) and the AeroSpace and Defence Industries Association of Europe (ASD) – have played a significant role in influencing the direction of EU border policy. Perversely, these firms are also among the top four biggest European arms dealers to the Middle East and North Africa, thus contributing to the conflicts that cause forced migration.

    Indra has been another significant corporate player in border control in Spain and the Mediterranean. It won a series of contracts to fortify Ceuta and Melilla (Spanish enclaves in northern Morocco). Indra also developed the SIVE border control system (with radar, sensors and vision systems), which is in place on most of Spain’s borders, as well as in Portugal and Romania. In July 2018 it won a €10 million contract to manage SIVE at several locations for two years. Indra is very active in lobbying the EU and is a major beneficiary of EU research funding, coordinating the PERSEUS project to further develop Eurosur and the Seahorse Network, a network between police forces in Mediterranean countries (both in Europe and Africa) to stop migration.

    Israeli arms firms are also notable winners of EU border contracts. In 2018, Frontex selected the Heron drone from Israel Aerospace Industries for pilot-testing surveillance flights in the Mediterranean. In 2015, Israeli firm Elbit sold six of its Hermes UAVs to the Switzerland’s Border Guard, in a controversial €230 million deal. It has since signed a UAV contract with the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA), as a subcontractor for the Portuguese company CEIIA (2018), as well as contracts to supply technology for three patrol vessels for the Hellenic Coast Guard (2019).
    Land wall contractors

    Most of the walls and fences that have been rapidly erected across Europe have been built by national construction companies, but one European company has dominated the field: European Security Fencing, a Spanish producer of razor wire, in particular a coiled wire known as concertinas. It is most known for the razor wire on the fences around Ceuta and Melilla. It also delivered the razor wire for the fence on the border between Hungary and Serbia, and its concertinas were installed on the borders between Bulgaria and Turkey and Austria and Slovenia, as well as at Calais, and for a few days on the border between Hungary and Slovenia before being removed. Given its long-term market monopoly, its concertinas are very likely used at other borders in Europe.

    Other contractors providing both walls and associated technology include DAT-CON (Croatia, Cyprus, Macedonia, Moldova, Slovenia and Ukraine), Geo Alpinbau (Austria/Slovenia), Indra, Dragados, Ferrovial, Proyectos Y Tecnología Sallén and Eulen (Spain/Morocco), Patstroy Bourgas, Infra Expert, Patengineeringstroy, Geostroy Engineering, Metallic-Ivan Mihaylov and Indra (Bulgaria/Turkey), Nordecon and Defendec (Estonia/Russia), DAK Acélszerkezeti Kft and SIA Ceļu būvniecības sabiedrība IGATE (Latvia/Russia), Gintrėja (Lithuania/Russia), Minis and Legi-SGS(Slovenia/Croatia), Groupe CW, Jackson’s Fencing, Sorhea, Vinci/Eurovia and Zaun Ltd (France/UK).

    In many cases, the actual costs of the walls and associated technologies exceed original estimates. There have also been many allegations and legal charges of corruption, in some cases because projects were given to corporate friends of government officials. In Slovenia, for example, accusations of corruption concerning the border wall contract have led to a continuing three-year legal battle for access to documents that has reached the Supreme Court. Despite this, the EU’s External Borders Fund has been a critical financial supporter of technological infrastructure and services in many of the member states’ border operations. In Macedonia, for example, the EU has provided €9 million for patrol vehicles, night-vision cameras, heartbeat detectors and technical support for border guards to help it manage its southern border.
    Maritime wall profiteers

    The data about which ships, helicopters and aircraft are used in Europe’s maritime operations is not transparent and therefore it is difficult to get a full picture. Our research shows, however, that the key corporations involved include the European arms giants Airbus and Leonardo, as well as large shipbuilding companies including Dutch Damen and Italian Fincantieri.

    Damen’s patrol vessels have been used for border operations by Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Portugal, the Netherlands, Romania, Sweden and the UK as well as in key Frontex operations (Poseidon, Triton and Themis), Operation Sophia and in supporting NATO’s role in Operation Poseidon. Outside Europe, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia and Turkey use Damen vessels for border security, often in cooperation with the EU or its member states. Turkey’s €20 million purchase of six Damen vessels for its coast guard in 2006, for example, was financed through the EU Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP), intended for peace-building and conflict prevention.

