BBC - Culture - Anni Albers and the forgotten women of the Bauhaus
Many brilliant female designers were part of the famously forward-thinking German movement. But how progressive was it really? By Dominic Lutyens
The Bauhaus, the interwar German design school that profoundly influenced later developments in art, architecture, product design and typography, was a complex, contradictory crucible of ideas.
Founded by architect Walter Gropius in 1919 on the principle of the Gesamtkunstwerk – a total work of art that fused art, architecture and design – the school theoretically treated these disciplines in a non-hierarchical way. In practice, however, the Bauhaus viewed architecture as the apogee of these fields, even though its architecture department didn’t open until 1927.