• Enfin une loi contre les violences domestiques en Chine
    Seeking legal help brings shame on Chinese domestic violence victims despite law - Global Times

    On March 1, China’s first anti-domestic violence law came into effect. While many applaud this step, some believe that the law will not help victims of domestic violence unless they can be encouraged to break the taboo about discussing family problems with outsiders and reach out for help.

    A policewoman shows women how to protect themselves from attacks in Hefei, East China’s Anhui Province, March 7. Photo: IC

    When Li Dan (pseudonym) first hit his wife about four years ago, she told him she would go to the village’s women’s rights committee, but in reality she didn’t tell anybody, not even her own parents. She was afraid of what people might say.

    Li and his wife were living in a village at the time. When he laid his hands on her, she was six months pregnant with their son. But domestic violence was quite common in their community, which was why his wife was hesitant to speak out. It was not unusual in their community to see men slap their wives in public because of something they said.

    When she finally said something to her family, her parents, while angry at Li, also said to her, “It must’ve been something you said. Why would he hit you for no reason?”

    For many years, victims of domestic violence in China have had to endure such situations because there are few avenues open to those seeking help. The traditional idea that what happens inside the family should be kept secret has also kept many lips sealed.

    The new Anti-Domestic Violence Law which came into effect on March 1 has been seen as a broad step forward, defining domestic violence as physical or psychological harm and laying out punishments for assaulting, restraining, injuring or imprisoning one’s family members, and verbal threats or abuse. However, more resources and help are required to encourage women to come forward and to then help them when they do.

    #CHine #Femmes #Lois

  • Why China needs defense budget raise - Global Times

    Among all the heated discussions over the Two Sessions, China’s defense budget has attracted the most attention. This is not unusual, because on the path of the nation’s peaceful rise, becoming powerful is consistent with a strengthened military. 

    Generally speaking, China’s national defense and armed forces have a weak foundation. For the moment, the country is trying to improve its defense power to match China’s prosperity, major power status, and to cope with current situation of international politics and military affairs more calmly via national defense and military reforms.

    All this demands that our defense budget should keep an appropriate pace of growth both now and in the future. This year, for example, the military budget in certain fields needs increasing.

    To start with, the current military reform is unprecedented. It requires not only reductions in troop numbers, but also major adjustments to military structures and innovation for combat forces involved in information warfare. Strong support for the military budget is needed for such huge reform and changes.

    In order to establish a new theater command system, the original C4ISR (command and control) system will need to be changed, which means a series of IT adjustments, command links and other changes in military technology in each command organization will take place.

    The retirement of 300,000 personnel also requires more funds. This time, mainly non-combatants will be cut, such as military officers and civilian personnel. Suppose there are around 200,000 military officers and sergeants in total among them, most of whom would choose their future career independently. If each was paid a subsidy of 300,000 yuan ($46,110), the country needs to pay 60 billion yuan altogether.

    Purchasing equipment is another part of the budget. The more advanced the equipment, the more expensive it is. A Chinese type 59 tank cost 600,000 yuan in 1985, but a current type 96 costs 6 million yuan, and a type 99 costs 18 million yuan. This is only one of the examples.

    The nature of China’s future warfare will be defensive. Given China’s strategic policies and operational plans, training exercises to strengthen operational capability are necessary in times of peace. The process will be long in general, yet in hot spots where military conflicts might break out, every minute counts.

    For instance, China can set up a radar warning network in the Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) in the East China Sea and other regions that may have an ADIZ in the future. After China’s battle zones were unveiled, the next step is to integrate military resources, train operational capability in the main battle field, and strengthen battle field constructions on land, sea and air. And it needs a large sum of money.

    Moreover, education and training is also part of the expenditure. Some foreign media and military experts always argue that Chinese armed forces lack training. Why is that? This is mainly due to too small a military budget. 

    Take fight training, fighter pilots from the US and Japan normally spend 180 to 240 hours in the air per year, while ours fly only a bit more than 100 hours each year. This intensified and difficult training requires forceful support from the military budget.

    China’s defense budget in 2015 was 872 billion yuan or $141 billion, while the US allocated $598.5 billion, four times as much as that of China’s. Given its strong military power, the US is now squeezing China’s surrounding strategic environment, paving ways for its rebalance to the Asia-Pacific policy. It has severely influenced our national security.

    An appropriate, limited increase in China’s military budget in 2016 can be afforded by the national economy. In the next 10 years, sustained growth in the defense budget is also predictable, because that is the prerequisite and guarantee of the nation’s safety, dignity, and peaceful emergence.