    The sale of Damen vessels to Libya unveils the potential troubling human costs of this corporate trade. In 2012, Damen supplied four patrol vessels to the Libyan Coast Guard, sold as civil equipment in order to avoid a Dutch arms export license. Researchers have since found out, however, that the ships were not only sold with mounting points for weapons, but were then armed and used to stop refugee boats. Several incidents involving these ships have been reported, including one where some 20 or 30 refugees drowned. Damen has refused to comment, saying it had agreed with the Libyan government not to disclose information about the ships.

    In addition to Damen, many national shipbuilders play a significant role in maritime operations as they were invariably prioritised by the countries contributing to each Frontex or other Mediterranean operation. Hence, all the ships Italy contributed to Operation Sophia were built by Fincantieri, while all Spanish ships come from Navantia and its predecessors. Similarly, France purchases from DCN/DCNS, now Naval Group, and all German ships were built by several German shipyards (Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft, HDW, Lürssen Gruppe). Other companies in Frontex operations have included Greek company, Motomarine Shipyards, which produced the Panther 57 Fast Patrol Boats used by the Hellenic Coast Guard, Hellenic Shipyards and Israel Shipyards.

    Austrian company Schiebel is a significant player in maritime aerial surveillance through its supply of S-100 drones. In November 2018, EMSA selected the company for a €24 million maritime surveillance contract for a range of operations including border security. Since 2017, Schiebel has also won contracts from Croatia, Denmark, Iceland, Italy, Portugal and Spain. The company has a controversial record, with its drones sold to a number of countries experiencing armed conflict or governed by repressive regimes such as Libya, Myanmar, the UAE and Yemen.

    Finland and the Netherlands deployed Dornier aircraft to Operation Hermes and Operation Poseidon respectively, and to Operation Triton. Dornier is now part of the US subsidiary of the Israeli arms company Elbit Systems. CAE Aviation (Luxembourg), DEA Aviation (UK) and EASP Air (Netherlands) have all received contracts for aircraft surveillance work for Frontex. Airbus, French Dassault Aviation, Leonardo and US Lockheed Martin were the most important suppliers of aircraft used in Operation Sophia.

    The EU and its member states defend their maritime operations by publicising their role in rescuing refugees at sea, but this is not their primary goal, as Frontex director Fabrice Leggeri made clear in April 2015, saying that Frontex has no mandate for ‘proactive search-and-rescue action[s]’ and that saving lives should not be a priority. The thwarting and criminalisation of NGO rescue operations in the Mediterranean and the frequent reports of violence and illegal refoulement of refugees, also demonstrates why these maritime operations should be considered more like walls than humanitarian missions.
    Virtual walls

    The major EU contracts for the virtual walls have largely gone to two companies, sometimes as leaders of a consortium. Sopra Steria is the main contractor for the development and maintenance of the Visa Information System (VIS), Schengen Information System (SIS II) and European Dactyloscopy (Eurodac), while GMV has secured a string of contracts for Eurosur. The systems they build help control, monitor and surveil people’s movements across Europe and increasingly beyond.

    Sopra Steria is a French technology consultancy firm that has to date won EU contracts worth a total value of over €150 million. For some of these large contracts Sopra Steria joined consortiums with HP Belgium, Bull and 3M Belgium. Despite considerable business, Sopra Steria has faced considerable criticism for its poor record on delivering projects on time and on budget. Its launch of SIS II was constantly delayed, forcing the Commission to extend contracts and increase budgets. Similarly, Sopra Steria was involved in another consortium, the Trusted Borders consortium, contracted to deliver the UK e-Borders programme, which was eventually terminated in 2010 after constant delays and failure to deliver. Yet it continues to win contracts, in part because it has secured a near-monopoly of knowledge and access to EU officials. The central role that Sopra Steria plays in developing these EU biometric systems has also had a spin-off effect in securing other national contracts, including with Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Romania and Slovenia GMV, a Spanish technology company, has received a succession of large contracts for Eurosur, ever since its testing phase in 2010, worth at least €25 million. It also provides technology to the Spanish Guardia Civil, such as control centres for its Integrated System of External Vigilance (SIVE) border security system as well as software development services to Frontex. It has participated in at least ten EU-funded research projects on border security.

