Your digital identity has three layers, and you can only protect one of them
Your online profile is less a reflection of you than a caricature. Whether you like it or not, commercial and public actors tend to trust the string of 1s and 0s that represent you more than the story you tell them. When filing a credit application at a bank or being recruited for a job, your social network, credit-card history, and postal address can be viewed as immutable facts more credible than your opinion. But your online profile is not always built on facts. It is shaped by (...)
#algorithme #biométrie #données #[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données_(RGPD)[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR)[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR) #BigData #marketing (...)
#Kenya to teach #Mandarin Chinese in primary school — Quartz Africa
The country’s curriculum development institute (KICD) has said the design and scope of the mandarin syllabus have been completed and will be rolled in out in 2020. Primary school pupils from grade four (aged 10) and onwards will be able to take the course, the head of the agency Julius Jwan told Xinhua news agency. Jwan said the language is being introduced given Mandarin’s growing global rise, and the deepening political and economic connections between Kenya and China.
China is exporting its digital surveillance methods to African governments
China has consistently been ranked by digital advocates as the world’s worst abuser of internet freedom. The country, however, isn’t just tightening online controls at home but is becoming more brazen in exporting some of those techniques abroad including in Africa, says a new report from the US-based think tank Freedom House. Using a mix of official training, providing technological infrastructure to authoritarian regimes, and insisting that international companies accept its content (...)
Prison inmates will soon be reading ebooks—but that’s not a good thing — Quartz
Earlier this month, the Pennsylvania Department of Corrections announced that inmates would no longer be able to receive physical books from outside organizations or inmate’s families. Instead, the state’s prison system would be switching to ebooks. These will be available on tablets sold by prison telecommunications giant GTL.
The book ban was part of an announcement about security measures aimed at limiting contraband flowing into Pennsylvania’s prisons.
The truth about false rape accusations — Quartz
False rape accusations loom large in the cultural imagination. We don’t forget the big ones: The widely-read 2014 Rolling Stone article, later retracted, about a brutal gang rape at the University of Virginia; the 2006 accusations against innocent members of the Duke University lacrosse team. These cases are readily cited by defense attorneys and Republican lawmakers and anyone else who wants a reason to discuss the dangers of false allegations. What if a woman has consensual sex, and then regrets it the next day? What if a woman gets dumped by her boyfriend and decides to accuse him of rape as revenge? What if she’s just doing it for attention? Are false accusations reaching epidemic levels in today’s hard-drinking hookup culture, where the lines of consent have been blurred? Critics argue that reports of rape should be treated with more caution, since men’s lives are so often ruined by women’s malicious lies.
But my research—including academic studies, journalistic accounts, and cases recorded in the US National Registry of Exonerations—suggests that every part of this narrative is wrong. What’s more, it’s wrong in ways that help real rapists escape justice, while perversely making it more likely that we will miss the signs of false reports.
A new study on increased snowfall in Antarctica shows the dramatic pace of climate change — Quartz
It may sound odd to hear news of more snow during a time when scientists keep uncovering more evidence that polar ice caps are melting, raising sea levels around the world. But it makes sense, and it’s not a good sign for the Earth. Warmer temperatures mean more moisture in the air, which creates better conditions for snow over Antarctica. So really, this is a sign of the same climate problems causing droughts, storms, and floods.
The findings may help answer a question scientists have had about the impact of snowfall on rapid climate change. Plainly put, would more snowfall in Antarctica slow the rise of sea levels by trapping water in the form of snow? The answer: Probably not. A 2012 study published in the journal Nature suggested more snow correlated with an increase in the rate at which ice breaks and floats away.
They were sold a fantasy of middle-class life. Now Ola and Uber drivers face a brutal reality
Tanveer Pasha, a 33-year-old taxi driver in Bengaluru, is in a dilemma. As president of the OTU (Ola, Taxiforsure, and Uber) Drivers and Owners Association, he’s keen on joining his colleagues in Mumbai and New Delhi in their March 19 strike against mobile app-based cab aggregators over dwindling earnings. Yet, he just can’t afford to. “Every Rs100 is important to drivers today and we need to earn it by driving,” Pasha told Quartz. “Today, we are not able to meet our needs from Ola and Uber.” (...)
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is 16 times larger than we thought, according to the journal Scientific Reports — Quartz
Bangladesh is building a camp on Bhasan Char to house the Rohingya from Myanmar — Quartz
Photo of an atom: A scientist captured an incredible photograph — Quartz
Using long exposure, PhD candidate David Nadlinger took a photo of a glowing atom in an intricate web of laboratory machinery. In it, the single strontium atom is illuminated by a laser while suspended in the air by two electrodes. For a sense of scale, those two electrodes on each side of the tiny dot are only two millimeters apart.