    The author is a member of the National Committee of the 12th Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, and former deputy commander of the Nanjing military region. opinion@globaltimes.com.cn

    #Chine #Dépenses_militaires

  • China’s FX reserves continue to fall but at slower pace | South China Morning Post

    The mainland’s foreign exchange reserves, increasingly a baro­meter of confidence in the economy, continued to fall in February, albeit at a slower pace.

    The reserves fell US$28.6 billion last month to US$3.2 trillion, according to data released by the People’s Bank of China on Monday. That compared to a record drop of US$108 billion in December and a similarly deep fall of US$99 billion in January.

    The data may prompt Beijing to declare capital outflows and market sentiment about the yuan are stabilising, which in turn could help ease fears of a hard landing for the world’s second-largest economy.

    READ MORE: A trillion-dollar question on China’s forex dilemma: just how low should its reserves go?

    Tao Dong, chief economist for non-Japan Asia at Credit Suisse in Hong Kong, said the worst was over in terms of capital outflows.

    Tao said the sharp drops recorded in previous months were not necessarily a reflection of capital flight but were a result of companies shifting dollar debts into local currency ones.

    The yuan rose to a three-week high on Monday after the central bank fixed the reference rate at the strongest level in two months and the US dollar fell against other currencies after weak economic data suggested another interest rate rise may not be around the ­corner.

    Shanghai’s stock market index gained 0.8 per cent.

    #Chine, #Réserves

  • How China is sending man back to the Moon to mine safe nuclear power and become the world’s energy giant - Telegraph

    A fully-loaded spaceship’s cargo base could power a quarter of the world for a year. This means that helium-3 has a potential economic value in the order of about £1 billion a ton, making it the Moon’s most valuable commodity except perhaps for astronomy and promoting tourism.
    China’s lunar exploration programme is proceeding fast, strongly attracted by the prospect of helium-3 mining. In 2013 China managed to land a lunar robot lander. The final stage of their current programme intends sending a robotic craft to the Moon that will return lunar rocks to the Earth.

    #espace #extractivisme #énergie #chine

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  • Man caught smuggling 9k memory cards into China by strapping them to his body | Daily Mail Online



    Smuggling goods from Hong Kong into mainland China is not an uncommon sight for the border guards in Shenzhen.

    Electronic goods from Hong Kong are cheaper than they are across the border, and many people are busted with them taped to their bodies.

    In January last year, a man tried to smuggle 94 iPhones into mainland China by strapping them to his body.


    #douane #trafic #mobile #hongkong #chine

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  • Les #BRICS : une fable de notre temps

    C’est une curieuse histoire que celle des BRICS. Elle trouve son point de départ en 2001, dans un article largement commenté de Jim O’Neill, alors président de la branche « gestion d’actifs » du géant de l’investissement Goldman Sachs, consacré à ce que l’on nomme aujourd’hui les « économies émergentes ». O’Neill mettait en exergue le cas de quatre pays – le #Brésil, la #Russie, l’Inde et la #Chine – pesant tous d’un poids substantiel sur le marché mondial par la taille de leur population et l’étendue de leur territoire. Il leur donnait l’appellation de « BRIC » (BRICs, en anglais, où l’acronyme prend la marque du pluriel). Les avoirs de ces pays, disait O’Neill, croissent à un rythme tel que leur total cumulé est appelé à dépasser celui des pays du G7, dont la liste a longtemps été celle des pays les plus (...)


  • Syrie, une trêve pour la survie des opposants non-islamistes.

    L’accord d’un cesse-le-feu en Syrie remet Bashar Al-Assad en selle. Après 250 000 morts et quelques 6 millions de déplacés, le dirigeant syrien revient en force pour accepter la transition et promet de nouvelles élection législatives dès avril prochain. Le processus politique trouvé pour la crise syrienne, entre les Etats-Unis et la Russie, a convenu tous. Bashar Al-Assad l’accepte et les forces régionales, comme l’Arabie Saoudite et la Turquie, taisent leur condition de son départ. Les (...)

    international, suivi, grand événement, internationaux, monde, continent, Etats, conflits, paix,

    / #Syrie,_opposition,_Turquie,_Qatar,_armée,_Alep,_Damas,_Bashar_Al-Assad,_Liban, #Turquie,_journaliste,_lettre,_prison,_démocratie,_islamistes,_islamisme, #diplomatie,_sécurité,_commerce,_économie_mondiale, (...)