    Most of the large contracts for the virtual walls that did not go to consortia including Sopra Steria were awarded by eu-LISA (European Union Agency for the Operational Management of Large-Scale IT Systems in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice) to consortia comprising computer and technology companies including Accenture, Atos Belgium and Morpho (later renamed Idema).
    Lobbying

    As research in our Border Wars series has consistently shown, through effective lobbying, the military and security industry has been very influential in shaping the discourse of EU security and military policies. The industry has succeeded in positioning itself as the experts on border security, pushing the underlying narrative that migration is first and foremost a security threat, to be combatted by security and military means. With this premise, it creates a continuous demand for the ever-expanding catalogue of equipment and services the industry supplies for border security and control.

    Many of the companies listed here, particularly the large arms companies, are involved in the European Organisation for Security (EOS), the most important lobby group on border security. Many of the IT security firms that build EU’s virtual walls are members of the European Biometrics Association (EAB). EOS has an ‘Integrated Border Security Working Group’ to ‘facilitate the development and uptake of better technology solutions for border security both at border checkpoints, and along maritime and land borders’. The working group is chaired by Giorgio Gulienetti of the Italian arms company Leonardo, with Isto Mattila (Laurea University of Applied Science) and Peter Smallridge of Gemalto, a digital security company recently acquired by Thales.

    Company lobbyists and representatives of these lobby organisations regularly meet with EU institutions, including the European Commission, are part of official advisory committees, publish influential proposals, organise meetings between industry, policy-makers and executives and also meet at the plethora of military and security fairs, conferences and seminars. Airbus, Leonardo and Thales together with EOS held 226 registered lobbying meetings with the European Commission between 2014 and 2019. In these meetings representatives of the industry position themselves as the experts on border security, presenting their goods and services as the solution for ‘security threats’ caused by immigration. In 2017, the same group of companies and EOS spent up to €2.65 million on lobbying.

    A similar close relationship can be seen on virtual walls, with the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission arguing openly for public policy to foster the ‘emergence of a vibrant European biometrics industry’.
    A deadly trade and a choice

    The conclusion of this survey of the business of building walls is clear. A Europe full of walls has proved to be very good for the bottom line of a wide range of corporations including arms, security, IT, shipping and construction companies. The EU’s planned budgets for border security for the next decade show it is also a business that will continue to boom.

    This is also a deadly business. The heavy militarisation of Europe’s borders on land and at sea has led refugees and migrants to follow far more hazardous routes and has trapped others in desperate conditions in neighbouring countries like Libya. Many deaths are not recorded, but those that are tracked in the Mediterranean show that the proportion of those who drown trying to reach Europe continues to increase each year.

    This is not an inevitable state of affairs. It is both the result of policy decisions made by the EU and its member states, and corporate decisions to profit from these policies. In a rare principled stand, German razor wire manufacturer Mutanox in 2015 stated it would not sell its product to the Hungarian government arguing: ‘Razor wire is designed to prevent criminal acts, like a burglary. Fleeing children and adults are not criminals’. It is time for other European politicians and business leaders to recognise the same truth: that building walls against the world’s most vulnerable people violates human rights and is an immoral act that history will judge harshly. Thirty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, it is time for Europe to bring down its new walls.