Quand Amazon fait la fête
Enquête sur la firme de Seattle
« ►https://itsgoingdown.org/anarchist-survey-amazon-crashing-party-amazon-go »
« ►https://thetransmetropolitanreview.wordpress.com/2017/10/30/is-jeff-bezos-a-sociopath-a-survey-day-one »
« ▻https://www.reuters.com/article/us-amazon-italy-strike/workers-at-amazons-main-italian-hub-german-warehouses-strike-on-black-frida »
« ▻https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/4860199/amazon-warehouse-fire-rugeley-arsonists-deliberate »
« ▻https://www.cnbc.com/2017/12/26/how-many-amazon-alexa-echoes-were-sold-over-the-2017-holidays.html »
« ▻https://www.alexa.com »
« ▻https://www.thestranger.com/slog/2018/01/19/25731572/lorde-is-playing-in-seattle-tonight-but-youre-not-invited »
« ▻https://www.geekwire.com/2018/thousands-amazon-employees-party-singer-lorde-centurylink-field-seattle »
« ▻https://qz.com/306558/why-theres-no-such-thing-as-a-free-lunch-for-amazon-workers »
« ▻http://abonnes.lemonde.fr/economie/article/2018/02/06/le-visa-h1b-precieux-sesame-du-secteur-informatique-americain_525254 »
« ▻https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nMqvNlc2Pm8 »
« ▻https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3olFJkrFLhI »
« ▻https://www.stuff.co.nz/business/99540053/amazon-australia-opens--but-only-limited-goods-ship-to-new-zealand »
« ▻https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=homeless+camps+seattle+2017 »
« ▻https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s_iOuENGll0 »
The way the world catches fish defies all economic logic — Quartz
The global fishing industry landed $164 billion worth of marine fish in 2014. However, taking into account labor, capital, and fuel costs and subsidies, global fisheries produced a net loss of $44 billion, according to the World Bank.
By encouraging more fishing than is economical, government subsidies crash the supply of fish all the more, says Glenn-Marie Lange, economist at the World Bank and one of the report’s authors.
“There are too many vessels out there that are not only financially unprofitable but fishing way beyond what can be regenerated by the natural population,” says Lange.
US nuclear tests killed American civilians on a scale comparable to Hiroshima and Nagasaki — Quartz
New research suggests that the hidden cost of developing nuclear weapons were far larger than previous estimates, with radioactive fallout responsible for 340,000 to 690,000 American deaths from 1951 to 1973.
100 à 200 fois le nombre de victimes du 11-Septembre (et ce, pour les USA uniquement)
Google’s true origin partly lies in CIA and NSA research grants for mass surveillance, by Jeff Nesbit — Quartz
Did the CIA directly fund the work of Brin and Page, and therefore create Google? No. But were Brin and Page researching precisely what the NSA, the CIA, and the intelligence community hoped for, assisted by their grants? Absolutely.
The CIA and NSA funded an unclassified, compartmentalized program designed from its inception to spur something that looks almost exactly like Google.
To understand this significance, you have to consider what the intelligence community was trying to achieve as it seeded grants to the best computer-science minds in academia
Why are so many new and expectant mothers dying in the US? — Quartz
one of the US’s most shameful statistics. With an estimated 26.4 deaths for every 100,000 live births in 2015, America has the highest maternal mortality rate of all industrialized countries—by several times over. In Canada, the rate is 7.3; in Western Europe, the average is 7.2, with many countries including Italy, Norway, Sweden, and Austria showing rates around 4. More women die of childbirth-related causes in the US than they do in Iran (20.8), Lebanon (15.3), Turkey (15.8), Puerto Rico (15.1), China (17.7), and many more.
This new Twitter account hunts for bots that push political opinions — Quartz
Congress may try to regulate political ads on Facebook (FB) like those on broadcast television — Quartz
The Honest Ads Act would require social media and internet companies that have more than 50 million monthly users to make public detailed information about any political advertiser who spends over $500 on their platforms. It would require these companies to:
· Make public digital copies of any advertisement these groups purchase, including the dates and times published.
· Include a description of the audience and political ad target, and the number of times it was viewed.
· Disclose contact information for the ads’ purchaser, and how much they paid for the ad.
· Make “reasonable efforts” to ensure that any political ads or messaging isn’t purchased by a foreign national, directly or indirectly.
Political advertising on the internet is almost entirely unregulated in the US, despite strict rules that date back decades requiring broadcast television stations to disclose who is paying for political ads. When a commissioner from the Federal Election Commission suggested in 2014 that the same rules apply to political advertising on the internet, she was harassed online and off.
With the bill, the senators aren’t attempting to solve all problems related to propaganda on the internet, just the biggest one, said McGehee. The bill is “carefully crafted,” she said.
There’s no guarantee that the bill will pass, despite concern in Washington about Russia’s influence. Tech companies such as Facebook have spent tens of millions of dollars in recent years to lobby Congress, the Trump White House has been vehemently anti-regulation, and has called Russia’s interference in the election “fake.”
Lupita Nyongo’s Queen of Katwe movie inspired Ugandan students to perform better on exams — Quartz
In the study, 1,500 secondary students in Kampala were taken to the cinema to watch either Queen of Katwe or a placebo film, Miss Peregrine’s Home for Peculiar Children, about children with supernatural abilities. Queen of Katwe is based on the true story of Phiona Mutesi, a teenager from the Kampala slum of Katwe, who through persistence and determination, goes from selling corn on the street to getting into a top school in the capital so she can play chess.
The students in the study watched the film between one week and one month before taking their national qualifying exams.
Those completing their final year of school who watched Queen of Katwe showed an improvement of 0.13 standard deviations from a previous mock exam and were 6 percentage points more likely to get a place at a public university. Younger
Mining bitcoin : How #bitcoin miners work — Quartz