    #international,suivi,_grand_événement,_internationaux,_monde,_continent,_Etats,_conflits,_paix, #Terrorisme_,_islamisme,Al-Qaeda,politique, #Obama,_USA,_Israël,_Proche-Orient,_Palestine #fait_divers,société,_fléau,_délinquance,_religion,_perdition #Afrique,_Monde_Arabe,_islam,_Maghreb,_Proche-Orient, #Chine,_réforme,_développement,_environnement,_Asie, #Russie,Poutine,_Europe_de_l’Est,

  • Transcript: Zhou Xiaochuan Interview

    aixin: The central bank convened its system-wide annual work conference in January. We learned that before the Spring Festival, the branch offices were studying the decisions adopted at the conference and discussing ways to implement them. Can you briefly describe the major agenda items of the annual work conference?
    Zhou Xiaochuan: In the PBOC’s annual work meetings, we usually discuss and analyze the economic situation and financial market developments in China and beyond, and follow up on our tasks to implement the decisions of the Central Economic Work Conference and to advance financial sector reform. This year, we also discussed at length subjects including the foreign exchange market, the exchange rate, macro-prudential assessment, the central bank’s digital money and Internet banking, etc.
    At present, market participants have different views on the outlook for China’s economic growth, which also affects their assessment of the yuan exchange rate. What is your view on this issue?
    There are indeed differences in the views of the economic situation and financial market developments. It is necessary to analyze the current state of China’s economy in a comprehensive and objective way. Overall, the performance of the economy remains within a reasonably strong range. Against the backdrop of a slowing world economy and global trade, and heightened fluctuations in the international financial markets, China maintained a growth rate of 6.9 percent in 2015, still relatively high compared with other countries.
    The change in China’s growth rate can be attributed in part to weak performance of the global economy. It also reflects the structural adjustment policies adopted by the Chinese government. Such a change is conducive to the ongoing efforts in China to pursue more sustainable and quality growth and is beneficial to the rebalancing of the global economy. Going forward, China will strengthen structural reform, especially supply-side reform, in order to strike a better balance among economic growth, structural adjustment and risk prevention, and to achieve sustainable and steady development.
    In your view, what will be the major driving forces for growth in China?
    China’s savings rate remains quite high and will continue to be translated into high investment. Though part of this investment will be outward investment, its proportion will be very small compared with domestic investment. This will not lead to a moderation of investment gains and a reduction of investment opportunities in China. There is a good basis to keep domestic investment at reasonably high levels.
    Despite the change of comparative advantages in trade, China’s manufacturing industry has enormous advantages in upgrading and transformation, by moving up to the middle and high-end of the value chain. The manufacturing industry is going through short-term adjustments, partly due to environmental requirements, to cut expansion into highly polluting industries that consume lots of energy and resources. In 2015, the service sector as a share of GDP increased from 43 percent to more than 50 percent. The space for further expansion is large. In addition, measures have been taken to ease market access for private capitals. Problems are being solved step by step. The scope for mass entrepreneurship is vast.
    There are widespread concerns about the fall of the GDP growth rate. After remaining in double digits for many years, the growth rate has declined consistently, and fell to 6.9 percent in 2015. This has given rise to pessimistic sentiments.
    Among the views expressed on China’s growth, two factors are worth mentioning. First, China contributed enormously to the global GDP growth in 2009 and 2010. With a population that was 20 percent of the world total and GDP less than 10 percent of the world total, China’s contribution of the global GDP growth was over 50 percent. We must recognize the special circumstances and the sharp contrast between China and other economies at that time. While the advanced economies in Europe and North America were responding to the shocks of the financial crisis, China adopted a stimulus package. This situation is not to be regarded as a norm. For China, 50 percent is not a sustainable level of contribution to global growth. At present, China contributes around 25 percent to the world GDP growth, and this is relatively close to normal. This is not a hand landing at all.
    Another factor is that in the past China put a lot of emphasis on GDP. In fact, looking at worldwide experience, there is not a direct correlation between GDP and the exchange rate, especially the growth of GDP and exchange rate movements. For example, overly rapid GDP growth sometimes causes overheating and high inflation, putting downward pressure on the currency. Some misguided views have been expressed in the debates around the world. In fact, the exchange rate of a currency is related to the international competitiveness and health of the economy of the issuing country.
    When we take a closer look at economic theory and international experience, we see that the current account balance, among all the economic fundamentals, is the most related to exchange rate. In 2015, China’s current account surplus remains massive. In particular, the surplus in the trade of goods reached a historic high of US$ 598.1 billion. There is another fundamental, i.e. movements of real effective exchange rate, or the relative movements of inflation, that affects exchange rate. The inflation target of the United States, Japan and Europe is 2 percent. At the end of 2015, China’s CPI was 1.4 percent, a relatively low level for China. Low inflation is conducive to the stable value of a currency.