    https://www.tni.org/en/businessbuildingwalls

    #business #murs #barrières_frontalières #militarisation_des_frontières #visualisation #Europe #UE #EU #complexe_militaro-industriel #Airbus #Leonardo #Thales #Indra #Israel_Aerospace_Industries #Elbit #European_Security_Fencing #DAT-CON #Geo_Alpinbau #Dragados #Ferrovial, #Proyectos_Y_Tecnología_Sallén #Eulen #Patstroy_Bourgas #Infra_Expert #Patengineeringstroy #Geostroy_Engineering #Metallic-Ivan_Mihaylov #Nordecon #Defendec #DAK_Acélszerkezeti_Kft #SIA_Ceļu_būvniecības_sabiedrība_IGATE #Gintrėja #Minis #Legi-SGS #Groupe_CW #Jackson’s_Fencing #Sorhea #Vinci #Eurovia #Zaun_Ltd #Damen #Fincantieri #Frontex #Damen #Turquie #Instrument_contributing_to_Stability_and_Peace (#IcSP) #Libye #exernalisation #Operation_Sophia #Navantia #Naval_Group #Flensburger_Schiffbau-Gesellschaft #HDW #Lürssen_Gruppe #Motomarine_Shipyards #Panther_57 #Hellenic_Shipyards #Israel_Shipyards #Schiebel #Dornier #Operation_Hermes #CAE_Aviation #DEA_Aviation #EASP_Air #French_Dassault_Aviation #US_Lockheed_Martin #murs_virtuels #Sopra_Steria #Visa_Information_System (#VIS) #données #Schengen_Information_System (#SIS_II) #European_Dactyloscopy (#Eurodac) #GMV #Eurosur #HP_Belgium #Bull #3M_Belgium #Trusted_Borders_consortium #économie #biométrie #Integrated_System_of_External_Vigilance (#SIVE) #eu-LISA #Accenture #Atos_Belgium #Morpho #Idema #lobby #European_Organisation_for_Security (#EOS) #European_Biometrics_Association (#EAB) #Integrated_Border_Security_Working_Group #Giorgio_Gulienetti #Isto_Mattila #Peter_Smallridge #Gemalto #murs_terrestres #murs_maritimes #coût #chiffres #statistiques #Joint_Research_Centre_of_the_European_Commission #Mutanox

    Pour télécharger le #rapport :
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    https://i.imgur.com/xtHjEM3.png
    https://i.imgur.com/yiU7c7c.png
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    https://i.imgur.com/mGxteLR.png
    https://i.imgur.com/mGxteLR.png
    https://i.imgur.com/AxePCx2.png
    https://www.tni.org/files/publication-downloads/business_of_building_walls_-_full_report.pdf

    déjà signalé par @odilon ici :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/809783
    Je le remets ici avec des mots clé de plus

    ping @daphne @marty @isskein @karine4

    https://seenthis.net/messages/810272 via CDB_77


  • Facial Recognition Is The New Polygraph Test For Insurers
    https://sociable.co/technology/facial-recognition-is-the-new-polygraph-test-for-insurers

    Insurance companies in Asia are beginning to use facial recognition to record client interviews, so they can spot when customers are lying. Beyond the obvious positive consequence of a reduction in fraud, who will actually benefit and is there potential for over-reach ? Chinese insurer, Ping An Insurance, is increasingly using facial recognition technology to record the faces of customers and their own staff in order to verify their identities. Furthermore, the technology is being used (...)

    #Amazon #AmazonWebServices-AWS #algorithme #CCTV #Rekognition #émotions #facial #fraude #reconnaissance #finance #vidéo-surveillance #SocialCreditSystem (...)

    ##surveillance
    https://sociable.co/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/facial-recognition-system.jpg

    https://seenthis.net/messages/863417 via etraces


  • Batailles en cours et à venir autour des données de paiement
    https://linc.cnil.fr/fr/batailles-en-cours-et-venir-autour-des-donnees-de-paiement

    Le secteur des moyens de paiement connaît d’importantes recompositions au travers desquelles la maîtrise des données de paiement est centrale. Si les services apportent des fonctionnalités aux consommateurs, ils soulèvent des enjeux en termes de protection des données personnelles. Les recompositions dans le secteur du paiement électronique sont majeures. Le développement du e-commerce a contribué à renouveler les solutions de paiement sur Internet. De nouveaux acteurs sont apparus, tels que Paypal (...)

    #Apple #Google #Samsung #Facebook #Paypal #WeChat #algorithme #cryptage #cryptomonnaie #Alipay #ApplePay #bitcoin #Libra #payement #WeChatPay #sexisme #discrimination #finance #CNIL #MasterCard #Visa #WesternUnion #carte #SociétéGénérale (...)