    #Chine #Yuan #Banque_centrale

  • Thousands of Chinese prostitutes have joined the scramble for African riches - Quartz

    That sex should join China’s list of exports is perhaps unsurprising: the prevalence of prostitution in the Middle Kingdom has exploded over the last two decades. The country has as many as 10 million sex workers—roughly the population of Greece—working in massage parlors, bathhouses and karaoke bars. The southeastern city of Dongguan (population: 8 million) alone has perhaps 300,000 prostitutes.
    Is Chinese sex labor migration to Africa and beyond forced or voluntary? (...) In Cameroon, Ndjio has found that most Chinese sex workers are rural women that move abroad for gigs as waitresses and secretaries, only to arrive and find traffickers demanding sex work for the repayment of plane tickets and visas.

    #chine #afrique #prostitution

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  • Le navigateur web norvégien Opera racheté par des Chinois

    C’était le seul navigateur web européen (même si la #norvège ne fait partie de l’UE) : l’éditeur de logiciels Opera Software, coté à la Bourse d’Oslo, a accepté l’offre de rachat d’un groupe d’investisseurs chinois, mené par le fonds Golden Brick Silk Road. Montant : 10,5 milliards de couronnes, soit 1,2 milliard d’euros. Opera est le cinquième navigateur au monde, avec une part de marché de l’ordre de 5,4%, loin derrière Chrome de Google (47,8%), Safari d’Apple (12,9%), Firefox de Mozilla (8,9%), et Internet Explorer de #microsoft (8,9%) selon Statcounter. Léger et rapide, il...

    #start-up #Chine

  • Ce que cachent les soubresauts financiers de la #Chine, par Michel Aglietta (octobre 2015)

    Entre 1993 et 2012, l’expansion de l’industrie a servi de moteur à la croissance. La Chine est devenue la manufacture du monde en utilisant au maximum son atout principal : une main-d’œuvre peu qualifiée, jeune et abondante, en surplus dans les campagnes, qui pouvait être transférée à bas coût dans les villes et qui ne bénéficiait pas des services sociaux de base. Il fallait aussi investir en infrastructures pour en assurer le développement rapide. Il s’en est ensuivi une accumulation excessive de capital, surtout dans les industries lourdes, encore exacerbée par le plan de relance de 2009-2010 en réaction à la crise financière mondiale. Ce régime a créé de gigantesques inégalités sociales et enrichi une élite dont les intérêts pourraient s’opposer à la nouvelle orientation.

    Mais les conditions de viabilité de ce régime de croissance ont disparu. La main-d’œuvre s’est raréfiée avec le vieillissement de la population. Le marché du travail est devenu favorable à une hausse durable des salaires appuyée par des revendications, augmentant fortement les coûts de production des entreprises chinoises. La demande étrangère s’est ralentie. De plus, la croissance forcenée de l’industrie aux coûts les plus bas a exploité au maximum les ressources naturelles, détériorant gravement l’environnement. Il y a donc à la fois un obstacle dirimant à la poursuite de la voie antérieure et une opportunité, celle de changer le régime de croissance grâce à l’essor de la classe moyenne. [#st]

  • #armement dans le Monde : Import-Export d’armes – Armées – Bases militaires – Otan

    Dans cette vidéo réalisée par le collectif UNIS VERS, est traité le lourd sujet de l’armement. En passant des import-export aux différentes armées, bases militaires, jusqu’à l’ingérence impériale Étasunienne. Une carte présente les différents acteurs et leurs implications dans ce monde guerrier que nous connaissons trop peu. Un tour d’horizon réalisé à merveille par le collectif UNIS VERS, qui nous […]

    #Géopolitique #Guerre #Vidéos #armes #Chine #Etats-unis #Europe #nucléaire #russie

  • Routes de la soie : le plan de Pékin pour dominer le monde, Les Echos Week-end



    La Chine n’est pas au mieux de sa forme. Mais elle poursuit son ambition : retrouver, d’ici à 2050, la place centrale qu’elle estime être la sienne dans le monde. Un gigantesque programme d’infrastructures en Europe, en Asie centrale et en Afrique, vise à sécuriser ses échanges et à contrôler les mers. L’Inde et la Russie s’inquiètent.

    #chine #route_de_la_soie

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  • How One Intelligent Machine Learned to Recognize Human Emotions | MIT Technology Review

    Nobody knew how to identify people’s emotional states by looking at their brain waves. Then a machine learning algorithm stepped in.


    #machine_learning #émotions #recherche #chine #it_has_begun

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  • Chinese President Xi Jinping pushes trade over politics in Middle East | South China Morning Post

    President Xi Jinping (習近平) is due to arrive in Iran today after ­outlining China’s policy in the Arab world as Beijing pursues a bigger diplomatic presence in the region.

    Xi delivered a speech at the headquarters of the Arab League in Cairo, which groups 22 Arabic nations, on Thursday after a stop in Saudi Arabia.

    He said China would set up a US$20 billion common investment fund with the United Arab Emirates and Qatar, and pledged 230 million yuan (HK$273.4 million) in humanitarian aid for Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, and Yemen. Beijing would also give US$300 million to boost China-Arab law enforcement cooperation, Xinhua reported.

    Xi said development was the solution to easing unrest in the Middle East, and China did not seek to foster proxies or build a sphere of influence in the region.

    During his stay in Cairo, Xi said China and the Arab world would together map their own path to development, defend peace in the region, promote mutually beneficial cooperation and advocate multiculturalism.

    Mainland diplomatic observers said China was positioning itself as a key player in the Middle East using its economic muscle.

    China’s Foreign Ministry last week issued the nation’s first policy paper on developing ties with the Arab region, stressing that Beijing would place energy cooperation at the core, push forward infrastructure construction and facilitate trade and investment. It would also pursue breakthroughs in technologies in nuclear energy, space-based communications and new energy.

    Li Guofu, a Middle East affairs expert said China was attempting to show it would be a “practical” player in the region through ­infrastructure projects. Wang Wen, a researcher from the Chongyang Institute for Financial Studies at Renmin University, said “assisting local economic growth through infrastructure development and trade is what China is good at” and also something that locals “would not ­reject”.

    After massive economic deals signed in Saudi Arabia, Xi told Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi that China was willing to participate in Egypt’s key projects like the development of the Suez Canal Corridor and the construction of a new administrative ­capital.

    These two projects were central to Sisi’s plans to stimulate Egypt’s economy, in which Chinese investment and participation would be crucial, Li said.

    The Suez Canal project, which adds a 35km second shipping lane to the existing 164km passageway, was completed last year to ease ship traffic between the Mediterranean and the Red Sea.

    Li said the largest challenge facing Sisi’s administration was improving his people’s livelihood.

    “It is where China’s ‘One Belt, One Road’ development plan comes in,” Li said.

    In Saudi Arabia, Xi vowed to speed up free-trade talks with the region, and signalled support for Yemen’s Saudi-backed government, which is fighting the Iran-allied Houthi militia.

    Beijing will be closely watched on how it strikes a balance between Riyadh and Tehran, which recently severed diplomatic ties after Saudi Arabia executed a Shiite cleric. Wang said China was expected to sign lucrative deals with Iran as well, and would refrain from getting deeply involved in the disputes between Riyadh and Tehran.
    #Chine, #Iran,#Arabie_Saoudite

  • Les 140 tigres et les milliers de mouches dans la corruption chinoise

    Nous avons pris habitude de suivre la campagne anticorruption en Chine. Tellement le fléau, dont souffre aussi toute l’humanité, méritait d’être entaillé par la battue idéologique du communisme qui évoque la « justice sociale », qu’il devient intéressant. Cependant ce qui se passe, avec un suivi des données sur les procédures engagées par la justice, n’est en rien démonstratif de réussite. Mais lue depuis une ONG de John D. Rockefeller, la traque donne à réfléchir… La lutte contre la corruption en Chine par (...)

    international, suivi, grand événement, internationaux, monde, continent, Etats, conflits, paix,

    / censure, presse, journaux, dictature, expressions, liberté, #diplomatie,_sécurité,_commerce,_économie_mondiale, #crise,_capitalisme,_économie,_justice,_Bourse, fait divers, société, fléau, (...)

    #international,suivi,_grand_événement,_internationaux,_monde,_continent,_Etats,_conflits,_paix, #censure,_presse,_journaux,_dictature,_expressions,_liberté #fait_divers,_société,_fléau,_délinquance,_religion,_perdition #Chine,_réforme,_développement,_environnement,_Asie, #Socialisme,_Amérique_Latine,_Chine,_marxisme,_égalité,_pauvreté,_justice,_sociale

  • Les 140 tigres et les milliers de mouches dans la corruption chinoise

    Nous avons pris habitude de suivre la campagne anticorruption en Chine. Tellement le fléau, dont souffre aussi toute l’humanité, méritait d’être entaillé par la battue idéologique du communisme qui évoque la « justice sociale », qu’il devient intéressant. Cependant ce qui se passe, avec un suivi des données sur les procédures engagées par la justice, n’est en rien démonstratif de réussite. Mais lue depuis une ONG de John D. Rockefeller, la traque donne à réfléchir… La lutte contre la corruption en Chine par (...)

    international, suivi, grand événement, internationaux, monde, continent, Etats, conflits, paix,

    / censure, presse, journaux, dictature, expressions, liberté, #diplomatie,_sécurité,_commerce,_économie_mondiale, #crise,_capitalisme,_économie,_justice,_Bourse, fait divers, société, fléau, (...)