    ##BNP-Paribas ##géolocalisation ##BigData ##[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données__RGPD_[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_
    https://linc.cnil.fr/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/cashless_19627913138_7916242f7d_k.jpg

    https://seenthis.net/messages/863282 via etraces


  • En détournant l’app Happn, un hacker peut tracer votre chemin en temps réel
    https://cyberguerre.numerama.com/5827-en-detournant-lapp-happn-un-hacker-peut-tracer-votre-chem

    Un chercheur français a mis au point un outil pour suivre ponctuellement les déplacements des utilisatrices et utilisateurs de l’app de rencontre Happn. Ce traçage est approximatif grâce aux protections de l’app, mais suffirait à perpétrer certains actes malveillants. Vous acceptez peut-être de fournir vos coordonnées GPS à l’app de rencontres française Happn dans l’espoir de trouver l’amour ou une aventure d’un soir. Mais savez-vous vraiment ce que ces données permettent de faire ? Happn revendique 70 (...)

    #Happn #Tinder #GPS #géolocalisation #fraude #biais #SocialNetwork

    //c1.lestechnophiles.com/cyberguerre.numerama.com/content/uploads/sites/2/2020/06/Hack-Happn.jpg

    https://seenthis.net/messages/863215 via etraces


  • Les entreprises de la tech sont-elles hypocrites face au racisme ?
    https://korii.slate.fr/et-caetera/entreprises-tech-jeux-video-racisme-black-live-matters-hypocrisie-action

    La sincérité de la Silicon Valley et de l’industrie du jeu vidéo multipliant les promesses peut être questionnée. Les vagues de protestation contre le racisme institutionnel et les violences policières contre les personnes racisées, aux États-Unis et en Europe, font réagir le monde économique. Depuis la mort de George Floyd le 25 mai, les plus grandes entreprises de la tech et du jeu vidéo ont publié pléthore de communiqués de soutien, promettant dons aux associations et changements de pratiques. Sous (...)

    #ElectronicArts #Google #Microsoft #Sony-Ericsson_ #Ubisoft #Amazon #Facebook #Twitter #algorithme #CCTV #Rekognition #biométrie #manipulation #racisme #facial #reconnaissance #BlackLivesMatter (...)

    ##discrimination
    https://korii.slate.fr/sites/default/files/styles/1440x600/public/max-bender-2t_fzgg8cxy-unsplash.jpg

    https://seenthis.net/messages/863081 via etraces


  • New corona apps : fake it till you make it
    https://thecorrespondent.com/544/new-corona-apps-fake-it-till-you-make-it/655763766944-88e9c8de?pk_campaign=collection-notifier&pk_source=em

    This week, De Correspondent’s Dimitri Tokmetzis and I revisited one of the key questions in the debate about contact-tracing apps – how much data should they collect ? While tech companies want to limit the amount of information governments can harvest from iPhone and Android users, health agencies say they need data to understand how the virus spreads. But with Google and Apple controlling the majority of the world’s phones, these giants have been able to set the terms for contact-tracing (...)

    #Apple #Google #WhatsApp #Vkontakte #algorithme #Android #iPhone #smartphone #contactTracing #anonymat #racisme #technologisme #consentement #religion #métadonnées #BigData #COVID-19 #santé (...)

    ##santé ##SocialNetwork
    https://useruploads.cdn-thecorrespondent.com/image/epLc-DXHnCy1UNbFgXI4mbR3RC4=/1024x576/tc-useruploads-images/d4d38dc17f5a40248c85dee78b37cee9.png

    https://seenthis.net/messages/862860 via etraces


  • Isolement et contention en psychiatrie : bientôt un contrôle par les juges
    https://www.bastamag.net/psychiatrie-contention-isolement-conseil-constitutionnel-libertes-droits-d

    Enfermer à clé des personnes dans une chambre ou les immobiliser à leurs lits sont des pratiques répandues en psychiatrie. Le Conseil constitutionnel vient de décider qu’elles devront à l’avenir être contrôlées par les juges. Le vendredi 19 juin, le Conseil constitutionnel a rendu un jugement décisif (...)

    #Social


  • SDF hébergé dans le dispositif spécial Covid : « et après, je vais dormir en foyer une nuit sur quatre ? »
    https://www.rue89lyon.fr/2020/06/22/sdf-heberge-dans-le-dispositif-special-covid-et-apres-je-vais-dormir-en-fo

    [Témoignage] A la suite à notre enquête sur la situation des sans-abri pendant et après le confinement, nous avons voulu recueillir des points de vue de personnes directement concernées. SDF,

    #Social



  • « Notre corps, nous-mêmes » : entre intime et politique
    http://cqfd-journal.org/Notre-corps-nous-memes-entre

    Quarante-trois ans. C’est le temps qu’il aura fallu pour que la version française de Notre corps, nous-mêmes soit actualisée. Ouvrage de référence dans les années 1970, ce manuel a permis à des millions de femmes d’apprendre à connaître leur corps, à le considérer et à le défendre. Longtemps introuvable (...)

    #Social


  • Paris vu de ses banlieues : le chaos inégalitaire
    https://www.mediapart.fr/studio/panoramique/paris-vu-de-ses-banlieues-le-chaos-inegalitaire

    Pour comprendre Paris, ses dysfonctionnements et ses échecs, il faut aussi l’observer depuis ses banlieues. Partout, l’exaspération monte contre une ville-centre qui exporte sa folie immobilière, chasse ses classes moyennes, laisse se creuser d’immenses inégalités. Le tout dans une effarante pagaille (...)

    #Social


  • High-tech surveillance amplifies police bias and overreach
    https://theconversation.com/high-tech-surveillance-amplifies-police-bias-and-overreach-140225

    Video of police in riot gear clashing with unarmed protesters in the wake of the killing of George Floyd by Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin has filled social media feeds. Meanwhile, police surveillance of protesters has remained largely out of sight. Local, state and federal law enforcement organizations use an array of surveillance technologies to identify and track protesters, from facial recognition to military-grade drones. Police use of these national security-style (...)

    #Axon #Briefcam #Microsoft #Palantir #Ring #IBM #Amazon #algorithme #CCTV #domotique #drone #SmartCity #smartphone #sonnette #voiture #biométrie #militaire #racisme #technologisme #facial #prédiction #reconnaissance #vidéo-surveillance #BigData (...)

    ##discrimination ##Shotspotter ##bug
    https://images.theconversation.com/files/341024/original/file-20200610-34666-jhcum0.jpg

    https://seenthis.net/messages/862256 via etraces


  • Nous y voilà, je viens d’avoir confirmation que je ne bénéficierai pas de cette fameuse prime de 1500 euros, mel reçu.

    Nous y voilà, je viens d’avoir confirmation que je ne bénéficierai pas de cette fameuse prime de 1500 euros annoncée en grande pompe par notre président de la république en direct au JT de 20h le 25 mars dernier et destinée à, je cite : « l’ensemble des personnels soignants mobilisés sous forme d’une prime exceptionnelle pour accompagner financièrement cette reconnaissance ».

    Pour rappel, je suis partie à Paris sur la base du volontariat en renfort à l’hôpital [...] pour deux semaines prolongées de deux semaines supplémentaires à la demande de l’APHP devant des services qui ne désemplissaient pas. J’ai donc travaillé en secteur COVID du 11 avril au 10 mai.
    Mais voilà, le décret relatif à cette prime publié le 14 mai stipule que, pour bénéficier de cette prime, les personnels hospitaliers devaient être présents au moins 30 jours entre le 1 mars et 30 avril.
    J’ai attendu le 13 juin que le décret soit publié au journal officiel pour réaliser que cette non éligibilité invraisemblable était bien réelle.

    Alors qu’entendait notre président par « personnels mobilisés » ce 25 mars ?

    Est ce que prendre le train du jour au lendemain sur demande urgente de l’APHP pour débarquer la boule au ventre dans une ville inconnue n’est pas être mobilisé ?
    Est ce qu’abandonner son boulot en se faisant remplacer par ses collègues pour aller travailler dans un établissement inconnu alors que j’ai cessé de travailler à l’hôpital depuis 6 ans n’est pas être mobilisé ?
    Est ce qu’accepter de travailler dans des secteurs COVID avec 1 seul masque par jour, des surblouses artisanales, des surchaussures un jour sur deux et un chaos organisationnel à peine imaginable n’est pas être mobilisé ?
    Est ce qu’accepter de rester deux semaines de plus seule, loin des siens et de son confort n’est pas être mobilisé ?