    #international,suivi,_grand_événement,_internationaux,_monde,_continent,_Etats,_conflits,_paix, #censure,_presse,_journaux,_dictature,_expressions,_liberté #fait_divers,_société,_fléau,_délinquance,_religion,_perdition #Chine,_réforme,_développement,_environnement,_Asie, #Socialisme,_Amérique_Latine,_Chine,_marxisme,_égalité,_pauvreté,_justice,_sociale

  • Pékin plutôt modéré après les élections d’une présidente indépendantiste à Taiwan

    Compared with previous Taiwan elections, both the central government in Beijing and the mainland public reacted differently to the victory of Tsai Ing-wen of the Democratic Progressive Party, who has long been seen as a pro-separatist figure.Chinese mainlanders’ interest in Taiwan democracy fades - Global Times

    As campaigning came to an end and Taiwan chose its new leader in a democratic election, across the Taiwan Straits, the election’s result has left many anxious about the future and mainlanders’ skepticism of the island’s democratic system is continuing to grow.

    The mainland authorities exhibited a reserved attitude following the announcement of the election results. A statement issued by the Taiwan Work Office of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council in response to Tsai Ing-wen’s victory did not even mention the name of Taiwan’s new “president” or her Democratic Progressive Party (DPP). It only says that the mainland’s policies towards Taiwan are “consistent and clear, and will not change with the results of Taiwan elections.”

    This is in stark contrast to Beijing’s attitude in 2004, when then DPP Chairman Chen Shui-bian was re-elected the “president” of Taiwan. Back then, China’s Taiwan Affairs Office, angry about his pro-independence stance, held press conferences to criticize his apparent intention to declare Taiwan’s independence.

    Commentators say one reason is that China’s economic influence, which grew rapidly in the past decade, makes it more confident about its relationship with Taiwan and that the Chinese mainland now has more say in the cross-Straits relationship. “Since Taiwan relies heavily on its economic ties with the mainland, the initiative in the cross-Straits relationship is in the hands of the Chinese mainland,” Hu Benliang, a research fellow with the Institute of Taiwan Studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, told the Global Times.

    Some rightist commentators, however, praised Tsai’s rationality and persistence during her electorial campaign, and said the successful election is a victory for Taiwan’s system. Feminists in the Chinese mainland also welcomed Tsai’s victory, saying the election of Taiwan’s first female “president” is a victory for feminism.

    In sharp contrast, some leftist bloggers, or those whose opinions side with the central government took a hard line toward Taiwan’s new leadership.

    Zhou Xiaoping, a popular nationalist blogger, wrote a “public letter” to Taiwan on his Weibo after the election. “In the past, the Chinese mainland was relatively poor compared with the wealth of Taiwan. But now, the Chinese mainland is much richer, while the economy of Taiwan has remained stagnant for over a decade … if you [Taiwan] continue to be obstinate, you will be the one to lose the opportunity to future development,” he wrote.

    Some even suggested enforcing an economic embargo on the region if the new Taiwan leadership challenges the one-China policy. Sima Nan, a leftist scholar, wrote a commentary after Tsai’s victory, arguing that China should study how to turn its economic advantage into a political advantage over Taiwan. In a patronizing article, he described the over $100 billion trade surplus that Taiwan enjoyed over the mainland each year as “a favor” that the mainland does to Taiwan, and said Taiwan is not returning the favor or showing any sense of gratitude. “As [the DPP] steps into power, and refuses to agree to the one-China policy, is it still necessary for us to continue this support?” he said in the article.

    While mainstream opinion does not embrace the idea of using force to capture Taiwan, voices advocating that the mainland should force Taiwan to reunite with the mainland through military intervention have revived since Tsai’s election. Many brought up the Anti-Succession Law, which offers legal support to using non-peaceful means against Taiwan’s independence movement in the event of a declaration of independence.

    Wang Hongguang, former deputy commander of the Nanjing regional military command, said in an article prior to the election that if Taiwan people elect a separatist as their “president,” they are choosing war."I suggest Taiwan military compare their forces with Nanjing’s military region … and gauge their chances of winning [the war] … Don’t mislead Taiwan people and let them become the sacrifices of Taiwan separatists," he wrote.

    Mixed feelings toward elections

    Taiwan previously enjoyed a golden era of economic development and was once admired by many mainlanders as a role model. In the 1980s and 90s, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore and South Korea were known as the “Four Asian Tigers” for their rapid development and for successfully navigating the 1998 financial crisis.

    However, the attitude of mainlanders toward Taiwan’s democratic political system has changed over the years.

    As the only region in the Chinese-speaking world to adopt universal suffrage to choose its leaders, the development of the democratic system of Taiwan has been closely watched across the Taiwan Straits.