    Je n’ai pas fait ça pour l’argent, bien heureusement puisqu’à ce jour, plus d’un mois après mon retour, je n’ai toujours pas perçu l’intégralité de mon salaire, la première partie m’ayant été versée seulement la semaine dernière. Il semblerait que les éphémères héros puissent vivre simplement d’applaudissements !
    J’ai fait ça par solidarité avec mes consœurs et confrères parce que je pouvais imaginer leur détresse, j’ai fait ça par amour de mon métier... Mais aujourd’hui, je suis encore une fois déçue par ce manque de considération, abasourdie par tant d’injustice, je me sens trahie et en viens à regretter d’avoir choisi ce métier que j’aimais tant.

    Je voudrais que tout le monde sache que ces belles paroles n’étaient encore une fois que du vent et que beaucoup de réservistes dévoués sont dans la même situation que moi même si cela parait parfaitement inimaginable.

    Soyez sûrs, chers dirigeants que lors de la deuxième vague ou de la prochaine pandémie, les appels incessants et larmoyants de l’ARS, vos belles promesses et hypocrites flatteries demeureront sans réponse et que je resterais au chaud chez moi, près des miens !

    #nibonnesninonnesnipigeonnes

    #crise_sanitaire #hôpital #soignants

    https://seenthis.net/messages/862212 via colporteur


  • Victory ! French High Court Rules That Most of Hate Speech Bill Would Undermine Free Expression
    https://www.eff.org/press/releases/victory-french-high-court-rules-most-hate-speech-bill-would-undermine-free-expr

    Paris, France—In a victory for the free speech rights of French citizens, France’s highest court today struck down core provisions of a bill meant to curb hate speech, holding they would unconstitutionally sweep up legal speech. The decision comes as some governments across the globe, in seeking to stop hateful, violent, and extremist speech online, are considering overbroad measures that would silence legitimate speech. The French Supreme Court said the bill’s requirements—that online posts, (...)

    #bot #censure #LoiAvia #SocialNetwork #EFF

    https://www.eff.org/files/eff-pr-og.png

    https://seenthis.net/messages/862249 via etraces


  • Le charme modéré de la bourgeoisie numérique. Et son immunité algorithmique.
    https://www.affordance.info/mon_weblog/2020/06/charme-bourgeoisie-numerique.html

    Ce que c’est qu’une plateforme : la décision d’un seul. Jack Dorsey, pdg de Twitter, qui « fact-checke » un tweet de Trump et en censure un autre. Le premier Tweet fact-checké concernait le - supposé - danger du vote par correspondance, quant au tweet « censuré » il s’agissait d’une vidéo de campagne publiée après la mort de Georges Floyd et bloquée par Twitter pour ... infraction aux droits d’auteur. Zuckerberg, pdg de Facebook qui se refuse à « intervenir » ou à « modérer » s’abritant derrière une (...)

    #Facebook #algorithme #racisme #domination #sexisme #BlackLivesMatter #SocialNetwork

    https://www.affordance.info/.a/6a00d8341c622e53ef0264e2e2bac1200d-600wi

    https://seenthis.net/messages/862198 via etraces


  • Pétition pour le prix Nobel à l’équipe médicale cubaine du COVID-19.
    http://www.argotheme.com/organecyberpresse/spip.php?article3858

    Encore une fois, le système sanitaire cubain est mis à l’honneur pour ses actions de solidarité, voire aussi ses compétences. Cette fois des artistes et intellectuels des Etats-Unis lancent une pétition pour le prix Nobel de la paix pour l’équipe sanitaire « Henry Reeve ».

    Sports / Santé

    / #médecine,_sciences,_technologie,_ADN,_vaccin,_médicaments,_découvertes, #USA,_Maison_Blanche,_CIA, #Socialisme,_Amérique_Latine,_Chine,_marxisme,_égalité,_pauvreté,_justice,_sociale

    #Sports_/_Santé