    In 2012, mainland focus on the elections snowballed in the weeks beforehand. Some even decided to fly to Taiwan and observe it firsthand, including Wang Shi, chairman of China’s largest residential real estate developer Vanke, who live-blogged the election on Weibo. Some media speculators believed that election showed mainlanders how democracy could work in a Chinese society. After the election in 2012, there was a lot of discussion on the matter.

    But since then, the mainland public’s attitude towards Taiwan’s system has changed. After this election, even though many still expressed their envy of Taiwan’s democracy, on the Internet people mocked the results of the election as well as the Taiwan public.

    This echoes mainlanders’ rising skepticism of Taiwan, as seen in netizens’ reaction to controversies over the Taiwan-mainland relationship.

    In the past couple of years, an influential factor in ties has been the demonstrations in Taiwan against the Cross-Strait Service Trade Agreement (CSSTA), which is a major cooperation system to secure economic ties with the mainland. On March 18, 2014 hundreds of people, mostly university students, occupied the main assembly hall of the legislature in Taipei to protest the Kuomintang’s push for the pact.

    Most mainlanders supported the CSSTA which would bring Taiwan closer to the mainland, and when some Taiwan celebrities openly supported the demonstrations, netizens reacted by commenting on their social media that these stars should “get out of the mainland.” While this event marked many Taiwan young people’s first foray into democratic politics, across the Straits many mainlanders saw the events as proof that democratic systems bring chaos, with some starting to relish the consistency of the CPC system rather than the quarreling of a democratic system.

    Hu said an uncontrollable element that may hinder the development of a closer relationship between Taiwan and the mainland is the opposition of Taiwan public opinion.

    In 1987, then Taiwan leader Chiang Ching-kuo abolished martial law and ended the era of the Kuomintang’s authoritarian rule over the island. That ushered in the island’s democracy, and over the decades, the system developed itself as people on the mainland watched carefully.

    Hu said at first people in the mainland might have been proud that democracy was realized in a non-Western region. Besides, the mainland has many social issues and democracy seemed like it might a be good way to solve them.

    But after 20 years of practice, people are beginning to see that democracy cannot solve everything, especially given that Taiwan’s economy has been slipping despite its democratic development.

    This is echoed by mainland students who are studying in Taiwan. After the recent election, Han Xin, an exchange student from the mainland studying journalism at Taiwan University, wrote a column for guancha.cn in which he argued that people like him have become disappointed in Taiwan’s politics after seeing how the elections were carried out.

    One classmate told him that elections have become a finger-pointing war between the parties. “The point of the election was not to bring forward policies on improving Taiwan’s society, but to win over the public’s votes,” he wrote.

    Another classmate told Han that the public in Taiwan doesn’t care much about issues during elections and focuses on candidates’ morals and values. For example, in all the debates, the issue of nuclear power was never really discussed fully, but people simply voted for the individual they prefer, Han wrote.

    #Taiwan #Chine

  • #Tu_Youyou, la Chinoise qui a révolutionné la lutte contre le #paludisme

    Le paludisme touche près de 200 millions de personnes chaque année et en tue plus de 500.000, surtout des enfants africains. Le traitement le plus efficace contre cette maladie est « l’#artémisinine », extrait d’une plante utilisée depuis des milliers d’années en Chine pour soigner la fièvre. Une découverte faite par la chercheuse chinoise Tu Youyou dans les années 1970, pour laquelle elle a reçu le prix Nobel cette semaine. Un portrait de cette passionnée des plantes âgée de 84 ans.


    #médecine #médecine_chinoise #Chine #santé #plantes

    http://seenthis.net/messages/450856 via CDB_77

  • Les financiers broient du noir pour 2016

    En #Chine, les indicateurs en vert indiquent une baisse, en rouge, une hausse © Reuters Tous les signaux de dérèglements étaient en place depuis un an. Mais les financiers semblent n’en avoir pris la mesure que depuis la chute des #marchés_boursiers et pétroliers, début janvier. Leurs prévisions sont de plus en plus noires et Wall Street a fort mal commencé ce vendredi. Extraits de leurs études qui pourraient devenir des prophéties auto-réalisatrices.

    #Economie #banques_centrales #Crise #déflation #Etats-Unis #monnaie #pétrole #récession

  • China income inequality among world’s worst — FT.com

    Communist China has one of the world’s highest levels of income inequality, with the richest 1 per cent of households owning a third of the country’s wealth, a report from Peking University has found.

    The poorest 25 per cent of Chinese households own just 1 per cent of the country’s total wealth, the study found.

    China’s Gini coefficient for income, a widely used measure of inequality, was 0.49 in 2012, according to the report. The World Bank considers a coefficient above 0.40 to represent severe income inequality.

    Among the world’s 25 largest countries by population for which the World Bank tracks Gini data, only South Africa and Brazil are higher at 0.63 and 0.53, respectively. The figure for the US is 0.41, while Germany is 0.3.

    #Chine #inégalités

  • L’acier aux avant-postes de la crise chinoise

    Surinvestissement, #surproduction, surcapacités, surendettement : les sidérurgistes chinois paient aujourd’hui l’expansion menée à un train d’enfer du pays. Pour survivre à cette crise structurelle, ils inondent le marché mondial de leurs productions à prix cassé. Ses concurrents sont incapables de résister. Faillites, licenciements, fermetures d’usine se multiplient dans tout le secteur.

    #International #Economie #acier #Chine #dumping #entreprises #sidérurgie

  • Nuclear test to dampen ties with China, escalate tensions - Global Times

    China on Wednesday said it was not notified of and “firmly” opposes North Korea’s latest nuclear test, with analysts believing the test will severely affect relations between the two countries and escalate geopolitical tensions.

    “China is steadfast in its position that the Korean Peninsula should be denuclearized and nuclear proliferation should be prevented to maintain peace and stability in Northeast Asia,” foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying announced at a press briefing on Wednesday.

    China will make solemn representations with North Korea, the foreign ministry said Wednesday.

    China knew nothing about the test before North Korea announced that it had done so, Hua said when asked if China had been informed ahead of time.

    “We strongly urge North Korea to honor its commitment to denuclearize, and to cease any action that may deteriorate the situation,” Hua said.

    North Korea on Wednesday said it successfully tested a miniaturized hydrogen nuclear device.

    The test, the fourth time the isolated state has detonated a nuclear device, was ordered by its leader Kim Jong-un, and was successfully conducted at 10 am local time.

    “The statement shows China’s consistent attitude toward the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, as well as its discontent over North Korea’s failure to provide China with advance notice,” a Beijing-based professor, who requested anonymity, told the Global Times on Wednesday.

    “Bilateral relations between China and North Korea are experiencing an abnormal phase. The lack of high-level visits and incidents, such as the cancelation of the Moranbong Band’s performance in China, have already cooled relations. Launching the nuclear test without informing China would make things even worse,” he said.

    His views were echoed by Cui Zhiying, director of the Korean Peninsula Research Center at Tongji University, who said China may join other countries in discussing the situation soon, as the nuclear test goes against the country’s regional strategy.

    North Korea’s nuclear test is expected to have a significant global impact. 

    “Currently, ties between the Koreas show no signs of recovering. The US is still applying its ’Strategic Patience’ policy, declining North Korea’s demands. That is why North Korea wanted to announce a successful test of a hydrogen bomb at this time,” Jin Qiangyi, director of Asia Research Center, China’s Yanbian University, told the Global Times.

    Ren Weidong, an associate research fellow at the China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations, said the frequent military drills conducted by the US, Japan and South Korea around the Korean peninsula have placed great pressure on North Korea.

    Since conventional weapons did not adequately deal with the threat, North Korea naturally turned to nuclear weapons, which are the most efficient and effective security guarantee for them, Ren said.

    The North Korean nuclear issue has always been at the center of clashes with world powers. It provides the US an excuse to deploy its military power in the Far East, while Japan seizes on it to militarize, Gao Fei, a political scientist at the China Foreign Affairs University, told the Global Times.

    Global reaction

    The US said Wednesday it could not confirm North Korea’s claims, but added that the US would respond appropriately to provocations and defend its allies.

    Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said that Tokyo will make a “firm response” to North Korea at the UN Security Council.

    South Korean Foreign Minister Yun Byung-se met with the US ambassador and the commander of the US military in South Korea to discuss North Korea’s nuclear test, while the South Korean military was placed on alert as it vowed to forge a united stance with the international community to punish North Korea for the test, Yonhap News reported.

    The nuclear test may lead to the deployment of the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense system in South Korea, which may provoke China and Russia, experts said.

    “It offers the US and its allies an excuse to counterbalance China’s and Russia’s influence in the region,” Gao said.

    Russia slammed the test as a “flagrant violation” of international law, while the EU said the test was a “grave violation” of UN resolutions.

    India Wednesday also condemned the test and urged North Korea to refrain from actions that affect peace. The UN Security Council is planning to hold an emergency meeting to discuss North Korea’s latest action.

    UN chief Ban Ki-moon Wednesday demanded North Korea to cease any nuclear activities and meet its obligations for verifiable denuclearization. He called the test “profoundly destabilizing for regional security.”

    Wang Haifeng, Fan Lingzhi, Liu Xin contributed to this story

    #CoréeDuNord #Chine